11 OCTOBER 1935

Page 1

The brief ,delays which the scrupulous observance of Covenant prOcedure

The Spectator

necessarily involve need cause no more than momentary impatience. A week more 'or less during the opening of an aggressive campaign which if left to run its course unimpeded...

Omens : 99 Gower St., London, W.C. 1. Tel. MUsEUM

The Spectator

1721, Entered as second-class Mail Matter at the New York, N.Y. Post Office, 23rd, 1890. Postal subscription 308. per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on this issue :...

The Indefensible Embargo The maintenance of the British embargo on

The Spectator

the export of arms to Abyssinia will have attained almost the dimensions of an Unforgivable sin, even if, as is likely; the embargo is removed before these lines appear. For the...


The Spectator

T HE military situation in Abyssinia, discussed in detail' On a later page of this issue, is at present static. Diplomatic movements at Geneva on the other hand have been swift...

Page 2

Canada at the Polls Canada polls on Tuesday, and it

The Spectator

is fortunate that the electoral campaign is to be no longer protracted, for in view of the international situation it is very much to be desired that a country of the importance...

France and Article XVI ' A very significant docuinent, which

The Spectator

no English paper except the Manchester Guardian appears to have noticed, was circulated by the French Delegation at Geneva on Tuesday. It consists of a reasoned defence of the...

The Abyssinian Wounded Cordial and unqualified support • can be

The Spectator

given to the .appeal printed in another column over the names of the Archbishop of Canterbury, Lord Lugard and others for funds for the equipment of a British ambulance service...

No Change at Memel The result of the Memel elections

The Spectator

will be received with general relief. The actual election campaign was carried through withoUt serious incident ; Herr Hitler, though in the vicinity of Memel, refrained from...

British Question and French Answer The reply of the French

The Spectator

Government to Sir Samuel Hoare's question as to whether France would be prepared to support this country in the event of any attack on the British fleet in the Mediterranean...

Page 3

Progress in the Air The Air Ministry's report on Civil

The Spectator

Aviation in 1984. states that that year marks the . inception. of a . more progressive period in design and production, attributable- to increasing demand for internal air...

Conservatives and Defence There was vigorous unanimity at the Conservative

The Spectator

Party conference on the subject of national defence and ,increased armaments. This was • attained by grafting Mr. Churchill's amendment on to Sir Edward Grigg's • resolution,...

'Iigh Court 'Changes The judicial appointments that have marked the

The Spectator

beginning of a new legal year have . given universal satisfaction—a very rare occurrence. , Mr. Wilfrid Greene had easily the best practice at the Bar and his willingness ty sit...

The Survival of the Public Schools That some contact with

The Spectator

the problems • of our time is needed at public schools was implied in an interesting speech made by Sir Walter Moberly last Saturday when opening 'the new boarding-house at Mill...

The Case of the Special Areas The speech made by

The Spectator

Mr. Muirhead, the Parliamentary 8 eeretary to the Ministry of Labour, at the Conservative Party Conference on the subject of the depressed areas Was disappointingly out of tune...

Teachers as Politicians An interesting point arose at the Labour

The Spectator

Party Con- ference last week concerning the action of schools or universities in forbidding members of their staffs to become Parliamentary or • municipal candidates. Two eases...

Page 4


The Spectator

THE League of Nations has taken the most I- momentous decision in its history. On Monday a Great Power was declared by the unanimous vote of the Council (to the confusion of...

Page 5


The Spectator

T HE Church Congress re-assembled at Bourne- mouth last Tuesday at a moment when the nation might well be asking what lead the Church had to give upon affairs of State deeply...

Page 6

Anierican visitors are notoriously quick in picking up the essential

The Spectator

facts about London. " What is the large building opposite " asked a lady from Ohio, visiting e tourist agency in Pall Mall. That, she was informed, , was the Reform Club. " Is...


The Spectator

TT is rarely, for obvious reasons, that one can get an .1 informed and candid statement on the situation in Italy from an Italian sufficiently innocuous to the present regime to...

Italy, I see, is buying castor oil in considerable quanti-

The Spectator

ties, but this time it is for the lubrication of aeroplane engines. A few days ago a distinguished British adminis- trator told me of an interview he once had with Signor...

The choice of Major Attlee to succeed . Mr. Lansbury as

The Spectator

leader of the Parliamentary Labour Party till the end of the session is obvious and non-committal. Major Attlee was already deputy-leader, and during the long period of...

