18 MARCH 1899

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We do not quite understand the news from the Philippines.

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The Americans believe they have forty thousand men there ; they win every engagement with small loss—for example, they defeated four thousand Filipinos this week at Pasig, with...

At the same time, Sir Claude Macdonald is allowed to

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speak in a very firm way. It appears from the Blue-book published this week that he has secured the largest share of the railway concessions, and always deals with the...


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A VERY odd incident has occurred in connection with the Italian negotiations with China. Enraged at the Chinese refusal of his request for Sanmun Bay, and at the return of his...

In a second Blue-book just issued, Sir Claude Macdonald recounts

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the history of the recent revolution or coup d'itat in Pekin. His narrative confirms all we have written on the subject, but adds an explanation of two questions of which we...

We quoted last week M. de Freycinet's declaration that France

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could not compete with Germany as to the numbers of her troops. She had enough, but such a competition would be in fact like a claim of two to be the equal of three. France must...

s o ll The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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During the discussion of the Colonial Estimates on Friday, March

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10th, Mr. Chamberlain made what we cannot doubt to be a very wise, and also practical, proposal. The Government is going to assist in the establishment of a special institution...

Mr. 3. H. Choate, the new American Ambassador, was the

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guest of the Associated Chambers of Commerce on Wednes- day evening, and made a most successful first appearance. He began by expressing the appreciation felt by his country-...

During the past week the newspapers have been full of

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sensational accounts of Mr. Rhodes's negotiations at Berlin, of his interviews with the Emperor, and of his visits to the Reichstag. The residuum of fact in this telegraphic...

The Vienna correspondent of the Times continues to regard the

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secession of the German Catholics in Austria to Pro- testantism as important. He says the agitation in Styria goes on with "intense activity," and is extending from the towns to...

The Times of Thursday publishes a correspondence between Professor A.

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V. Dicey and its own Paris correspondent which for the first time makes it clear what the Dupuy law on the Court of Caseation does and does not do. It does force that Court to...

The new Spanish Cortes, which will be Conservative, will meet

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in June, and it is understood that Senor Silvela will lay before them a complete plan of reforms in all branches of the administration. The most urgent of these is a reform in...

We note with satisfaction that the Figaro this week prints

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an account of an interview between the Pope and M. Boyer d'Agen in regard to the Dreyfus case, in which the Pope is reported to have said :—" Let no one hope to make a religions...

The trial of M. Urbain Gohier for libelling the French

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Army ended on Tuesday in an unexpected verdict. M. Gohier had vehemently arraigned the whole system, declaring that the barracks were hotbeds of vice and disease, that the...

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Later on Tuesday Mr. Chamberlain produced his Bill to "empower

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local authorities to advance money for enabling persons to acquire the ownership of small houses in which they reside." The Bill merely extends the principle already at work as...

On Tuesday the discussion on the second reading of the

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Bill for uniting their systems promoted by the London, Chatham, and Dover and South-Eastern Railways ended in a compromise, which we trust will ultimately result in a fair and...

On Monday Mr. Pritchard Morgan moved the adjourn- ment of

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the House in order to call attention to the fact that our representative at Pekin is supporting the demand of Italy for "a sphere of interest" in Chinese territory, with Sanmun...

On Monday the debate on the Naval Estimates was opened

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by Sir Ughtred Kay-Shnttleworth, who urged that a very great extra burden was now being imposed on the Admiralty, and that we ought to guard against any possible breakdown in...

The second reading of the Petroleum Bill raising the flash-point

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from 73 to 100° Fahrenheit was moved by Mr. H. J. Reckitt on Wednesday afternoon. It was contended by the mover and those who supported him that the enforcement of the high...

Sir Edward Grey, speaking at Reading on Monday, made a

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most able and statesmanlike appeal for a better understanding with Russia. We have dealt with the matter as a whole else- where, and will only quote here his explanation of why...

Bank Rate, 3 per cent.

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New Consols (21-) were on Friday, 110k.

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AN UNDERSTANDING WITH RUSSIA. W E feel the heartiest sympathy with Sir Edward Grey in his plea for a friendly understanding with Russia. Such an understanding has been...

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THE TSUNG-LLYAMEN. N OTHING in China puzzles Englishmen more than the

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position of the Tsung-li-Yamen. They under- stand that the small body of Councillors thus designated form a Cabinet, with a special obligation to advise on foreign affairs, and...

