21 DECEMBER 1934

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Lords and Commons and India The House of Lords' vote

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on the Indian reform pro- posals, on Tuesday, was unexpectedly satisfactory. For his amendment urging the postponement of a decision till the text of the Government's Bill was...

The End of the Naval Talks The naval talks between

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this country, the United States and Japan have ended, and nothing is gained by attempts to conceal their complete failure. They might quite well have ended sooner, for they have...

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NEWS OF THE WEEK T HE arrival of British troops in

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the Saar could have had no more unfortunate prelude than the street fracas in which a British member of the Saar Volunteer Police Force, a Captain Justice, was involved on...

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* * Mr. Lloyd George's Reconstruction Scheme . It would

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be premature to offer at present any criticism of the scheme for , national reconstruction which Mr. Lloyd George is to launch upon the world early in the new year. It is...

Recent decisions show that the Government is now fully alive

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to the necessity of freeing civil aviation from the dominance of military aviation, and of a more vigorous policy in conjunction with the Dominions for thedevelop- ment of...

Lord Hewart and the Cabinet The House of Lords' debate

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on Lord Hewart's attack on the Bill for the creation of two new judges and the appointment of a vice-president of the Court of Appeal ended as satisfactorily as it well could...

America's Neutrality Rather too much appears to have been read

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in some quarters into the semi-official announcement that President Roosevelt is contemplating legislation virtually abandoning America's claim to neutral rights in time of war....

The Newest Deal The National Resources Board has now put

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before President Roosevelt a plan of public works surpassing in daring anything that has hitherto been contemplated, justifying its scheme. on the assumption that the defect of...

* . * - * * The air, however, has

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been cleared. It has been made perfectly manifest that there was no ground for any strictures on Lord Hanworth ; nor for any on what Lord Hewart referred to impersonally as the...

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The Week in Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes : Interest

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in the House of Commons is once more centred on the future of Mr. Lloyd George. His speech on the third reading of the Distressed Areas Bill proved to be in the nature of an...

* * * *

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The suggestion that we ought to profit from the example of America found no support in any quarter. Members feel that a country that has anything from 15 to 20 million...

Certainly the vote on the India debate, when the Diehards

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obtained nearly double the support in the lobby that the Government had expected, has suggested that there may be, in the not far distant future, a com- plete change in Party...

The International Air Force Discussion The intervention of Sir Austen

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Chamberlain, in opposition to a resolution advocating the creation of an International Air Force, gave a special importance to the meeting of the League of Nations Union Council...

When Relief Exceeds Wages It would certainly be wrong if

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the Unemployment Assistance Board offered relief on a scale exceeding the rate of wages current in any given district. But there are occasions, as Mr. G. Macdonald pointed out...

Control of Firearms Further tightening up of the law in

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regard to the manu- facture and sale of firearms and the issue of firearm certificates is recommended by a Departmental Com- mittee which has been examining the question. The...

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Ir appointment of what the Prime Minister epeatedly referred to in the House of Commons on Monday as a " commission "—presumably, therefore, a Royal Commission—to enquire...

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O N Christmas Eve, fifty years ago, the first University " settlers " moved into their first permanent residence at Toynbec Hall, Whitechapel ; and a fortnight later a public...

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T HE execution of Mrs. Major arouses an instinctive if quite illogical feeling of repugnance. There is no reason that will bear challenge why a murderess should not meet with...

I hope the last has not been heard of the

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Box nill bungalow question. Asked by Sir Percy Hurd on Wednesday for an explanation of the action of the Ministry of Health in approving the erection of 25 bungalows near Box...

The opening of a special cycle track beside the new

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Western Avenue at Greenford seems to have pleased everyone but the cyclists it was meant to benefit. They still seem to prefer peril on the road among the motors to safety...

The ordinary news-reel film can be a factor of con-

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siderable importance in international relations, quite apart from any suggestion of its use as propaganda. The pictures of the Hungarian refugees leaving Jugo- slavia made that...

The fact that in the House of Lords debate on

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India on Monday Lord Middleton was immediately succeeded by Lord Midleton may help to dispel some confusion regarding one of the signatories of the minority report. Lord...

On the entertaining correspondence in The Times on the paucity

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of Cambridge men on the episcopal bench I have only one observation to make. It seems so far to have occurred to no one that one reason—and not at all a bad reason—for...

Mr. Baldwin, I see, is being attacked because he has

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not refused to let British troops go into the Saar as Mr. Bonar Law refused to let them go into the Ruhr. It is more charitable to attribute the argument to ignor- ance than to...

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By MAJOR J. W. HILLS, M.P. T HERE is considerable disquiet about the armament industry, and many people welcome President Roosevelt's crusade " to take the profit out of war."...

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By H. POWYS GREENWOOD T HE polite but exceedingly earnest young man from the Passport Control had satisfied himself that I was not smuggling seditious correspondence out of...

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By THOMAS BURNS I AM a young capitalist. Partly by luck and partly 1 through catching the 'bus at the right moment, I am in a position of authority at anearly age. The usual...

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By 1). D. CALVIN I N the relations between Canada and Britain two elements conflict ; one is the feeling for Britain -among Canadians of British stock and of the second or...

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By JAMES FERGUSSON T HERE are rumours in the newspapers of a housing scheme which is to be organized on a national basis. If it is carried out, some of us in Lammerton will...

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By V. S. PRITCIIETT T HE Fronton at Zarauz was a hall which echoed like a swimming bath. It was the usual building of its kind. There was one gallery running alongside the...

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[D'UN CORRESPONDANT FRANcAIS] D ECEMBRE est, A Paris, le mois des offrandes aux romaneiers. A l'approche de la fin de !'annee, de toutes parts, jurys s'assemblent et ouvrages...

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The Cinema

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"What Every Woman Knows." At the Empire ALL goes well with this American version of Sir James Barrie's play so long as the action stays in Scotland. The strains of Loch Lomond...


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The Theatre "Young England." By Walter Reynolds. At the Kingsway Theatre Mn. REYNOLDS is the unhappy sport of fate. The " gods " of his pleasant vices make instruments to plague...

"Radio Parade of 1935." At the Regal ONE object of

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this British International production is to introduce to the screen public a large number of popular radio stars. Another object is to satirise the " National Broadcasting...

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English Architecture Tax nineteenth century was, I think it would be generally admitted, a gloomy period in architecture. The town halls and small county chateaux which the...

A Broadcasting Calendar

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FRIDAY, DECEMBER list 2.15 Chamber Music : Norris Stanley Trio .. 2.00 41st Annual Banquet to Little Londoners at the Guildhall 6.3o Beethoven : Professor Tovey's Keyboard...

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A Winter Armistice December, though only a comparatively small body

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of people, mostly fishermen, realize it, is a close season. The salmon at any rate enjoys protection, and unlike the coarse fish selects this wintry season for breeding. The...

A December Spring

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The springlike facts, as well as feeling, of this December seem to be far-flung. Apple growers complain that their trees are suffering from insomnia ; they refuse to rest and...


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Cupboard Fodder Some things are too good to be true. At recent shows an invention has been exhibited for which this claim is made. Fodder crops can be grown without the use...

Unpopular Beef

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Those who go to Agricultural or Fat Stock shows only to see fat stock miss a great deal. More and more these shows pro- vide an occasion for the exhibition of new means of...

Mr. Lockley's latest list of birds that came voluntarily , to

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the great and most ingenious aviary on . his exposed island- is wholly surprising. I doubt whether the most highly at:coin- plished student in the world could have made the very...

Oats have ceased to be a paying crop largely because

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they are chiefly the food of horses (at any rate in England, as Dr:' Johnson pointed out in the Dictionary, if not in Scotland). At one time a particular white variety of carrot...

Birds - on Board From the China seas came to me

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the other day a letter, of which I previously quoted an extract, describing the arrival on the ship of many very tired swallows, who rested there a day or two and then continued...

Travelling Birds It will delight the heart of all students

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of birds to know that a third station for the purpose of studying -the trawls of birds is to be prepared. The best and first was Mr. Lockley's on the island of Skokohn, off the...

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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the TVeek" paragraphs. Signed...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.]

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SIR,—Just a very few lines to remove a small misunderstanding from the minds of one or two of your correspondents. Both Dr. Cook and Mr. Walker seem to assume that I...

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PUBLIC EXECUTIONS [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR, — That entertaining

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writer Janus considers that it takes considerable nerve to stand up in the House of Commons and advocate public executions. Surely no more than to put a half-truth into the...


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[To the Editor of Tan SrEerAToa.] Sra,—I hope your readers will forgive me (and you) if you allow me a few lines to illustrate by a recent example the injustice which results...


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SIR,—Although it is impossible not to agree in general with the facts and policy of the article " Socialism or Efficiency " (a sinister heading in itself) in your issue of...


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Snt,—The article published in last week's issue of The Spectator regarding the Osteopaths Bill appears to indicate that the writer is not fully familiar with the position of...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Janus tells us that a quotation was obtained from Lloyd's of 2 per cent. for an insurance against the risk of war between France and...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] was glad to read your comments on the demand for an inquiry into the question of flogging. The Government have, as you say, dismissed the...


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[To the Editor of TILE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—To be reviewed by Miss Macaulay is certainly one of the minor pleasures of life, and we do not begrudge her the satis- faction of...


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(To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—It would be difficult to put more erroneous suggestions into so small a space than was done by R. C. K. Ensor in the review of How Shall...

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Modern Hungary

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By PROFESSOR R. W. SETON-WATSON THE reader may at first be tempted to think that in a book which aims at interpreting Hungary's position in the modem world, undue emphasis has...

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Cabbages and Kings

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King Edward at Marienbad. By Sigmund Mintz. (Hutchinson: 18s.) THE most conscientious motives impelled Dr. Sigmund Miinz to write this book. He was at Marienbad during seven...

Regress to Immortality

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THE basic contention of this extremely important book is that, since the world is known by mind, we cannot give an account of it without involving ourselves in an infinite...

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The Age They Lived In

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Early Victorian England, 1830-1865. Edited by G. M. Young. 2 vols. (Milford. 42s.) AT the New Year, 1856, Ruskin presented the public with one more magnificent volume, and in it...

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A New War-History

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A History of the Great War 1914-1918. By C. R. M. F. Cruttwell. (Clarendon Press. 18s.) WE are not lfliely to see a better one-volume history of the 'War than this. Both a...

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China Old and New

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Confucianism and Modern China. By Reginald F. Johnston, K.C.M.G. (Gollancz. 8a. 6d.) Far Eastern Front. By Edgar Snow. (Jarrolds. 18s.) The Pageant of Chinese History. 13y...

A Forgotten Empire Builder

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THE object of this book is " to save from oblivion the memory of the Founder of Nigeria." When Lady Gerald Wellesley went to the British Museum Library she found ten full-length...

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Schools of Humour

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How to Run a Bassoon Factory or Business Explained. By Mark Spade. (Hamish Hamilton. 3s. 6d.) Ye Goode Olde Dayes. By lame Plunkett and R. J. Mitchell. Illustrated by George...

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By WILLIAM PLOMER PXR LAGERKVIST is a distinguished Swedish writer in his early forties, and The Eternal Smile is the first of his books to appear in English : it may be said...

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A Spectator reader, commenting on the article I wrote a

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month ago about the pleasures of designing one's own common-sense car, remarks that, if the designer is influenced by modern exterior tendencies, he should begin his work by...

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Coming Events Cast ONE of the events of the past week has been the publi- cation of statements by Mr. Lloyd George to certain sections of the Press, in the course of which that...

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Financial Notes

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QUIET MARKETS. IT has been possible during the past week to deal in securities for the " new " account, that is to say for the account extend- ing into the New Year. Not...


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I need scarcely remind intending purchasers of gold shares that in the first place they would do well to keep to the shares of the leading well - proved mines, and that in...


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Al PI AIRJOI NI Olril Al I I 01 SI RI 'ICI EPA' Ul LI PI E • D1 EIN D OIMI I 1N1 El Ea IIDII is Sa1.,12.1 ArEl Y CIIIT : nw-- - -irc - RIEI El Xl Ul VI I I Al T I 0 ' El...

"The Spectator" Crossword No. 117

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BY ZENO [A prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked " Crossword...


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Of the many fresh issues of capital and conversion operations special interest attaches to the recent conversion of what has for so long , been known as Transvaal 3 per Cents....