16 AUGUST 1913

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On Tuesday Sir Edward Grey in an important statement explained

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the nature of the Balkan peace to the House of Commons. " We have reached a stage," he said, " at which the Concert of Europe is very firmly established." There was not...

Representations had been made to Turkey that the Enos- Midia

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line ought to be respected, but the Great Powers were willing to take into consideration any modifications of the line which Turkey considered "absolutely indispensable" for the...

Meanwhile it is not explained why the Acting Com- missioner

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and the Camel Corps ever found themselves so far inland as Burao. It will be remembered that after the lengthy, costly, and fruitless operations against the " Mad Mullah," which...

We regret to say that news reached London during the

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week of a British reverse in Somaliland. The first official messages, read by Mr. Harcourt in the House of Commons on Tuesday, were despatched by the Acting-Commissioner, Mr. G....


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T HE Treaty of Bucharest, to judge by all the signs, is to be accepted as the final treaty of peace for the Balkans. Revision seems highly improbable. Telegrams during the week...

Both in China and Mexico events during the week have

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followed a quieter course than might have been expected. In China on Wednesday the Woosung Forts, held by the rebels, who had actually felt confident enough previously to sally...

The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in any case.

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It appears to us that since the wireless stations are

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for Imperial defence the advice of the Army Council, the Admiralty, and the Imperial Defence Committee cannot be set aside on the question of urgency as such. We do not,...

Lord Robert Cecil moved an amendment that in the absence

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of a report by an independent body on the desirability of an agreement with contractors, or on the terms of the contract proposed, the House ought to refuse its approval. The...

On Friday week the new contract with the Marconi Com-

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pany for the erection of Imperial wireless stations was debated in the House of Commons and approved by a majority of 72 votes (210 against 138). Two members of the Liberal...

A remarkable figure has been removed from the German political

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stage by the death on Wednesday of August Bebel, the famous Socialist leader, in his seventy-fourth year. Born of poor parents in Cologne in 1840, Bebel earned his living-as a...

Mr. Bonar Law said that the Government ought to await

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whatever developments there might be in wireless telegraphy in the near future. The Poulsen Company had offered to construct stations at £40,000 each without royalties, as com-...

The Revenue Bill reached a critical stage on Monday. The

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Land Values Group, dismayed by the announcement that Mr. Lloyd George was going to drop Clause XI. as a concession to Mr. Pretyman, demanded an explanation. The Chancellor of...

The need to rush it through in this fashion was

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the result of the indiscretions of Ministers. Thus Nemesis visits the whole nation because of the thoughtless and improper conduct of some of those in the highest offices. The...

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The Congress which, alike in regard to numbers, the interest

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of the discussions, and the spirit of international amity which prevailed, must be reckoned as the most successful on record, concluded on Tuesday, when Mr. Burns read an...

In the House of Commons on Wednesday Mr. Austen Chamberlain

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spoke none too strongly on the conduct of the country's finances by the Government. Mr. Lloyd George in a characteristic reply gave the House to understand that he saw no...

The wide range of subjects dealt with at the International

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Congress of Medicine makes it impossible for us to keep pace with their discussions. We may note, however, as the out- standing feature of the Congress the meeting at the Albert...

The Report of the Select Committee on London Traffic was

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issued on Thursday, and is of a most drastic character. The Committee recommend the formation of a Traffic Branch of the Board of Trade, to exercise the functions now divided...

Mr. Cody, who was killed with his passenger, the well-

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known cricketer, Mr. W. H. B. Evans, while flying on Thursday week, had earned the admiration of everyone by his indomitable perseverance. Undaunted by repeated failures and...

After a heavy, weary, and unprofitable session, in which the

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House of Commons has suffered both in its working capacity and in its reputation from the unreality brought about by the Parliament Act, the prorogation took place on Friday....

The first report of the working of Unemployment Insurance (Part

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II. of the National Insurance Act) was issued as a Blue- book last week, with a prefatory note by Sir H. Llewellyn Smith. While judiciously , admitting that there has been only...

We desire to draw our readers' particular attention to the

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leading article on Portuguese Slavery by Lord Cromer which we publish in this issue. It is to be followed by two others. We sincerely hope that so lucid and so moderate a...

