16 JUNE 1933

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The Dragooning of Austria The attempted interference of Germany in

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the domestic affairs of Austria is a more serious matter, for in this case the German Government is involved, and Europe is presented .with the spectacle of a Great Power in...

In all these matters the sympathy not only of this

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country but of all the world will be with Austria, and in particular with her Chancellor Dr: Dollfuss, who has created an excellent impression while attending the Economic...

OrricEs : 99 dower St. London, 11 1 .C. I. Tel. :

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MusEuat 1721. Entered as second-class Mail Matter at the New York N.Y. Post Office , . Dcc. nrd, 1896. Postal subscription 30s. per' annion, to alit' part of the world....

News of the Week UVENTS in Germany, and events occurring

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under Ger- man instigation in Austria, are once more alienating effectively the . sympathy which Germany seems so anxious to conciliate_ in other countries. The outbreak of...

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Mr. Roosevelt and Congress There have been ominous signs in

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the past week that President Roosevelt's power over Congress has been swiftly ebbing. The President abandoned all idea of getting special powers to deal with tariffs, in the...

The Case Against Bombing ' It is astonishing that so

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few of the many - writers on the subject of bombing from the air seem to appreciate the main argument-against the British proposal to retain the right of bombing for police...

No Change in Spain The resignation and return of Sefior

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Azafia is a triumph for the Prime Minister, who is thus revealed as the indis- pensable man in Spain, and something of a set-back to President Zamora, who rather abruptly...

The Forty-Hour Week Discussion There is danger of misunderstanding the

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issues involved in the proposal for a universal 40-hour week put forward by the Italian Government at Geneva, and alluded to with approval by M. Daladier at the Economic Confer-...

French and Italians It will be interesting to see what

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fruit (if any) the Four- Power Pact will bear first. As soon as it was initialled Signor Mussolini made a speech emphasizing the impor- tance of its references to Article XIX of...

Japanese Cheapness India and Japan are celebrating the opening week

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of the Economic Conference 'by engaging in a new tariff war on their own account, due primarily to the flooding of the Indian market with cheap Japanese cotton goods, to the...

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* * * - a Protection for Animals and Birds

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A decision taken by the Journeymen Butchers' Federation shows conclusively that 'the Humane Slaughter of Animals Bill, now before a Standing Committee of the House of Commons,...

Bilking...the Hospitals . The victims of road accidents . are now

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so numerous that the hospitals may well desire to be remunerated for the services which they render to injured people. Mr.6.k." Power, the secretary of . Westminster Hospital,...

On Wednesday history rather repeated itself, and the House could

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not take much interest in Sit Henry Better- ton's Bill to prolong the present stop-gap system of unem- ployment insurance and relief, The GOVeinment appears to have reached the...

Universities in the.Making The University College of the South West

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at -Exeter, where a new. hall of residence has -just been opened, is oneof - several great institutions in this country which justifiably cherish the ambition of becoming...

Parliament - Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes : The reassem- bly

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of the House of Commons on Tuesday found the resources of Parliamentary procedure for once inadequate to meet the wishes of members. The whole House wanted nothing but a...

The M.C.C. reply to the Australian Board or Control is

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conciliatory in tone, but it supports the view of the English Test captain, arid adds a protest against barracking on the part of the Australian' crowd and the absence of any...

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At Grips With The Crisis

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N OTHING could do more to stimulate confidence in the ultimate success of the Economic Conference than the arrangement regarding War Debt payments announced in the House of...

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Lotteries and Bettin0.

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b T HAT the gambling habit is increasing and that it is having a profoundly demoralizing effect on the character of the nation is admitted in the Final Report of the Royal...

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When the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood first came jut being its members

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made - a mistake they ought to have avoided. They were rash enough to exhibit their works, before they had prepared the way by expounding their theories. So they were rapped...

the arrangenients have' been admirably made, one in par- ticular.

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" Are there good coulisses?" an experienced eon- - ferencehabitugwho did not get to the opening session asked anxiously. The answer is that there are. The delegates' lobby...

* Cambridge, having just appointed one its own sons, Mr.

