20 JULY 1934

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Germany and the Pact If that is true of the

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Western Locarno Treaty, which has been in force for over eight years, it should be little less true—though conditions are not identical—of the proposed Eastern Locarno Pact,...


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T HE Foreign Affairs debate last Friday produced more than a, general approval of the French pro- posals for an , Eastern European Locarno. It revealed a new consciousness on...

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Britain's Air Policy Mr. Baldwin's promised announcement on the Govern-

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ment's Air policy will no doubt have been made before -these lines appear. Comment on its content must neces- sarily be deferred, but there are certain criteria by which the...

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The Government and Blackshirts It is only now, nearly six

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weeks after the debate in the House of Commons on the Olympia hooliganism, that the Home Secretary announces his intention of carrying out the undertaking he then gave to confer...

Distress of the Mining Industry Mr. Peter Lee gave a

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moderate, reasonable and im- pressive Presidential address at the annual conference of the Miners' Federation. It was impossible for him not to draw a gloomy picture of the...

The San Francisco General Strike The General Strike in San

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Francisco which has brought normal business activities in the city ahnost to a standstill is a revelation of the strides that labour has made in organizing itself in the...

A New Housing Policy The announcement of a new Government

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housing policy by Lord Halifax in the House of Lords on Wed- nesday came as something of a surprise. For details of the plan we must wait till the autumn session, but the...

The Revised Sedition Bill The Sedition Bill as it emerges

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from the committee stage after protracted argument has been robbed of some, at least, of its most objectionable features. The offence of attempting to seduce a member of His...

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Mr. Elliot had the unusual experience of a hostile House

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when he explained his beef policy on Monday. Agricultural members, of course, did not look a gift horse in the mouth, and extreme protectionists were gratified by the ultimate...

River-side Development of London It is strange that the London

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County Council, controlled by a party that is not generally over-modest in its ambition to embark on public works, should have put forward so half-hearted a plan for the...

Socialists and Communists The degree of importance to be attached

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to the alliance struck between the French Socialists and Communists for the purpose of opposing Fascism and war depends on whether it means that the Socialists are moving to the...

The most striking speech in the debate came from Mr.

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Attlee, whose leadership of the Parliamentary Labour Party in the absence of Mr. Lansbury has been a pronbunced success. His speech seemed to bring defi- nitely nearer the...

The Week in Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes ; There

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was a resounding echo of M. Barthou's visit to London in the House of Commons on Friday. Sir John Simon had at last a sympathetic audience for a hopeful speech, in which he...

Treasure in Cyprus In Rhodes the Italians, in Syria the

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French, in Con- stantinople the - Americans have been spending money to uncover, restore or preserve artistic monuments of the past. But the British administrators of Cyprus...

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H ERR HITLER, having made a speech, has gone on holiday. General von Blomberg, Minister of Defence, and as such responble - for the Reichswehr, has done the same. Both of 'them...

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L ORD HALIFAX'S statement in the House of Lords on the school-leaving age can scarcely be said to be disappointing, for it was generally understood that the Government at...

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The Anti-Noise campaign will• make headway in proportion as its

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crusaders show themselves alive to practical considerations. Motor-cars, of course, will be shot at, and with some reason. Noisy exhausts ought to be penalized whenever and...

The royal visit to Edinburgh has been an unqualified success

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and there is a simplicity and compactness about the Palace of Holyroodhouse that gives the impression that the King and Queen are living more than ordinarily among their people....


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have his critics. Sir John Simon as after-dinner or after- luncheon speaker can have none at all. Indeed in that role—leaving out of account the professional after-dinner...

Curiously enough, while Abinger was engrossed with its pageant the

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village. of Shere, not half a dozen miles away, was being entertained with the,all-but-premiem (the Gate Theatre at Dublin was actually first in the field) of a new comedy by...

I have seldom been at a luncheon which succeeded in

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its friendly purpose so well as that given. to Mr. Ernest Rhys on his seventy-fifth birthday_ one day this week. All the world, almost in the literal sense of the term, knows of...

Abinger did its pageant last Saturday extremely, well. Mr. E.

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M. Forster, experimenting confidently in a medium new (I believe) to him, worked a thread of continuity with marked success through a series of what might otherwise have been...

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By PROFESSOR GUGLIELMO FERRERO• A GERMAN Chancellor who throws his Vice-Chancellor into prison and shoots out of hand, without show of trial, his Chief of Staff and high...

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By THE RT. HON. LORD MESTON I T is di ffi cult to overstate the value of the work done by the Joint Committee of Parliament which is engaged in examining the proposals for a...

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By RAY STRACHEY IT is fashionable among the young. women from the Universities nowadays to assert that they are not " feminists," and to display no interest whatever in a...

