2 DECEMBER 1882, Page 12


[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Some little experience I have had as a missionary among the poorer class of electors in Liverpool quite confirms your

view of the cause of the Toryism prevalent there. I happened once to ask a woman who was giving me some savings what their politics were, and her answer, which would have done for thousands of electors, was, " Oh, we vote according to our religion We're Orange." As for the Welsh, it is well known how many of them vote Tory, "just to spite them Irish," their chief rivals in the overcrowded labour market. Another main source of strength to the Tory camp is the way in which social influences, particularly as exerted in connection with chapels and Sunday-schools, have been brought to act in Liverpool, upon a class much lower and more numerous than is usually supposed to be affected by them.—I am, Sir, &c.,