2 FEBRUARY 1850, Page 7


It is said that Lord Denman, yielding to the representations of Lord Brougham, (who arrived from Paris on Monday,) has at length deter- mined to retire from the bench. His successor, according to present ar- rangements, is to be Lord Campbell.—Dally Nan.

The usual political banquets given by the leading statesmen on the eve of the opening of Parliament took place on Wednesday. Lord John Russell's was given at the official residence of the First Lord of the Trea- sury, in Downing Street ; and was attended by forty-four Members of the House of Commons. Lord Jaeadowne entertained his party of Peen at Lansdowne House. At each party the Queen's Speech was read to the guests after dinner.

Lord Stanley gave a "magnificent banquet" to a circle of Peers sup- porters of the Conservative party. "Covers were laidfor twenty-seven."

The sailing-orders given by the Lords of the Admiralty to Captain Collinson, commanding the further expedition to search for Sir John Franklin, have been made public.

The efforts to relieve the Erebus and Terror having failed through the ac- cumulation of ice in the upper part of Barrow's Straits, it has been deter- mined to send the Enterprise and Investigator to enter the Polar Sea from the Westward. Captain Collinson is to make the best of his way to Cape Virgins, in order to arrive at Behring's Straits in July. The Commander- in-chief in the Pacific will have a steamer waiting at Cape Virgins to tow the vessels through Magellan's Straits and the Wellington Channel, and "on to Valparaiso" ; the ships will replenish stores and refresh there, and then press forward to the Sandwich -Wands. At these islands the refitting, &c. will be completed, and all requisite preparations made "in order to reach the ice before the 1st of August." It is just possible that the Herald, under Captain Kellett, may be found at the Sandwich Islands ; wherever he may be found the Plover will probably be with him. Instructions will go out by the Panama mail of next March, to await the expedition at the Sand- wich Islands; and under these instructions Captain Collinson will take the Plover and hee,Commander (Moore) under his orders, and proceed to refit her, and replenish her from the stores of the Herald, and to reorganize her crew from volunteers out of the crews of both, or, if need be, of all four ships. The Herald will be despatched home by way of Hongkong. The Plover will be provided with provisions, fuel, &c. of all sorts, for the use of her own crew till the autumn of 1853; and also with extra stores to meet "the contingency of parties arriving from Sir John Franklin's expedition, and also the possibility of any party from the Investigator having to fall back on the Plover." Thus equipped., the Plover is to be detached to winter-quarters as a depot or point of succour, in Wainwright's Inlet, or the Creek at Hope Point ; or if they be unsafe, and no other quarter has been discovered nearer to Barrow's Point, then at Chamisso Island, or any part of Kotzebue Sound which may afford the necessary shelter." Commander Moore will be directed to remain in winter-quarters till Captain Collinson join him ; or failing that event, "until the end of the summer of 1853; when, and not until it is absolutely- necessary for securing the Plover's passage through the Aleutian group of islands, he is to quit Behring,'s Straits, and make the best of his way for Valparaiso—toncbing at the Sandwich Islands for refreshment" These being the preparations to aid and add to the security of the main expedition, the Lords of the Admiralty "-leave it to the judgment and discretion" of Captain Collinson himself as to the course he will pursue "after passing Point Barrow and on entering the ice." They have furnished copies of the instructions imder which Commander Moore is now acting; those given to Captain Kellett; those to Sir James Ross, under which he made the late at- tempt on the Eastern side through Baffin's Bay" ; all the printed Voy- ages and Travels ; and the memoranda and instructions drawn up by the John Richardson as to the manners and habits of the Esquimaux and the best mode of dealing with that people. The ships are cautioned against separating from each other, and the Commanders are enjoined to be unre- served and constant in mutual communication ; all opportunities of sending home notes of progress are to be seized ; the "tin cylinders" are to be fre- guently cast overboard ; and at the return of the expedition "every person in both vessels will deliver up his logs, charts, and drawings, to be returned

in due time." Filially, Commander Collinson is to "bear in mind, that the object of the expedition is to obtain intelligence and to render assistance to Sir John Franklin and his companions, and not for the purposes of geogra- phical or scientific research." Advices received by the Hudson's Bay Company from their agents at the Sandwich Islands, under date October 13, mention that there was then a large fleet of whale-ships in port ; and that they had nearly all passed the summer in Beluing's Straits, where they made a most success- ful fishing. No intelligence of Sir John Franklin's expedition had been received.

