26 MAY 1933

Page 1

The reaction as a result of M. Paul-Boncour's speech on

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Tuesday was carried too far. ' That utterance represented France's first word, not • her last. - She still demands security as the price of disarmament, but that is inherent in...

News of the Week

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HO - PES* and anxieties have alternated - rather dis- itirbingly at Geneva in the past week. The statement with which Mr. Norman Davis supplemented President Roosevelt's...

OFFICES : 99 Gower St., London, W.C. I. Tel. :

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MusEUM 1721. Entered as 'second-ekes Mail Matter at the New York N.Y. Post Office, Dec. 23rd, '1896. Postal subscription 30s. per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on...

Japan at Peking It is a deplorable commentary on the

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importance of the Powers organized for collective action through the League of Nations that Japan, having seized first Mukden, and then the whole of Manchuria, by a coup which...

Page 2

* * The South African Election South Africa has got

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the National Government of Mr. Tielman Ro6s's desires, and Mr. Tielman Roos, rather unexpectedly, has lost the seat he was standing for at Rustenburg in the Transvaal. He...

The Police and Their Future The debate on the Police

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Bill in the House of Commons on Tuesday confirms the impression that the subject will need careful handling if serious discontent in the force is to be avoided. The Opposition...

The Size of Classes It appears from a circular issued

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by the Board of Eduea• tion that the Government, not content with economies today, is actually preparing the way for further econo- mies on education as far ahead as 1935-6. It...

Taxing the " Co-ops " The arguments for and against

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subjecting co-operative societies, as well as private traders, to taxation on their undistributed reserves were well put in the House on Monday by Mr. Chamberlain and Sir...

The Price of Ability It was absolutely essential that the

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services of the m en who have brought the London traffic combine to the highest degree of efficiency and smoothed the way for the creation of the London Passenger transport...

Dr. Sprague's Translation For Dr. 0. M. Sprague to find

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himself one day Adviser to the Bank of England and the next Adviser to the President of the United States is a sufficiently sharp tran- sition, which loses nothing of its effect...

Page 3

" The Spectator " and Scotland The special Scottish number

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which The Spectator issues once a year is not designed to engulf English readers with .a Caledonian torrent. A number of articles on later pages dealing specifically with...

Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes : The event of the

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week has been a revolt upon an unusual scale against the Government's proposal to subject the undis- tributed profits of Co-operative Societies to Income Tax. This was not...

Finally, the proposals can only result in making the societies

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more political, and that will not be a change for the better. These considerations were excellently advanced during the debate by Lieut.-Commander Bower and by several other...

The Exiled German Teachers On no group of Germans has

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the fury of Nazi intolerance fallen more hardly or more lamentably than on learned men engaged in teaching and investigation work ; and a number of distinguished men of learning...

The Hesitant Liberals The demand of the National Liberal Federation

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that the Liberal Party in the House of Commons should cross the floor and sit, as it is for the most part already voting, in opposition, raises the old question of the relation...

Mr. Gandhi's Future If. as there seems every reason to

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believe, Mr. Gandhi sur. - ives his fast, which is due to end on Monday, he may find himself in the rather new position, satisfactory to all parties concerned, of an unofficial...

Page 4

The Return of Hope

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T HE Economic Conference is due to open in little more than a fortnight's time. It is three and a half years since the storm burst. It is a year since Lausanne. It is four...

Page 5

A Changing Metropolis “y 011 cannot step twice into the same

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London,' is an adaptation of the Heracleitian proverb which occurs naturally to us as we read the second and final Report of the Greater London Regional Planning Committee. That...

Page 6

A Spectator' s Notebook

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T HERE is so far very little in the nature of fireworks about Mr. Lloyd George's reminiscences, which the Daily Telegraph is at present publishing. Every view of any aspect of...

If it is part of the function of the Middlesex

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.County Eleven to bring cricket into disrepute, their performance at Cambridge on Tuesday must be regarded .as a brilliant contribution towards that achievement, Cambridge,...

A little item of information, to which no one is

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likely to have paid much attention, in the City columns of last week's papers, is worth more publicity than it has so far had. It is to the effect that the Bristol Evening Post,...

* . * The arrival of Mr. T. V. Soong,

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the Chinese Finance Minister, in this country next week may be an event of real importance. Mr. Soong, who is the backbone of the Nanking Government, combines with great...

Page 7

Is Liberalism Dead ?