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By THE REV. J. C. HARDWICK P OST-WAR England may be admitted to fall short of the millennium, yet its condition compares favourably with that of most Continental countries....

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By SIR TIMOTHY EDEN M Y wife came down this morning in a blue pinafore with a blue square of linen on her head, carrying a broom. She looked like a Vermeer or a Chardin. How...


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By G. C. B. COTTERELL T HE monotone of a small skin drum marked the paddlers' rhythm, but no other noise disturbed the afternoon's hot silence. The thud of long paddles against...

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[D'UN CORRESPONDANT FRAKAIS] L A mode est aux fetes nocturnes lumineuses. L a Grande Quinzaine de Paris, qui vient de se terminer ces jours derniers, en a sans doute hate...

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"An Italian Straw Hat." At the Academy THE copyright of

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An Italian Straw Hat will shortly expire, and this revival of Rene Clair's silent comedy may be the last. When Clair made it in 1928 he was recognized by the critics as a...

The Cinema

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"Looking for Trouble." At the Leicester Square Theatre Horixwoon methods are seen at their best in this kind of film—a fast-moving adventure story with a realistic back- ground...


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Russian Ballet at Covent Garden Union Pacific, the new ballet whose subject is the building of the American railways, is notable for Massine's amazing dance as a potman. This...

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Punch Drawings and Old Masters Tim Exhibition at Messrs. Agnew's in Bond Street of drawings by Punch artists is only the first stopping-place on a long tour which the drawings...

A Broadcasting Calendar

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FRIDAY, JULY zoth 13.30, 16.30 & 18.15. England v. Australia.: Howard Marshall from Headingley. (Commentaries possible also between 12 & 17.15) .. • • • • • 17.40 Here and...

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Early Harvest Harvest has begun early, in the second week of July ; and there seems to be a general idea that it must be indifferently good. This is not true. Over very wide...

Hopeful Farmers Such hopefulness has been made articulate at a

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number of the better agricultural shows. There was a moment when the seed merchants, and indeed some of the makers of machinery, threatened to give up their established...

A Vanishing Flower It is a grim paradox that the

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(alleged) lovers of our wild flowers are their most deadly enemies. Here is a lamentable example. In a particular meadow in the South grows. or grew, good quantities of the...

The Wash and the Zuider Zee In the brand new

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Apa Magazine is an account of the reclamation of the Zuider Zee that must make the mouth water of any land-lover, or lubber, who lives by the English Wash. Its reclamation has...

Rogues A very strange example of the insensate savagery that

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seems to overcome the unmated male was observed last year in my immediate neighbourhood. A cock French partridge with no mate attacked the brood of an English pair and would...

Migrating Butterflies

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The extraordinary discovery last year in England of over thirty Milkweed butterflies that had emigrated from America will draw attention to the list of immigrants that the South...

A Scottish Lament

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Have our immigrant summer birds ceased to nest as far north as they used to nest ? A Scottish farmer, who is also a naturalist, tells me that they grow scarcer and scarcer in...

Clydeside Orchards The orchards that slope down to the Clyde

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are of singular loveliness and are normally much beloved of birds. Can it be true that the birds (always excepting blackbirds and thrushes) are deserting them ? It is, I think,...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Mr. Stephen Coleridge, in his letter which you published last week, says that, no doubt, I will answer Mr. Edmund T. MacMichael's attack...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR, —News of quick work comes from Geneva, where a committee of the Disarmament Conference has already adopted a really businesslike draft...


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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week " paragraphs. Signed...

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have read with great interest Sir Archibald Hurd's authoritative article on " The Government and Shipping," and it is encouraging to note the increasing public interest which is...


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Charnock thinks he has proved that there was no " mass neglect of the Russian population " when he informs us that there were 22,000 doctors in the Tsarist Empire, or one for...

[To the Editor of TIIE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—I write to point

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out that in my original letter, published June 15th, I advocated a manner of treating both original Animal Welfare Bills, and also amendments to Animal Welfare Bills. Those...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Your article under the above heading correctly praised the wisdom of the Trades Union Congress in. refusing to strike against any and...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In my letter on

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" Medicine in Russia," there is a mistake on my part. It is stated " In Latvia the child birth-rate was 110 per thousand. This, of course, should read " In Latvia the child...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In your issue of February 9th, 1934, Sir W. Beach Thomas again raised the age-old controversy as to how cuckoos deposit their eggs,...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Surely that ex-Labour M.P., whose zealous advocacy of tithe, since his accession to the office of Chairman of the Tithe Committee of Queen...


