23 JANUARY 1904

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M OST of the news from the Far East this week

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is of the nature of gossip, and much of it not untainted with a suspicion of bias. Russia has deadly foes among journalists, while, on the other hand, there are financiers on...

line have had their homes destroyed, and are at present

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besieged at the different Government stations. At the time- of the outbreak the Governor was absent on the expedition against the Bondelswarts in the south, more than twenty...

The policy of China in this affair is still a

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mystery. She professes cold neutrality, but she begins to grant, especially to America, the very concessions that Russia most resists. Moreover, she is silently gathering up...

conflict than the growth of hostile feeling between America and

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Russia. The feeling in St. Petersburg appears to be that America, as a new and distant Power, has no business to interfere in questions which concern Europe ; while the American...

The speech delivered by the Prussian Minister of Finance to

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the Prussian Landtag is worth the consideration of those who waver between Free-trade and Protection. Baron von Rheinbaben had a prosperity Budget to introduce, the revenue...

The Social Democrats in Germany have raised a very nasty

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question in the Reichstag. Through Herr Haase and Herr Bebel, they on Tuesday accused the Government of "blacking Russia's boots." It appears that Russian spy departments are...


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Mr. Chamberlain delivered what every one expected to be his

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great speech at the Guildhall on Tuesday afternoon to an audience which, though interested and in part favourable, was not enthusiastic. We have perhaps said enough of the...

The Bishop of Hereford (Dr. Percival) has issued in the

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form of a letter to a correspondent, not named, a passionate protest against Mr. Chamberlain's proposals. He refused, he says, to interfere in the recent election at Ludlow, but...

We Publish in our correspondence columns evidence of a most

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outrageous attempt on the part of the Rand Daily Mail to pervert the testimony of Mr. Creswell and misrepresent the attitude of the Spectator in regard to the Chinese labour...

Very little information is given to the public as to

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the advance into Tibet. Colonel Younghusband, much hampered by deaths among his transport animals, is moving slowly towards the end of the Chumbi Valley; and as yet the Tibetan...

As for the Tariff Commission, it was a bold move

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to apply that term to a body the great majority of whom were personally interested in the decisions of the questions which they had to consider. Replying to the charge that he...

The Duke of Devonshire was the principal speaker at a

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meeting organised by the local branch of the Unionist Free-Food League at Liverpool on Tuesday night. luau interesting survey, the Duke observed that in all the historic...

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Mr. Arnold-Forster, at a dinner of the Liverpool Conser- vative

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Club on Thursday, delivered an excellent speech on Army reform. We must not, he said, confine our attention to the Report of the War Commission, and waste time trying to...

The Chancellor of the Exchequer made a speech at Staly-

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bridge on Wednesday which, so far as we see, conveys nothing, except that Mr. Austen Chamberlain is faithful to his father. He uses almost precisely the same arguments, and even...

A society in Ireland styling itself the "Catholic Association" .--entirely

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unconnected with the "Catholic Association" of England—has recently rendered itself conspicuous by advo- cating the boycotting of Protestants. As the result of a meeting of the...

Mr. Balfour presided at a dinner given on Wednesday in

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Edinburgh to Mr. S. H. Butcher, who recently re- signed the Professorship of Greek in the University of Edinburgh, and made a most interesting speech in proposing the toast of...

being as under . :— Mr. L. Tillett (Liberal)

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••• 8,576 Mr. E. E. Wild (Conservative) 6,756 Mr. G. H. Roberts (Labour)... ... ••• 2,444 Majority of Liberal over Conservative 1,820 At the General Election of 1900 two...

The result of the Gateshead election is even more satis-

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factory than that of Norwich. Newcastle was one of the industrial centres specially chosen by Mr. Chamberlain for attack, and his efforts to demonstrate the ruin of local...

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MR. CHAMBERLAIN AT THE GUILD}TALT, which, till they have been

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stricken with megalomania, never entirely quits the night-watches of the prosperous. The reluctance to boast lest some hostile Deity should take offence is in us all, and Mr....

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G ERMA_NY has a troublesome war of her own brewing in

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her large barren colony of South- West Africa. The insurrection of the Bondelswarts- the so-called Hottentots—in the South of Namaqualand has been succeeded by a far more...

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T is of little use to argue any more about

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the proba- bilities of war and peace. the decision rests with the Czar, who either will or will not submit to a great diplomatic defeat at the hands of the Japanese. There is no...

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T HE first article in the Quarterly Review for January— an

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article, we may say in passing, which certainly does not lose in interest from not yielding to the new fashion in the Quarterly of being signed—gives a very clear account of the...

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N OW much longer, it has probably been asked in many

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quarters during the last few days, will there be allowed to continue that extraordinary anomaly, the right of the possessor of the estate of Audley End to present to the...

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W HEN a man bulks large in the eye of the

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world we are too apt to read his character only in his public acts and speeches, forgetting that every man must also live "to him- Self," and that the public appearance may be...

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Or, to bring the same question nearer to our own

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time, what would the inhabitant of London of, say, a hundred and fifty years ago be able to make out of the geography of London to-day ? Would be be able to find his way from...

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Though the effects of lightning in this country are not

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so frequently seen as to make the danger one of general appre- hension, as it is in South Africa, they are nevertheless far more serious and more frequently felt than is matter...

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(TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR.") Stu,—In reference to the letter appearing in your columns on December 19th, 1903, from Mr. F. H. P. Creswell on the subject of Asiatic...


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GERMAN SOUTH-WEST AFRICA: DR. HARTMANN'S COLONIAL SCHEME. [To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR." I SIR,—" The Eagle's talons glide over the heavy mass of the Black Continent...

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SIR, — Among the master-builders of the Empire Sir Stamford Raffles stands

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second to none in foresight and courage. To him we owe the maritime supremacy of Britain in the Far East. In 1819 he hoisted the British flag at Singapore, then "an almost...


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extraordinary how many of the men one meets are misled when Mr. Chamberlain comes to figures. The principal point in his latest speech is, I think, the fact that our exports...


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then are invalid now. And the chief new phenomenon to which they point is "dumping," which, though mentioned by List in the "forties" as a common English practice, is certainly...

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[To min EDITOR OP TEM "13PEcraroa."1

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SIR,—It will perhaps surprise the Spectator to learn that very many Liberal Unionists decline to be disbanded in the summary way proposed by the Duke of Devonshire, or to accept...


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Sra,—In your article in the Spectator of January 9th headed "Free-Trade and Home-Rule" you allude in a very fair and kindly manner to my paper in the current number of the...

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" SPECTATOR:] Srn,—Your dictum that the wit is altogether on the side of the Free-traders would seem to hold as good for America as for England. I doubt, at any rate, whether...


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Stn,—It has been suggested that farming is an example of a ruined industry. In the course of some inquiries which I have made recently I have come across a fact that you may...


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"SPECTATOR.1 Snt,—There is an argument for Protection for wheat, which, in spite of your prepossessions, you will perhaps allow me to state very briefly. It is the argument I...

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[To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—In the Spectator of

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December 26th sayings of Fenelon and of Addison were quoted in which the principles of political economy cast their shadows before. A far more extraordinary forecast of...


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SIR,—Men who, like the present writer, were young in the " sixties " of the last century will remember how Chinese Gordon" suppressed the Taeping Rebellion in China with his...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."' Sia,—I have read with much interest the article in the Spectator of January 2nd on the above subject. You suggest at the close of the article...


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[To THE EDITOR or TEl "SPECTATOR.."] SIR, — A few plain facts about the present state of affairs in European Turkey may interest your readers. Wherever the responsibility may...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR"] SIR, — I have read with the deepest interest your article under the above heading in the Spectator of January 9th. I have lived as much in as...


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SIR, — As one who has spent some time in the manufacturing districts of Yorkshire, I have read your article on the above subject with great interest. My personal impression,...

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ITO THE EDITOR OF THE 'SPECTATOR."] SIR,—With the greater part of your article on the above subject in the Spectator of January 2nd I can heartily agree. Human nature being...


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"SPECTATOR."] SIR,—In the kind and generous notice of a work bearing the above title which appeared in the Spectator for January 9th the reviewer aptly draws attention to an...

[To THE EDITOR OP ME "BintrzAroa.."]

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SIR,—In the article on the above subject in the Spectator of January 2nd, have not three very real worries inseparable from the present system of " tipping " been left out of...


