20 JUNE 1903

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Nothing new has transpired as to the causes of the

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insurrec- tion. It is universally ascribed to the deadly hatred felt in the Army and throughout Servia generally for Queen Draga, who had completely mastered her husband, and...


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The Servian Skupshtina met on the morning of June 15th,

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and the Senate and Chamber, after deciding in separate and secret Sessions on the election of the new King, met as a Convention in the ballroom of the new Palace, which was...

The African news Of the week is not good. The

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force which is pursuing the Sultan of Sokoto has received "a check," and, we imagine, has been brought to a standstill; while the Sultan's followers will inevitably be...

The result of the German elections, which began on Tuesday,

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will be a severe blow to the Emperor, who has most unwisely taken an open part in denouncing the Social Democrats. That party, which is really the party of resistance to...

* * The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in

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any ease.

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Dealing with the alleged rise in wages that would follow

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Mr. Chamberlain's scheme, Lord Goschen pointed out that the vast number of employes of the Government and of the municipalities could not hope to get their wages increased...

In the House of Lords on Monday Lord Goschen made

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a memorable contribution ft, the arguments against Mr. Chamberlain's scheme,—a contribution no less valuable on the Imperialistic than on the fiscal side. No one can doubt Lord...

The long-expected speech of the Duke of Devonshire, like that

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of Lord Balfour, must be pronounced as eminently satis- factory from the point of view of the Unionist Free-traders. While he remains in Mr. Balfour's Administration—as it is...

After Lord Crewe had spoken from the Liberal benches, and

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Lord Avebury had made a capital Free-trade speech full of useful figures, Lord Lansdowne dealt in a somewhat vague and hesitating way with the problem. His chief point was that...

After Lord Brassey and Lord Jersey, both ex-Colonial Governors, had

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expressed strong opinions against preferential duties, Lord Balfour of Burleigh made the cautious, sensible speech which was to be expected from one of the ablest and most...

We wish we could give more of Lord Goschen's admirable

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speech, but must be content to put up a sign-post to it, and to express the hope that it will soon be published in pamphlet form. We must, however, mention Lord Goschen's...

In the House of Commons on Wednesday Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman—most

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unwisely, as we think, from the Free-trade point of view—raised an oblique debate on Mr. Chamberlain's new policy, his " peg " being the message from the Government of New South...

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Lord Hugh Cecil, who made a very important contribu- tion

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to the debate, evidently saw the distinction in Mr. Balfour's mind, and though he very properly dwelt on the terrible dangers to the 'Unionist party involved in the present...

Mr. Arnold White has received, and publishes in the Times

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of Wednesday, an official explanation of the Kishineff out- rages. It is written in English rather of the Baboo variety, but its gist is plain enough. The Jews, it is stated,...

However much individuals may differ on the great contro- versy

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into which Mr. Chamberlain has plunged the nation, there is one point upon which there can hardly be two opinions. The political wits are onthe Free-trade side. Mr....

The efficacy of the Irish Land Bill as an instrument

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of conciliation has been seriously compromised during the week. On Tuesday Mr. Redmond brought forward an amendment to remove the maximum limits of reduction in purchase trans-...

Lord Rosebery delivered a long speech on Mr. Chamber- lain's

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proposals at a dinner of the Liberal League on Friday week. After vindicating the policy and methods of the Liberal League, and saying thatif the policy of the Govern- ment did...

Bank Rate, 3 per cent.

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Consols (2i per cent.) were on Friday 91f.

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A FALSE ISSUE. W E very deeply regret that Sir Henry Campbell-Banner- man should have brought about the debate on Mr. Chamberlain's fiscal projects which took place on Wednes-...

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W E can see no reason to expect good from the revolu- tion in Servia. It was too violent, too bloodthirsty, too contemptuous of those laws, at once of morality and honour, which...

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C AN Protection make wages higher ? To answer this we must first ask, What is it that makes wages high or low ? Certainly it is not the mere number of pounds and shillings a man...

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I T is very difficult, indeed almost impossible, for ordinary observers to form a confident opinion as to the financial position of the Russian Empire. To many economists Russia...

