16 OCTOBER 1909

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I N home politics the situation remains virtually unchanged, though the tension has been rendered more acute by Mr. Lloyd George's unfortunate speech at Newcastle: On Tuesday...

The Greek Chamber is trying to save to itself some

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remnants of independence, and has demanded time to consider the programme which the Military League required it to pass without delay. M. Mavromichaeli, the Premier, no doubt...

On Saturday last Senor Ferrer was tried at Barcelona by

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Court-Martial on the oharge of having instigated the riots at Barcelona. The trial was not private; according to the ' Times correspondent, about two hundred reporters and about...

On Tuesday an interesting announcement was made by the Times

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to the effect that the Government had been seriously considering the possibility of resorting to a Referendum on the Budget as an alternative to a General Election. The...

The announcement of Senor Ferrer's execution was followed by extraordinary

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outbursts of feeling in Europe and South America. In Rome the Syndic, who is a Socialist, issued a protest on black-edged paper, and a general strike to last twenty-four hours...

*** The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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On Saturday last General D'Amade, the French officer who conducted

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the campaign in the Shawia with so much success, was placed on the unattached list of the French Army as a punishment for the indiscreet remarks which he made for publication in...

The Times correspondent at Peking states in Monday's paper that

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overtures have been made by the Grand Council to Yuan Shi-kai to induce him to return to office. His abrupt dismissal by the Prince Regent on the pretext that he had rheumatism...

Commander Peary's reasons for declaring that Dr. Cook did not

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reach the North Pole were issued on Tuesday night by the Peary Arctic Club in New York. The document is accompanied by a chart on which the two Eskimos who Dr. Cook alleges went...

Mr. Lloyd George made what his admirers call "the speech

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of his life " at Newcastle on Saturday last. He had not time, he explained, to prepare a speech, but had come for a plain, straight talk about the Budget. As to the plainness...

The Daily Telegraph of Tuesday published a letter from John

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Bright (written in 1882) on the subject of Henry George's book on land nationalisation. The letter begins with the very characteristic sentences :--" If you think it can be just...

The peroration of the speech, which appears to have been

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delivered throughout with perfect coolness and without the slightest indication that the speaker was yielding to momen- tary impulse, took the form of a highly emotional appeal...

The attitude of the Liberal Press towards Mr. Lloyd George's

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speech is significant. The Daily Chronicle places him in the same category with Abraham Lincoln,—anamazing com- parison, for Lin' coln was a. Conservative in the truest sense,...

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We particularly hope that among the readers of Mr. Loch's

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little pamphlet will be those who imagine that people who endorse the principles of the Majority Report and support the methods of the Charity Organisation Society are...

Mr. Loch next points out how in the case of

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outdoor relief the care and oversight of the family relieved are quite insufficient. Outdoor relief often acts as a bounty on intem- perance, vice, idleness, lack of thrift,...

An Admiralty Memorandum was issued on Monday evening announcing the

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establishment of a Navy War Council. The purpose of this body is defined as "to organise and place on a permanent footing the arrangements made in previous years for the study...

The second reading of the Development Bill was moved on

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Thursday by Lord Carrington in one of his jocular, optimistic speeches, which stirred the House to frequent laughter. We may note that in reply to questions Lord Carrington...

Bank Rate, 4per cent., changed from 3 per cent. Oct.

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14th. Consols (2 k) were on Friday 84—Friday week 83g..

Lord Dalkeith, who throughout the correspondence shows remarkable dignity and

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restraint, dwells on Mr. Ure's continued refusal to offer an adequate apology for the gross exaggerations and misrepresentations of a state- ment every item in which was...

The Committee stage of the Irish Land Bill was concluded

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in the Lords on Tuesday, when Lord Lansdowne declared himself to be in favour of limited compulsory purchase. In his opinion, it was too late in the day for the Lords to refuse...

The correspondence between Lord Dalkeith and Mr. Ure, published in

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the papers of Tuesday, does not redound to the credit of the Lord Advocate. It will be remembered that in a speech delivered at Glasgow on September 17th Mr. Ure spoke of the...

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THE BUDGET AND THE REFERENDITM. "(TEST impossible de causer avec un monsieur comme la) ea," was the only comment of a wise diplomat on the self-satisfied and insulting tirade...

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T HE name of Ferrer is being used not only in Spain, but throughout Europe, as a battle-cry of Anarchism, Socialism, Republicanism, and even Liberalism. It is becoming a symbol...

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S O little have the Land-taxes of the Budget been yet understood that a good many people have hastily assumed that the shape which they now take is an improvement on the...

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M BRIAND'S speech at Perigueux on Sunday last has „ an interest which has been too long absent from political oratory in France. The one theme to which If" "'Akre and Deputies...

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A MID the general " contempt and reprobation " which, in Dr. Ellicott ' s words, " have been expended on the Apocryphal Gospels, " an exception must be made in favour of the...

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S OME correspondence which has been published this week between Lord Dalkeith and the Lord Advocate, Mr. lire, is a nice study in the ethics of apology. No doubt Mr. Use thinks...