Lady Wright, the wife of Lord Wright, the new Master

The Spectator

of the Rolls, is a noted horsewoman and Master of the Tidworth Hounds'. They are suggesting in the Temple that hunting men are asking in bewilderment what this new pack, " the...

We shall, I suppose, never know the full facts about

The Spectator

the Daily Mail's ballot on war and sanctions, to which I made some reference last week. On Monday the results were published, with a Singular form of authentication by a...

The most conspicuous feature of the diplomatic side of the

The Spectator

Italo-Abyssinian dispute is the signal ability and the unfaltering correctness of every public statement made by the Ethiopian Government. Its spokesman . at Geneva, M. 'I'ecle...

I understand that Mrs. Dugdale's life of her uncle, Lord

The Spectator

Balfour, is now finished. It is to be published in two volumes of about 250,000 words each. But it will not appear before next spring.

Page 7


The Spectator

By MAJOR L. I. ATHILL T obvi ous and gives no clue to the future. A truth, HE fighting in Abyssinia so far only confirms the Which has been plain to every armchair critic, has...

Page 8


The Spectator

M UCH. has been written about the efficiency of Japanese business organisation. Having beaten Lancashire in many markets and multiplied their foreign trade in the face of fierce...

Page 9


The Spectator

By SIR MICHAEL SADLER L AST Summer three thousand people attended a meeting of the Groups at Oxford. Just afterwards, nearly as 'many came to the same city for the synchronised...

Page 10


The Spectator

By PROFESSOR HAROLD TEMPERLEY Dublin, Oct. 3th. M R. DE 'VALERA has spoken at Geneva and sur- prised us by his friendliness to England. He equally surprised us by his previous...

Page 11


The Spectator

By PHILIP HOPE-WALLACE T HE best way to reach the Park of Culture and Rest is to take the Metro—which is a paradox like everything else in Moscow. But for the moment aban-...

Page 12


The Spectator

By E. E. KELLETT T HE responsibility of poets is great. Who can say that his whole life may not have been propelled in . a certain direction by a nursery-jingle, which has...

Page 13


The Spectator

TWO strange and rather pathetic police-court cases have been given a certain amount of publicity lately in the cheaper Press. An oldish woman of ex- tremely simple character...

or tACii The previous address to Which the paper has

The Spectator

b 'eeri sent and receipt reference number should be quoted.

Page 14


The Spectator

The Front Paysan in France [To the Editor of Tun SPECTATOR.] Sin,—There has recently been further evidence of the distress prevailing among the French peasants. The slump in...

A Hundred Years Ago

The Spectator

" THE SPECTATOR," OCTOBER 10171, 1835. Amongst the Metropolitan improvements that are about to be carried into execution, that in the immediate vicinity of the General...

Page 15

The Cinema

The Spectator

"Anna Karenina." At the Empire.—" The Informer." At the Plaza A NEW film with Greta Garbo : the event is exciting, of course, but it has very little to do with the art of the...


The Spectator

"The Dance of Death." By W. H. Auden. " Sweeney Agonistes." By T. S. Eliot. At the Westminster Theatre THE Group Theatre, which after more than three years of incubation has now...

Page 16

Agonie du Trocadro

The Spectator

[D'un correspondent parisien] LE Titocaniuo se meurt Le Trocadero est molt ! . Le nouvelle, a peine connue, a penetre Paris de tristesse. avait beau savoir, depuis plusieurs...


The Spectator

Sleepers, Awake! RARELY has the separation between the practical and the intellectual activities been wider than in England, during the last ten years. The highbrow has had the...

Page 17

A Rural Scene

The Spectator

If anyone desires a picture of rural England he might do worse than attend one of the competitions for ploughing and other rural arts that begin to flourish again in the...

Autumnal Energy

The Spectator

We have, of course, as often in October, enjoyed what is called good growing weather. The milk-yields of cows have increased, .not diminished ; and the mowing machines have been...

A Robbed Hawk

The Spectator

A very strange little event in natural history has been seen on the south coast. The observer was not a specialiSt on birds. The species of the two in question evaded his...

A New Foxhound

The Spectator

There are many interesting points about the breed. ing of foxhounds. One American M.F.H. who has hn- ported English foxhounds into his country has accused Peterborough of...

Prize Roses

The Spectator

Now that the rose-shows are over and the great trans- planting month has got into its stride, it may be of some ' service to underline the names of a rose or two that have Won...


