18 NOVEMBER 1932

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The Debt to America Whatever decision is taken by the

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American Congress on the British Government's application for a suspension of debt payments while the whole situation is re-examined, the Government was undoubtedly right in...

* * Reforming the Lords The House of Lords reform

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scheme drafted by a number of Conservatives is sufficiently ingenious to make it interesting and backed by names sufficiently influential to give it some . authority. The aim Of...

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News of the Week

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S M JOHN SIMON'S declaration of policy at Geneva will be made after these pages are in print. All therefore that can be said of it here is that, if it follows the lines...

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Burma's Unexpected Vote The results of the elections in Burma

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appear to be so decisive against separation from India that the Government is placed in a perplexing difficulty. It will be remembered that the plan of separation from British...

The Ottawa Agreements Act The Bill necessary to bring the

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Ottawa agreements into force became an Act on Tuesday, and as one result the immunity granted till November 15th from the import duties in force against the rest of the world...

Japan's Budget Record Japan is achieving the kind of record

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she might pray to be spared. Her draft budget, as just adopted by the Cabinet, amounts to a total of 2,235,000,000 yen, o r £228,500,000 at par. That looks modest enough besid e...

The Ulster Parliament The opening of the new Parliament House

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at Belfast by the Prince of Wales on Wednesday is a notable event for Northern Ireland. It would be still more notable if it meant that the Parliament which will conduct its ....

The B.B.C.

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The B.B.C.'s celebration of its tenth birthday this week was made the occasion of a visit from, and a broad- cast by, the Prince of Wales. Its record of achieve- ment during...

Gambling Made Easy The Daily Telegraph has done well to

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call attention to the rapid growth of "Tote Clubs," which correspond to the old betting houses but operate, so far, within the law. When the Betting Control Board was set up, it...

Sunday Cinemas The Entertainmen ts Committee of the London County

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Council must have forgotten the Churches when it proposed that cinemas should open on Sundays at 3.30 instead of 6 p.m., in consideration of an extra L50;000 from the trade. It...

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Economic 'Conference Preparations The suggestion circulated by most of the

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daily Papers on Tuesday that the Prime Minister, as prospective President of the coming World Economic Conference (actual President according to some accounts) was both...

The significance of the Means Test Bill which was the

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last Act of the Session should not be missed. The pro- vision that the assessment of need should proceed on the same principles for all applicants for relief, whether able-...

The Victoria County History Everyone who is . seriously •

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interested in the general or local history . of our country knows the worth of the Victoria History of the Counties of England, whose great quartos have appeared at intervals...

Mr. Baldwin seized upon this sense of impending crisis to'

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make his most effective Parliamentary performance since his famous speech ending with the prayer, "Give peace in our time, 0 Lord." He swept away the demand of certain members...

Parliament at Work Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes :—" The chief

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topic of the week in the House of Commons has been the debate on disarmament, during which for the first time the British Government showed signs of giving a clue in this...

National Opera Countless 'efforts have been made in recent years

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to put Opera on a firmer basis in England—almost all unsuccess- ful. Thus the formation -of a new National Opera Council, though interesting, need not be taken to mean that the...

The House has been amused this week by the Gilbertian

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comedy of the publication of the Report of the Private Members' Economy Committee. The comedy is not the Report itself, which contains many useful suggestions. But the trouble...

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New Disarmament Hopes

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. A S result of the speeches in the House of Commons a week ago and the promulgation of the French plan at Geneva on Monday the disarmament discussions have become at once more...

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The Workless and the Land By SIR FRANCIS ACLAND, M.P.

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S PEAKERS for the Government in the recent House of Commons debate on unemployment pinned their faith predominantly to long-range cures. The only measure of present relief to...

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The death of Mr. C. P. Howland, killed by a

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motor-car at Newhaven, Connecticut, on Saturday after the Harvard. Yale match, is a melancholy reminder Of a recent con- versation. I was talking some months ago to Sir Arthur...

I confess to some pangs of regret at the disappearance

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of Mr. W E. Borah from the chairmanship Of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the United States Senate. That important position—for the . Senator who .holds it is the personal...

A Spectator's Notebook

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T HE French have thrown out an idea worth fastening on in their proposal for the formation of a League of Nations Air Force to be staffed by voluntary recruit : inent The same...

English as spelled : "The Danish Minister has every' reason

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to be annoyed 'and mystjphied." Minute by King Edward VII, appended to Paper No: 124 in Gooch and Temperley's new volume' of British Official Document'. .. :JANUS.

The Disarmament Meeting at the Albert Hall on Tuesday was

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a surprising and significant affair. The packed audience consisted, no doubt, mainly of League of Nations Union supporters and sympathisers, but it was to all appearances a...