Several private letters from Rome state that Dr. Aehilli had escaped from the Castle of St. Angelo. Accounts from Paris of Friday's date stated that the French Government had telegraphic intelligence that he was already on French territory ; and it has since been announced that he has arrived in Paris. Sir Culling Eardley Smith has informed the newspapers that strenuous representations were made by the French Government, to the Pontiff at Portici ; and his communication implies that Dr. Achilli was liberated by the Roman authorities.

Lord Jeffrey, eminent as a Judge in the Supreme Court of Scotland, but more famous for his long connexion with the Edinburgh Review, died on Saturday last, in his seventy-seventh year.

Francis Jeffrey was born in October 1773, in the portion of the Old Town of Edinburgh called the Lawnmarket, not far from the spot where Hume the historian was born. His early education was imparted at the High School of Edinburgh ; in 1787 he went to the University of Glasgow ; and in 1791 he removed to Oxford, and completed his academical education at Queen's College. Adopting the bar as his profession, he returned to Edinburgh, and was admitted as an advocate in the year 1794. His success at school and college had been so remarkable that his progress at the bar for some time was thought disproportionately slow. He became a member of the celebrated "Spe- culative Society," and there distinguished himself by his brilliant and inge- nious debating eloquence, among competitors who have since attained Euro- pean positions in letters and polities. The original idea of starting the Edinburgh Review was broached by the Reverend Sydney Smith to Mr. Jef- frey and Mr. Henry Brougham, in 1803; the first number of the Review appeared under the editorship of the projector; but when Mr. Smith departed from Edinburgh—that haven where in "stress of polities he put in" when stopped from a Continental tour with a noble pupil—the Review was left to the guidance of Mr. Jeffrey; and under his direction of more than a quarter of a century's duration it reached its culminating point of power as a literary and political organ. Mr. Jeffrey did not vacate the editorial office till he had made that advance in professional status which seemed in his earlier years of uncertain promise. The University of Glasgow chose him for its Rector in 1821; but his professional position led to his being chosen Dean of the Faculty of Advo- cates only in 1828. In 1830, the Wing party having come into power, he was made Lord Advocate of Scotland ; and entered Parliament, as the repre- sentative of the Dundee district of burghs, but was unseated next year on petition. In 1832, he succeeded Sir James Scarlett, afterwards Lord Abin- ger, in the seat for Melton, where Earl Fitzwillirun had a preponderant in- fluence. Later in the same year, he was returned for Edinburgh ; and he continued to represent his native city in the House of Commons till 1834, when he was appointed to the bench of the Court of Session, on the death of Lord Craigie. -He acquired great reputation as a judge ; and by his diligence perspicuity, and fairness, added to competent legal learning, attracted much business to his court.

Lord Jeffrey was married twice; the second lime, in 1813, to a daughter of Mr. Charles Wilkes of New York—a grand-niece of the famous John Wilkes of London. His daughter, by this lady, was married to Mr. Emp- son, who succeeded Mr. Remy Napier as editor of the Edinburgh Review.

The death of Sir Felix Booth, the wealthy distiller' is of public in- terest from the connexion of Sir Felix, as a munificent patron, with the efforts made to prosecute Arctic discovery: he presented Sir James Ross

• with 20,0001. towards the fitting out of his expedition to the Polar regions. Sir Felix Booth was Sheriff of London in 1829; in 1834 he was created a Baronet, with special remainder, in default of mac issue, to his brother William ; whose son, Mr. John William Booth, succeeds Sir Felix in the title.

Results of the Registrar-General's return of mortality in the Metropolis for the week ending on Saturday last : the first column of figures gives the ag- gregate number of deaths in the corresponding weeks of the ten previous years--

Rymotic Diseases Dropsy, Cancer, and other diseases of uncertain or variable seat Tubercular Diseases Diseases of the Brain, Spinal Marrow, Nerves, and Senses Diseases of the Heart and Blood-vessels Ten of



2019 ....

348 ....

1874 ....