The Spectator

Thundevb re d Toadstools A coincidence of weather and growth has bceri'Very striking, almost startling, in my immediate district. After three bouts of thunderstorms, in...

Page 18

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.]

The Spectator

Sin,—I should be grateful if you would allow me to correct a mistake that appeared in the letter you published from me on the Juvenile Courts. The letter as printed read that...


The Spectator

tCorrespondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week" paragraphs. Signed...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In your description of the Spahlinger cattle - vaccine tests, reported on by the Northern Ireland Ministry of Agriculture, you do not give a...

Page 19


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sea,--In the course of an article entitled " The World and Qetteva," which appeared in your issue of September Gth, Yell refer to U.S. Senator...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,----The Cherwell traditions founded, we are told, by the exuberant Mr. Bhuiey, lasted with some modification for several years. As Editor a...

SKOKHOLM BIRD OBSERVATORY To the Editor of THE SrucrATon.] Sin,—In

The Spectator

recent. issues of The Spectator 'Sir William Beach Thomas has referred to the . work of ringing migratory birds on the island of. Skokholm, Pembrokeshire, and mentioned the need...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sta,---On my return to this country from abroad, I notice that the Earl of Selborne has been discussing the application of the Covenant in the...

Page 20


The Spectator

SPECTATOR.] Sin,—Since the Foreign Office has now withdrawn its objection and authorised an appeal in the Press, we lose no time in asking for funds for the purpose of...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—I do not understand why week-end arrangements progressively increase public inconvenience. Recently the London Passenger Transport Board...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The Annual Report of the Board of Control for 1934, that has just appeared, calls attention to the large increase in the number of insane...

Page 21

Dwight Morrow : Creative

The Spectator

Diplomatist SALTER By SIR ARTHUR in public life he was a delegate at International Conferences, an ambassador and a senator. But whether in private or Public office he...

Page 22

Europe Before the War ' The Eve of 1914. By Theodor

The Spectator

Wolff. Translated by E. W: Dickos. (Gollancz. 21s.) TEN years ago Theodor Wolff published a book entitled The Prelude, containing his memories of the opening years of the...

Page 23

The Science of the Obvious

The Spectator

na.Nnnoorcs on logic used to contain a chapter, often the most attractive, on fallacies. The attempt was made to name, to classify and to symbolise diagrammatically the more...

Page 24


The Spectator

England, Italy, Abyssinia. By Major.Gen. H. Rowan-Robinson. (William Clowes. 5s.) The Real Abyssinia. By Col. C. F. Rey. (Seeley Service. 10s: 6d.) IesivitaNcE of its subject...

The Apostle of " Fulfilment "

The Spectator

Gustav Stresemann, His Diaries, Letters and Papers. Edited and. translated by Eric . Sutton. (Macmillan. 25s.) . Da. STRESEIVIANN'S collected papers have been available for...

Page 26

St. John of the Cross

The Spectator

WITH these two volumes Professor Allison Peers completes a great work of scholarship, most admirably performed ; and English students of mysticism—at last put in possession of...

A Great Fraser

The Spectator

Lord Lovat : a Biography. By Sir Francis Lindley, G.C.M.G. (Hutchinson. 18s.) • Tan Frasers were a Norman family, first settled on the Scottish border and then moving to -...

Page 28

Marx and Mussolini .

The Spectator

New 'Trends in Socialism. Edited by G. E. G. Catlin. (Lovat , Dickson. 5s.) FA.SCISM ranks high among the powers of brutality and buffoonery ; but all of us have our uses. Even...

Page 30

The Letters and Diaries of John Bailey (1864-1931). Edited by

The Spectator

his wife. (John Murray. 108. 6d.) Trim is a very exceptional book. In type it , conforms to the " acts of piety " all too often dedicated,_ , after death, to the relatively...

CharieS* Doughty a Siiidy of his Prose and Verse. BS

The Spectator

Dovclssx tends to become one of those authors who are more read about than read. Yet the recognition - of his greatness grows ; Arabia Deserta is, as Y. E. Lawrence called it, a...

Page 32

Tourist Third

The Spectator

Spanish Adventure. By Norman Lewis. (Collancz. 15s.) MR. LEWIS, a twenty-six-year-old Welshman, has written a clever, colourful and exasperating book, the account of un-...

Page 34

Flowery Speech

The Spectator

Flowers of Speech. By J. C. Squire. (Allen and Unwin. 4s. 6d.) Tins is an unpretentious and disarming book : it contains a series of lectures on Words, broadcast in 1930, and...