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BOGUS DEGREES. that the M.A. has had a little more

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time in which to forget, if he is minded to do so, what he learned in order to become a B.A. This, however, is by the way. We have lately been introduced—not, indeed, for the...

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TN days when the land of literature is lying fallow and _L unweeded, the adjoining country of science is in full cultivation. Fruit and flower, fulfilment and promise, are to be...

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It is widely felt and widely affected. Thie is the age of excuses. The words , "good" and "bad" in relation to character are losing their significance. The villains and heroes...

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ANIMALS IN FLOODS. T HE injury and destruction caused among both

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birds and beasts during the recent torrential rains and the subse- quent summer floods have been very considerable. It might have been thought that the birds, other than...

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EMERSON: A PERSONAL REMINISCENCE. [TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."3 SIR,—The celebration of the centenary of Emerson's birth recalls vividly to my mind the impression he...

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MR. BALFOUR ON SIR ROBERT PEEL. [TO THR EDITOR OP TIM "8esoraroa.1 trust that I may be permitted to refer without offence to certain statements recently made by Mr. Balfour...

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[To THE EDITOR OP TEE" SPECTATOR.") SIE,-I thank you for publishing my letter in the Spectator of June 13th, and am sure you will allow me to reply as briefly 'as possible to...

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SIE,—Mr. Chamberlain proposes to say to the working man in effect this The extra cost of food which the new policy will exact from you shall be returned to you in old-age...


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OF THE -sexcrevoam Sin,—Mr. Chamberlain is on record this week as telling the Trade-Unionists:--"It will be impossible to secure preferential treatment with the Colonies without...

[To THE EDITOR OF TSB "SPEOTATOB.n STE,—May a mere outsider

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respectfully ask whether the "convinced Free-traders" are not mistaking the issue raised by Mr. Chamberlain P Surely the question is not whether we should or should not pay...

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EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR.") SIR,—The questioning of our present fiscal system to which Mr. Chamberlain has recently given expression threatens to become of the most vital...


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Sra,—The editor of the Spectator would confer a favour on a constant reader who wishes for enlightenment if be would kindly answer this question :—If, for the sake of revenue,...


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[To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—I have come across the following clipping, which is apparently from a New York newspaper of June 3rd. It will amuse your American...


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[To THE EDITOR. OP THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—The strongest argument with those who advocate a change in our fiscal policy is the need for some weapon with which to fight a country...

[To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR.") SIR,—Besides giving us a

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new fiscal policy, the advocates of Fair-trade, otherwise Protection, are by way of also giving us a new logic. We now have it that if two events happen at the same time they...

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17 0 THE EDITOR OP TEl "SPROTAT01.1 Sin, — If in Dr. Horton's

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letter (Spectator, June 13th) "Church. man" is substituted for "Nonconformist," and " undenomi- nationalism " for "denominationalism," then »Mato 310112i7143 de Le fabula...


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SIR,—Will you permit me, as a Salisbury Nonconformist, to express my regret at the tone of the references to this city in Dr. R. F. Horton's letter in the Spectator of June...


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[To THE EDITOR OP THE “SprerAros.1 SIR,—It was not my intention to intrude further on your space; but your editorial comment on my letter of June 13th compels me to crave your...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPE0TATOR-1 SIR,—Like many others who

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read your columns every week and regard them as an almost final authority on matters of intellectual interest, I greatly regret the attitude you have assumed towards the party...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOE. n ] SIE,—An effort should be made without delay to bring the matter of the Strand improvement again before the County Council. The design in...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR:3 SIR,--May I bring before your readers a matter which appears to be not without importance in helping to promote that goodwill between Briton...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE SPECTATOR:] SIlt, - I do not seek to reopen the controversy between "Middle East" and myself, but in the Spectator of June 13th he accuses me of...


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[TO TIIR EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR:1 Sin,—The article called "How Boys Express Themselves" in the Spectator of March 28th recalled to my mind an answer given by a small boy...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR:1 feel sure that many bird's-nesters will be delighted to find from the article in the Spectator of May 30th that you lend your authority to the...