If the Nobel Prize for Literature had had to be

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awarded by a British instead - of a Swedish jury I imagine Mr. Galsworthy would have got it all the - same. I can think Of no living 'English writer who 'could rightly have been...

The Hon. Member for West Swansea in the Howe of

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Commons .on. Monday : "One would have thought that the publication of the annexe to the report Would have satisfied most impartial people, however biased." Comments by two...

I have duly concentrated my mind on the Morn- ing

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Post's appeal for clear thinking (how ineurably muddled people who differ from us always are) addressed to "the Forgotten Legions," which might mean either the descendants of...

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Agadir : M. Caillaux and Sir Eyre Crowe

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B ITIED in an eleventh-hour addendum to the latest volume of British Official Documents on the Origins o f the War, published this week, is a much more lively co mmunication...

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Russia As I Saw It

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BY F. YEATS-BROWN. VII.—Moscow Revisited I WANTED to write about the agricultural situation 4 in Russia, but my hosts seemed reluctant to turn me loose in the countryside, so...

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Apo cant

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GA RN ETT. W E turned off the rOad, bumped over the railway lines and tipped up alarmingly as the big Franklin ear padded and slid down the sandy pathway which led to the...

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The Murder of Alan Grebell By E. F. BENSON. N EVER,

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surely, in the whole annals of crime was there a stranger murder than that of Alan Grebell, ten times Mayor of the Borough of Rye, as he crossed the churchyard at the top of the...

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The Theatre

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"Follow Me." A play by Tyrone Guthrie. At the Westminster Theatre. GLASGOW, as Mr. Guthrie represents it, is the Capernaum of the twentieth century. The Andersons, engrossed in...

A Hundred Years Ago

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THE "SPECTATOR," NOVEMBER 17TH, 1832. THE PRESS AND THE PunLIc.—In discussing, last week, Mr. Bulwer's idea of a Literary Union, we accused the Masters of the Press generally...

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A few weeks ago blue flax flowers were still to be seen in some Hertfordshire fields. They were seedlings from a mixed crop of the year before. It is likely that we shall hear...


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In Britain we must anticipate Christmas by an egregious margin, if for no other reason, because the Empire is so far-flung. So Christmas cards and diaries are already pro-;...


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Two moving stories of the affection and intelligence of birds are told in a paper published by the enterprising Women's Institute Federation of Norfolk. In each ease birds...

Country Life

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OXFORD RESEARCH. A very distinctive note in. the chronicling of our husbandry, of the production of our acres, has been struck by the pamphle- teers who have recorded the...


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What will most surprise the less technical student is that in no group of the 205 dairy farms investigated did the excess of income over expenditure fall below 12 16s. an acre ;...

We are apt to be unenterprising in the encouragement of

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out-of-the-way crops and in the manufacture of out-of-the. way foods and products. Flax factories, farina factories and alcohol factories (both these for the utilization of the...

The latest leaflet—by Mr. F. J. Prewett—is one of the

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more valuable, if farmers will accept figures that suggest the making of a profit. Now we all know the theory of the Danes and many other Scandinavians that arable land will...

WINTER Visrrons.

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Into the English landscape that now passes rapidly from colour to form, from golden domes to filigree patterns, an immense horde of continental pigeons begin to enter. They may...

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Letters to the Editor

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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The mon suitable length is that of one of our "News of the Wee: " paragraphs.—E1...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sm,—In these days it is fashionable to attack every kind of institution. I did think Government Sinking Funds would be immune, for in the...

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in Moscow for over a year and.who has travelled with

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Russians for three consecutive months. I have not read any of Major Yeats-Brown's other articles, but he came here apparently determined that no dust should be thrown in his...

OTTAWA MYTHS [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—The constant

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iteration and reiteration of the Canadian preferential treatment extended to us, is intended as a set-off against what the people must regard as one of the most disastrous pacts...

BACK TO THE COAL STANDARD [To the Editor of the

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SPECTATOR.] Sia,—Your review, I think, it not quite fair to Captain Acworth's book. It does not even mention his chief conten- tion—that it is dangerous for the Navy to rely...


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Sin,—The Advisory Couneil l of the Building Industry publicly "urges the L.C.C. to proceed rapidly with its work particularly as the building industry is now suffering from...

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The Shaftesbury Society and R.S.U., founded in the " Hungry Forties,' is facing a very difficult winter in its varied service for the crowds of children and' families packed in...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR. I think that Mr. Shane Leslie, the writer of the interesting article on Francis Thompson, in your issue of November 11th, is in error in...


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The Camargo Ballet Society is now preparing for its first programme of the current season to be given at the Adclphi Theatre on Sunday evening and Monday afternoon, December 4th...


