16 MARCH 1934

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Mr. Roosevelt and Congress The Congressional elections in the United

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States fall due this year,. and a significant monitor of their approach is the adoption by the House of Representatives, by the decisive majority of 295 to 125, of a Bill...

Slum Clearance Successes Public departments do not often come in

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for praise, but it would be churlish to withhold the warmest con- gratulations from the Ministry of Health for the energy it has infused into the slum clearance campaign. Plans...

OFFICES : 99 Cower St., London, TV .C. 1. Tel.

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: MUSEUM 1721. Entered as second-class Mail Matter at the Nein York, N.Y. Post Office , Dec. 23rd, 1896. Postal subscription 30s. per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on...

News of the Week

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M UCH the most important feature of the disarmament debate on Wednesday was the Foreign Secretary's btatement that the time was coming when the House of Commons would have to...

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Responsibility or Repression Sir Charles Innes, the late Governor of

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Burma, made some very sensible observations at the Royal Empire Society on Tuesday on the subject both of Burma and of India. Responsibility, he observed, was the only real...

A. Statement of Liberal Policy The new statement of Liberal

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Policy does not pro- fess to be an exhaustive programme comparable with that set forth in the Industrial Yellow Book, the agri cultural Green Book, and " Coal and Power." It is...

* * Naval Defence The fact that the Government was

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attacked from two sides, in the debate on the Navy Estimates, being accused both of spending too much and on the other hand of starving the Navy, may be taken as evidence that...

* * * The United States and the I.L.O.

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Too little attention has been paid in this country to the recently published report of the United States official " observers " at the last International Labour Conference at...

* * * An Archbishop's Critics The Archbishop of York's

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letter on income-tax and unemployment benefit has produced some singular com- ments. Dr. Temple's position is surely simple enough. Being, among other things, a Christian, he...

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The House of Lords, on Wednesday, heard a most interesting

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review by Lord Londonderry on the organi- zation of Imperial Defence, which simultaneously ex- plained the work of the Committee of Imperial Defence and questioned whether a...

Englishmen have not yet become obsessed _with the sky-scraper ideal,

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but there. can be no doubt that the tendency in - London and other_ big cities in the near future will be to Make buildings - constantly higher. • But how 'be sure that, if...

Sunday in Scotland It is a pity that Mr. D.

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M. Mason's Scottish Sunday Trading Bill should have been wrecked on a technicality. In what was, for a Friday, a fairly full House, the closure of the debate (to prevent the...

The Week in Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes :—The week

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in Parliament has been mainly occupied with discussion of the Defence Estimates and their relation to dis- armament. The general uneasiness of the House of Commons is reflected...

The Nonconformist Conscience Dr. Rushbrooke's presidential address to the Free

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Church Council on Tuesday, referring to the Free Churches as a whole as " a perpetual vigilance com- mittee in the interests of social purity, healthy relations between the...

Bacon and the Poor There. is a passage not unWorthy

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of. the attention of the Cabinet in the report of the retail stores—Home and Colonial; Liptons and others—associated with the Unilever group. Profits in every case have dropped...

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The Chancellor's Problem —A False Dilemma

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I T has been all to the good that the cold problem of national finance should have been subjected during the last week to the warm rays of humanitarian feeling, even if some of...

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The Government of London

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N OBODY ought to be surprised at the results of the L.C.C. elections. Since the Great Depression set in there has not been a General Election in any country in the world at...

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a * * a The Heroes of Fleet Street. Headline

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: BOY HERO OF FLAT FIRE. The narrative : " A 12-year-old schoolboy, awakened by a noise which he thought was caused by mice nibbling through the ceiling, was the hero of a blaze...

a a . a " My mother had eleven children.

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I have one, and don't intend to have any more." So said the anonymous working woman in her widely-discussed broadcast talk of last Monday. I thought of this statement when on...

The Archbishop of Canterbury's activity seems equal to all the

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demands made on it by his versatility—and they are not inconsiderable. On Tuesday he was dis- coursing in the afternoon, not merely with fervour but with intimate knowledge, on...

Does anyone, I wonder, read Vice Versa nowadays ? Mr.