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most desirable thing for a man to own his home cannot be doubted by any one who knows anything about, we will not say the work- ing classes, but about life generally. The...

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I T seems a strange thing to say, but we have no doubt that one of the main causes of the evils which are now shattering the institutions of France is the French patriotic...

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W E do not like Mr. Rhodes, who plays the game of empire too much for his own hand, but his specu- lations as to the future are usually interesting. He always thinks on the...

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THE SECONDARY EDUCATION BILL. T HE Duke of Devonshire began his

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speech on Tuesday with an announcement which we should have liked to see carried further. Neither in the Secondary Education Bill of last year nor in that which his Grace has...

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T HE English translation of a very interesting work by M. Joseph Texte, Professor at Lyons (Rousseau and the Cosmopolitan Spirit in Literature; Duckworth, 7s. 6d.), has just...

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T N the remarkable book, reviewed elsewhere, on "Roman Society in the Last Century of the Western Empire" Professor Dill has drawn a striking picture of culture as it existed...

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F OR nearly fifteen years the Scotch authorities have been conducting a gigantic experiment on the resources of the sea. It had its origin in a Commission over which the late...

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THE PAPACY AND EDUCATION IN FRANCE. [To THE EDITOR 01 THE "SPECTATOR.'] SIR,—The Spectator, which shows such a noble thirst for truth, especially when international questions...


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that class of Church people who may be described generally as Anti-Ritualists, though the term, of course, in- cludes very wide varieties of opinion, there are some, possibly...

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[To THZ EDITOR OP THZ "SPECTATOR:1 SIR,—If your correspondent, "M.P.," will do me the honour of reading what I have written about agnosticism, he will see that I have not...


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SPZCTAT013.1 Sin,—Please suffer a word of comment on your article on "The Way to Fight Sacerdotalism " in the Spectator of March 11th, in which you remark :—" Only let a similar...


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[To THZ EDITOR OF TH2 " &ROTATOR:9 SIR,—An appeal is in circulation, under the auspices of the West India Committee, and signed by the Archbishop of Canterbury and other...

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"SPECTATOR."] St,—Your correspondent, "A Whig" (Spectator, March 11th), with all that fine sense of lofty moral superiority and sublime contempt for, and suspicion of, those who...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR,..] Sin,—Admitting, for the sake of argument, that the extract quoted by your reviewer in the Spectator of March 11th respecting Gregory is...


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[To THE EDITOR or THZ "SPECTATOR."] SIR, — Many of your readers may be interested in perusing the late Lord Selborne's opinion of the English Church Union. The lines which I...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR, — Referring to the brief notice of my work, "Primitive Constellations," in the Spectator of March 4th, in which your critic suggests...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR, — In a review of Mr. Boulger's book in the Spectator of March 11th, you use these words :—" The ugliest story of all, repeated by Sir...


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[To TIE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR, — May I re-echo the wish for a regiment of Irish Guards (Spectator, March 11th) ? It was only in 1800 that the Roman Catholic Irish were...

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THE CHOICE OF ATLAS. OP old betwixt the gods and earth, High-beaded, girt with cloud, Dividing misery and mirth, Old Atlas stood and bowed. Close to the high celestial gate He...


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(To me EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR:] Mr. Maurice Kuhn's letter in the Spectator of March 4th is so precisely the exact state of the case as to the general feeling in France...


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(TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The letter from Horace Walpole, quoted by "H. T." a propos of my description of the jerboa, is very interesting. It is curious that he,...


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ROMAN LIFE IN THE LAST DAYS OF THE EMPIRE.* PROFESSOR DILL'S book is the outcome of a wide and varied reading, exercised for the most part in fields seldom traversed by the...

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THIS record of a boyish experience in the Peninsular War was eminently worth printing, and Mr. Julian Sturgis deserves the gratitude of all those who admire genuine docu- ments....

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THE improved position of women since the introduction of Christianity is a theme too often dilated upon to need repeti- tion; it is also a truism to say that in the last half of...

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McConnell's History of the American Episcopal Church. This view, which

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is expressed by the learned writer in an Intro- duction contributed by him to an English edition of Dr. McConnell's book, seems to us entirely just. The subject being one about...

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Mn. LYSAGHT'S new novel is admirably designed to illustrate the drawbacks of the universal application of the one-volume system, its dimensions involving the employment of...