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ANTHONY A WOOD. As publishers of The Life and Times of Anthony a Wood, which was so appreciatively reviewed in your issue of November 4th, we feel obliged, in justice to Mr....


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[7'o the Editor of the SeEcr.troit.] Stii,--In the matter of national health, curiously little regard has been paid to economics ; even in the tariff controversy, where the...

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The third political issue to be discussed before the micro-

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phone this autumn is Tariffs. Mr. J. M. Keynes is the speaker chosen and his broadcast next Friday should be listened to not only because Mr. Keynes is bound to be...

The relaying of isolated acts from the operas now being

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played, on tour, by the Co - vent Garden Opera Company, brings to the fore again the whole question of opera broad- casts. I admit there is a glamour about opera relays that is...

School broadcasts •arc now in full swing. And as I

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listen to some of the B.B.C. instructors I cannot help wondering whether all this broadcast education is entirely for the good. I am among those who believe that, up to a...

A Radio Review IT is to be hoped that last

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Sunday's broadcast of Romeo and Juliet paves the way for many similar broadcasts. Sunday plays might well be a regular feature on one wave-length, and the choice need not be...

The " Spectator " Crossword No. 8 Br XANTII I

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PPE. ACROSS. 1. These fowls apparently object to headgear. 5. Brings back concerning summonses. 9. Mythical individual a bit hairy about the heels. 10. Put a pure mixture...


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Sunday : Song Recital--Alexandra Trianti (Daventry ; National, 5.30) ; " Is there any Greek Sculpture ? "-Dis- cussion between Professor Bernard Ashmole and R. H. Wilenski...

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11% II II ttli JT' ",W 71-7 W 7 X1 1 7 . T:WWWW , W4. ,, , , -;: . 7.VT7T-T- 7 _1 7 .k4,4ZWIX.WW.WiAiWi - kla'TZVW.:: A k 1,

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Ili 11 ,74\, 1- 11- j Reviews of Books appear between pages 69; and 714. Publishers' announcements also appear in the forepart of this issue

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D. H. Lawrence in his Letters

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The Letters of D. H. Lawrence. (Heinemann. 21s.) MR. D. H. LAWRENCE'S letters are prefaced by an introduction by Mr. Aldous Huxley : and the reviewer is inevitably im- pelled...

Books of To-day Sir James Guthrie

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Sir James Guthrie, P.R.S.A. LL.D. : A Biography. By sir James L. Caw. (Macmillan. £5 5s.) Tut: piety of family and friends has set up in this volume a very full and handsome...

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Visions and Lyrics

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A Vision of Judgement by Robert Southey, and The Vision of Judgement, by Lord Byron. With Introduction by R. Ellis Roberts and Wood Engravings by R. A. Maynard and H. W. Bray....

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The Gestalt Theory. By Bruno Petermann. (Kegan Paul. 15s.) THAT psychology is still in the throes of its birth-pangs is proved afresh by each one of the volumes that, in...

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A Mythical Figure

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THESE two volumes, by authors of distinction, may b e briefly described as new variations on an old theme : the battle over Napoleon has been a hundred years' war. Our esteem...

Modern Money

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Modern Money. By Lord Melchett. (Seeker. 10s. (id.) Is Modern Money Lord Melchett writes of many things. Often witty, occasionally incoherent, he is always acute and original....

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Travellers' Tales

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7s. 6d.) Iorana ! By Robert Gibbings. (Duckworth. 15 . 8.) A Painter's Baggage. By Walter Bayes. (Medici Society. Os.) To the uninstructed observer there are many mysteries...

Scott's Juvenilia

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New Love-Poems. By Sir Walter Scott. Edited by Davidson Cook. (Oxford : Basil Blackwell. 58.) Ma. DAVIDSON COOK, one of Professor Grierson's colleagues in the centenary edition...

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Visibility Low

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South American Meditations. By Count Hermann Keyserling. (Jonathan Cape. 18s.) Tins is in certain respects an obscure and pretentious book, much longer than it need be,...

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The Evolutionist's Choice of Morgans

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The Scientific Basis of Evolution. By Thomas Hunt Morgan, D.Sc., Professor of Biology, Californian Institute of Technology. (Faber and Faber. 15s.) . PROFESSOR T. H. MORGAN...

A Religious Classic

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Prayer : a Study in the History and Psychology of Religion. By Friedrich Heiler. Translated and edited by Samuel McComb, D.D. (Oxford University Press. 168.) DR..HEILER'S great...

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Scotland's Problems

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Jr one accepts this book simply as a collection of essays one will find charming reading in it, and especially in Mr. Moray MeLaren's "Scottish Delight," ingenious both in its...