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T HE London chestnut-trees clothe themselves with green earlier in the spring than chestnut-trees in the colder country winds, and for that reason, doubtless, undress them-...

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JOHN WESLEY'S JOURNAL. [To TRY EDTTOR Or ras SPECTATOIL."] SIR,—Towards the close of the year 1721 John Wesley, a Charterhouse student at Christ Church, Oxford, resolved...

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THE ADVANCE OF SOCIALISM. [To TII7 EDITOR 07 TILI SPECTATOR.1 Sru, — The letter of Mr. James Walker, of the Yorkshire "99" Club, in your last issue, announcing that he as a "...

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[To THE EDITOR or THE "SPECTATOR.') SIR, — The correspondence following on

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Lord Hugh Cecil's excellent letter seems to show that, whatever may or may not happen at the next Election, men of moderate views are likely to sink their differences and to...


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SIR, —Will you allow me a little space to reply to the appeal of Lord Hugh Cecil to moderate Liberals in your issue of the 2nd inst. ? I am a moderate Liberal, and there is much...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") SIR, I should like to add my voice in support of the appeal made to moderate Liberals against the Budget. Both the principles and the...

[To THE Eorrog Or THE "SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—Mr. Mallet in his

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criticism in your last issue of Lord Hugh Cecil's letter forgets entirely that that letter was addressed only to moderate Liberals. Now Mr. Mallet talks a deal about moderation...

[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."] SIR, — The letter written

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to you by Lord Hugh Cecil is so much to the point that I wish it could be republished and largely circulated. One of the principal reasons for doing this is his appeal to...

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[To TRY EDITOR 01 THE "SrEcraToa."] SIR,—I cannot say why, but somehow or other the last thing I should have expected was to see an attack upon shipowners in the Spectator. I...


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LAND. [To ram EDITOR OW TEE "SraCraTOa. "] BM — At Newcastle on Saturday last Mr. Lloyd George stated "that be had been too hard worked to prepare speeches," and it would have...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THR " 8PECTATOR:9 SIR,—A propos of the celebration of the Hudson-Fulton centennial, I venture to send you a few paragraphsupon the claims of another citizen...

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LTO TER EDITOR OF TH1 "Elpscrrros.") SIE,-1 . seem to have roused a perfect storm of indignation by my letter on the above subject. I am sorry if in my desire to be forcible I...


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[To THE EDITOR 07 TIM " S7scraros. - 1 Sin,—I venture to think that you have done signal service to the Church in Wales by drawing attention in last week's Spectator to the...

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[To THE EDITOR OP THE " SPECTATOR.") SIB,—It has been said that .the Imperial Library in Con- stantinople contains many classical treasures, to which under the recent regime...


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pro THE EDITOR OF TEE "SPECTATOR. ") SIB,—I have lately been reading a good deal about the Boy Scouts. The work they are doing for the defence of their country is but a part,...


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[To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR. ") Sra,—Referring to Miss Wilkinson's account in your last issue of the storm at North Bovey, I may say that on that day I was talking to one...


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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—I crave the assistance of your readers in the following matter. A Bulgarian officer, who is making a collection from all countries,...


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[To THE EDITOR or THE " SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—I have not yet seen the book reviewed under this title in your issue of October 2nd; but I wonder if the author has taken account of a...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. ") SIS,—To isolated Britishers nothing in the mail-bag is more welcome than the Spectator, representing as it does so ably all that is best in...

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[TO THR EDITOR OP TH2 "SPECTATOR. "] SIB, —May I point out

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that, whatever truth there may be in the charming story in last week's Spectator—and it is doubt- less true—it has been delightfully illustrated and written by Miss Beatrix...

[TO TH2 EDITOR OP TRH “ErEcriroa."]

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SIB,—Reading in your paper of October 9th an account of a squirrel's ferry-boat, I am reminded of a similar history by William Howitt in a book called " Sketches of Natural...


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WE have received the following contributions in answer to the appeal of the Anti-Slavery and Aborigines' Protection Society, on behalf of the deputation to the United States :—...


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" SPECTATOR."] Sin,—Permit me, with reference to your criticism of my inter- vention in this case (Spectator, October 2nd), briefly to define my position. You have, I recognise,...


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E POI— P THE wind is lazy on the sea, the ripple sleeps below the vine, The world's a dream for you and me, a dream that will not long be mine : But for this hour, let us...


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[To TRH EDITOR OP TER "SPECTATOR."] SIB, —The facts about squirrel voyages may or may not be accepted by the scientific naturalist, but they have a reputable tradition behind...

[* * WE regret that owing to the pressure on

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our columns we are unable to print the numerous and interesting letters which we have received on the attitude of the Quakers to war. In justice to Mr. John W. Graham, we are...

NOTICE.—When Articles or " Correspondence " are signed with the

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writer's name or initials, or with a pseudonym, or are marked "Communicated," the Editor must not necessarily be held to be in agreement with the views therein erpreseed or with...

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B 0 0 K S .

