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We have no desire to adopt a partisan attitude, since

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both peoples deserve the respect and sympathy ' of the British nation ; but we cannot help thinking that they are both in the wrong, and that the controversy is really due to...

It is, moreover, clear from a comparison of the accounts

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that the movement is complicated by a general rising of the Mohammedan tribes. They are fierce fighters, they have a traditional hostility to the Russian overlordship, and,...

between peace and war, might well have induced her to

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increase her pretensions. But as the reverse happened, it is clear that England, by her step towards more intimate rela- tions with Japan, did not stand in the way of peace,...

The rising in the Caucasus has assumed serious importance. The

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latest statements tend to show that order of a kind has been restored at Baku, the great oil centre on the Caspian; but the destruction of life and property has been deplorable....

!THE latest news as to the dispute between Sweden and

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1_ Norway in regard to the demolition of the frontier fortresses is, we regret to say, far from satisfactory. Sweden insists that her safety is iinperilled by the existence both...

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Evidence in proof of the failure of the ill-omened experi-

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ment of importing Chinese labour into the Transvaal con- tinues steadily to accumulate. Thus the Pall Mall Gazette of Friday week, in an article beaded "Are Kaffir Values Too...

Applying another test to three mines — Simmer and Jack,

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Glen Deep, and Angelo—using coolie labour last June, and dividing the tons milled by the number of coolies employed, the writer obtains an average of 9+ tons per coolie per...

The agitation in Japan against the terms of peace has

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subsided, though not until martial law had been proclaimed in Tokio and forty police had been killed or wounded in Yoko- hama. The police, indeed, everywhere have been...

A deplorable and tragic disaster has befallen the Japanese Navy.

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The 'Mikasa,' Admiral Togo'a flagship, which was anchored at Sasebo, took fire at midnight on September 10th, and, the magazines exploding within an hour, went to the bottom...

Protection in Germany is producing its natural results upon the

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food of the people. The import of cattle for the butchers is highly taxed to gratify the Agrarians, and the consequence has been a general rise in the price of meat by nearly 50...

The plan devised by Baron Fejervary for defeating the Opposition

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in Hungary—namely, the introduction of universal suffrage—has for the moment failed. The King-Emperor, though not disinclined to it, has been induced by his Viennese advisers...

The province of Calabria in Italy was visited at 3

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a:m. on September 8th with one of its dreadful earthquakes. At least three towns and ten villages were almost completely destroyed, and the numbers killed or injured, now that...

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The contention is sound in the main, but the writer

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very much overstates his case. A correspondent in Tuesday's Times quotes the instances of Londonderry, Gibraltar, and Acre, which show that a fortress may be useful in certain...

The Times of last Saturday contained an interesting article from

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its military correspondent on " The Fortress Incubus." He quotes from Vauban, the greatest of all masters of fortifi- cation, the remarkable saying : " Les places de guerre sent...

An interesting letter, signed on behalf of the British and

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Foreign Sailors' Society by Lord Brassey, Lord Kinnaird, the Bishop of Hereford, and others, appears in Thursday's Times. The signatories, who lay proper stress on the great...

In a letter to Sir John Colomb, M.P., published in

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Monday's papers Mr. Walter Long made an important announcement in regard to the land purchase deadlock in Ireland. After explaining the difficulties which led to the rejection...

Mr. Balfour opened a bazaar at North Berwick on Saturday

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last in aid of the funds of the 7th Volunteer Battalion of Royal Scots, and spoke at length on the future of the Volun- teers. That force now threw on the taxpayer a...

Sir Alfred Lyall contributes to the Times of Saturday last

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a striking letter on Army administration in India. He does not write from the point of view of a thick-and-thin admirer of Lord Curzon's policy, but as a distinguished Indian...

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W E quote elsewhere a very interesting and suggestive passage from an article published in a Russian newspaper in regard to the creation of a better under- standing between this...

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I F words were deeds, and if by thinking " martially

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" we could create battalions and brigades, how easy would be the defence of the Empire. Since, however, nothing is effected by. speeches or pamphlets which have not deeds behind...

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IT is most difficult, perhaps even impossible, to avoid exaggerating the probabilities of revolution in Russia, the Government is so wanting in both decision and intelligence,...

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I T is quite possible, and not improbable, that within ten years all the great States of the Continent may be arranging their legislation through Parliaments elected by...

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W EDNESDAY'S newspapers contained a telegram which should captivate the imagination

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of all who are conscious of the romance of pioneering. The visit of the British Association to the Victoria Falls was made memorable by the opening of the new railway bridge...

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Calvinistic doctrines : the scheme of salvation, justification by faith,

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predestination, free grace, &c. We do not emphasise these great dogmas nowadays. With the cruder expressions of them we are wholly.out of sympathy. Must we, therefore, be out of...

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I T may very well be the fact that certain of

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Poe' s critics are wrong in considering his essay on " The Philosophy of Composition" to be not the least imaginative of his writings. It may be that he really did believe that...

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It is a particularly good year for Scotch venison, though

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the supply from English parks has declined. But whole carcases of red deer can be bought for 4d. or 43d. per pound, and fallow bucks at 5d. per pound. Haunches, which formerly...

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T HERE is no lack of expert and informing criticism con- cerning the British Navy. Several talented gentlemen, having to do with the daily Press of England, have taken it, and...

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am surprised to learn from your issue of Sep- tember 2nd (p. 306) that " arbitration as a geneial principle is unattainable, for no nation will ever con- sent to arbitrate about...

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[To THE. EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "' SIR,—Mr. Balfour in his

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speech on national defence and the Volunteers makes two remarkable statements. He says that unless the force " justifies its existence "—presumably by increased training—the...


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OP THE " spEcrerow'l would seem that full justice was not done to the speech of Sir Albert Rollit at Liege on September 6th. According to Reuter's telegram giving an epitome of...

[To TEE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] SIR, — It appears to me

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that the footnote which you appended to the Australian's impressions of England which appeared in your issue of August 12th might with advantage have been appended to his...

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SIR,-4 think the statements in Mr. Horsfall's letter which appeared

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in your issue of September 2nd should not pass unchallenged. One can quite understand the " set" made against this country by the foreign Press, as it is, no doubt, a good...

Srn,—I read your comments in last week's Spectator (p. 339)

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on " Vidi's" letter which appeared in the Times. "Vidi," so far as I could gather, seems to think that our moral fibre has become considerably disintegrated and reduced in...

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[To THE EDITOR OF Tax " SPECTATOR:1 Sin,—Would you kindly allow me, as a member of the Executive of the Scottish Operative Masons' Association, to criticise adversely your...

[To TUB EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Mr. Rudyard Kipling would

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be the, first to admit that his merriest quip must yield in quaintness to the citation of himself (in the Spectator of September 9th) by Mr. Claud Russell as a counter-authority...


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Sin,—I think your readers may be interested to hear of an experiment now being made in the conquered territories in South Africa to improve the condition of the inhabitants by...

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[TO TRH EDITOR OF TR& "SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—I am rather amused

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at Mr. Martin Wood's not over- civil outburst (Spectator, September 9th), but am quite content to leave the fitness, or otherwise, of my comparison to your readers' judgment,...

[TO THE EDITOR OF 1115 "SPECTATOR.."] may venture to claim

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to have some knowledge of the Highlands to their furthest limit, and I have greatly appreciated your excellent article upon the scenery of that favoured part of Britain in the...

WHEN MARY DIED. SHE only died last week, and yet

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Suns might have risen and have set A thousand : May's here like a bride, And it was May when Mary died. Incredible ! We might last week Have kissed her, held her, heard her...

(The Garden City, Letchworth, near Hitchin, Herts.) Tas Cheap Cottages

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Exhibition can be reached from London, aid King's Cross, in about an hour. The station is Letchworth, and the third-class return fare, including admission to the Exhibition, is...

SIB,—" Does not the writer," asks " M." (Spectator, Sep-

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tember 9th), " somewhat run away from his title, and fuse the arts of reading aloud, public speaking, and acting all in one ? " The " title" is that of a little book, published...

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READERS of the Adoniazusae of Theocritus will recall how in that inimitable idyll the ways and methods of the modern prima donna are foreshadowed in the description of "the...

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Somas which breathe the spirit of remote places and strange

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modes of life can never be judged solely on their merit as art. Their inspiration may halt, but to the sedentary reader the very fact of their existence is an interest, and...

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THE chief merit of Lady Knight's letters is their lack

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of pretence. They were written without any thought of publication, and merely to inform or amuse her friend Mrs. Drake. With perfect simplicity they describe the life led by an...

THE writer of this review was once asked by some

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one—a reader to the Press, he believes—to recommend him " a Shakespeare in one volume, with copious notes." Such a volume never was produced by human press. The bare text, if we...

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THE most disturbing fact about our military problem is that

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it is never settled. Persons and systems change, like uniforms and military nomenclature, with amazing rapidity ; War Minister succeeds War Minister, and the advent of each is...

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A cum° has no right to complain of a novelist

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who refuses to remain for ever in one groove. Versatility is an engaging quality ; besides, the realm of Ruritanic romance has been somewhat vulgarised by less accomplished...

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The Higher Criticism. Three Papers by S. R. Driver, D.D.,

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and A. F. Kirkpatrick, D.D. (Hodder and Stoughton. Is. net.)—We commend this pamphlet to the attention of our readers. The two authors represent what is, we believe, the general...

A Publisher's Confession. (Gay and Bird. 2s. net.)—The "Publisher" is

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pleased to call his little volume a "Confession." But it reminds us somewhat of those who are accustomed to confess the sins of others. It is the shifty or shiftless author, the...

The Ripon Psalter. By E. H. Swann, M.A. (iv: Harrison,

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Ripon. 2s.)—Mr. Swann, who is Succentor of Ripon Cathedral, attempts in this bOok "so to arrange the syllables "[of the words to be chanted] that, as far as possible, the sense...

The Jewish Literary Annual. (A. M. Hyamson. ls. net.)— This

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Annual is the organ of the "Union of Jewish Literary Societies," which are some forty in number. To the non- Jewish reader the most striking paper is "The Jew—a Psycho- logical...

James Watt. By Andrew Carnegie. (Oliphant, Anderson, and Ferrier, Edinburgh.

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is. 6d.)—There is a sancta simplicitas about the origin of this latest addition to the " Famous Scots" series which is positively engaging. Mr. Carnegie at first de- clined to...

reserved for review in other firm.] . .

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Report of the British and Foreign Bible Society, 1904. (The Bible House, Queen Victoria Street. ls. net.)—The Society complains, we see, of a falling income. It must be...

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Euphranor : a Dialogue on Youth, by Edward FitzGerald, is

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Vol. XV. of the "New Pocket Library" (John Lane, is. net). Mr. Frederick Chapman has written a pleasing preface, in which he tells us, among other things, that the present is a...

The Pocket Richard Jefferies. By Alfred H. Hyatt. (Chatto and

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Windus. 2s. net.)—This is a collection " of passages chosen from the Nature Writings of Jefferies." Very interesting they are, though now and then somewhat paradoxical, as when...

In the series of " National Engineering and Trade Lectures,"

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Edited by Ben. H. Morgan (A. Constable and Co.), we have received Vols. II. and III., British Progress in Pumps and Pumping Engines, by Philip R. Bjarling, and British Progress...

Two volumes may be recommended for study by all persons

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interested—and who is not interested ?—in the safety and amenity of the public roads. These are The Law of Motor Cars and Motor Cycles and The Law of Heavy Motor Cars, both by...

The Purgatorio of Dante Alighieri. Translated by C. Gordon Wright,

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M.A. (Methuen and Co. 2s. 6d. net.)—" Translated," says the title-page, "into Spenserian English," and Mr. Wright gives in his preface the reasons for this choice of style....

Quirk Calculator. By R. Klein. (G. Routledge and Sons. 2s.

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6d. net.)—These tables "are intended to facilitate the quick reduction of all sorts of prices, rates of freight, Customs-duties, as well as other charges, from any one into any...

Bedford (R.), The Snare of Strength : a Novel, cr

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8vo (Heinemann) 6/0 Berry (W. G.), Heroes and Pioneers, or 8vo (R.T.S.) 3/6 Bevan (T.), Red Diction the Outlaw, cr 8vo ........ ......... ........... (Nelson) 2/6 Blissett (N....

Mel. B. Spurr. By Harry A. Spurr. (A. Brown and

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Sons. 2s. 6d. net.)—Mr. Melancthon Burton Spurr, after some years spent in the practice of the law, became a professional enter- tainer, and bad a successful career, cut short...

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Half-Page (Column) 6 6 0 Half Narrow Column 2 2 0 Quarter-Page (Half-Column) 3 3 0 Quarter Narrow Column 1 1 0 Column, two-thirds width of page, £8 8s. COMPANIES. Outside Page...