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[To the Editor of Tim SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The timely note on " Royalism - in France " in The Spectator of June 29th, does less than justice to M. Maurras's achievement in...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] am anxious to collect material for a record of the work and life of my late husband. I should be grateful for any letters of his and anecdotes...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sta,-----Since on the statement of the Minister of Transport, authorities are powerless to prohibit ribbon development, may I suggest that...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sia,—Four months ago you published an article on the work of the Universities' Council for Unemployed Camps. Since then the Council has...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I have no quarrel with Sir Arnold Wilson, M.P. (the writer of the final article in your " Greatest Benefactor" series) with regard to his...


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difficult for any outside individual to assess the value of Mr. Cleghorn Thomson's criticism of broadcasting administration in this country, but I do question whether the...

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The Private Secretary

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By J. A. SPENDER Mn. PA1.71. EMDE.N . quotes Lord Rosebery as.having said that the Private Secretaries of the Sovereign are " the most important public officials in the...

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Prison Reform

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Prisons. By M. Hamblin Smith. (John Lane. 2s. 6d.) - The English Borstal System. By S. Barman. (P. B. King. Its.) 'DR. HAMBLIN SMITH has behind him a career of more than...

The Old Inns

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The Old Inns of England. By A. E. Richardson, F.S.A., F.R.I.B.A. With a Foreword by Sir Edwin Lutyens, R.A. (Batsford. 7s. thL) • A MAN- seeking comfort in the full human...

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The Prospects of War

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AMERICAN journalists rather enjoy touring Europe and deciding- when and where the next war (war being a charac- teristically European product) will begin. Mr. Frank Simonds...

The Monster's Credentials

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THIS is a very entertaining book ; it is also, one must hasten to add, a serious contribution to scientific knowledge. The " monster " of Loch Ness has attained world-wide...

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Chinese Holiday

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Lady Precious Stream. By S. I. Hsiung. With a preface by Laseelles Abercrombie. (Methuen. 8s. 6d.) THE sub-title is " An Old Chinese Play done into English," but Mr. Hsiung...

One of Nature's Germans

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Carlyle in Old Age. By D. A. Wilson and D. Wilson MacArthur. (Kogan Paul. 15s.) Tuis is the sixth and last volume of Mr. Wilson MacArthur's monumental life of Carlyle. Though...

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Stork v. Facts

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Awkward Questions of Childhood. By T. F. Tucker • and Muriel Pout. (Howe. 3s. ed.) THE children of this country are growing up in a world in which not even a water biscuit can...

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Heirs of Balzac and Stendhal

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THE French novel, with Stendhal, Balzac, Flaubert, Zola and Proust, has produced five such complete yet separate worlds that it is now almost impossible for newcomers to ,...

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By WILLIAM PLOMER Sow people mistrust cleverness because they lack it, and some because they are clever enough to recognize the limita- tions and dangers that sometimes go with...

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By Henry Baerlein In 1914-1918, while Europe was engaged in international slaughter, bayonetting and blowing itself up, Spain was busier than ever with its national sport of...

Current Literature

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MARTIN LUTHER : THE NAN AND HIS GOD By Brian Lunn We learn from the brief statement on the wrapper that this book (Nicholson and Watson, 12s. 6d.) is " a spirited bio-...


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By Lady Mary Meynell Lady Mary Meynell's book (Murray, 12s.) is a social picture pervaded by simple goodness, piety and charm. Its philo- sophy is sound but never deep ;...

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Making the Old Car Do THERE will no doubt be protests : against this statement, but I maintain, as I have done for many years, that you do not discover how good your car is...

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The ociator

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FINANCIAL SUPPLEMENT No. 5,534.] 1111DAY, JULY 20, 1984.

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That Blessed Word—Nationalization

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IT is usually regrettable when matters concerned with finance and economics become the subjects of political propaganda. Unfortunately, however, this frequently happens— It was...

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Dominion Banking Strength

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HUMAN limitations being what they are, there is nothing very surprising in the fact that the general public in this country is unfamiliar with the work of the British banking...

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Easing the Burden of Death Duties.

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WHETHER a man inherits his wealth or whether it is the product of his own abilities and exertions, the desire to pass it on in undiminished magnitude to his descendants is...

The Future Training of Bankers THE idea of staff training

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by individual firms is so new an idea in itself that some consideration of it in connexion with banking is opportune. One of the advantages of joint stock administration is "...

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A Triple Problem

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THREE problems confront the married man with little or no capital, namely : Provision for his old age, and, in the event of his death, provision for his widow and children. The...

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Help for the Small Industrialist PLAN TO MEET LONG-TERM CAPITAL NEEDS THIS is the title of an article which appeared in the Financial News on April 30th last, but I have not...