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[To THY EDITOR OF THE "SPECTAT0R.1 SIR, — It appears to me, from reading the letter of "District Officer" in the Spectator of June 6th and your editorial note, that you may have...


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THE ARCHBISHOP OF BELGRADE. HE raised his reverend hands to Heaven, and blessed The kneeling murderers with unfaltering tongue : The robes of peace he wore, and on his breast...


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[To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR." . ] SIR, — Every one will agree with your correspondent "Far East" (Spectator, June 6th) that it is of great importance that we should come...


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[To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR.'] SIR,—We all know so much of the cuckoo as that "in June He changes his tune," and I suppose the reason why he then sings a major, or even a...


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NEW LETTERS OF A WOMAN OF GENIUS: JANE WELSH CARLYLE.* SAINTE-BEIIVE, grumbling at the unceasing recurrence of discussions relative to Marie Antoinette, said that the martyr...

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Pon half-a-dozen good reasons this cheap and handy reprint -of FitzGerald's Euphranor is welcome. To begin with, no pocket edition was available, and it is just the sort of...

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THE ORRERY PAPERS.* IN the last few years an immense

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quantity of papers has been discovered in the great houses of England, and given to the world. Of these few possess the same charm as The Orrery Papers now edited by Lady Cork....

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A BIRD LOVER.* EZRA CORNELL bad certainly a catholic idea

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of a University when he said : "I would found an institution where any person can find instruction in any study." When W. E. D. Scott was admitted as a Freshman to the Cornell...


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IN THE GUARDIANSHIP OF GOD.* MRS. STEEL has long since established her reputation as a sympathetic and acute interpreter of native life in India 'on a firm basis of achievement,...

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The Wind in the Rose Bush. By Mary E. Wilkins.

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(John Murray. 6s.)—When opening a book by Miss Wilkins, the last thing the reader expects is that she will "freeze his young blood," or "make his two eyes, like stars, start...

The Pinch of Prosperity. By Horace Annesley Vaehell. (John Murray.

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6s.)—The plot of this novel is founded on the likeness between two twin sisters, of whom the author might say with Antonio, "An apple, cleft in two, is not more twin Than these...

His Heart's Desire. By Katherine S. Macquoid. (Hodder and Stoughton.

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6s.)—This is the story of Cardinal Richelieu, and if it will not increase the reader's respect for the historic personages drawn, it is at least an interesting study of a...

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Walks in New England. By Charles Goodrich Whiting. (John Lane.

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5s. net.)—New England, so far as its seasons are con- cerned, seems to be very like Old England. There are the same winter storms when, according to the calendar, we ought to be...

The Man of Letters. By Sir George Douglas. (Hodder and

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Stoughton. 5s.)—A love-story is not necessarily interesting to others besides the two engaged in it. The "man of letters" tells the tale of how he was made a fool of by the...

Macedonian Folk - lore. By G. F. Abbott, B.A. (Cambridge University Press.

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9s. net.)—Mr. Abbott's book is the result of some months spent by him in "the Greek-speaking parts of Macedonia" when he held the Prendergast Studentship. We welcome all the...


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[tinder this heading we notice such Books of the week as have not been rained for review in other forms.] Critical Questions : a Course of Sermons. With a Preface by the Rev....

History of Church and State in Norway. By Thomas B.

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Wilson, MA. (A. Constable and Co. 12s. 6d. net.)—Mr. Willson remarks that "in Norway Church and State were more closely connected than in any other country in Europe." This is...

In Happy Hollow. By Max Adder (Charles Heber Clark). (Ward,

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Lock, and Co. 6s.)—In Happy Hollow is somewhat spoilt by Mr. Clark's feeling—for which, of course, there was sufficient reason—that he had to make a serious story of it. Very...

• Sordello and Cunizza. By Eugene Benson. (J. M. Dent

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and Co. 2s. 6d. net.)—The last line of Browning'a "Sordello," "Who would has heard Bordello's story told," is certainly intelligible, but it is not true. Browning, for some...

The Absurd Repentance. By St. John Lucas. (E. Arnold. 6s.)

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—Mr. Lucas mingles in this story genteel comedy and farce, and mingles them with very considerable success. The title, which is the name of a novel written by the hero and the...