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Anstey Guthrie's death, coming within a day or two of the publication of his reminiscences of George du Maurier in Punch, makes the question inevitable. I was, of course,...

An Englishman who has lived abroad for a dozen years

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tells me that the feature of English cinemas that strikes him most forcibly is the quite disproportionate attention paid in the news section of the programme to films of naval,...

A Spectator's Notebook

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L ORD BEAVERBROOK must, in all seriousness, have been a substantial factor in the Labour Party's L.C.C. victory. His attack on the co-operative societies stung all co-operative...

I hear that an appeal has been lodged against the

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ruling of the United States Judge who declined to condemn James Joyce's Ulysses, on the ground that he found it emetic but not aphrodisiac. What the United States authorities do...

According to Dr. Diels, the Chief of the Prussian Secret

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Police, " the case of Torgler [the German Communist leader who was acquitted at the Reichstag Fire Trial, but is still in prison] interests General Goering personally.7 The most...

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Lancashire in Distress By ANTHONY CROSSLEY. M.P.

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T HE title of this article does not mean that Lancashire is in despair. It does, however, imply that, even if in her great Free Trade days of the past Lancashire was a little...

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Germany To-day : The Nazis and the Churches

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By H. POWYS GREENWOOD [Mr. Greenwood will sum up his impressions of contemporary Germany in a final article neat week.] O NE of the chief drawbacks of a repressive system is...

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Why Cambridge Wins the Boat Race

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By G. 0. NICKALLS (President of the 0.1..T.B.C. 1923) O N March 17th Cambridge may record her eleventh consecutive victory in the Boat Race. As an Oxford man I am always being...

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Camps for the Unemployed

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By VICTOR JOHNSON U NEMPLOYMENT is breaking men. The country will shortly have on its hands the problem not of finding men work, but finding men in a fit condition to do work...

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Victorian Cup-Ties

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By E. L. WOODWARI) O N March 24th, 1900, the semi-finals in the competition for the English Cup were played between Southamp- ton and MilIwall, Bury and Notts Forest. I looked...

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In Quest of Monsters

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By Dr. W. T. CALMAN, N OW that popular excitement over the Monster of Loch Ness has abated considerably, the weary zoologist, turning over the pile of Press clippings accumu-...

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Broadcasting in America [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR, —Until recently radio has been one form of entertain- ment in America that has escaped derogatory criticism. Even...

Berufsnot der Jugend

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[VON EINEM DEUTSCHEN KORRESPONDENTEN] wenigen Wochen massen sich Zehntausende von I , jungen Menschen in Deutschland entscheiden, wel- ellen Beruf sie ergreifen wollen. Trotz...

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THOSE are judged losers and fortune-flouted Whose flighted hopes fell down short of satisfaction : The killed in action, the blasted in beauty, all choosers Of the wrong...

A Broadcasting Calendar

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FRIDAY, MARCH ,6th 7.3o British Rule in Africa : Science and Health (speaker not announced) .. : : .. . ". .. .. .. N. 7.3o Students' Songs : Stuart Robertson and the Wireless...

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The Theatre "Love for Love." By William Congreve. At Sadler's Wells THERE is in the possession of a friend of mine a cartoon which should- be reprinted in all editions of...

" Antony and Cleopatra." By William Shakespeare. The Marlowe Society.

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At the Festival Theatre, Cambridge Tax production of Antony and Cleopatra at Cambridge this week is not unworthy of the society and producer that gave us King Lear in 1929 and...

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The Cinema

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" October." Shown by the London Film Society Tui best silent film I ever saw was, I think, Pudovkin's The End of St. Petersburg. Eisenstein's October belongs to the same period...


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Porcelain and Rococo CONTINUING what is now becoming an important tradition, Sir Philip Sassoon has again lent his house in Park Lane for an exhibition in aid of the Royal...


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Morning Glory.—Katharine Hepburn as a stage-struck girl in the theatre-world of New York. Starts well; later episodes are strained and inconclusive. CHARLES DAvir.

"Unfinished Symphony." At the Curzon Cinema

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One effect of the Hitler regime in Germany has been an exodus of Jewish film-workers to Vienna, and the Austrian film industry is enjoying a sudden revival. Unfinished...