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GARIBALDI AND THE THOUSAND.* IT is a name of romance and magic which heads this article. Garibaldi must always kindle the imagination, and appeal to every generous heart. Mr....

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IT would not be easy to praise too highly the skill and the unerring taste with which Mrs. Lecky has brought together the none too numerous documents of her distinguished...

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METHODIS M.* Tmais an, honest, accurate, and painstaking book.. We have

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found no instances of unfairness except, an unworthy gibe, at the Quakers and the, stock Protestant comment on the " Romish darkness " Ireland. On the, other hand, the Anglican...

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THE CONQUEST . OF THE: AM* IN this small book

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of less than two hundred pages the author has concentrated a popular but scientific account of the history of aerial navigation, the principles underlying its accomplishment, a...

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MEMOIRS OF A B1JOCANEER.* THOSE who open this book with

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an eye to blood-curdling adventure are doomed to disappointment. The epoch is not that of Blackbeard and Teach and England ; it is too early even for Morgan and Kidd. There is...

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SEVERINS.t BIBS. SIDGWICK is an excellent representative of that limited class of novelists who may always be counted on for bright and wholesome entertainment, and she has...


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IT was a happy thing both for choosers and chosen when in 1873 Mr. Eugene Stock was made editorial secretary of the Church Missionary Society. He held the office for thirty-...

M. J1JSSERAND'S NEW VOLUME.f M. JIISSERAND continues in this third

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volume the subject of the second, a period which is described as " From the Renaissance to the Civil War." Nearly three-fourths of the five hundred and sixty-four pages are...


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EXCEPT for an occasional excess of ornament, this is a really good book. There was no occasion to speak of the " sea sobbing herself to sleep against the heedless cliffs after a...

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The Key of the Unknown. By Rosa Nouchette Carey (Macmillan

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and Co. 6s.)—This, the latest of a long series of novels, differs but little from its predecessors, and might, in view of the small space which we can give to fiction, be passed...

Cut Of from the World. By Frank T. Bullen. (T.

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Fisher Unwin. 6s.)—This is not, as one might expect, the story of life on a desert island. The hero is a very reserved, self-contained young man, who cares for nothing but his...

READABLE Novga.s.—Northern Lights. By Gilbert Parker. (Methuen and Co. 6s.)—A

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collection of stories, told with Sir Gilbert Parker's wonted power, which have life in the Far West for their subject. The making of the Canadian Pacific divides, we are told,...

The Squire's Daughter. By Archibald Marshall. (Methuen and Co. 6s.)—This

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is an exceedingly clever book, as indeed might be expected of the author. It deals entirely with the description of an old-fashioned county family in " Meadshire," which may be...

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Two anthologies, both published by George Bell and Sons, may

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be mentioned together. These are The Poetic Old World, Compiled by Lucy M. Humphrey, and Poems for Travellers, Compiled by Mary R. J. Dubois (5s. each). There is no small...


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[Under this heading we notice such Books of the souk as have not been reserved for review in other forms.] 1912? Germany and Sea Power. By Archibald R. Colquhoun. (Sir Isaac...

Rev. John. Duncan, D.D. By J. B. Allan, B.D. (Hodder

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and Stoughton. 5s.)—Dr. John Duncan was the minister of a Congregational church at Aberdeen. His mother belonged to the Established Church ; his father was a Baptist. His own...

The History Sheet, or Case - Paper System. By Henry J. Aveling,

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and others. (P S King and Son. 2s. net.)—This little volume contains five papers read at Poor Law Conferences on the "Case- Paper System." This, to put the matter briefly, is a...

Hobbes' Leviathan. With an Essay by the late W. G.

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Pogson Smith. (The Clarendon Press. 2s. 6d. net.)—Mr. Pogson Smith's introductory essay is only too short. It is, we are given to under- stand, but a very small part of a great...

The Negro Problem. By William P. Pickett (G. P. Putnam's

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Sons, 10s. 6d. net.)—There are some books which a cautious reviewer is more disposed to describe than to criticise, and this is one of them. Mr. Pickett deals with the solutions...

All Saints' Church, Maldon. By the Rev. L. Hughes. (Gower*,

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Malden. 3s. 6d. net.)—Mr. Hughes has discharged one of the duties of a parish priest by describing his church and giving a history of the parish to which it is attached. The...

British Year Book of Agriculture. (Vinton and Co. 5s. net.) —

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Part L of this volume, now in its second year of publication, supplies information about Government Departments, Agricultural Societies, associations of growers, &c. In Part IL...

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We have received from Messrs. Cassell the first five-and-twenty volumes

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of their series of " Cassell's Little Classics" (7d. net each). We place the earlier in date in order of time. They are Sir John Maundeville's Voyages and Travels; Utopia, by...

The Orford English Dictionary. Edited by Sir James A. H.

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Murray. " Prophecy—Pyxis." (The Clarendon Press. is. 6d.)—This treble section completes Vol. VII., and thus finishes the letters of the alphabet " A—Q." "R " is done down to "...