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Sin,—You say (Spectator, January 2nd) that porters' wages are fixed at a certain sum because it is known that they will receive a certain sum of money per annum from passengers....

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SIR,—I was surprised in reading your article on the above

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subject in the Spectator of January 2nd to see " policemen " amongst the sundry recipients of the doles you there allude to. It would be interesting to know if your writer in...

Sra,—I think the writer of the article thus headed in

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the Spectator of January 9th is in error when he attributes to Southey that statement which called forth the Quaker lady's searching question. Surely it was S. T. Coleridge who...

Sir, &c., CHAS. BAKER. The Vicarage, Matlock Bath.

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QUOTH Caspar: "We have found the Place. Why tread The

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long road o'er again ? We who were dead, Need we return where roses bloom and fail, And all life's petals are in darkness shed ? Here would I stay, a tireless worshipper, Here...


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THE Englishman who is acutely distressed by the report of shortcomings in the German Army can hardly be human. The frank pleasure which the Germans took in our troubles is too...

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THE writer of a Life of Voltaire has an exceedingly

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difficult subject ; and we must say, to begin with, that Mr. Tallentyre's treatment is in many ways successful. He has painted a vivid picture of the extraordinary man who was,...

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COLONEL PILCHER has published his deductions from his experience in

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the late war in the hope that they may be of use to his comrades. We are quite certain that his hope will be realised. In these short notes there is more matter for reflection...

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IT seems to be admitted by both parties in the

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present con- troversy that, so far as the consumer is concerned, Free-trade is a benefit. It is, however, contended by the Protectionist that Free-trade is bad both for the...

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WHETHER it be an inevitable and irremediable outcome of an

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advanced civilisation or not, the fact remains that it grows increasingly harder to discover in contemporary fiction works in which literary or constructive ability is combined...

and Windus. 6s.)—The Mistress of Bonaventure is a Canadian story

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of life in the great prairie. Not only does the book give an admirable picture of the conditions of agricultural life in the Dominion, but from the opening, in which a most...

Letters Home. By W. D. Howells. (Harper and Brothers. 6s.)

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—What Hazlitt would have called "the perfection of" Mr. Howells's "inestimable art" has seldom been more deftly dis- played than in this novel. The medium which Mr. Howells has...

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The World's Work. January. Edited by Henry Norman, M.P. (W.

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Heinemann. is. net.)—The "fiscal battle" is, as one might suppose, as much in evidence here as anywhere. Mr. E. S. Grew has found a "ruined industry,"—the aniline dye...


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[Under this ;wading tos notic# nth Books of the lossk as have not teen reserved for soviets in other forms.] - Thomas Welbank Powle. (B. H. Blackwell.) — Many readers will be...


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Frafribus. By John Trent Bramston, M.A. (E. Arnold. 5s. net.)—Twenty-three out of the twenty-six sermons contained in this volume were preached in the school chapel at...

Lady Anne's Walk. By Eleanor Alexander. (E. Arnold. 7s. 6d.)

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—The title has been suggested, we take it, by some locality in the Archbishop's Palace at Armagh. Miss Alexander has made a very happy use of it, weaving into it various matters...

School. January. (John Murray. ad. net.)—This is anew venture which

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has our best wishes. It takes for its subject the whole of education, primary and secondary. Linked together as the two now are by a community of control, it is well that they...


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TILL QUARTERLIES. The Rclinbwrgh Review contains two very valuable articles on Mr. Chamberlain's revolutionary proposals. The first, entitled "The Tariff Controversy," after...

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New EDITIONS AND EZTRINTS.—In the "Illustrated Pocket Library of Plain

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and Coloured Books" (Methuen and Co., 38. 6d. net) we have Walton's Campleat Angler. The edition is, we are told, "founded on the second edition published by John Major in the...

Life of Philander Chase, First Bishop of Ohio and Illinois.

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By his Granddaughter, Laura Chase Smith. (Dutton and Co., New York.)—Philander Chase was born at Cornish, on the border of New Hampshire and Vermont, in 1775, the fifteenth...

Waiford's County Families of the United Kingdom. (Chatto and Wincing.

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50s.)—This "Manual of the Titled and Untitled Aristocracy" appears for the forty-fourth time. It is a work which is probably very difficult to keep up to date, and it has always...