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India : The New Procedure The decision of the Government,

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announced by Lord Willingdon at Simla on Monday, to convene a restricted Round Table Conference in London in November is to be welcomed on every ground. It represents no...

EDITORIAL AND PUBLISHING OFFICES: 99 Gower Street, London, 11 1 .0

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.1.—A Subscription to the SPECTATOR costs Thirty Shillings per annum, including postage, to any part of the world. The SPECTATOR is registered as a Newspaper. The Postage on...

That meets the desires of Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru and

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his Liberal friends, and there is every prospect that they will take part in the Conference. Congress, no doubt, will refuse. The Liberals may have little immediate following in...

News of the Week

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T HE international problem created by Germany's formal invitation to France to discuss the arma ments equality question frankly is dealt with on a later page. Meanwhile the...

yet. Traders and manufacturers will pay their taxes in full

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for 1982-33, so that the Budget for next year promises to be safe enough. The tax-receipt certificates they ,get in exchange will ultimately go back to the Government . as...

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The Scientists at York ' The British Association meetings this

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year, ranging from neutrons to noise, and from helminthology to fairies, have been as bewildering in their expansiveness as ever. The seekers after sensation have been for the...

Collective Bargaining .

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• As the Minister of Labour has pointed out, the manu. facturing side of the . cotton industry must return th collective bargaining, such as had existed for genera. tions...

Some Ottawa Interrogations The article on a later page from

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a well-qualified observer of the Ottawa discussions, though owing to the hazards of the posts it appears a week later than was intended, loses nothing of its relevance for that....

The presidential address of Sir Alfred Ewing was of a

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quality that will give it a distinctive place in the long line of pronouncements by a hundred presidents of the association. Into the discussion of the proton, the neu- tron and...

Intervention in Lancashire The letter addressed by the Minister of

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Labour to the two parties in the Lancashire cotton dispute on Monday was a strangely philosophic affair for issue in the midst of a crisis, and the suggestion that committees...

Mr. Roosevelt and Mayor Walker The resignation of the Mayor

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of New York before the enquiry into the charges of corruption brought against him had been completed will, of course, have repercussions far outside New York City and New York...

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Australia's Recovery Australia, like Great Britain, has made an heroic

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effort to put her finances in order. It is most encouraging to find from Mr. Lyons' Budget Speech that the Commonwealth, as distinct from the States, is now well on the way to...

The Autumn's Broadcasts The activities of the B.B.C. are now

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a vital part of the social and intellectual life of the country. Unfortunately, they are so multifarious that in a journal such as this no more is possible than to draw...

Unemployment and Tariffs The boom on the Stock Exchanges and

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the commodity markets continues, but it brings as yet no consolation to the unemployed. It was revealed on Monday that on August 22nd there were 120,000 more registered un-...

Mr. Maxton's Boomerang It is amusing to find Mr. Maxton

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and his fellow- stalwarts of the Independent Labour Party in its new, purified and much attenuated form advising their trade unionist followers not to pay the political levy....

The Trade Union Congress The Trade Union Congress has produced

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nothing much to encourage hope, or indeed any other sentiment. Routine business has gone through as it was meant to, and a little controversy as to whether a deputation of...

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Tramping Armies

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T HE scene in the Templehoferfeld at Berlin last Sunday is charged with significance for the whole of Europe. There, in the heart of Berlin, on the Kaiser's old parade-ground,...

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The End of the Cricket Season

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T HE close of the cricket season is always a melancholy moment in the year. It is not merely the fortunate few—those who have leisure and energy to take an active and regular...

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Ottawa and the New British Empire

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BY H. V. HODSON. THE first imperial economic conference to be held . under Great Britain's new fiscal dispensation is over and gone. Let us, at this moment, pass by the details...

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The Problem of Sufferino.

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IV.—The Solution of the Saints BY E. I. WATKIN. [This article is the last of a series of four on questions which surround the problem of suffering.' ji S has often been...

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The Circle of Trade

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BY FRANK PAKENHAll. O UGHT we to buy from those who buy from us, and ought we to limit our purchases to, at most, the amount of theirs ? In 1931 Denmark bought £9,000,000 of...

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Coleridge in

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His Letters BY E. M. FORSTER. G OOSE, darling, genius, practical man! When shall we see Coleridge plainer ? Our earlier view was simple ; here was a poet who took drugs, and...

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Smooth Speed

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BY F. YEA TS-BROWN. Fr HE smoothest kind of speed I know is ski-ing. After that I would put aqua-planing, I think ; - but aqua- planing, like yo-yo, begins to pall after you...

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A Hundred Years Ago

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THE "SPECTATOR," SEPTEMBER 8TH, 1832. Bartholomew Fair was proclaimed in the usual form on Monday. On the suggestion of Mr. Charles Pearson, every degree of strietness which...