Bank Rate,41 per cent.,changed from 5 per cent.April 17th. Consols

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(2-1-) were on Friday 7311—Friday week 731. Bank Rate,41 per cent.,changed from 5 per cent.April 17th. Consols (2-1-) were on Friday 7311—Friday week 731.

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THE PEACE. I T seems certain that none of the Great Powers desires changes in the Treaty of Bucharest strongly enough to force a revision at the risk of provoking a new war. We...

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THE LAND TAX FIASCO. T HE abandonment of the Revenue Bill,

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which was announced in the House of Commons on Tuesday night, is the latest incident in the fiasco of the Lloyd Georgian land taxes. This Bill, as we pointed out a couple of...

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THE COST OF LIVING. T HE Report on Rents and Prices—in

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other words, the Report on the cost of living—which was issued by the Board of Trade on Tuesday, is the most care- ful and accurate that has ever been published. Few arts have...

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I T is impossible to road the White Paper recently pub-

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lished on the subject of slavery in the West African dominions of Portug al 'without coming to the conclusion that the discussion ° has been allowed to degenerate into a rather...

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N O animal, no savage, no young child, and no prideless person can possibly realize that it is more blessed to give than to receive. Christianity, in giving expression to this...

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A UTHORS do not always know good fortune when it meets them in disguise. Mr. Hall Caine is still smarting under the finest advertisement a novelist could wish for. His new book...

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W HEN Dr. Richard Russell, in the days of George IL, published his treatise on the beneficial effects of sea water, and shortly afterwards removed to Brighton to look after his...

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SCHARNHORST. [TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR...1 Sin, — Forty years ago, when men were making inquiry in this country as to what it was which had to all appearances so...

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THE KING AND THE CONSTITUTION. [TO TEX EDITOR 01 TEl "SPECTATOR."] Ste,—The doctrine you propound as to the position of the Throne in this country is one which, in theory, no...

[To TEX EDITOR or TH/ “Srscriros."]

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Ste,—As a humble Unionist unit, I confess I was attracted by Mr. Arnold White's suggestion of a petition to the King, asking his Majesty to withhold his Royal assent to the Home...

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[To THE EDITOR OP THR "SPECTATOR."' SIR, — You have laid the

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nation, as well as the entire Unionist Party, under a debt by your impressive exposition of the perils and unwisdom of petitioning the King in regard to the Irish Bill. But...


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[To TER Eynon OF TER "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—At this holiday season, when so many families are gathered together for enjoyment, will you let me plead in your columns with English...

[To THE EDITOR Or THE "SPECTATOR. "] SIR, — I have read

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with interest the ably argued article in your issue of August 9th affirming the King's constitu- tional inability, in any circumstances whatever, to refuse his sanction to any...


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SIR,—The excellent article in your issue of August 9th on " The King and the Constitution " will serve a most valuable purpose in prevailing upon many justly exasperated...


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Sin,—In your article " The King and the Constitution " you argue as if the " Constitution" were now intact, and as if the House of Lords had not been tampered with. You speak of...

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SIR,—A certain amount of progress has been made this year in the co-ordination of the Irish tourist traffic. The Dublin Municipal Corporation has at last taken official steps to...


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[TO THE EDITH OF THE " SPECTATOR.1 Sin,—An article in last Saturday's Economist on "The Rand Riots and the Restoration of Peace" contained the following remarks :- "...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—I have just seen Mr. Croker's letter in your last issue and am in entire agreement with all he says. I have lived in the Banbury Road...


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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] am not writing because I have any theories to pro- pound on cottage-building, but to give an idea, if it should interest you, of the style...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR." I Sin,—In your article on the Persian problem, in your issue of August 2nd, you seem to overlook the fact that a prominent clause of the...

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[To TRE EDITOR or THE " SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—A prayer on the " snowball " system continues to be sent to all and sundry. It was recently noticed in your columns, and I received a...


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JOHN WILLIS CLARK.* To write the life of a great man with a strong personality is the easiest task which a biographer can face. Even the discussion of great men without strongly...


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THE GUIDE-BOOK. COME forth, and brave our Northern sky, Old comrade of the travelled ways, For 'twixt your battered covers lie, On pages scored with note and phrase, The...


