14 APRIL 1933

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News of the Week

The Spectator

F ROM the new White Paper on the Russian arrests emerges a strangely mingled picture of incom- petence, fanaticism and intimidation. The charges against the accused engineers...

The Nazis' Progress The situation in Germany is in some

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respects less abnormal. The drastic Prussian decree against the Jews, whereby a German citizen, any one of whose four grandparents was a Jew was to be debarred from practice in...

In other spheres Herr Hitler's government is approach- ing tests

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of its endurance which can no longer be evaded. The contest between Nazis and Nationalists is ending tamely, for the Chancellor, having swept away German federalism at a stroke...

OFFICES : 99 (lower St., London, W.C. 1. Tel. :

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MUSEUM 1721. Entered as second-class Mail Matter at the New York N.Y. Post Office, Dee. 23rd, 1896. ,Postal subscription 308. per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on...

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The End of Prohibition America, or part of it, has

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gone triumphantly back to beer, but not back to the saloon, and not, by all accounts, to drunkenness. To achieve intoxication, indeed, on 3.2 beer would involve a volume of...

Pact Perplexities The perambulations of M. Titulesco, the Rumanian Foreign

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Minister, and vigorous representations by the Polish Government, have reduced the prospects of any substantial results accruing from the Four Power Pact negotiations. The French...

The India Committee The minority vote of 118 cast against

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the Government in the division on the personnel of the Select Committee on India was swelled by the fact that the dissident Conservatives were joined by the Labour Party, which...

A Negro Trial The history of what is known as

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the Scottsboro case in the United States forms a not irrelevant commentary on some of the strictures at present rightly current regarding Soviet justice. Two years ago two white...

The Rates and the Unemployed The Government is apparently to

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get out of its difficulty about the financial burdens of the depressed areas for the moment by accepting a motion which lays it down in principle that the Government should be...

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Western Australia's Protest It was expected that Western Australia, at

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last Satur- day's referendum, would vote for secession from the Commonwealth, and she did so by a large majority. At the General Election on the same day the Ministry that had...

The Lords' debate on India showed how admirably suited the

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Upper House is to discuss matters where experience is required to weigh probabilities. Lord Lothian and Lord Reading were the best4 of a generally impressive contingent of...

To revert to Russia, the Special Imports Bill did not

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go through without trouble. Most members of the House warmly approved the contention of Mr. Runciman, who had a great personal success during the debate, that something must be...

The British Car The record set up by Lord Howe

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and Captain Eyston in their M.G. cars in the Italian Mile Miglia race is only one of a number of notable indications of the striking progress the British motor industry is...

Humane Slaughtering The Slaughter of Animals Bill, making use of

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the humane killer in public abattoirs compulsory, got its second reading in the House of Commons last Friday by 133 votes to 9. A similar Bill had reached the Committee stage in...

• Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes : The time of

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Parliament during the last week before the recess was almost exclusively occupied by Russia and India ; for although there was a debate upon relief for the able-bodied destitute...

Iron and Steel The large group of trades comprised within

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the iron and steel industry received substantial protection last Year on condition that they made themselves more efficient. The Import Duties Advisory Committee has now...

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Whitehall and White House

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W HEN Mr. MacDonald lands in America next week he will find the scene has altered greatly since he talked to Mr. Hoover in 1929. American ()Onion has changed with American...

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The War on Slums

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“ Iv uk; programmes should,. so far as practicable, - 1 be ,drawn on the basis of clearing all areas that req uire clearing not later than 1938." In such j)rosaie words in one...

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English politicians with their love of sport never quite realize

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how much their devotion to it can scandalize foreigners. Witness the unforgiven levity of M. Briands round of golf with Mr. Lloyd George during the Cannes Conference of 1922....

An Oxford friend who thinks my remarks on the Boat

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Race wanting in generosity to the defeated crew, suggests that Oxford may well described in the phrase applied by Verrall to a, beaten Cambridge crew in the 'nineties. " The...

Advocates of municipal trading will no doubt he gratified to

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observe that Paris is starting a municipal stud-farm for cats, the object being to breed the type most efficient in dealing adequately with rats. The principle is not quite so...

A Spectator's Notebook

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N OTHING astonishes •me more than the genuine inability of Germans generally to understand in the least degree the feeling the actions of the Nazi party have aroused in this and...

. Cruelty to animals is one of those things about

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which it is no use arguing. If anyone is insensible to it, or pre- pared to defend it., there is nothing more to be said. The attempt to rehabilitate cock-fighting, even on the...

I suppose smuggling is really to be regarded as a

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kind of primitive passion. Otherwise . it is singularly hard to explain the cases,. of which two cropped up in Tuesdays papers, of persons (usually women) of position, and some-...

Sonic concern might not unnaturally be felt at the absence

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of the British Ambassador from Moscow as the trial of the British engineers is beginning. In fact no such anxiety need be felt. Mr. William Strang, the Counsellor, who is acting...