Texts and Pretexts

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Texts and Pretexts : An Anthology with Commentaries. By Aldous Huxley. (Chat° and Windus. 7s. 6d.) "IT is only by poets that the life of any epoch can be synthesized," says Mr....

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Annals of an Arctic Air-Route

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FROM the sub-title "The Official Account of the British Arctic Air-Route Expedition, 1930-1931," one might expect a closely printed compendium of formal documents fortified by...

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Outmoded Cavalcade

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Our Mothers. By Alan Bett and Irene Clephane. (Gollanez. Tim authors of Just the Other Day have based their work upon Mr. F. L. Allen's survey of the post-War years in America...

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By L. A. G. STRONG. Snow in Harvest. BY Joanna Carman. (Hodder and Stoughton. 7s. (h.) The Seraphim Room. By Edith Olivier. (Faber and Faber. - BEFORE the War, Geoffrey...

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The Future of England

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O NCE a year at least the Spectator turns its eyes particularly towards the future, seeking to assess the prospects of the varied endeavours which men are exercising everywhere...

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L'Anglais Vu Par Le Francais Moyen PAR ANDRA MAUROIS.

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I faut avoir la plus grande 'ineftance a regard de tout essai de . i?syehologie nationale. "Je vois bien re eheval,", disait Airistote, "mais je ne vois. pas la e hevaleite." Je...

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The Aims of Education

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BY THE RT. HON. H. A. L. FISHER. I T will be remembered that the great Dr. Arnold indicated as the aim of his system of education "moral thoughtfulness." There can be no...

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The English Home

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BY TliE REV. W. II. ELLIOTT. L ET me say at once that I believe the foundations of our national life to be in the homes of the people. If those foundations are well based we...

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Housing : The Moment of Opportunity By SIR RAYMOND UNWIN

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(President of the Royal Institute . of British Architects.) T HERE was already a serious housing problem before ever the Great War came. The housing shortage was aggravated by...

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The Native Star I HAVE sailed South to a new light, New stars, and seen the Plough Dip to the Cross, and watched the bright Fish spraying front the prow. Lagoons and...

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The Artistic Heritage of the English Village

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M.P. (First Commissioner of Works). By THE RT. HON. W. ORMSBY-GORE, IIIHE visible heritage of any country is either natural landscape or the works of man. Each country has that...

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The English Countryside

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• Br EDMUND BLUNDEN " W brother's Cow," 'wrote Gilbert White in his journal, " when there is no extraordinary call for cream, produces three pounds - Of hater - each week: The...

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In Praise of the British Climate

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BY VERNON BARTLETT. p ATRIOTISM is so unreasoning—not unreasonable— a sentiment that I Write this article with a trem- bling pen. It is so much easier to offend than to...

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Christmas Fiction and National Friction

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An Application, of the Dear Old Christmas Stories- to National Harmony and World Peace • BY STEPHEN LEI:COCK. A ROUND the idea of .Christmas there has grown up in our fiction a...

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Ever .after that Mr. de ,Valera was a better and

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nobler man, a kinder father, an easier.uncle and a more religious pew-holder. Often" in his old age he used to say : " It is - nobler and wiser to r perform a- good action when...

Remorse for Intemperate Speech _

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I RANTED to the knave and fool But outgrew that School; Would tranSform - the part, Fit audience found, but Cannot rule My fanatic - heart, - . I sought my betteis: though' in...

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D IR= subscribers who are changing their addresses are asked

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to notify the SPECTATOR office BEFORE MIDDAY on MONDAY OF ECU WEEK. The previous address to which the paper has been sent and receipt reference number should be quoted.

Penny Plain, Twopence Coloured*

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Toy Theatres and Other Things By HUGH WALPOLE. A S one turns over the pages of Mr. Wilson's delightful book one's childhood comes rushing up again. I owe so deep a debt to Mr....

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The West Indies THE call of the West Indies upon the traveller is somethin g more than the call of sun and warmth in a season of cold anti gloom. ..To the attractions of...

Principal Cruises to the West Indies

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Blue Star Line : Leaving Southampton on January 25th for a forty-five days' cruise, the 'Arandora Star' will visit Teneriffe, Trinidad, Cartagena, Panama, Jamaica, Havana, St....

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, _ So , far as Great Britain is concerned, I consider that ,the year ; has been one of quiet, steady preparation for an improvement in general conditions later on, even...

Finance—Public & Private

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The Path of Recovery I AM hopeful that the time may come when it will b e possible to give a real Christmassy tone to the financial article in the Christmas Number of the...


The Spectator

Before dealing, however, with some of the actual chief financial developments of the year; it must be noted that political developments; arid espeaally international poli- tics,...