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Roger Fry, to its Slade Profeasorship of Fine Art, may feel justly flattered that Oxford, having a similar vacancy to fill, has taken a Cambridge man, too, in Mr. H. S....

. .

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Sir Stafford Cripps andMr. Lansbury between them look like ensuring their party a protracted spell of opposition. The more they talk of overriding the veto (only a sus- pensory...

Killing with courtesy FroM our Correspondent,

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• - Peking,..hine 8th. A Japanese aeroplane landed in Peking this morning for the purpose of conveying the Japanese Army's sympathy with the Chinese over the !toss of Chinese...

A sentence in TueSday's Times—"Lord Oxford and Asquith gaVe a

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- piano solo "-strikes strange to - he eye. For most of us there is only One Lord Oxford and Asquith, and the further record that " Lord Oxford took prizes for Latin and music "...

The unpunctuality of certain sections of the theatre- going public

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is a -form of bad manners so - persistent as to have become proverbial. But there are degrees - of dis- courtesy which still astonish me. 'A few evenings ago I went to see "...

A Spectator's Notebook

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K ING GEORGE was in what would, I suppose,' be called excellent voice at the opening of the Eco- nomic Conference on Monday, but the battery of loud- speakers ranged down the...

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What Is The Pound Worth ?

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By H. V. HODSON. T HE World Economic Conference cannot touch the problem of War Debts. Nor need one be strangely s ceptical to doubt whether it can do much about the tariffs...

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The Case For State Hospitals BY SOMERVILLE ILLSTrIVCS, F.R.C.S.

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tin mat week's SPECTATOR Dr. Eric Pearce Gould will write on "-The Case Against State Hospitals.") W HEN people think and speak of hospitals, the picture that usually comes...

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The Democratic Ideal

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BY C. DELISLE BURNS. T HE real .issue in most countries today is not merely political,_ nor economic, but moral.. The question is not merely who shall rule nor how wealth shall...

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Euclid .

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By JOHN Purr "F'N' .4 E UCLID of Alexandria, a famous: geometrician; whose book of Elements, revised and improved, still holds its place as an English school-book, although...

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La France a la Conference

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[D'UN CORRF-SPONDANT FRANVAIS.] A TORT ou a raison, on nous attribue, &nous, Francais, un sens critique tres developpe. Eloge ou blame, admettons que ce soit.vrai. On va...

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• On the subject of sanctuaries the annual report of

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the Committee on Wild Bird Protection in Norfolk (issued some little time ago and procurable from Dr. . Long, Surrey Street, Norwich) contains one of the best accounts of local...

Country Life

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' LAND IN TRUST. I was asked-the other day whether the National Trust would be glad to have • a certain grove and valley (where buzzards and ravens nest) bequeathed to them at...

One of the chief reasons why Braunton Burrows should be

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nationally or semi-nationally owned is that it is the only home in Britain of certain plants, lowly plants but of peculiar value to the scientific botanist ; and I should think...


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Householders may like to know of the extreme punctuality of one of the least popular of domestic insects, the wood and wicker boring beetle, known to science as anobium...

Plants are easily destroyed. As a rule the golf club

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tends to preserve - rather than destroy ; but it is apt to suffer from a fatal tidiness. I knew exactly one place in North Devon where the bee-orchis grew ; and grew in...

Braunton has been very expertly surveyed by private naturalists during

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the last generation ; and incidentally is the subject of the very best local guide to natural history that I have ever come upon. If anyone doubts the except- ional value of the...


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The Empire Marketing Board, which has just , published its yearly report, has also issued a revised pamphlet giving the addresses of British bulb growers and diStributors, in...


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There is one bit of England beyond all others that, for myself, I should like to see in the hands of the Trust at once. • It - is unique, in the strict sense of that ill-used...

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Letters to the Editor

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[Correspondents are requested to keep their leiter* as brief as is reasonably possible.- -The most suitable length is that of one of our NeWs of the Week' paragraphs.—Ed. THE...


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Cecil G. Oakes has raised several interesting ques- tions which seem to call for some observations. Mr. Oakes seems to be on very firm ground when he states that the Judge's...