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BY THE RT. Hox. H. A. L. }'Isms. F OR the first time in her long history all Germany has listened to the voice of an orator. The clear, brief, ringing sentences, the musical...

Page 8

Education in Scotland

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By PROFESSOR BASIL WILLIAMS. S COTLAND has a long and fine tradition of sound education. Even before the Reformation, while England had only two Universities, a number not to...

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Mechanization and Progress By PROFESSOR T. E. Gal:Golly.

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[An article by Mr. Dennis Robertson. on " Is Mechanization a Danger? " appeared in last week's SPEcTATou.1 I HOPE that my readers will remember that delicious ending of Chapter...

Page 10

The Scotsman's View of England

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BY MORAY MCLAREN'. H ISTORY and geography, between them, have seldom contrived anything more amusingly inap- propriate than when they decided that the English and Scottish...

Page 11

Limelight and Letters

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BY MOTIF. IT has long been a popular fallacy that the author is, by virtue of his profession, a more interesting creature than the rest of us. His calling has been invested...

Page 12

The Outlook for Scottish Industry

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BY SIR JAMES LITHGOW. S COTLAND has for long been regarded as one of the principal industrial districts of the British Isles. She owes that position partly to natural...

Page 13

The Bridge

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BY NEIL M. GUNN. D ONALD'S father was responsible for English in a large secondary school -in a Scots industrial town, a slight fair man who at irregular intervals told the...

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Kunst und Politik

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IVO.* EINE3I DEUTSCHEN KORRESPONDENTEN.] - IRAS nationalsozialistische Deutschland hat zwei Martyrerfiguren, mit denen es Propaganda macht. Die eine ist Horst Wessel, der . in...

Page 15


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A Letter from Oxford [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] is many years since Oxford enjoyed such weather for the Sunimer Eights. Even if fashions in dress are not quite so strict...

Page 16


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Portraits ON Wednesday there was dispersed at Sotheby's one more of the great English collections of pictures, that, namely, from Ditchley, the seat of the Lee and then of the...


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"The Late Christopher Bean." Adapted from the French of Rena Fauchois by Emlyn Williams. At the St. James's Theatre. THE gods have queer ways of showing their affection. Chris-...

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Charles Rennie MacKintosh Exhibition

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MEMORIAL Art Exhibitions have an unfortunate knack of containing work that is neither old enough to have developed popular historic interest nor modern enough to attract the...

II.—A Moorlander Looks Forward to a Bride

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A WOMAN'S een where fiat's as scarce as here ? Her nails in sic a place like stars 'ud glow ! Fegs, it's nae vilipendin she's to fear. I'm used to makin' the maist o' sma'...

A Hundred Years Ago

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" THE SPECTATOR," MAY 25111, - 1833. Our Parliamentary chronicle this week is a brief one : for, although a considerable amount of business was got through, it has not,...

Two Poems

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I.—Iolaire As an eagle stirs up her nest, Flutters over her young, 'Urges them into the air, and, swooping under, Takes the strugglers pick-a-back for a space, Would the...

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* * * * The country of the Pennines and

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the Yorkshire dales is bleak and wind-swept,, and the dale and mountain soil harsh and barren. Corn there is little grown, and generally speaking it cannot be grown. But the...

The bleak mountain land of the North, especially Yorkshire, is

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patterned and chess-boarded with stone fences. But here on the Welsh Border the fields are divided off by green hedges or fences—not of hawthorn, but of hazel. Here and there a...

Country Li f e AT the moment of writing this I am

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staying in a Border Country, in the dale of the Mon Honddu. Here Wales and England meet. The people for the most part look neither quite Welsh nor quite Saxon (for there is such...

Worst of all, tarred roads are destructive to the life

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of the streams and little rivers. If the tar is of the kind that is soluble in water, the rain-wash from them slowly destroys, not only the trout and grayling, but also the...

An Anglo-Welsh friend has just written me a long letter,

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from which I cull some interesting sentences. He says, " A that running stream or river is, I think, one of the most beautiful things on earth; but to see the way the Welsh...

The land over here in this Welsh-English mountain country of

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Monmouthshire is rich land for a mountain land. The sheep and cattle are fat. The grass is very green, and almost luscious. The red soil yields easily to the plough and grows...

What my friend says about the Welsh may be true.

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But here on this part of the Welsh Border the rivers are exactly what God intended them to be. I have seen no rubbish jammed between the boulders or lying on the sand or gravel...