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The Year's Art. Compiled by A. C. R. Carter. (Virtue

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and Co. 3s. Gd.)—This useful directory of artists and matters con- nected with picture exhibitions appears in its usual form. This year the special feature is the information...


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ART-BOOKS. trade" upon the art of the goldsmith. Cellini had a wonderful power of graphic writing which makes his technical works most interesting to read, and which must make...

A Book of Dogs. By E. Nesbit. Illustrated by Winifred

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Austin. (J. M. Dent and Co. 2s. 6d.)—Miss Austin certainly can draw dogs well. These pencil studies are full of life and expression. Especially happy are some of the slightest...

The Renaissance in Italian Art. By Selwyn Brinton. (Simpkin and

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Marshall. 3s. 6d.) — Yet another of the fast multiplying hand- books on Italian art. The present volume, the second of its series, deals with Padua, Verona, Ferrara, Parma, and...

An Alphabet of Animals. By Carton Moore Park. (Blackie and

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Son. 6s.)—These full-page pictures of animals are of rather unequal merit. Some are excellent in decorative effect,—the leopard, for instance, is beautiful in line ; the mice,...

Lithography and Lithographers. By Joseph and Elizabeth Robins Pennell. (T.

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Fisher Unwin. .23 13s. 6d.)—Mr. and Mrs. Pennell have made an exhaustive study of the art of lithography, from its beginnings down to the present day. The book is full of...

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Art and the Beauty of the Earth. By William Marris.

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(Long- mans and Co. 2s. 6d.)—In this lecture, delivered in 1881 at Burslem, Mr. "Morris Metes to regret the courser art took as it developed - from - the Middle Ages into the-...

A- Book of Ballads and Etchings. By Alice Sargent and

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William Strang .(Elkin Mathews, 15s.)—Mr. Strang's etchings are always worth study, not only because he is an accomplished etcher, but by reason of his great originality. Even...

Letter and Spirit: Dramatic Sonnets of Inward Life. By A.

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M. Richards. Illustrated by Anna Richards. (G. Allen. 215.)- A column devoted to art books is not the place to discuss a series of metaphysical- and theological sonnets. The...


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[Under this Heading we intend to notice such Books of the week as have not been reserved for review in other forms.] The Epistle to the Hebrews : an Exegetical Study: By A. B....

God's Prisoner. By John Oxenham. (Hurst and Blackett.)— A man,

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justly accused of embezzlement, takes a pistol from his desk, and, intending to shoot himself, shoots his accuser. How is his crime to be measured ? That Mr. Oxenham does not...

flaytor Eesartas. Illastratedly Edmund J. Sullivan. (G. Bell and Sons,

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6s.);--This book is not one which on the face of it one would consider lent itself to illustration. However, Mr. Sullivan has succeeded in producing pictures which are...

Brasenose College. By John Buchan. "Oxford University College Efistories." (F.

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E. Robinson. 5s.)—Mr. Buchan is a clever' young Scotsman who, with the intellectual precocity of his race, has produced several volumes while still an undergraduate. He can...

.Sibliqgraihry of Eighteenth Century Art and Illustrated Books.. By J.

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Lewin°. (Sampson Low and Co. £3 3s. net.)—hose who wish fOi information on this subject will find a vastAinuititty of it hi the book 'before us. The work is arranged...

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THEOLOGY. — We have received two volumes of "The Library of Nicene

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and Post-Nicene Fathers : Second Series" (J. Parker and Co.. Oxford ; 10s. 6d. per vol.) Vol. IX., due four years ago, con- tains Hilary of Poitiers, translated by the Rev. G....

Reminiscences of a Temperance Advocate, by Fred. Atkin (Ideal Publishing

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Union, is.), gives one side of a difficult question—not that it presents any difficulty to Mr. Atkin—with some force.— From the same publishers we have The United Temperance...

The Official Year-book of the Church of England, 1899 (S.P.C.K.,

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39.), is a careful and impressive statement of the work of the Church, a salutary reminder, in the midst of the sterile excite- ment of controversy, of the solid, good work that...

Fragments of an Autobiography. By Felix Moscheles. (J. Nisbet and

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Co. 10s.) - We must be prepared, we suppose, for a volume of recollections from every one who is sufficiently notable to be included in "Who's Who." Mr. Moscheles has at least...