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A Letter From Istanbul ANEW ERA FOR TURKISH WOMEN [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] sm,—The recent election of Kerinaan Hanem, a young Turkish girl, as the 1932 International...

A new steam-coach, built by Messrs. Ogle and Summers, passed

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through Oxford on Monday ; it had travelled with safety from Southampton. Its rate of speed is from ten to fourteen miles an hour.


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Talk at Night Au me, my love, by sense no more deceived, Come to late wisdom in your early time, Dear music dumb, sweet lies no more believed, No faith entangled in the noose...

A certain Monsieur D—, residing in a small village near

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Paris, having had his garden robbed during several successive nights, determined to detect the plunderers ; and a few nights ago, at, about nine o'clock, took his fowling-piece,...

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As to the partridge I see that a number of

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correspondents to several newspapers are urging a reform of the Game Laws that has long seemed to me desirable and to be founded on good natural history. Now that there is real...

Nothing pays the garden observer better than the bird bath,

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especially if there are goldfinches in the neighbourhood. It rivals the cornflower as an attraction to this species. Perhaps because more gardeners have found this out, no form...


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The discovery of a remedy against nettles (many times referred to in the Spectator and many more times asked for) has been followed by the finding of a cure for thistles. This...

Country Life

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THE POPULAR DUST BATH. In a Norfolk village by the sea, just before the " weapon- still-stand " came to an end with the arrival of September, a covey of partridges appeared...


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The first of September and the first week or two of September are not what they once were ; and this year some of the barleys are still uncut. Does anyone anywhere still use the...


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The rural spirit is perhaps as strong in Devon as in any county of England ; and to the architect of its county council, Mr. Percy Morris, we owe words of particular wisdom on...

Another sort of attack on yet rarer hawks is to

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be chronicled. A group of nests of a very rare hawk was discovered by a naturalist in Surrey—of all unlikely counties. In order to defeat the egg collector, the eggs were...

In older days I have travelled again and again along

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one particular stretch of the Great North Road in autumn and been accompanied the whole way by the song either of the yellow-hammer or the corn-bunting. To-day the same stretch...

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Letters to the Editor

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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The M23t suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week" paragraphs.—Ed....


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,— Sir A. T. Wilson's article on this subject is very interest- ing, but I venture to think that it gives very little assistance towards...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—As an advocate of honest money I cannot allow the letter of Lord Apsley appearing in your issue of September 3rd to pass uncontested....

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Is it not time that public feeling asserted itself against trans-Atlantic " hops " ? As long as people and the Press continue to idolize...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—In his interesting article in your issue of August 27th Viscount Astor makes a serious attack upon the Milk Marketing Scheme at present...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Lord Astor's article on

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"New Crimes for Old" is a welcome indication that one, at least, of our legislators is anxious to encourage the production of certified milk (i.e., the highest official grade of...

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IRELAND AND THE OATH [To the Editor of the SrEcTAToa.1

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SIR,—In your issue of August 20th under note, "Ireland," you say that men of the Army Comrades' Association "took once an oath of loyalty to the King." May I ask your...

-ROAD AND RAIL [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.]

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Sin,—Mr. E. T. Good does much less than justice to the report of Sir Arthur Salter's Road-Rail Conference. Sir Arthur and his eight colleagues were not asked to deal with road...

POLAR SACRIFICE - [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.1 SIR,—Am

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I right inassuming that the figure, five thousand, given by Dr. Mill in his admirable article on Polar Sacrifice last week as the number of people killed on our roads every...

Reader's Query

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Is there a quick way of becoming a modern poet ? If there is, I should very much like to know it. Are there, for instance, any "Poetry Schools" Where they teach one the rules...

THE PROBLEM OF SUFFERING [To the Editor of the SeEcm-ron.]

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SIR,—May I be permitted a word in reply to Mr. Warner's suggestive and friendly criticism of my recent article on "Suffering in the Old Testament " ? Many aspects of the...


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SIS,—Your contributor on the subject of "The Habits of Bathers" puts the case for unconventionality very guardedly —some of us might feel even too guardedly. May a couple...

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Recent Theology

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The Teaching of Jesus : Studies of Its Form and Content. Vol. II. By Leone° de Grandmaison S.J. (Shced and Ward. 12s. ed.) • Cumsn.trarY_is at once a religion of history...

Lord Cromer

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Loan Capstan was a man of letters as well as a man of action and he used his gifts in the first capacity to describe his work in the second. His biographer was therefore in a...

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The Suffolk Countryside

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SUFFOLK, as a county, is happily placed. Too far from London to become " suburbanized," like one at least of its neighbours, it lacks none of the engaging features that...

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Enchanted Sand, A New Mexican Pilgrimage. By D. j, Hall. (Methuen. 12s. 6d.) "UNCERTAINTY is the cream in your coffee. What's life without it ? " What, indeed ? But how many...

The Fourteenth Century

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IT is more than twenty years since the Cambridge Mediaeval History began to appear. Professor Bury, who planned it, has passed away, and its chief editor, Dr. Tanner, has...

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A Scottish Landmark TI1E breakaway of Scotland from England has

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had supporters in Scotland for two hundred and twenty-five years now. In other words, ever since the union of the two countries. During that time the movement has taken many...

Oxford Windows

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Pages from the Diary of an Oxford Lady, 1843-1862. Edited by Margaret Jeune Gifford. (Basil Blackwell. 5s.) MRS. GIFFORD has published the Diary of her grandmother, Margaret...

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Infinite Variety

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Don Juan and the Wheelbarrow. By L. A. G. Strong. (Golla nez. 7s. 6d.) The English Review Book of Short Stories. Edited by Home Shipp. (Sampson Low. Ss. 6d.) A VOLUME of short...

" Poets : When They May Not Sing . .

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." POETS nowadays may not leave their bodies behind. If they do so it is at their own peril. Even when they sun-bathe -there is as much exposure of the torso as of the soul,...

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What Europe Means

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Tills book, by an Austrian who ha i made his home in England, is at once a panorama and the expression of a philosophy of life which can fairly be described as European. The...

Essays More or Less

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Contemporary Essays. Edited by Sylva Norman. No. 1. Fall In, Ghosts, by Edmund Blunden : No. 3, Spirit of Death, by E. Tangyo Lean. (White Owl .Press, Is. 6d. each.) Still...

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Artists in Conduct

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Experimental Lives. By Muriel Jaeger. (Bell. 10s. 6d.) THE five personalities studied by Miss Jaeger were all artists in conduct, in the sense that they endeavoured to dominate...

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By L. A. G. STRONG. Os finishing Mr. Edward Thompson's new novel, one lays it dawn reluctantly, with mixed emotions. First is a sense of gratitude at having been in communion...

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Young, M.A. . Mr. Shane Leslie, in a brief foreword, recommends this little book, Reminiscences of an Irish Priest, 1845-1920 (published by W. Tempest, Dundalgan Press,...

THE REAL ROMANOVS By Gleb Botkin The Grand Duchess Anastasia,

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youngest daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, is still alive, having survived the Bolshevik massacre of the Royal family at Ekaterinburg on July 17th, 1918. Such is the contention of...

NORTHUMBERLAND AND DURHAM By Iris Wedgwood . Lady Wedgwood's pleasant,

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if rather slight, book about Northumberland and Durham (Faber, 5s.) is well printed and unusually well illustrated, both with pen drawings by Mr. G. E. Chambers and with...

Current Literature

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Roumania gained a sort of autonomy as a result of the Treaty of Paris of 1856, which ended the Crimean War. She began to attract serious attention when in 1866 she elected the...


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The National makes a lively attack, in its "Episodes of the Month," on Mr. Baldwin and his colleagues who are alleged to have tried hard at Ottawa "to prevent any gain to...

Mrs. Chadwick begins her preface by remarking that "it

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may perhaps be an unwise policy to start a book with an explanation or an apology." It would certainly have been ge rmane to explain what was the precise purpose of her boo k,...

Those who know their Motley will find that Professor Geyl's

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concise and able account of The Revolt of the Netherlands (1555-1609) (Williams and Norgate, 12s. 6d.) puts a very different complexion on the matter. Whereas Motley thought...

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Finance—Public & Private

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Is Trade Reviving ? THE present year has witnessed two distinct revivals in public securities. - Quite recently I referred in these columns to the great appreciation which had...

Gramophone Notes

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THERE is a certain well-defined company of musical works which, fixed firmly in the mind of the public- as " accepted favourites," reappear time and again in fresh recordings :...


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It must not be supposed, however, that the chief impetus to this upward movement in the speculative markets has come from British buying in Wall Street, however much such buying...

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If only for the reason that I have had occasion in these columns from time to time-to criticize prodigality in Australian expenditure, I am the more glad to congratulate the...


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This courageous fight for sound principles in Australia has naturally had its effect upon the course of Australian securi- ties in the London market. At the beginning of the...


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The important question arises, however, as to how far the - recovery in commodity prices can be regarded as a bona fide movement, or how far it has been produced by artificial...


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This last item calls to memory the gallant fight put up by the Commonwealth Bank against the extremists in the previous political Administration in Australia, a fight, however,...

Financial Notes

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SPECULATIVE MARKETS FIRBL CONSIDERABLE activity has characterized the Stock Mari e t s during the past week, but for the moment there has be en rather a shifting of interest...


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Within the next few months there will be held the World Economic Conference and if, as I imagine, that • Conference may not be held until the turn of the year, there will in...


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Inasmuch as these measures did not seem to have been immediately accompanied by certain needed reforms in the national finances, their effect upon the financial and general...