Page 36

Salvation from the West

The Spectator

Tins is exactly the book that we needed. It will exasperate those that should be exasperated, help those that are puzzled and stir to thought those capable of thought. It will...

Page 38

Manoeuvres In Kent

The Spectator

lleany-Eye. By David Garnett. (Chatto and Windus. 5s.} BEANY-EYE was a strong, ugly, odorous tramp who used to give way to fits of murderous rage. These had been accentuated by...

Page 40

The Provincial Lady Goes Too Far

The Spectator

The Provincial Lady at Horne and Abroad. By E. M. Delafield. (Macmillan. 7s. 6d.) MISS DELAFIELD has enlarged the conversation of her own literary models—the upper middle...

Page 42

The Luck of the Bodkins. By P. G. Wodohouse. (Herbert

The Spectator

Jenkins. 7s. lid. ) IT is impossible to describe in a few words exactly what happened during the meniorable voyage of the R.M.S. 'Atlantic,' which Mr:P. G. Wodehotise has chosen...

Page 44

A Victorian Adventure

The Spectator

Biocaman Ks of Lamartine, although he married " une jeune Angtaise r e al avail recu tErtC brillante education artistique et littt'rai re, et qui avail confer pour le poete rcn...

Page 46


The Spectator

By WILLIAM PLOMER Virgin Soil Upturned. By Mikhail Sholokhov. Translated by Stephen Garry. (Putnam. 7s. 6d.) Black Parade. By Jack Jones. (Faber. 7s. fid.) Introducing the...

Page 50


The Spectator

By Bernard Falk Mr. Bernard Falk has followed up his biographies of Adah Menken and of himself with one of the great French actress Rachel (Hutchinson, 18s.). It is an...

Current Literature

The Spectator

RACINE Par Thierry Maulnier ' M. Thierry Maulnier's study of Racine (Paris : Redier, 15 francs) follows hard upon other books on the same subject by M. Jean Giraudoux and M....

SIX ARCHITECTS By Sir Reginald Blomfield Sir Reginald Blornfleld's panic

The Spectator

hatred of modernism has taken a new form. He now regards himself apparently as the officially appointed guardian of the past which, without his kindly attention, is likely to be...

Page 52


The Spectator

By the Duke of Portland The Duke of Portland's second book (Faber and Faber, 25s.) is as charming as his earlier volume, Fifty Years and More of Sport in Scotland. It is...

A STUDY OF HISTORY By Arnold J. Toynbee

The Spectator

Those who feel depressed, and justifiably depressed, by ,the acceptance of so . much that is worthless among hooks pub- ' lished today. should find some cause for reassurance...

A GENERAL HISTORY ,OF MUSIC ' By Charles Burney Burney's histOry

The Spectator

of nnisic, 'first published at the 'end' of the eighteenth century, is a famous book, but a Useless one : useless, that is to say, from the point of view of the modern reader in...

Page 54

Motoring The Economical Life of a Car A Spectator reader,

The Spectator

on the eve of the motor show, writes to ask me a question that is more and more discussed every year and, to the frugal or impoverished, is of the first importance. He asks for...

Page 56


The Spectator

Political and Economic _Unrest—i WIIEN considering the present state of world unrest, of which, at the moment, the Abyssinian crisis constitutes the most immediate forcible...

Page 58

Financial Notes

The Spectator

MARKET UNCERTAINTIES. STOCK markets gave an unmistakable indication of their underlying trend as S0011 as it was thought likely that any sanctions to be imposed by the League...


The Spectator

Announcement of the further payments on account of interest on London Passenger Transport " C " stock for the - years 1933-84 and 1984-35 may be said to mark the opening of the...


The Spectator

The latest accounts of Trinidad Leaseholds, Limited, provide further justification of the policy of the directors in embarking on the distribution of petrol products in this...

* * * *

The Spectator

INSURANCE SHARES AS INVESTMENTS. Published at a price of 5s. by the Trust of Insurance Shares, Limited, the Insurance Shares Year Book provides a valuable - (Continued on nave...

Page 60

"The Spectator" Crossword No. 159

The Spectator

fly ZLINO [A prize of one guinea sill be given fo the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked "Crossword...


The Spectator

There seems to be a good deal of uncertainty in the mind of the " man in the street " as to whether the gold purchased from time to time by the Bank of England is entered at the...


The Spectator