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Snt; , --It is difficult in the present slogan-ridden state of Indian diseutsion -for the sober facts of the Indian situation to be appreciated at anything like their true...

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HOSPITAL SUNDAY [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Smn,—Sunday, June

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18th, is Hospital Sunday, the annual opportunity for the citizens of London and Greater London to give, of their charity, financial aid to the Voluntary Hospitals of - London...


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. Sin,—Not many months ago you allowed me some words of protest in these columns against "The -disfigurement of London " by new and abnormal modes of building. Today I would...


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8134—Although the Irish. Yamada dispute may not come before the Economic Conference .in the same way as War Debts due now to America, yet the minor matter perhaps could be made...

GRITH FYRD . CAMPS [To the Editor of Tim SPECTATOR.] Sm,--Unemployment

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is leisure ; and leisure is an oppor- tunity to do many excellent things which employed people have but little time for ; Grith Fyrd Camps is an organiza- tion that enables...

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SLOW MOTION CRICKET [To the Editor, of THE . Seucrlyroa.] Smn,—Although

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the attention of the public is unfortunately all too frequently drawn to such lamentable exhibitions of slow motion cricket as that to which Janus drew attention in your issue...


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Sea,—In your issue of April 21st Janus wrote : "The principal daily papers have been very variously served in regard to the trial at Moscow. . . . The Times, which has...


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I underline the point made by Major Yeats-Brown about the attitude of some—he might have said many— Christians to the question of birth-control and the com- munication of the...


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SPECTATOR.] -Sea,—In your review -of Six -to - Sixteen; in your issue of June 2nd, you quite rightly criticize the sections dealing with ,poetry- and elementary biology. May I...

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Sin,—In his courteous and tolerant review of my new book, which I highly appreciate, Sir Andrew McFadyean asks my authority for the statement that France " demanded that Germany...

DISMISSED OFFICERS [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sta,—The settlement

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reached, so far, in the case of ex- Inspector John Syme is of public interest, more especially by reason of the State not compensating Mr. Syme in respect of his broken career,...


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am engaged in collecting materials for a life of Thomas Moore, the Anglo-Irish poet, I shall be obliged to any of your readers who can put me in touch with unpub- lished letters...


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A Warning MAID, would you keep your heart Smooth as unprinted snow ? Are you afraid to know The turmoil and the smart, The shocks and hazards of The long campaign of love ?...

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Reflections on Peacemakers*

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BY H. WILSON HARRIS. President Wilson dominates the stage. And how inevitably every historian of the Peace Conference pounces on the President's Presbyterianism. Mr. Lloyd...

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Keys to America

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The AmeriCan Political System. By D. W. Brogar. (Iernisik : Hamilton. 18e.) - - - a A nuNna.m . ) times in writing this 'book,'' said Lord Bryce in /888, in the first chapter...

Three Judicial Systems

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Courts and Judges in France, Germany, and England. H. C. K; Ensor. (Oxford University Press. 6s.) • THERE are many indiCations that the 'pendulum of public opinion is swinging...

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In Russia—Now

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THE Russian tourist season is on us once more ; and in a few weeks gangs of " the heterogeneous citizens of that State within a State which is Intourist" (the 'phrase is Mr....

We regret that it was incorrectly stated that Cambridge University

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Studies, reviewed by Mr. Edmund Blunden in The Spectator of June 9th, was published by the Cambridge University Press. This book is published by Messrs. Nichobion and Watson.

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Births Fit and Unfit

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Marie Stopes : Her Work and Play. By Aylmer 5iaude. (Peter Davies. 8s. 6d.) The Naked Truth. By Joan Conquest. (Werner Laurie,. 3s. 6d.) Ma. AYL7dER MAUDE has been well...

A Jewish Decameron

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• YisriSel : The First Jewish Omnibus. Edited by Joseph Leftwich. (John Heritage. 10s. 6d.) . ONE meets all sorts of people in an omnibus, and therenre all sorts of stories' in...