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[To vu EDITOR Or Tn. " spEcTATorol SIR,—The late Bishop Therold was a master of the art of brevity in letter-writing. He always, at any rate until the closing years of his...

KOTICE.—When "Correspondence" or Articles are sir,necl with the writer's name

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or initials, or with a pseudonym, or are marked "Communicated," the Editor must not necessarily to he'd to be in agreement with the views therein expressed or with the mode of...

THE COMMONS PRESERVATION SOCIETY FUND. We have received the following

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donations to the above Fund :— E. A. Cooper ... Henry D. Ashton Sidney A. Ashton Wm. Ashton ... • .11 4.0 X s. d. 3 3 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0

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THE six lectures which form this book were delivered at the Staff College, Camberley, last February and March, and at the request of General Sir Douglas Haig were afterwards...

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ADMIRAL BYNG.• As Horace Walpole foresaw while the great court-martial

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was still in progress, posterity has never been able accurately to strike a balance of blame between the various parties who were responsible for the lamentable loss of the...

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Ma. VAN LOON has chosen a subject which, if not very exciting in itself, has at least the advantage of being an unfilled field. From the death of Charles V. to the Peace of...

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IN these "Studies in the History of the Angevin Empire," Professor Powicke has produced a work of fine and exact scholarship: Its load of learning is worn as lightly as may be,...

FERDINAND OF BULGARIA.* MB. MACDONALD writes as a fervent admirer

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of the Bulgar, and be evidently completed his book at the moment when the Bulgarian arms were at the height of their triumph, with the Turk decisively beaten, and no difference...

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her preface that this Life of the "Mother of Quakerism," as Margaret Fox was called, is "based as far as possible upon original documents." Many contemporary letters and other...


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THE phrase which we lately imported from America by way of a joke ought to be the motto of a very serious crusade. Few people in this country realize how much disease is caused...


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THE STORY OF LOUIE.t ONIONS'S method of treating the same event in successive books from different points of view is becoming familiar in England chiefly through the novels of...

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Mr. Whybrew's Princess. By Howard C. Rowe. (Alston Rivers. 6s.)—This

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story, which deals with imaginary fighting in the Balkans, gives a terrible picture of the barbarities and cruelties which unfortunately are not confined to fictitious warfare...

READABLE NOVELS.—Everbreeze. By Sarah P. McLean Greene. (Appleton. 6s.)—An American

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story of life in the hills. It is pleasant reading, but the end is almost too much like that of an old-fashioned comedy.—The Widow's Necklace. By Ernest Davies. (Duckworth....


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[Dudes this heading we notice such Books of the week as hare not keen teemed for review is other forms.) Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research. Part LX VII. (Francis...

Sandy Married. By Dorothea Conyers. (Methuen and Co. 6a.)—This book

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will be as entertaining to those readers who have never read anything about Sandy at all as to those who have met him in the former book, of which be is the hero. We cannot say...

Isle of Thorns. By Sheila Kaye-Smith. (Constable and Co. 6s.)—The

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heroine of this story is a very modern young lady indeed, and has no idea of conventional morality, though —in spite of the fact that she attempts murder in the course of the...

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Little Wars. By H. G. Wells. (Frank Palmer. 2s. 6d.

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net.) —Some time ago Mr. Wells wrote a delightful book upon " Floor Games," and he has now given us the result of his further researches into the same fascinating subject....

REGIMENTAL HISTORIES.—The Annals of the Ring's Royal Rifle Corps. Volume

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I.: The Royal Americans. By Lewis Butler. Appendix Volume: Thrzforms, Armament, and Equip- ment. By Major-General Astley Terry and S. M. Milne. (Smith, Elder and Co. 25s. net...

Motor Ways in Lakeland. By George D. Abraham (Methuen and

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Co. 7s. 6d. net.)—The well-known climber has turned aside for a moment to the less strenuous occupa- tion of motoring. His intimate acquaintance with the Lake district makes him...

The " White Fleet" : Britannia's Coming Great " Command."

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7St. Catherine Press. 3d.)—The energy of Mr. H. Alington Yockney has elaborated a plan for the education of young men to a knowledge of the scope and responsibilities of the...