1264 • • • • • • • • Week.

of 1830. 168 43 176 120 32

Diseases of the Lungs, and of the other Organs of Respiration 2307. • ... 232 Diseases of the Stomach, Liver, and other Organs of Digestion 610 . • • • 64 Diseases of the Kidneys, fic 92 • • • • 9 Childbirth, diseases of the Uterus, fie 132 • • • • 8

Rheumatism, diseases of the Bones, Joints, Re

72 • .. • 7 Diseases of the Skin, Cellular Tissue, fie


3 Malformations

Premature Birth



..• ..• .

31 Atrophy 126 •

n2 Se

• • • 23


Age •• .• •• .

Sudden 141 • • • • 12 Violence, nivation, Cold, and Intemperance , 238


— Total (including unspecified causes) 10843


"In the week ending last Saturday the deaths registered in the Metropoli- tan districts were 1,034, and exhibit a decrease of 122 on those of the pre- vious week. A comparison of the same weeks of former years shows that the mortality has not been so low as at the present time since 1846; in the early part of the years 1847-1849 the deaths ranged weekly from 1,200 to about 1,460. The average of corresponding ten weeks in previous years (1840-1849) is 1,084, or if a correction is made for increase of population, 1,183; compared with which the present return shows a decrease of 49 deaths. The deaths from consumption were 128,. or rather less than the average. Amongst other fatal diseases, bronchitis is now predominant, and last week carried off 121 persons ; a number which, though less than in the week before, exceeds by 61 the corrected average of ten corresponding weeks of former years. It is worthy of remark, that this complaint, which has ex- ceedingly increased during the last six years, has, since 1844, produced at this season a weekly mortality more than fourfold its former amount. Pneu- monia was fatal to only 78 persons last week, (a great majority of whom were children,) whilst the corrected average of ten corresponding weeks is 109: this disease, though it has fluctuated in its weekly numbers from 64 to 156, has not shown the same disposition as bronchitis to increase during later years. The deaths of seven nonagenarians were registered last week; of these a woman at the age of ninety-six years, and a man at ninety- nine. The deaths of 105 persons were registered in workhouses ; 57 in hoe- petals; and 13 in the two Royal Hospitals, amongst whom were seven pen- sioners at Greenwich, who died between the 18th and 24th of January, at various ages from thirty-seven to eighty-four. The mortality from epi- demics continues to be comparatively low, though measles and diarrhcea (from the former there baring been 28 deaths, and from the latter 14) are about the average ; 11 children died of croup.

" The mean daily reading of the barometer at Greenwich was above 30 inches on the first five days of the week ; the mean of the week was 30-050. The mean daily lemperature rose from 29° on Sunday to 45' on Friday ; the mean of the week was 35.5°, which is rather less than the average of the same week in seven years. The mean temperature was 9° below the average of the same day, on Monday ; on Friday, it was 8° above it."

Captain Sir Baldwin Walker, Surveyor of the Navy, Captain Ellice, Comp- troller of the Steam department, and Mr. Isaac Watts, junior Surveyor of the Navy, arrived at Portsmouth on Monday night, to make an official in-.

speetion. "Sir Baldwin Walker and Captain Ellice, in conjunction with Captain Chad; of her Majesty's ship Excellent, form a Committee to inquire. into and report upon the best method of raising and lowering the propellers. of screw steam-ships in the Royal Navy, so as to dispense with as much as possible of the dead weight near the stern-post of ships, now so cumbersome.

nad detrimental to their progress."

The Paris correspondent of a Madrid paper states that the Carlist Genera Cabrera is about to marry a widow in London with a fortune of 20,0001. per annum.

The Berkshire Chroniele relates "a romance of real life," for the present concealing names. A young man in humble circumstances became enamoured of a young lady living m a town near Reading, and she returned his love; • but her parents frowned upon the attachment. Recently, the young lady died,. and her body was deposited in the family vault, the lover having been an uninvited mourner. Overpowered by his anguish, he could not believe that the lady was dead ; and at midnight he forced an entrance into the vault, opened several coffins, and eventually discovered the damsel's, and became satisfied that she was dead. On the following day the outrage in the church was discovered, and suspicion fell on the lover : he was arrested, and the Chronicle reports that the matter is undergoing judicial investigation.

A provincial payer says that an exciseman, a short time since, when Prince Albert was shooting in the vicinity of Bagshot, demanded his certificate. The Prince, surprised at the application, referred the official to his secretary, Colonel Phipps • and the result has been that his Royal Highness has since duly qualified himself to sport over the Royal preserves.

