21 JULY 1961

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D EFENDING his administration's record to the 1922 Committee, the Prime Minister pointed out that the margin between what would pass for success, vindicating past policies, and...


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delivered notes to Moscow offering to negotiate the prob- lem of Germany, but warning the Soviet Union that a violation of Allied rights in Berlin would have 'unforeseeable...

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No. 6943 Established FRIDAY, JULY 21, 1828 1961

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Cape to Cairo

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PATRON: Commonly a wretch who supports with insolence, and is paid with flattery. N OT since Dr. Johnson's Dictionary, prob- ably, has a more subjective compilation appeared...

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The Benefactors

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AMONG those busts that stare down sightlessly from the walls of our hospitals, room should now be found to commemorate two men who (though neither is a member of the medical...

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Prisoners Remembered

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By PETER BENENSON T wo months ago the Observer gave up one of its pages to publishing an article called 'The Forgotten Frontiers.' In it, I pleaded that something be done to...

Change of Scene

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From DARSIE GILL1E PARIS W ITII July 14 come and gone, the dead season has come to Paris, when unhappy husbands, abandoned by their families, wander distractedly through the...

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View of Warsaw

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From PETER KIRK* T HIS is the best view of Warsaw,' my guide said, as we looked at the city from the top balcony of the Palace of Culture. 'It is the only one where you cannot...

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Nine Years of Nasser

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By DESMOND STEWART N In years ago on Sunday tanks which had been ineffective in Palestine surrounded the palace of the last plump member of the dynasty of Muhammad Ali. Abdin,...

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THE average number of copies of the Spectator sold Weekly in the six months January-June, 1961, as certified by the Audit Bureau of Circulation, was 47,584 The figure for the...

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Dr. Verwoerd: New Liberal

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By KENNETH MACKENZIE T HIS column is not paid for by South Africa House, but it has for a change to report that Dr. Verwoerd's Government has behaved in a creditable manner....

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Johnny Torrio

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Torrio took up residence in Chicago in 1910. By 1920 he had risen from strong-arm man to be the practical head of Colosimo's vice industry, and was fermenting with ideas of...

The Bootleggers (1)

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The Face of Violence* By KENNETH A LLSOP O N a tropically hot afternoon in July, 1921, some children playing hop-scotch on the corner of Halstead and Fourteenth Streets, near...

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Moving in to Cicero

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There are difficulties here for the British reader attempting to do a mental transposition and imagining a borough council election in, say, Windsor or Wolverhampton or Wisbech,...

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Own the Police'

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After he fall of Cicero, Torrio's daring in- creased and he inaugurated suburban brothels by adding to his Cook County chain of twenty- five a whole reservation of them in...

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Stn,—Mr. Toynbee could learn from Senor Alvarez's letter. Forthright, even perhaps a little unfair, it is at least a political argument. Senor Alvarez will not expect me to...

SK—Professor Brogan uses the ugliest word about me which can

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be employed in contemporary liberal discourse—complacency! This challenge I cannot permit to pass. He agrees with me that Fidelismo endangers Latin America, but he adds:...

Mr. Lloyd's Dilemma N. F.7'. Saunders

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Cuban Aftermath Robert Conquest, Arnold Beichman British Railways Correlli Barnett,Colin Gibson Bahrain Major W. 0. Little The Other Exodus Michaellonides Born Under Saturn...


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THE OTHER EXODUS Sirs--Sir John Glubb thinks that recrimination about

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the past is not getting us anywhere, and that people should stop these exchanges and think of the future. He misses the point. Israel's position in the future will be vitally...

back—during June, and our experience was quite different from his.

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Our cabin . was on 'A' Deck, an outside one on the outward journey, and an inside one on the homeward. Footsteps overhead ceased as soon as we were clear of the dock. and...


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Si,—There will be no disagreement with your plea for Britain to 'begin on the urgently needed revision of the entire Persian Gulf relation- ship.' This long-overdue reform is...


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S1R,—Having myself read Mr. Priestley's new thriller with much enjoyment, plus admiration for the extra- ordinary verve it shows in a writer of his age and output, 1 was...

Sal,--No single institution betterillustrates the widen- ing gulf between continental

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and British standards than the railways. Cyril Ray is right; the Continental Traffic Manager (Eastern Region) is shuffling miser- ably. I travelled to and from Harrogate...

BLIND GODDESS SIR—The contention of Mr. P. R. Mursell (June

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23) against the paradox stated in my letter (June 16) deserves attention. If we take as our authority the Oxford English Dictionary we find that the expres- sions 'an act which...

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Insomniac's Luck By ISABEL QUIGLY Eroica. (Academy.) — The Kitchen. (Interna- tional Film Theatre, Westbourne Grove.)— La Recreation (Gala- Royal.)—A Taste of Love....


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Duck Soup By BAMBER GASCOIGNE Becket. (Aldwych.) IF Grouch° Marx is offered the role of Henry II in the film of Anouilh's Becket, I imagine he will jump at the chance. The...

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Fairs and Squares By KENNETH J. ROBINSON Soviet Fair. (Earls Court.)— Architecture Today. (Arts Council.) —The Architecture of Technology.. (South Bank Exhibition Build-...

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Summer Snow By CLIVE BARNES BALLET is fast becoming primarily a summer activity like flat-racing, tennis or lepidoptery. No sooner had the Kirov dancers triumphantly shut shop...

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Footlights and Chandeliers By EVELYN WAUGH A PARLOUR-GAME question : what middle-aged Englishman displays the following attributes: 'Our foremost arbiter of taste' (New...

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The Shy Superman

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Sigmund Freud: Letters, 1873-1939. (Hogarth Press, 50s.) Freud and the Post-Freudians. By J. A. C. Brown. (Penguin Books, 3s. 6d.) IT is difficult not to feel guilty reading...

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Escapers' Army .

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STORIES of the Foreign Legion have a seemingly inexhaustible interest. 'The publication in this country in the mid-nineteenth century of the novel Under Two Flags by Ouida,' the...

Gods in the Garden

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Roma Amor is an extremely lush production featuring a hundred-odd magnificent plates, many of them in colour, of 'curious' Roman, Etruscan and Hellenistic works of art. There is...

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Kentish Messiah

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Battle in Bossenden Wood. By P. G. Rogers. (0.U.P., 25s.) THIS book tells the life-story of one of the many ecstatic founders of religious sects who appeared in England and...

Pounding Marble

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The Agony and the Ecstasy. By Irving Stone, (Collins, 25s.) The Side of the Angels. By Alexander Fedoroff. (Barker, 21s.) Wand of Noble Wood. By Onuora Nzekwu. (Hutchinson,...

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Ends of the Earth

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VEDANTA, that nineteenth-century Indian move- ment which preaches the essential unity of all religions, has attracted most attention in the West through the perennial philosophy...

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The Problem of Commonwealth Trade The Ranks and Exporters Mutual Funds Investment for .1.41e HP Recovers A Parliamentary Perennial • RICHARD BAILEY a JACK FRANCIS • CHARLES...

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The Banks and Exporters

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By JACK FRANCIS M ANY businessmen who contemplate the possibilities of extending their export sales, or who have never previously attempted to enter the export market, are...

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Mutual Funds

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By CHARLES KING T HE unit trust movement, a sleeping beauty for many years, roused from its enforced slumbers in 1953. It was in that year that the Treasury relaxed controls on...

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Investment for Life

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By SIMON SHORT usr recently the insurance industry reported that its total investments totted up to £6,600 million. This much-quoted figure breaks down into two significant...

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HP Recovers

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By DEREK FORBES W HILE 1960 was a year to forget in the hire- purchase trade, 1961 marks the first steps back to sanity. Last year everybody was unhappy. The HP companies piled...

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A Parliamentary Perennial

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By AUBREY NOAKES ' W HEN he suggested as an amendment to the Budget proposal to raise profits tax from 124 per cent. to 15 per cent. last month that 'such increase shall not...

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If I Were Chancellor

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By NICHOLAS DAVENPORT Clearly, we are being prepared for a nasty shock—for a tightening of the belt, for a return to toil and sweat, in short, for a sharp cut in our standard...

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Company Notes

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M R. W. E. fluruN, chairman of Butlin's Limited, gave shareholders, last week, a colourful picture of past and future events. For the past, for the first time in the history of...

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Investment Notes

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By CUSTOS i DID suggest on July 7 that most of the 196 i g ains in equity shares might be wiped oat', the Chancellor's corrective measures V ic . r I tougher than the market...

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Boredom By KATHARINE WH1TEHORN WAITING ROOM, GARE DE LYONS ENGLISH students of French classical tragedy are apt to take the edge off their sufferings by translating the word...

Consuming Interest

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Powder Room By LESLIE ADRIAN FORG IV E me if .someone has said it before, but our affluent society is threatening to become a flatulent society. The According to my...

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Postscript . • •

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I HADN'T meant to go to the Soviet Exhibition. I know already that' most of the things I am in- terested in, the Soviet Union isn't particularly good at, and that what they are...