23 MARCH 1934

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German Declarations

The Spectator

The various speeches delivered by German politicians' in the course of the past week provide ample food for reflection. First comes Herr Hitler at Munich, with the declaration...


The Spectator

Mil. ROOSEVELT is not merely the greatest living opportunist; he must be very nearly the greatest opportunist- of all time—to use the word, not in any derogatory sense, as...

OFFICES : 99 Gower St., London, 11r .C.1. Tel. :

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MUSEUM 1721. Entered as second-class Mail Matter at the New York, N.Y. Post Office, Dec. 23rd, 1896. Postal subscription 30s. per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on...

A New War on Overcrowding Sir Hilton Young's new housing

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statement is welcome as 'a 'promise of a great step forward by the Government. It has proceeded with much energy and success in its programme of slum-clearance, which will lead...

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Lord Gainford on Coal Royalties It is interesting to find

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Lord Gainford,. speaking as President of the Coal Industry Society, advocating the nationalization of the royalties, with a view to securing " the best underground working...

A B.B.C. Inquiry The meeting at the House of Commons

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on Monday between Sir John Reith and 150 Members of Parliament seems to have resolved itself into a testimonial to the merits of the Director-General of the B.B.C. Sir John...

The Shop and the Store Mr. Walter Elliot's pointed hint

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that the distributive trades of the country would do well to organize themselves in such a way that they can speak and negotiate with the Government as a single unit raises a...

The German Spy System The terror in Germany has to

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a large extent done its work, and therefore to a large extent been mitigated. But the decree regarding the secret police issued by General Goering last week gives some...

Civil Flying There is no country in the world to

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which civil aviation is a matter of such vital importance as it is to Britain— firstly, and mainly, owing to the need of speeding up and regularizing means of communication...

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Some Signs of Spring The hounds of spring may be

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on winter's traces•— spring began officially last Wednesday—but there is not much sign of their own traces so far. Among the customary outward portents of the season—other than...

The big debate in the House was concerned with Imperial

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Defence. Mr. Attlee made a most notably impartial and reasonable plea for a Ministry of Defence, which was countered by the Prime Minister with a description of how the existing...

Next come proposals for an increase in the flat rate

The Spectator

of benefit. It is pointed out in that connexion that if the taxpayer took over the debt of the Fund the cost (15,500,000) would be just about equal to the cost of restoring the...

EconomiC Sanctions Five Fellows of Oxford Colleges have issued a

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valuable and suggestive memorandum on the general question of economic sanctions, taking the view, which is entirely just, that if this country has any intention of carrying out...

Policing the ;Fishing Grounds There was something a little ingenuous

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about Mr. Noel Skelton's description in the House of Commons on Tues- day Of the efforts being made to design " Q-ships," which shall look like trawlers but be iri fact...

The Week in Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes : The

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chief interest of the week has been discussions in the lobbies rather than in the Chamber. These discussions have naturally concentrated chiefly on Budget prospects, and have...

The Juvenile Workless In his broadcast speech last Tuesday Mr.

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Lloyd George called attention to the favourable condition of London in regard to unemployment as contrasted with cities in the north. This fact is worth bearing in mind when we...

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The Spectator

T HE EMPEROR WILHELM II once assured Austria that lie would be found at her side in shining armour in ease of need. Vigorous though he can be in expression himself, Signor...

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The Spectator

T HE statement of policy, issued by Sir Herbert . Samuel on behalf of himself, his colleagues and the Liberal Party Organizations, is an attempt to compress into narrow compass...

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For once in a way I rather wish I had

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seen the boat-race instead of listening to it. The broadcast was less . success- ful than usual. No one would have gathered fro m it that Bradley put on what some critics...

Memories are short, and I suppose the announcement Of the

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death of General Stuart-Wortley this week will have recalled to comparatively few of those who noticed it the famous Daily Telegraph interview with the Kaiser which helped to...


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" T N our private lives we have learnt to consider the - .11. rights and feelings of our neighbours. If we did the • same in international affairs world-peace would be more...

The Master of the Temple, after being considered well in

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the running for the Bishopric of Ely—now filled by the quite unexpected appointment of Bishop of Hull— is, I see, being mentioned both for the Deanery of St. Paul's and the...

A visit to the Exhibition of British Art just before

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it closed last Saturday left one impression, at any rate, on my mind. While landscape, the glory of English painting, was very meagrely represented, of portraits there was...

In apologizing for intruding into a sphere not properly his

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own when he delivered the first Clarke-Hall memorial . lecture on Monday, the Archbishop of York was perhaps • forestalling the kind of criticism that his incursion into...

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The Spectator

By H. POWYS GREENWOOD T HE difficulty of giving an exhaustive description of National Socialism and its results within the limits of space available for this series of articles...

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WILLIAM MORRIS (Born March 24th, 1834)

The Spectator

By LORD OLIVIER W ILLIAM MORRIS was an Aesthete—a name which, the Industrial Revolution having well nigh destroyed the thing, had to be borrowed from Greek and can only be...

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By SIR. CHARLES GRANT ROBERTSON (Principal and Vice-Chancellor of Birmingham University) B Y " children" is meant boys and girls under the age of sixteen, and, therefore,...

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By HERBERT PALMER A PPROACHING Whipsnade from the south you gather it quickly into view by fixing your eyes on the figure of a huge white lion which has been cut deeply into...

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The Spectator

By EDMUND BLUNDEN P ERCHED in the upheaved roots of the fallen elm, I got my share of the mid-day sun, and missed some of the still spiteful wind ; and if at moments the sun...

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The Spectator

By ANTHONY BUXTON I HAVE been asked on a raw wet day in March to write something " springish " connected with birds. There is, and there has been for some time, a Missel Thrush...

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The Spectator

By JOSEPH F. DUNCAN S COTLAND is one of the most sparsely populated countries in Europe, and one of the most highly industrialized. It has only 9 per cent. of its occupied...

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By ALDOUS HUXLEY T HE Bull Dance is celebrated round about Christmas time ; but already, though we were only in Lent, the Indians had started their preparations for it. News...


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By S. K. RATCLIFFE T HE last surviving daughter of the most popular poet who ever wrote in English; has just died in Cambridge, Massachusetts, at the age of 78. Annie Allegra...

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Human Histories

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THE multitudinous dead, like books unread, Are somewhere in the library of Time. Glimpses we get, of what they felt and said, Humdrum and homely, or loftily sublime ; But...


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[D'UN CORRESPONDANT PARISIEN] L E serpent de mer est-il un animal legendaire enfant6 par l'imagination de quelque brillant nouvelliste, ou repond-il vraiment a une realite...

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The Spectator

TU Constant Nymph.-This version of Margaret Kennedy's novel, directed by Basil Dean, suffers from lack of time for character - development but has many good scenes. Vietofia...

"La Robe Rouge." At the Academy

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Tins French talkie is based on a play by Brieux which is said to have led to a repeal of the French law permitting the examina- tion of prisoners in the absence of their...

The Cinema

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" The Emperor Jones." At the Marble Arch Pavilion ABOUT half of this film is over before Brutus Jones, the ambitious negro, reaches the island which is the scene of Eugene...

A Broadcasting Calendar

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FRIDAY, MARCH 23rd 2.25 The Grand National described from Aintree : R. C. Lyle and W. Hobbiss. .. N. 7.15 Annuals : the Hon. V..Sackville-West. Suggestions from a practical -...

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The Spectator

Farmer and gamekeeper are slow to learn that birds are their friends, not their enemies. The occasional folly and mischief of a friend make more impression than his plodding...

With a elithate so uncertain, the best evidence that winter

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is over is our own behaviour rather than the weather, which may be as stormy and cold as January or as serene as September. Small boys have been spinning tops for three weeks...

The Tolpuddle Martyrs On March 19th, one hundred years ago,

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six labourers of Tolpuddle, Dorset, were condemned to seven years' trans- portation for having formed a union at which an oath was taken. Their wages were seven shillings a...

The Flower Harvest The Penzance Flower Show was held last

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week. Few of us are so blessed as to be able to live in the shelter of Mount's Bay, where there really is no winter. In the Midlands a daffodil is in flower here and there, but...

But in altering the breeding season, man has to assume

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the responsibility of providing food and shelter unavailable in natural conditions. This is expensive, and so, where out-of- season breeding shows no advantage, he does not...

Adaptable Nature.

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The way of animals is to bear their young in the spring, so that they can mature, or advance to independence, under the kindest conditions of weather and with an abundance of...

• Country Life

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Official Spring Spring, bearing gifts, is no more to be trusted than the Greeks. She is as fickle and treacherous, and as devious and protracted in fulfilment. What she weaves...

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The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The following may interest Colonel Elliot. The famous Mahommedan traveller, Ibn Batuta, who was in the service of Sultan Muharnmad,Bin...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Dr. Wilson's article again tempts me to ask for a little space to take up the cudgels in defence of the farmer. I admit that it is,...

Letters to the Editor

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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one . of our " News of the Week" paragraphs. Signed...

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The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—The letters in your issue of March 10th from H. C. A. Colville and W. A. Bread seem to me exactly to touch the root of the problem in its...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Mr. Robert Anderson says that " because a woman decides that she wishes to be a minister, it does not follow that a church must accept her...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I ignored Captain Bernard Acworth's original letter as being beneath serious notice. That judgement would appear correct in the light of...

[To . the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.]

The Spectator

Sin.—It is worth while considering the detailed account which Dr. J. H. Dewey of New York gives of his experience of the Rope Trick, on p. 298 of New Testament Occultism,...

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HOMECROF TS [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Mr. Graves

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asks how a homecrofting group are to pay for the attentions of doctors and dentists. The answer, put into the fewest words, is as follows : (a) The group con- tribute their work...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—Some time ago I contributed an article to your pakes upon Empire Sanatoria." I am now spending a winter in Jamaica, and so far as this...


The Spectator

EVEN whilst I watch him I am remembering The quick laugh of the wasp gold eyes. The column turning from the staring pane Even while I see I remember, for love Is soaked in...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Mr. Michael Roberts is very careless or wilfully mis- leading, for in quoting my lines from the letter addressed to my young friend, Roy...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Mr. Gerald Heard, in his interesting review of the book In Defence of Miracles : A New Argument for God and Survival, by Mr. Malcolm...

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THE . SPEcTATOR MARCH 23rd, 1934

The Spectator


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Pigs, Be British

The Spectator

By GRAHAM GREENE THE pig in our literature has always been credited with qualities peculiarly British. Honest, a little stupid, com- mercially-minded perhaps, but with a trace...

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The German Tragedy

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The Tragedy of a Nation : Germany 1918 - 1934. By Prince Hubertus Lowenstein. With an Introduction by Wickham Steed. (Faber and Faber. 7s. 6d.) Tim author of this challenging...

The End of Queen Aime

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England Under Queen Anne. III. The Peace and the Protestant Succession. By George Macaulay Trevelyan. 0.31. (Li:I:igniting. 21s.) %Vim this volume, Professor Trevelyan's...

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Henry McCardie

The Spectator

Mr. Justice McCardie. By Goargo Pollock. (John Lane. 15s.) Tins, as the dust cover informs us, is " the official biography " of the late Mr. Justice McCardie compiled by a...

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The Circling Year

The Spectator

; The Yeoman's England. By Si William Beach Thomas. (Maclehose. 8s. 6d.) NATURE—if one may retain this old and convenient figure—. has provided a good many pleasing puzzles for...

Change in Africa

The Spectator

An African Speaks for his People. By Parmenas Githendu Mockerie. With a Foreword by Professor Julian Huxley. (The Hogarth Press. 3s. 6d.) " IT is one thing," says Professor...

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Academic Psychology

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Hypnosis and Suggestibility. By Clark L. Hull, Ph.D. (Appleton - Century Co. 15s.) ALTHOUGH it is common knowledge that acute differences exist between various schools of...

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A Conservative Democrat

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Salvidge of Liverpool : Behind the Political Scene, 1890-1928. By Stanley Salvidge. (Hodder and Stoughton. 18s.) STANLEY SALVIDGE, the son of Sir Archibald Salvidge, did not...

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My Life as German and Jew. By Jacob Wassermann. (Allen and Unwin. 7s. 6d.) WERE it not for the recent events in Germany, Herr Wasser- mann's book might be dismissed as the work...

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The American Transcendentalist

The Spectator

The Life of Emerson. By Van Wyck Brooks. (Dent. 10s. 6d.) ACCEPTING the title of this book in its most literal and limited sense, Mr. Brooks has done his work very finely...

The Seventeenth Century Synthesis

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The Seventeenth Century Background. By Basil Willey. (Chatto and Windus. 12s. 6c1.) ENGLISII historians have not as a rule been attracted to the writing of histories of English...

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The Ivory Tower

The Spectator

Paul Valery. By G. Turquet-Milnes. (Cape. 5s.) IT is surprising that the work of Paul Valery and Charles Maurras should not have been more deliberately studied in this country...

Vincent Van Gogh

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Van Gogh. By Peter Burra. (Duckworth. 2s.) Tins short biography of Van Gogh appears in the series known 'as Great Lives," and within the limits thus imposed, Mr. Burnt has done...

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The Tolpuddle Martyrs

The Spectator

The Tolpuddle Martyrs: By Marjorie Firth and Arthur Hopkinson ; with a Foreword by the Right Hon. Waltei Elliot, M.P. (Martin Hopkinson. 3s. 6d.) CiN March 19th, 1834, at....

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Eternal People—Eternal Problem

The Spectator

The Jews in the Modern World. By Dr. A. Ruppiu. (Mae. raisin. .15s.). .- _ _ - • • 014E - outcome of recent events in Europe has been a spate of literature concerning the...


The Spectator

Mozart On The Way To Prague. By Eduard Moerike. (Blackwell. 5s.) Was: is a " fragment of imaginative composition " short and not at all to the point, but at least short, which...

Rilke's Lyrics

The Spectator

Poems. By Rainer Maria Rilke. Translated by J. B. Leishmarm (The Hogarth Press. 3s. tid.) RILKE is one of the most significant of modern poets. His work is difficult, but it has...

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A Satirist in the Savannah

The Spectator

Ninety-Two Days. By Evelyn Waugh. (Duckworth. 12s. 6d.) ON the dust-wrapper Mr. Waugh confronts us with a prismatic compass and an air of determination. He needed both. His 92...

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The Happy Journalist

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HERE we have the reminiscences of a man who glories in his trade. He has been a journalist all his life since he was fifteen, has climbed up every rung of the ladder from...

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The Spectator

By BONAMY DOBREE • 7s. 6d.) A FORTNIGHT ago I ventured. to suggest that the English novel often failed to make its effect - because the author s did not stick to their theme,...

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Gramophone Notes -

The Spectator

Records of Chamber Music WITH the exception of a Finale to the Quartet in B Flat, Op. 130 and an isolated Rondo, the String Quartet in F Major, Op. 133 was the last piece of...

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The Modern Home

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Redecoration [Enquiries arising out of articles on " The- Modern Home" should be addressed to the Editor of TRH SPECTATOR, 99 Gower Street, W.C. 1, and marked " Modern Home" in...

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Oberammergau : The World's Greatest Drama Tim secluded village of Oberammergau, nestling in a valley of the fir-clad Bavarian Highlands, will be a Mecca this sum- mer for...

The Travel Manager will be glad to assist readers in

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their arrangements for visit to Oberinnmergau. Please address your inquiry-to the Travel Manager, THE SPECTATOR, 99 Gower Street, W.C. 1, and enclose stamped envelope for reply.

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Spring on the Roads of the World FOR a thousand adventurous families next week is one of the most important of the whole year, for at the end of it the cars that have been laid...

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The Spectator

Protecting the Investor SOMEWHERE near the top of almost all Prospectuses of new Issues of Capital, the Investor will find a statement to the following effect : " Application...

Financial Notes

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RELAPSE AND RECOVERY. THE Stock Markets during the past week have experienced both a relapse and a recovery. The former, which was specially pronounced in English Railway...

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The Spectator

Although the profits of Apollinaris and Presta, Ltd., for the past year showed a small decline compared with the previous year, this is accounted for by the fact that some heavy...


The Spectator

The report of the Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China for the-year 1933 shows an upward tendency in profits Which amounted to £467,467 - as compared with £454,499 in...


The Spectator

In examining the report of Maple & Co. for the year ending January 31st last it must be noted that the comparison is with a previous-report covering-thirteen months. Therefore,...


The Spectator

This Society seems to go from strength to strength, and the report covering the Operations for the year ended January 31st last- shows that during the year there were large...


The Spectator

It is always pleasant to comment upon a prosperous Home Industrial concern, especially when that prosperity is pro- gressive. The reports of Cerebos, Limited, almost incline one...

Those companies engaged in the export of frozen meat from

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Argentina have had of late to face considerable diffi- culties, and in view of that fadt and the experience of a few years ago, the latest report of the Smithfield and Argentine...

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" The Spectator" Crossword No. 78 Br XANTJIIPPE.

The Spectator

IA prize of one guinea trill be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this werk's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked " Crossword Puzzle,"...