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Treasure in Cheddar Cheddar caves, after about a century of

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exploration, still yield up their treasure in ornaments of gold, but chiefly, judging by the number of hikers, motor-cars and charabanes, in coin of this present realm. The...

Country Life

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The Country Mill Time was when every largish parish had its mill. The mills are still there, derelict or used as store-houses or turned into residences. Only a few are working...

Sometimes, pending gardening, dung-spreading and hoeing, a man will leave

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his employer and set up on his own as a small capitalist, purchasing an acre or so of underwoods fit for cutting. Here he will work all day long, with bill-hook and slasher. He...

* * * * The Fruit Crop The Ministry of

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Agriculture reports for orchard and for small fruit an increase in acreage of 1 per cent. in 1933 over 1932. The increases in orchards were confined to Kent and to the...

* * * * Underwood Industries A sparse untidy patch

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of woodland with a tangled under- growth of oak, spindle wood, guelder, ash and hazel, perhaps with thorn and elm among the edges of it, presents little prospect of profit to...

At the present moment, unexpectedly, the country mill shows signs

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of renewed vitality. There is a dispersion of population going on which raises the distribution costs of the port miller. Government assistance has brought the wheat acreage...

* * * One feels that this book is the

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real Cobbett. In his own elaborate explanations and excuses he condemns himself. But he reveals, too, his essential honesty, his courage and his large devotion to the...

Another Cobbett Book

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William Cobbett was aware of his greatness and intended to publish his autobiography. He had got together a good deal of material, and selected the title, The Progress of a...

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Letters to the Editor

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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week " paragraphs. Signed...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—This letter is no more than a supplement to Lieutenant- Colonel Elliot's comprehensive article on the Indian Rope Trick. The trick is not,...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—There is an objection to the method of collection of the composer's fee by the Performing Right Society which your correspondent, Lord...


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To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The Oxford University Labour Party would like to make clear its attitude to the recent expulsion of students and imposition of a...

[To the Editor of Tim SPECTATOR.]

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Sts.,--With reference to the " Rope trick " it may interest Col. Elliot and your readers that the great Shankaracharya in his commentary on the Vedanta Sutras (Sutra 17, end)...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Sir Archibald Sinclair has signally failed to answer a simple question. In my former letter I set forth the facts stith regard to a...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Sir Archibald Sinclair's rejoinder

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does not disprove, but rather serves to emphasize the two points I endeavoured to make, viz. : (1) that no legislation exists to compel local authorities to make good the loss...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—May I ask Mr.

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Meiklejohn and Mr. Ware to excuse me, for the time being, from answering the interesting points which they have raised ? . Instead, - may I ask if Mr. Chance is willing to...


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Greenwood in 7 4 he Spectator of March 2nd quotes the official German unemployment figures, ruling out all question as to their accuracy on the grounds that they are confirmed...


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SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In his very carefully reasoned letter Dr. Bitching comes to the conclusion that the only way to get healthy children and healthy cows is to supply pasteurized...


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Sia,—I have read with interest the letter from your corre- spondent, Captain Bernard Acworth. I notice that he admits he is not a field observer; if he had been, he could never...

AIR PARITY [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Germany, we

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are told in the article on Air Parity, in your issue of March 9th, demands either from 1,000 to 1,250 military aircraft or an agreement between the Powers for the total...

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B.B.C. " CENSORSHIP" [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—May

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I suggest to Janus that the action of the B.B.C. in censoring Mr. Ferric's talk is not on a par with the action of a paper supervising its contributions ? A paper has a policy...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Captain 'Bernard 'Aeworth!s-theory (which

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most appro- priately is followed in your columns by a letter entitled, " Affiliation - Proceedings ") is of so astounding a character as to merit (like most astounding...

HOMECROFTS [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR, —How are the

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Hornccrofters to, pay for such things as doctors' and dentists' attentions ? In kind ?—I am, Sir, &c.,


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SIR,—I have not noticed in this discussion any reference to the very important difference in the strain of self-control imposed on a working-class married couple and on a couple...