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Henri Matisse

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The Art of Henri Matisse. By Albert C. Barnes and Violotte This is not a book to put into the hands of a generally intelligent person wishing to be converted to Matisse. Its...

In the Forests of the Night The Book of the

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Tiger. By Brigadier-General R. G. Burton. (Hutchinson. 12a. 6d.) H un teea moRp. By Major L. M. H. Handley. (Macmillan. 15s.) Tuouon the tiger figures largely in these two...

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The Oxford Movement

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The Tractarian Movement. By Bishop E. A. Knox. (Putnam. 108. 6d.) Tins book is intended to be an indictment of the Movement whose centenary is to be celebrated this year. It...

Ave Atque Vale

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The Fall of a Throne. By Alvaro Afeala-Galiauo. (Thornton Butterworth. 10s. 6d.) ALTHOUGH Spain has had good Constitutions before 1931, from the Constitution of Cadiz of 1812 to...

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French and German

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Les Idees Politiques de la France. By Albert Thibmpiet. (Stock. 15 fr.) Ames et Visages. du XXe. Siècle. By Andr6 ROILSSeallX. (Grasset. 15 fr.) Journal — Paris, Saint...

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Murder Without Shock

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75. 6d.) Stoughton. 7s. 6d.) AFTER consuming a shelf-ful of new thrillers it occurs to me that the purveyors of this death-feast zieseive sympathy. They deserve sympathy, that-...

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BY GRAMM( GREENE - Short Stories. By Per Hallstram. (Cape, 7s. 6d.) - Rubber. By Madelon H. Lulofs. (Cassell. , 7s. 6c1.) " SATURATION " has always been recognized as one of...

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Cheap Books and Cheap Editions THE publication of the 200th

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volmne of that versatile and comprehensive series 'known as " The Travellers' Library ", is, in its way, a milestone igthe progress of the Cheap- Edition: It might also, no...

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A - Hutidied Yea . rs Ago r" THE SiEoTZTOR;"' Jinia 15is,

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*1833. If a measure were complete without details—if the mere passing of resolutions, arst . tlie sanction Of a .Principle, were sufficient to set great, question's at rest 7...

Travel Summer Cruises

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Never would I give a thousand furlongs of sea for an acre of barren ground "—(with apologies to Shakespeare). IT would perhaps be an. inaccurate use of speech to say that the...

The Modern Home

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" White and Off-White " IT is a little strange that the idea of an all-white room has not found popularity before the present clay. ' One _would have thought that its obvious...

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Motoring About Second-Hand Cars IT is doubtful whether at any

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time since the buying and possession of a serviceable motor-car became a general commonplace the lure of the second-hand car has been so potent, and, in consequence, the risks...

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Finance—Public & Private

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The City and the Conference To appreciate or, at all events, to understand the attitude of the City towards the World Economic Conference it is necessary to realize that...

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Financial Notes

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POLITICS AND MARKETS. INTEREST during the past week has been focussed upon the Economic Conference, and especially upon the problem of War Debts ; the latter point has pressed...


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The interim statement of Barclays Bank (Dominion, Colonial and Overseas) is thoroughly good. The divi- dends are maintained at the full rate upon the Cumu- lative Preference...

THE GERMAN Moavronn-m.

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I am glad to note that a strong committee has been formed for the protection of holders of long-dated German External Loans. There will be no desire here to press for German...


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The statements made at the annual general meeting of Boot's Pure Drug Company confirm the favourable impression which had been created by the annual report to which I referred...

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SOLUTION TO CROSSWORD No. 37 ritnananAllil ZellMaff CI :61/:.13 MADIAtistf

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aranny , NISEI monmaacom - Jimmth M. 13 .4, mmommom :it o,,/ ' rUi pi l a g ia' il3MMEdin IA 'A> milammilsomeddend nu a zu M 111,72-, in;411 MIC1131113M1111610 ilE311113E1...


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Not the least interesting part of the remarks of Lord Trent, the Qtajrman of Boot's Pure Drug Company, ?vas his referenee to the problem of unemployment. Referring to the...

"The Spectator " Crossword No. 38

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BY XANTHIPPE. [A prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the fir s t correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked "...