17 AUGUST 1872

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The interest of the Continent, in the coming meeting of

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the three Emperors increases daily. It is said that Cardinal Antonelli is so alarmed that he has counselled the Pope to make peace with Italy, lest further injury befall the...

The first election under the Ballot has ended in the

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election of Mr. Childers for Pontefract by a vote of 658 to 578,—a majority of 80. As the number of registered electors is 1,960, some 724 electors, or more than a third of the...

The election was marked by a disagreeable incident. Mr. Childers,

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indignant at what he considered unfair opposition, declared that in 1868 Lord Pollington had professed his readiness to coalesce with him, had expressed admiration of Mr....


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P ARLIAM ENT was prorogued on Saturday, the 10th inst., Lord Granville reading a "Queen's Speech," which is for the most part a bald recapitulation of the legislative measures...

For the first time since July, 1870, we are absolutely

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without news from France. The Assembly has dispersed, society in Paris has gone to the sea-side, the peasantry are occupied with the har- vest and the vintage, both of which are...

* ** The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in any

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By far the most interesting morsel of intelligence received this

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week comes to us from Yeddo, Japan. We had hardly expected so sudden a confirmation of our theory that the Mikado as semi- divine could do anything, even alter a creed ; but it...

Really Lord Derby is getting quite intolerable. Nobody has any

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business to put so much sense into speeches as he does unless he puts in something else, which Lord Derby now-a-days seems to consider superfluous. He laid the foundation-stone...

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as Pasha of Bagdad, in his place. Three different stories

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are told to account for this sudden revolution. Accord- ing to the first and least probable, Midhat Pasha, who had been ordered into exile, demanded an audience of his master,...

Archdeacon Denison must be in a terrible way. If there

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is a human being he despises and loves to bully it is an Archbishop, and to be thrashed by an Archbishop in a literary encounter on an ecclesiastical question must be a bitter...

The British Association meets this year at Brighton, and Dr.

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W. B. Carpenter has been elected President. The main object of his first address-.--a very brilliant one—was to effect a compromise between the men of science and the...

Having reconciled, or tried to reconcile, the physicists and theologians,

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Dr. Carpenter offered to compromise between the advocates of intuition and experience. He believed in experience as the origin of knowledge, but thought that the inherited...

All the Railway Companies threaten to increase their fares in

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order to meet the rise in coals, in wages, and in iron. The increase is to affect both passengers and goods, and will in the latter de- partment, we are told, be very severely...

The report of Messrs. Pochin and Whitworth on the affairs

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of the Metropolitan Railway suggests extreme carelessness in the management of the Company's affairs. The books appear to have kept themselves, the solicitors have handed in...

We have commented elsewhere on the existence of "suppressed lives,"—persona

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in politics who are most important, yet almost un- known to the world,—and it appears that one of them is just dead, Dr. Abeken, nicknamed in Germany "Bismarck's Pen." He is...

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Mr. F. Galton, in an address delivered on Thursday to

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the 'Geographical section of the British Association, made a practical suggestion of great value. Everybody knows that the maps of the Ordnance Survey are the beat in the world,...

The strike of the Carpenters and Joiners of London would

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appear to be nearly at an end. At the meeting of the Nine Hours' Delegation on Thursday, the delegates were informed that the men in work were not supporting the men on strike...

Peru has gone through a Revolution which ended in a

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remarkable triumph for the Constitution, one of the first we can remember in South American history. Colonel Gutierrez, Minister at War, having secured the garrison -of Lima,...

The accounts received on all hands from Berlin point to

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a terrible state of disorganization in the capital of Germany. Rents- have doubled, and whenever a family is evicted the populace take sides with it, attack the police, and very...

The Naples correspondent of the Tinzes, a man who knows

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South Italy profoundly, reports an extraordinary outburst of superstition at Torre del Greco, a place, we may remark, where -superstition is fostered by the permanent danger...

Corporals H. Clinch and R. Rogers, of the Royal Marines,

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have been reduced to the ranks and sentenced to eighty-four days' imprisonment with hard labour for having preached in the streets of Gosport in opposition to their Colonel's...

The remarkable prejudice entertained in England for the "best joints"

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of meat is well known, and is remedied by great differ- ences of price. Servants will scarcely touch " neat's cheek," to some palates one of the best parts of the bullock, and...

No less than three men were executed at Maidstone on

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Tuesday, and the journals are evidently concerned for the effect which so many executions may produce in increasing the dislike of capital punishment. We cannot see it at all....

Consols were on Friday 92f to 921 for money.

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THE CABINET DURING THIS SESSION. T HE effect of this Session upon the position of the Parlia- mentary Leaders has been unusually small, though it has, on the whole, been...

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nAHMOUD PASHA has fallen. Midhat Pasha has been IV IL appointed Grand Vizier. Consequently, corruption is to be abolished in Constantinople, good men are to be selected for all...


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T HE more carefully politicians study the result of the Pontefract Election, the less comfort will they derive from it as to the operation of the Ballot. The three a priori...

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T HREE Parliamentary papers recently issued give in a clear and concise shape the result of a series of reforms which some years ago were loudly demanded, and which were carried...


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E.ARL ' RUSSELL has signalised the completion of his eightieth year by the addition of another stone—destined, we are afraid, to be a stone of stumbling and a rock of offence...

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TET declared value of all British and Irish Exports for he year 1871 was £222,519,777; and of Imports, £330,035,143; making a grand total of £552,554,920. A commerce of such...

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I tI V'E have before us a very curious proof of the interest taken by the educated and semi-educated class in the subject of the Efficacy of Prayer. It is a heap of letters, all...

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IT is almost startling to read the correspondence of Baron Stockmar, or even such analyses of the correspondence as we have recently publiahed,—they seem so completely to...

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F OR forty years Reformed Parliaments have been pottering at legislation for the improvement of the condition of the people. How wretchedly such legislation has failed ! How...

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THE FARM LABOURERS. [TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") ZIR,—.[t is frequently a marvel to me how you come to understand - this peasant question as you do, or rather, perhaps,...

[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR,"] SIR,—Your correspondent "A Radical

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Squire" seems to forget that England is a country to be inhabited, as well as an area in which food of various kinds can be grown and manufactured. Were it not for those...

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rTo THE EDITOR Olt THE "SPECTATOR."] Sus,—Because of the uniformity of nature and our confidence in the continuousness of the action of cause and effect—which is what our...

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SIR,—Your article on "The Efficacy of Prayer" has called forth so many letters, that I can hardly expect you to find room for mine. If any of your readers were capable of...


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SLE,—The question as between science and theology with regard to the efficacy of prayer is not, as you very justly pointed out last week, one which is engaging the attention of...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—Your correspondent Mr. Archer Gurney, speaking in reference to the damnatory clauses of the Athanasian Creed, says, "The most extreme...


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PLUTARCH.* WE feel indebted to the enterprise of an eminent American firm forsupplying us with a revised edition of the translation of Plutaras Morals, translated from the area...


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Sin,—I have read with much interest the letters in your paper upon the efficacy of prayer. I now venture to intrude the few following remarks upon that subject, as it appears...


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PRAYER. PRAYING to Thee, our wills do not require That Thou, the Lord who doest all things well; Guiding thy world by laws immutable, Shouldat, when some wishes of our hearts...


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Sin,—If your correspondent " Protagoras " finds "the doctrine of prayer, as popularly held," actually interfering with sanitary reforms in his own town, he may be right to...

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THEODORE AIIBANEL.* THE ever-increasing interest and study which are awarded

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to the old Romance languages seem to add fuel to the fire of enthusiasm which animates the modern poets of Southern France. It is now some fifty years since the revival of the...

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WE have already noticed one book in the series of translations -from the German, now being published by Messrs. Henry King and Co., the very able volume of Major Blume. We have...

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Wit are not particularly given to championing ecclesiastical digni- taries, nor are we especially anxious to look after their welfare,— we go so far with our author as to...

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THESE letters are pleasant reading. They are a full and clear expression of the mind of a man who has not long since passedfrom amongst us, and whose name, at least, is familiar...

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A Conmea poem of considerable length, disinterred by a critical editor like Mr. Stokes from a manuscript of the year 1504, will be welcomed by Celtic philologists as a. valuable...

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The Third Volume of Councils and Ecclesiastical Documents relating to Great Britain and Ireland (the Clarendon Press) appears, "edited, after Shelman and Wilkins," by Messrs....

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The Hoosier Schoolmaster. By Edward Eggleston. (Routledge.)— Ralph Hartsook goes

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to be schoolmaster at Flat Crick, somewhere in the backwoods, where he has to deal with about as rough a lot of pupils and people in general as can be well imagined. He goes...

Madory. By Milly Deane. (Macmillan.)—This prettily written tale is of

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the mortifying kind, and this is a kind which we cannot pro- fess to like. There is a very sweet heroine, who interests us much as she tells us the story of her childhood, and...

Life of Madame Laftiyelte. By Madame de Lasteyrie. (Barthes and

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Lowell.)—This volume contains the biography of the Duchess d'Ayen, written by Madame Lafayette, her daughter, as well as that of Madame Lafayette herself. The Duchess d'Ayen was...

A Group of Englishmen. (1795-1815). By Eliza Meteyard. (Long- mans.)—Miss

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Meteyard says of this volume in her preface,—" It con- cerns the sons of Wedgwood, but it concerns much more largely the eminent men who were their friends and contemporaries."...

For the King. By Charles Gibbon. 2 vols. (H. E.

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Knox.)—Mr. Gibbon tells us his story, which has to do with the Rebellion of 1745, with great spirit. He avoids, not unwisely, we are inclined to think, any description of the...

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should say, a very useful account of California. Mr. Player-Frowd

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seems to have no particular views to support, nor, indeed, any object to further, except to tell his readers what ho saw, and to give them a notion of how they may best see it...

Treasures Lost and Found; a Story of Tasmanian Life. By

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a Tas- manian Lady. (The Publishing Company.)—" Tasmanian life " seems to us very much like other life, as indeed it is natural that it should be. We lately read and noticed "a...