MOTHERS AS MINISTERS [To the . Editor of THE - SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The. arguments

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of Dr. Maude Royden, in favour of mothers as ministers, may be summarized thus : first, women should be allowed " to decide for themselves what they are to do with their lives ;...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Bishop Carey's principle of

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self-control appears to involve abstinence unless a child is wanted or there is at' least the possibility of having one. It would be interesting • to know what line of conduct...

A Hundred Years Ago " THE SPECTATOR," MARCH 15TH, 1834.

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The commercial affairs of the United States were becoming more satisfactory at the date of the last accounts, the 16th of February. The pressure on -the-money market had been...

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Children and the Cinema

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By JOHN GRIERSON A coon deal of nonsense has been talked about the effects of the film on children, and the field has been anyone's for the guessing. Here and there—recently in...

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Killing No Murder

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Too True to be Good ; The Village Wooing ; On the Rocks. By Bernard Shaw. (Constable. 7s. fld.) Tim most curious thing about Mr. Shaw's new volume of plays and-prefaces is its...

The Chinese Way

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The Chinese : Their History and Culture. By Kenneth Scott Latourette. 2 Vole. (Macmillan. 30s.) IN dedicating this scholarly and comprehensive work to the memory of his teacher,...

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William Morris

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by G. E. Roebuck for the William Morris Centenary Cele. brations. (Walthamstow Museum and Antiquarian Society. 2s.) WILLIAM MORRIS has been neglected by the general public in...

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Russian Architecture

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Russian Mediaeval Architecture. By David Roden Buxton. (Cambridge University Press. 25s.) THE sub-title of this book reads : " With some account of the Transcaucasian styles and...

Ibn Saud

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This book, like the subject with which it deals, is a portent which students of affairs will do well to study soberly, for the ways and the successful careers of monarchs are...

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Joyce and " Ulysses "

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James Joyce and the Making of “Ulysses." By Frank Budgen. (Grayson. 12s. 6d.) James Joyce and the Making of “Ulysses." By Frank Budgen. (Grayson. 12s. 6d.) IT is twelve years...

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Poetry and Mountains

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University Press. 6s.) THERE is very little mountain poetry in English, though more men break their necks in Switzerland each year, deliberately taking risks, than ever die of...

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The Art of Eating

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The Vicomte in the Kitchen. By the Vicomte de Mauduit. (Stanley Nott. Os.) MANY, one is inclined to think too many, of the great gastro. nomers have fancied themselves with the...


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Pirate Junk. By Clifford Johnson. With an Introduction by Peter Fleming. (Cape. 7s. 6d.) ADVENTURE, like divorce, has become a profession. Feats of endurance and of bravery...

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Short Stories

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By GRAHAM GREENE The Woman Who Had Imagination. By H. E. Bates. (Cape. - 78. 6d.) Tim short story in England has suffered from the complete absence of any tradition. With the...

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By H. E. BATES The Padre of St. Jacob's. By Stephen Graham. (Nicholson and Watson. 7s. exi.) To be a King. By Hester W. Chapman. (Gollanez. 8s. fal.) Timm.: of the novels on...

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Motoring Everybody's Motor-Car THE letters I have received from readers

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of The Spectator during the past month, setting out their special require- ments in the matter of choosing new cars, have been instructive. I do not know , whether it is fair to...

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The Spectator

The Coming Budget As March 31st approaches interest increases in regard to the final outcome of the Nation's Financial Year. According to the latest Weekly Returns made up to...

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Most of the brewery companies are now showing an improvement in their position, partly, no doubt, as the result of the recent modification of the beer duty. The report of...


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In spite of the somewhat difficult conditions -which have prevailed in Japan, the latest half-yearly report of the Yokohama Specie Bank again makes a very satisfactory showing,...


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That well-managed institution, the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, shows a satisfactory position in its latest report and balance-sheet. At the same time, it should...


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Financial Notes

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A SOUND INDUSTRIAL. THE report of the United Glass Bottle Manufacturers Limited published for the last year is a particularly good one. It is an industry which has made...


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The Directors of the Bank of Australasia may be con- gratulated upon the recovery shown in the net profits for the year ending October 16th last. The balance-sheet is also a...

" The Spectator" Crossword No. 77

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BY XANTIIIPPE. f A prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solidi** of this week', cross-word puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked "...