21 JULY 1906

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Central America has been once more the theatre of a

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little war. Last week trouble broke out between • San Salvador and Guatemala, and the troops of the former invaded the latter's territory. The invaders were defeated, their...

On Saturday last it was announced that the projected visit

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of the British fleet to Kronstadt had been postponed at the request of the Russian Government. It was considered that political parties both in Britain and Russia would attempt...

In the French Chamber of Deputies on Friday week Bills

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were voted by overwhelming majorities promoting Captain Dreyfus and Colonel Picquart to the respective ranks of Chef d'Escadron and Brigadier-General. A Bill was also passed for...

On Friday week the French Chamber by 448 votes to

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43 accepted the statement made by M. Poincare, the Minister of Finance, on the subject of the new Income-tax. Income will be divided into three classes,--that derived from...

There seems some hope that the rising in Natal has

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been at last suppressed. All the leaders have either surrendered or fallen, and Colonel Mackenzie is reducing the forces in the field. It is proposed to hold a Conference for...


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N EWS from Russia shows that politics re still in a state of see-saw. One day the hours of the Goremykin Ministry are said to be numbered; next day it is reported as stronger...

NOTICX.— With this week's number of the " SPECTATOR" is issued,

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gratis, an Eight-Page Supplement, containing the Half-Yearly Index and Title-Page,—i.e., from January 6th to June 30th, 1906, inclusive.

* 4 °. The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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We cannot profess to feel anything but dissatisfaction at Mr.

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Burns's proposals, though we realise the difficulty in which he and the Government are placed owing to the dangerous legislative principles so recklessly established in the...

In the House of Commons on Thursday Mr. John Burns

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made a detailed statement on the administration of the Unemployed Act, and explained the steps which the Govern- ment propose to take in regard to the problem next autumn and...

It was announced on Thursday that the King had felt

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himself obliged to decline the invitation of both Houses of the Dominion Parliament to visit Canada. We are con- vinced that his Majesty had good reasons for his refusal, and...

With Mr. Tennant's amendment in favour of compulsory medical inspection

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for children we are in the fullest agree_ ment, in spite of the fact that it will add a new charge to the rates. Anything that makes for improving the health of the population...

On Monday in the House of Commons the discussion of

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the Education Bill was marked by an almost total absence of the odium iheologieum. Clause XXXV. proposes to confer powers on the local authority to provide vacation schools,...

On Tuesday evening a Parliamentary storm took place over the

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proposal to establish a separate Welsh Council of Educa- tion. If, as is alleged, Wales is unanimous in desiring such a Council, there can of course be no objection to its...

We are far from satisfied at the way in which

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the Bill has gone through the Committee stage. Time has been expended on the discussion of comparatively trivial matters, and withheld from the discussion of provisions of real...

On Wednesday the Government introduced their new clause under which

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there was to be a double compulsion,— on the owners to give up, and on the local authority to take over, Voluntary schools, the Board of Education acting as referee. On Mr....

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Later on Thursday evening Mr. F. E. Smith moved the

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adjournment of the House in order to discuss Mr. Ha1dane's Army schemes. Though, as our readers know, we are strongly opposed to reductions at the present time, and though we...

We regret to announce the death of Mr. Alfred Belt,

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which took place early on Monday at his country house in Hertford- shire. He had of late years resided mainly in England, where he spent great sums in wise and unobtrusive...

It is with deep regret that we record the death

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of Lady Curzon, which took place in London on Wednesday afternoon. Lady Curzon's terrible illness at Walmer Castle some two years ago awoke the sympathy of the whole nation, and...

On Tuesday at the Caxton Hall, Westminster, a Conference of

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members of the Church of England was held to consider the Education Bill. Lord Jersey presided, and the speakers included Mr. Henry Hobhouse, Mr. T. E. Page, Mr. Black- well,...

We note with great satisfaction the progress of the Hamp-

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stead Garden Suburb Trust. (The address of the Company is 32 and 34 Theobalds Road, W.C.) A most promising beginning has been made in the provision of capital, and we sincerely...

Though the speakers to the resolutions were all laymen, the

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Bishop of Ripon and the Dean of Carlisle moved and seconded the vote of thanks to the chairman. The Bishop of Ripon's speech contained a passage for which thousands of loyal...

Readers of the Spectator will, we feel sure, be interested

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to know that the current number of the Sphere (July 21st) contains a page of admirable photographs of the Spectator Experimental Company as they appeared at the drill and...

Bank Rate, 3i per cent.

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Consols (21 per cent.) were on Friday 87-1.

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THE ARMY THAT WE NEED. • W E trust that Mr. Haldane will take an early oppor- tunity of clearing up certain ambiguitias in regard to his scheme, and will make it known that a...

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T HE Government have in their hands the Report of the Commission sent to South Africa to consider the conditions under which the Transvaal Constitution shall be granted, and it...

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T HE correspondence respecting the Turco-Egyptian frontier published on Monday contains documents of the greatest possible interest, documents which we trust will be read with...

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T HE end of the Dreyfus case, which is perhaps best summed up in the letter from the Colonel of the 12th Artillery announcing that Dreyfus will be cordially received by his...

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of the week public opinion was seriously exercised over certain reports from Natal. On the authority of a Johannesburg paper, it was announced that the motto of the white troops...

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THE MOTOR-'BUS. T HE London public has woke up and found

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itself miserable. Not much more than a year ago it was congratulating itself on the speedy advent of the motor- omnibus. The future of London locomotion seemed to wear the...

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W HAT is meant by the phrase "Son of man" as it is used in the Gospels ? The discussion of this question is the keynote of a new and dee ply interesting book entitled "The...

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T HE future Cicero, who composes a modern "De Amicitia," when he has exhausted the common stock of platitudes on the subject of friendship will propound, no doubt, an...

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F ROM this time onward in the 'year's course we shall not bear or see much more of our game birds, except the pheasants, until the cutting of the corn reveals to us the families...

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PERSONALITIES IN THE DUMA.—IL THE "CADETS" AND THEIR DIFFICULTIES. [TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR...I STR,—The Centre of the Duma consists of the Constitutional Democrats,...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR." J have read your article in the issue of July 14th headed "A Clause to Abolish 'Passive Resistance' "with much interest- I suggest a clause...


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HOSPITALS AND PAUPERS. [TO THE EDITOR OP TEE "SPECTATOR:] Sia,—The article on hospitals in your issue of July 7th must have appealed strongly to all who have at heart the...


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[To TRH EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR:1 SIB,—In the House of Commons a few days ago a Scottish Member asked the Secretary for Scotland "whether he would approach the Admiralty with...

candidates who objected to the importation of Chinese labour to

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work Transvaal mines. I also remember that their opponents in defending this importation asserted as a fact which admitted of no denial, and governed the whole labour problem,...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—Mr. Kenrick (Spectator, July 14th) forgets that the laws under which the Prayer-book was originally compiled were all—without...


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[To THZ EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOILl Sin,—The assertion in your article, "Astronomy and History," of July 14th that Stonehenge was "certainly a solar temple and observatory" is...


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LTO THE EDITOR OF THE 'SPECTATOR."] • your last week's article headed "The Labourer's Stepping-Stones" you express a doubt as to whether a system of small holdings would stop...

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following further subscriptions towards meeting additional and unforeseen expenses connected with the Spectator Experimental Company :— Impecunious E2 0 0 I Entre Prim( £1 0 0...


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[To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR,"] Srn,—I am the last person in the world to appear to throw cold water on Colonel Pollock's interesting Experiment to train recruits up to a...


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THE VALUE OF POETRY.f PROFESSOR CM:TILTON COLLINS was right to preserve in a per- manent form the critical studies which be has reprinted in his latest volume. One may safely...


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[To ins EDITOR OF THE SPECTATOR."] Sin,—Mr. Chamberlain has quoted John Stuart Mill as a supporter of Protection. It may be as well to give Mill's exact words :— " The only...


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PAPA LEON X. (From the Italian of Antonio Fogazzaro.) A MEZZANOTTE il Papa in THROUGH the Vatican Palace at Vaticano, night Guarding°, sol, con la lucerna in mano, Va di...

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WHATES has written an admirable book, which we have read with keen enjoyment. He went to Canada as a steerage passenger, posed as an emigrant, and made actual trial of the...

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A TRANSLATION of Propertius into English prose written by a Professor and published by the Oxford University Press would have surprised scholars of a past generation. But since...

THE JEWISH ENCYCLOPAEDIA.* WE offer our warm congratulations to Dr.

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Singer and his colleagues, and to the publishers, on the successful completion of this great enterprise. There was a time, it appears from a statement which accompanies the...

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TALES OF THE SEA.* THE three writers whose books we have grouped together represent an intermediate stage between the old-fashioned school of nautical romance and the modern...

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THE QUARTERLIES. The place of honour in the new Edinburgh Review is given to a long and discriminating review of Mr. Winston Churchill's Life of his father. The writer objects...

The Adventures of Alicia. By Katharine Tynan. (F. V. White

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and Co. 6s.)—The unfortunate Alicia would, if she had told the truth, have been obliged to say that her face was her misfortune, and not her fortune. She was so extraordinarily...

Mrs. Grundy's Crucifix. By Vincent Brown. (Hutchinson and Co. 6s.)—Mr.

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Vincent Brown chooses as his subject the painful and difficult question of the unmarried mother. Writers on this subject are apt to lose sight of the fact that the punishment is...

The Wrong Envelope, and other Stories. By Mrs. Molesworth. (Macmillan

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and Co. 6s.)—Although these are quite readable short stories, Mrs. Dfolesworth's peculiar talent is in writing for children, not for grown-up people. The device by which the...

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Practical Rifle Shooting for Soldiers and Civilians. By IL Middleton

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Hall, R.Q.M.S. (Simpkin, Marshall, and Co. is. net.) —Mr. Middleton Hall's object in writing this little manual was, as he says in his preface, "to give some practical help to...


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[Under this heading we notice such Books of. the week as have not been reserved Jar review in other forms.] Serf Life in Russia. By Alexandra de Holstein and Dora B. Montefiore....

The Garden, You, and I. By Barbara. (Macmillan and Co.

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6s.)— This is a pleasing book of gardening with a background of human interests. It comes from the other side of the Atlantic, where wind and sun, "mighty rulers who have to be...

Haddon: the Manor, the Hall, its Lords and Traditions. By

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G. le Blanc-Smith. (Elliot Stock. 10s. 6d. net.)—" Hadune," as it Is written in the Domesday, was part of the manor of Bakewell, and was granted by the Conqueror to William...

Subject Classification. By James Duff Brown. (The Library Supply Company.

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Ms. net.)—Every reader must have felt the want of a subject catalogue, and been disappointed at not finding the want adequately supplied. He desires to get information about...

First Steps in Mental Growth. By David R. Major, Ph.D.

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(Macmillan and Co. 5s. net.)—This is one of the studies of child development with which we are becoming familiar. They are likely to be most useful, as long as we recognise, as...

Literary Studies. By Walter Bagehot. New Edition. Vol. III. (Longmaus

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and Co. 35. 6d.)—This third volume contains three additional essays, two of them contributed to the Spectator, and one written in 1874 and published in its in- complete...

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Arrowsmith's Dictionary of Bristol. (J. W. Arrowsmith, Bristol. 6s. net.)—This

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is a revised and enlarged edition of a book first published a little more than twenty years ago. The illustrations are, we are told, mostly new, and there is an excellent...

Owen's Pembrokeshire, Part III. Edited, with Notes and an Appendix,

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by Henry Owen, D.C.L. (Bedford Press. 12s. 6d. net.) —This is the first number of the "Cymmodorion Record Series." It contains, besides some memorial verses on George Owen of...