Page 19

Letters to the Editor

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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our News of the Week" paragraphs.—Ed. Tut:...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR, -The Chancellor of the Exchequer having failed to smooth the passage of co-operative taxation by obtaining the consent of the societies to...

Page 20


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Most readers of The Spectator will be in sympathy with the Bishop of Plymouth's brave-hearted and broad-minded. article, " On Reading the...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The amiable Bishop of

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Plymouth is surely himself the head and front of the offending parties who are responsible for the decay in reading the Bible. In his interesting contri- bution to The...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I cannot follow up and correct in detail Mr. Gedge's column and a half in your issue of May 19th. You might not thank me. What Mr. Gedge...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—When Mr. Dennis Robertson closes his able article, " Is Mechanization a Danger ? " with—" the growth of capital will continue to reduce...

Page 21


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[To the Editor of TILE Senc-raTon..] Sui,—The protracted correspondence of Mr. W. F. Pelton, from whom a further letter appeared last week, reveals a man whose vision is not...


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[To the Editor of TIIE SPECTATOR.] Stn,—All bird-lovers are grateful to Lord Buxton for his labours in the House of Lords Select Committee and for his article in The Spectator....

[S . o the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.]

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Sia,—In response to II. 0. S.'s challenge I beg to state that it was recently reported in the Press that in resentment of a ruling of the chairman, unfavourable to Russia, some...

Page 22

House has • had a large place in May Meeting

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week, and always with the intensest interest and pleasure. But this year it was with mixed feelings. In my , humble judgement this year's Exhibition, in many directions, is...

THE AUTO-DA-FE [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] .

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find in last. week's number of The Spectator an anti- German cartoon by Louis. Raemaekers, who, as is pointed out on the same page, " did so notable a service to the Allied'...

- A HISTORY OF TOYNBEE HALL - [To the Editor of.

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THE SPECTATOR.] —Teynbee Hall will celebrate next year the 'fiftieth anniversary of its foundation as a residental settlement, and - to mark the occasion there will • be...


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Autobiography AGES with ages, states with states hold strife In this my brief immeasurable life. A child, in Adam's field I dreamed away My one eternity and hourless day, '...

Page 23

Contemporary Scottish Literature

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fly ERIC LLNICLATER. THE recent growth of national consciousness in Scotland ha produced an interesting dichotomy on the one hand are literary Wee Frees, on the other...

Page 24

Rossetti's Madonna

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Trial by Virgins. Fragment of a Biography, By David Larg. (Peter Davies. les. 6d.) Tin other day Miss Violet Hunt wrote a clever book in her best vein of mordant analysis about...

Mary, Queen of Scots .

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Mary, Queen of Scots. By Erie Linklater. (Peter Davies. 6s.) IT is appropriate that the lives of most of the great figures in Scottish history should be wrapped in obscurity :...

Page 25

Monetary Problems Monetary Policy and the Depression. Report by a

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group of experts set up by the Royal Institute of International Affairs. (Oxford University Press. 7s. 6d.) Tins volume is a first report prepared for the instruction of the...

The Western Lowlands

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The R.A.C. County Road Map. Glasgow and the Lowlands. (Burrovis. 2s.) Mn. CUTI1BERTSON has made a name for himself as a writer on Highland Highways skilled in blending...

Page 26

A Cycle in the History of the Kirk

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Wrra the publication of the second volume of this work—the former volume appeared some time ago—Dr. J. R. Fleming completes his " popular history " of the Church in. Scotland in...

The Quest of the Absolute

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The Great Wall of China and Other Pieces. By Franz Kafka. Translated by Edwin and Willa Muir. (Seeker. 7s. 6d.) FRA...NZ KAFKA, who died in 1924, first became widely known in...

Page 28

A Scots Sheriff's E-xperiences

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Scarrisu sheriffs have a reputation for kindly humour, and 1 Sheriff Shennan fully maintains the credit of his order. He explains, for the Southron's benefit, that a...

Antiquities of Fife

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Antiquities of Fife. The Report of the . Royal Commission on Ancient Monuments of Scotland for Fife, Kinross and Clack- mannan. (H.M. Stationery Office, Edinburgh. £1 17s. 6d.)...

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Birds in the- North

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Northward Ho ! For Birds. By Ralph Chislett. (Country Life. _ I5s.) Birds of the Faildand Islands. By Arthur F. Cobb, (Witherby. 7s. 6d.) _ THE camera has proved an invaluable...

Highland Songs of the Forty-five

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Highland Songs of the Forty-five. Edited by J. L. Campbell. (Edinburgh : John Giant. 1138:) ' THE recent revival of interest in the romantic career of Prince Charlie should...

Page 31

The Modern Scot

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The Modern Scot: Summer, Autumn, Whiter, 1932. Spring, 1933. (The Abbey Book Shop, St. Andrews. 2s. each number.) The Modern Scot in the last two years has assumed the toga...

Page 32

Behold the Hebrides "

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CC Searching the Hebrides with a Camera. By Alasdair Alpin MacGregor. (Harrap. 7s. 6d.) EVER since Neil Munro fashioned for himself an "Aebudean English"- a stylized way of...

Travels Far and Near

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IN The Flying Carpet Mr. Hallibniton's "Royal Road to Romance " of a previous book gets broader and more flowery than ever. He is a hierophant of the 'Americin cult of going...

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BY WILLIAM PLOMER No doubt there are reasons why members of the theatrical profession have in various times and places been obliged to occupy the position of a caste, even a low...

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THE BOOK OF TALBOT By Violet Clifton .

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This is an amazing book, for Talbot. Clifton was an amazing man. He should have been an Elizabethan -soldier-pirat e - explorer, but, being born - to a , large estate in the...


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" In this book on Claude Debussy," declares M. Vallas, " have avoided all biographical details the publication of which might be deemed premature and indiscreet. The secrets of...

RICHARD COEUR DE LION By Clennell Wilkinson

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matter from that section of English history which' we call The life of Richard Ccieur de Lion is 'a surprisingly different Richard I, 1189-1199. Richard was probably the most...

Current Literature

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SCOTTISH ABBEYS AND MONASTIC LIFE By G. G. Coulton Dr. Coulton's learned studies of mediaeval monasticism have involved-him in much controversy and, partly owing to his vigour...

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The highest compliment one can pay this book, Enchanted Ways (Dent, 5s.) is to say that it puts the individualist, whether pedestrian or motorist, into a 'state of minor panic....


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Klein * _ Mr. Klein became a 'music critic in -1874, and at one time he was contributing simultaneopsly to five different publications, feeling it his " duty to write about...


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The University of -Edinburgh Graduates' Association represents an attempt to band together former students all over the world on the model of the American " Alumni "...


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Scotland as a Touring Centre By J. INGLIS KER. THERE is something in the spell of Scotland which, like the refrain of an old song, once encountered, captures our imagination...

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A Letter from Scotland

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR, —Even a fleeting visit to this country makes it evident to any one with eyes to see that Scottish architecture has a tradition and...

Page 42

Golf in Scotland

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BY FRANK MORAN. YOUR ideas and mine as to the place and the programme when you have arrived may be as poles apart, but we stand on common ground at any rate in this—that if you...

Angling in Scotland

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BY WILLIAM ROBERTSON, M.D. IF a line is drawn from Aberdeen on the East Coast to an opposite point on the West side of Scotland, the area North of that imaginary line will...

Page 44


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A feature of the annual report of the Liverpool and London and Globe Insurance Company for the past year is the excellent results disclosed by the Fire department, wha,e profit...

Financial Notes

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POLITICAL MARKETS. DouvEss in the market for high- class investment stocks end firmness in most of the other sections of the House describe conditions on the Stock Exchange...


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At the recent meeting of shareholders of Hambros Bank, Mr. R. Olaf Hambro, the Chairman and Managing Director, made some interesting references to conditions in the countries in...


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Although, of course, by reason of its wide ramifications , the report of the Royal Insurance Company reflects some of the unfavourable conditions which have affected fire and...

Finance—Public & Private

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Banking in Scotland IT is IliffiCHlt when glancing over the records of Scottish banking not merely for the past year; but for the past three years, not to feel that the...


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At first sight the reaction in British Government stocks is a little surprising in view of the continued cheapness of money. The public is still unable to get more than per...

Page 46


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Although in the Fire and Accident Accounts the net premiums for the past year were somewhat smaller, the report of the Sun Insurance shows Some very satisfactory . results....


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The rise in the price of gold and the idea that it may rise higher has occasioned a good, deal of speculative buying of Gold Mining shares. Just, however, as the cautious...