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What I Saw in Germany

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BY SIR EVELYN WRENCH. y HAVE just returned from the third lecture tour I I have made to Germany and Central Europe on behalf of the cause of international co-operation during...

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Foreigners' Rights

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BY J. L. BRIERLY, Chielute Professor of International Law at Oxford. T HE recent arrest and the pending trial of British engineers in the U.S.S.R. have drawn attention to the...

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Ottawa : The Other Side

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BY SIR ANDREW MCFADYEAN. [An article by Mr. L. S. Amery, M.P., on " What We Have Gained From Ottawa" appeared in last week's SPECTATOR.] I considering the Ottawa Agreements we...

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Public Worship

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BY DR. W. B. SELBIE. W HY should I go to church ? is a question which is being very insistently asked in these days, and especially by those of the younger generation. The un-...

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Slump in Adventure

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By MOTII. KNOW of few keener intellectual pleasures than that 1 to be derived from listening to two old men talking about Modern Youth and the Spirit of Adventure. They always...

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Das Bismarcksche Reich Verschwindet

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[VON EINEM DEUTSCHEN KORRESPONDENT.] D AS neueste Gesetz zur " Gleichschaltung der Lander mit dem Reich " stellt bloss die endgultige Legalisierung des schon am 5ten Mars...

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Roosevelt's Foreign Policy [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] sm,—The Europe that had hoped the United States would return to the Wilsonian foreign policy as a result of the...

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What exactly is to be done ? First as to

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law. Thirteen backward county councils have taken no steps. The best have adopted this by-law " No person shall uproot any fern or other plants growing in any road, lane,...


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The exceeding beauty of the English scene .on the eve of this Easter gives impetus to the plea for our flowers. Th e woods and banks everywhere are delicious with primroses and...

" Much may be done with a Scotsman if he

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be ( aug h t young 7 said Dr. Johnson. His maxim, like Kant's sate. goricaI imperative " is " capable of universal= application." Education of the schoolchild probably matters...

Two very able professors of botany have just formed under

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the Council for the Preservation of Rural England, a Wild Plant Conservation Board ; and they have begun their work by epitomizing into a model pamphlet their views on the...


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A long letter from the Malay States consists almost wholly of quaint accounts of the flora and fauna ; and it is pleasant to hear of the natural humaneness of many of the...


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That most lovely park, which we know as the Whipsnade Zoo, has had one quite unrehearsed experience. It has become sanctuary to hunted beasts. A year or more ago it was dis-...

Country Life

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WILD FLOWER. SAVIOURS. • At Easter time,' when the Masque flower blossoms on the downs, and the woods and fields are bright with anemone, primrose, daffodil ; and soon with...

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Letters to the Editor

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• [Correspondents are requested to keep their tellers as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week " paragraphs.—Ed....


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[To the Editor of TUE SPECTATOR.] Sig,—AR undue emphasis is sometimes laid upon the Anti- Semitism of the German nationalists ; it represents, of course, only the negative...


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[To the Editor of Tint SrEcrieron.] Sue—There are few fields of inquiry where controversy is more rampant than that opened up by Psychical Research. Not long ago all alleged...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR, —Your correspondent, Mr. Nonweiler, unfortunately is only quoting what his friend in Japan chooses to tell him ; I spent two to three...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] should like, if I may, 'to 'discuss two point, in th e review by Mr. J: - W. - C: Wand • of books on the oxfo r d Movement leaders, which...

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The Spectator

Deirdre Remembers THE snows of sleep are on his shoulder, folded and drifted on his breast, I turn from them, and from the colder flower of his face at rest. Turn and...


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As an Englishwoman living in Germany I can only endorse Dr. Munthe's words. My English love of fair play compels me to point out that, whereas in your footnote you mention " the...

Is :DEMOCRACY - A FAILURE ? " [To the Editor

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of THE SPECTATOR.] Su:,—The authors of the two articles against and for democracy in your issues of March . 2-fth and 31st, although starting from different premises, expound...

()IL WASTE In the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sia,—On reaching

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a Kentish beach this morning, the Channel breeze wafted to us--- my elf and two companions—the acrid odour of oil, purplish patches of which were to be seen on the water. A...

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Literary Combat

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By Enwrbr Morn. SOwn time ago Miss Benson found a frail old gentleman in a hotpital in-Hong Kong. He informed her that he was Count Nioolas de Toulouse Lautree -de Savine, a...

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Drake and Oxenham

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Documents concerning English Voyages to the Spanish stain, 1569 - 1580. By I. A. Wright. (Hakluyt Society. 27s.) NEvmt. was there a more romantic discovery in neglected...

The Historic , Christ

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Jesus. By A. E. Baker. (The Centenary Press. 7s. Gcl.) THE experienced reader opens any new attempt to treat the life of Christ with some misgivings. For whether it belongs to...

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The Grand Tour in South America

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Eight Republics in Search of a Future. By Rosita Forbes. (Cassell. 8s. 6d.) MISS ROSITA FORBES describes racily and well the eight South American republics which she visited in...

American History

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A History of the American People to the Civil War. By James Truslow Adams. (Routledge. 18s.) Ma. ADAMS'S History is a popular text-book -for American leaders. Its chief interest...

A Jacobite Poet

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IN 1679 the Duchess of York, Mary of Modena, visited Cambridge University. She was a little over twenty, very graceful and witty and cunning. Even Burnet found it hard to speak...

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Passage Through the Present

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Half - Way House. By Edmund Blunden. Becoming. By Eden Phillput ts. (Beam. 6s.) Warr the history of twentieth-century poetry comes to be written it will be amusing for those...

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Mixed Company

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Hedge-Trimmings. By A. G. Street. (Faber and Faber. 7s. 6d.) THIS collection of essays, ten of which were broadcast during the summer of last year, contains the- musings,...

• Germany To-day

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Germany Puts the Clock Back. By Edgar Ansel Mowre r , (John Lane. 7s. 6d.) Ma. EDGAR MOWRER has written, a first-rate account of post-War Germany from the standpoint .of a keen...

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Mystery Novels

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Ali a s. By Fred Andreas. Translated by Winifred Ray. (Bles. Murders at the Crab Apple Tree. By Gordon Manners. (Jenkins. 7s. 6d.) The Transatlantic Ghost. By Dorothy Gardiner....

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The Spectator

By Wrnmast PunsEn. Pond Hall's Progress. By H. W. Freeman. (Chatto and Windus. 7s. ed.) 'I'ns: author of His Monkey Wife is the possessor of an original talent, a gift for...

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MEN AND CREATURES IN UGANDA By Sir John Bland-Sutton, Bart.

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Messrs. Hutchinson and Co. are the publishers of this voluine, and 12s. seems to be an exorbitant price to pay for a book which appeared in 1911 under the title of Man and Beast...

ENGLISH'-POEMS 1669-1800 Selected by Ronald S. Crane

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The year 1660, as Professor Cazamian has observed, was one of great significance in the - history of English literature. With the restoration of the monarchy, modern England, so...

NAKED ASCETIC By Victor Dane Mr. Victor Dane appears to

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have really studied some of the less known but undeniably important methods of the Yogis at first hand, but it is also obvious from his book (Naked Ascetic, Rider, 7s. 6d.) that...

FULL. MEASURE By De Valda While still in Isis teens,

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Mr. De Valda shipped to Australia under sail, and there recouped his fortunes—which had dwindled to threepence net—by eating three week-old penny buns for a prize of a guinea....

Current Literature

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A HISTORY OF THE MARR k NOS By Cecil Roth That anti-Semitism is as stupid as it is brutal seems to be the moral of Mr. Cecil Roth's learned History of the Marranos (Routledg :...

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The Spectator

The educator of youth, like the monk in his cloister, is detached from the workaday world. Thus Mr. Guy Kendall's agreeably written antobiography, A headmaster Remembers...

The Modern Home

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Gleanings from Olympia THE " Ideal Home " Exhibition generally brings to light a certain number of appliance; which are nowhere else so eon- veniently displayed. Unfortunately,...


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\VI: regret that, through a printer's error, two words were wrongly inserted last week in Messrs. Lovat Dickson's advertisement of Nis Petersen's The Street of the Sandalmakers....


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The Political Quarterly for April deserves attention for an American view of " War Debts and Peace Credits " by Professor W. T. Elliott, of Harvard. He assumes that we can...


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It appears now to be fairly generally agreed that Epstein is successful as a modeller of portrait busts, but opinion is violently divided over the merits of his carvings. It...

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The Spectator

In the course of his speech to shareholders of the National Bank of India at the recent meeting of that institution, Sir Charles McLeod, the Chairman, made some very interesting...


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Although slightly under the distribution of a year ago. the dividends announced last week by the Directors of Unilever, Ltd., were generally regarded by the market as...


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So much interest is now taken by the general public in the question of a resumption of work on the new giant Cunarder that while the Chairman, Sir Percy Bates, in his address to...

DIRECT subscribers who are changing their addresses are asked to

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notify THE SPECTATOR office BEFORE MIDDAY on MON R.41 OF EACH WEEK. The previous address to which the paper has been sent and receipt reference number should be quoted.


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The annual meetings of the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation are always awaited with interest by reason of the fact that the speech of the Chairman usually contains...

For Company Meeting Reports see also pages 551 and 552.

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Bank Rate 2 per cent., changed from 2} per cent.

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on June 30th, 1932.

Financial Notes

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RISE IN INVESTMENT STOCKS. THE stock markets have been overshadowed during the past week by the Easter holidays and to some extent also by Budget uncertainties. Making...

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"The Spectator " Crossword No, 29

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BY XANTLIIPPE. BY XANTLIIPPE. nuzzle one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct sobdion f /1,4 [A prize crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be...