Mr. Padmore, the master of the Huddersfield station, has performed a daring feat. Part of a train having broken loose, the trucks struck against

four loaded vans, which immediately started off down an " incline " towards

Bradley station. Mr. Padmore jumped upon an engine and pursued them : the trucks were going thirty or forty miles an hour when overtaken but Mr. Padmore, while the engine was proceeding at its fearful rate, cliiving

the trucks before it, left the tender, and, going round the engine-frame, seated himself on the buffer-plank, and succeeded in hooking up the draw- ing-chain and fastening it to the engine, and then returned in triumph with the runaway trucks. When thus captured, the trucks were near a junction where several goods-trains were on and across the lines, with many men em- ployed about them.

Mrs. Leigh, wife of the Reverend C. B. Leigh, Rector of Goldhanger, ant sister to Sir John Tyrell, has lost her life in an extraordinary way, at Witham. While she was walking, a cow and calf approached, and Mrs. Leigh's little dog barked at the calf ; the cow pursued the dog, and struck Mrs. Leigh in the back, forcing her against a wall : the. blow on the spine took away all sensation or motion from the lower part of the frame, and was followed by the lady's death within four days.

The subscription for the widows and orphans of the men who_perished in the Tyne life-boat now amounts to nearly 4,0001. It is said that Whitehaven

has contributed the very munificent sum of thirty shillings r or That beautiful and romantic object of local and national interest St

Michael's Mount is likely to suffer senous injury. It has been found that the foundation of the Eastern part of the castle, on its summit, has failed, and that the portion resting on it is likely soon to fall, and to involve a consider-

able part of the remainder, it is feared, (including the beautiful and interest- ing Chevy-Chace room,) in its fate. It is said that no attempt at repair is

intended, but that the weaker portions are to be taken down, in order that their fall may not destroy other parts which may with care stand longer. We trust it may not be too late to save from destruction what has been con- sidered by her Majesty, and every individual who has visited it, one of the most beautiful objects and most interesting antiquities of the kingdom.— Cornwall Gazette.

Sampson !cares, an old man, died lately in a garret of a public-house in Marylebone in a most wretched condition, apparently starved to death. He had vegetated in the garret for years, reeeivmg 38. 6d. a week from a ser- vants benevolent society ; yet he had no less than 1,800/. in the Funds.

Two farm-labourers having quarrelled, at Andoveraford, near Cheltenham, they resolved to fight out their differences. In the combat, one of the men was killed by a blow on the liftd, which ruptured a blood-vessel in the- brain. The survivor and the two backers have been sent to prison on a charge of manslaughter.

A foreign waiter and a female cook in a Manchester hotel having quar- relled about the cooking of a bird, the waiter threw a pewter dish and a china cover at the woman ; she flung a fragment of the cover at the waiter, which cut his forehead ; erysipelas ensued, and the man died. The verdict of the Coroner's Jury was "Accidental death." A Jury recently sat upon the body of a new-born infant at Whitechurch in Bucks, heard the evidence of nurse and surgeon, and returned a verdict of. "Natural death " •' but directly after the jurors had departed, the child came to life, and is now hearty. A brown Russian bear has recently produced a litter of cubs in the Edin- burgh Royal Zoological Gardens. The breeding of the bear in captivity is rare or unknown. The number of cubs in this case has not been ascertained, as the bear savagely resents any attempt at intrusion on her privacy—justi- fying Arioeto's mule.

The accounts of the Bank of England for the week ending the 26th Ja- nuary exhibit, when compared with those of the preceding week, the fol- lowing result/i-

nanimate DEssirmaner.

Rest Public Deposits Other Deposits Seven-day and other Bills Government Securities, including Dead-weight Other Securities Notes unissued Actual Circulation hums DErsasxmrr.


£5,492 ....


— _ , , , . £100,719 — .... 264,811 — .... 9,229 — .... — 85,$62 .... — — .... 375,965 — .... — Notes issued 372,500 .... — Bullion _ „ „ 32,129

This week. Last week.

Total Bullion in both Departments 16,784,201 .... 16,816,33Cr Actual Circulation 19,705,815 .... 19,333,31.5