27 AUGUST 1932

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The Ottawa Balance-Sheet Ottawa, which might have ended in hot

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air, has in fact ended, as the agreements now published show, in hard business. More than once it was harder business than most of the British delegates had counted on. Imperial...

Unpublished Schedules As to Canada and Australia, all the world

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is allowed to learn so far is that measures will be submitted to their Parliaments providing for preferences, of a degree un- disclosed, over a wide range of British imports...

News of the Week

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F' HE situation in Germany is more critical than ever as result of the death sentences passed at Beuthen on Monday on five Nazis who had broken into the house of a Communist...


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Subscription to the SPECTATOR costs 'Thirty Shillings 'per annum, including postage, to any part of the world. The SPECTATOR i8 registered as a Newspaper. The Postage on this...

Gain and Loss The most serious aspect of Ottawa is

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the effect it may have on our relations with certain foreign countries with which our trade associations have been particularly close. The Argentine papers are in loud complaint...

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The Next Step in India The Government's decision on the

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communal question has aroused general criticism in India. That, as a first reaction, was inevitable. The various Indian elements were unable to reach agreement themselves...

The Lancashire Dispute It was high time that some mediator

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intervened in the cotton trade disputes which have been steadily becoming more embittered as the state of the industry has worsened. The Deputy Lord Mayor of Manchester, in...

The Moral of St. Hilary What emerges from the miserable

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St. Hilary Church episode is the urgent need for some legal enactment whereby Consistory Courts may be empowered to give effect to their decisions. To leave it open to any...

Stamping Out Slavery The steps the Emperor of Ethiopia is

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taking for the abolition of slavery in his realms justify some faith in the reality of human progress. The world has been shocked in recent years by the publication of...

Japan and Manchuria The intention of Japan to recognize the

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new State of Manchukuo is now definitely announced. It would indeed be surprising if the Government at Tokyo refrained from recognizing what its own ingenuity had devised, its...

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A Brilliant Explorer Like Scott and Shackleton, Mr. H. G.

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Watkins has died among the ice on which he had stamped his person- ality. Like them he had great achievements to his credit. Unlike them he had before him almost a life-time's...

The XI for Australia With the addition of Mitchell, of

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Derbyshire, the M.C.C. cricket team for Australia is now apparently complete. The Selection Committee may reasonably claim to have picked the strongest team available, Bowes, of...

Bank Rate 2 per cent., changed from 21 per cent.

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on June 29th, 1982. War Loan (5 per cent.) was on Wednesday 102 ; on Wednesday week, 1011 ; a year ago, 1001. Funding Loan (4 per cent.) was on Wednesday 1061 ; on Wednesday...

Into the Stratosphere The Belgian physicist, M. Piccard, made another

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balloon ascent last week into that region of the upper air which is known as the stratosphere. He had made his preparations with such nicety that, starting from Zurich, he...

Family Cars Sir William Morris opens up attractive possibilities when

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he foreshadows the day when every well-conducted family will own a suite of cars, a large one for family use and smaller ones for the individual members of the household. But...

Returning Emigrants For the time being, emigration to the great

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open spaces of the .Dominions cannot be regarded as a means of relieving the congestion and unemployment in these overcrowded islands. The Oversea Settlement Com- mittee in its...

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Ottawa and After

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T HE results of Ottawa have been hailed in some quarters as a triumph, in others as a disaster. The plain fact is that it is far too soon to decide which they are. The...

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The Post Office and the Public

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I T is a time-honoured prerogative of every British citizen to criticize and condemn the Post Office. We think of it as combining the mechanical and the arbitrary, with a staff...

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New Crimes for Old

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BY VISCOUNT ASTOR. I T is, of course, inevitable in a world in which conditions are changing so rapidly that some at least of the old misdemeanours should fall out of fashion,...

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The Problem of Suffering

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IL—A Philosopher's View BY DOUGLAS FAWCETT [This article is the second of a series of four on questions which surround tho problem of suffering. the Rev. and Hon. E. Lyttelton...

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Supping with the Poets

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BY JOHN BERESFORD. WTHEN Bolingbroke had been sentenced to banishment by King Richard II, Shakespeare closes that long scene with a stately farewell between father and son. Old...

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Passant Regardant

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Breaking the Ice BY PETER FLEMING. HAVE never been much use at what is called Making jj A Good First Impression. This-is partly because, when I am introduced to strangers, I...

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IS NOW READY. One Shilling (or 25 cents) for each copy should be enclosed with instructions, and addressed to :- INDEX DEPT., THE " SPECTATOR," LTD., 99 GOWER STREET, LONDON,...

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To Clare TELL her that when I love her I possess Not beauty merely, or its sensitive play Upon her face and limbs : that is her dress, But, ah, how shortly to be put away....

A Hundred Years Ago

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THE " SPECTATOR," Auousx 2511r, 1832. WrrencaArr.—The following case was heard at Union Hall Police Office this week. A young woman charged an old one with putting a spell upon...

In one district of Liverpool, there aro at present nino

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hundred houses to let.

After their Life . . .

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SINGING through sleep, even in their sleep they are singing, those passionate ones the earth shaped and has now reclaimed after their life and their intense happiness as man...


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"Behold, We Live." By John van Druten. At the St. James's Theatre. "ALL I want," wrote Dumas pire describing his theatrical preferences, " is four trestles, four boards, two...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR, —There arc no doubt

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risks in the " Group Movement," but we must not throw away the baby with the bath-water. Members of the Church of England arc already committed in the Public Baptism of Infants...

Letters to the Editor

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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week " paragraphs.—Ed....


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,--If your correspondent, Mr. Charles Edward Pell, really thinks that the stagnation of employment in this country is to be attributed to a...


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your issue of August 13th a letter appeared over the signature of Sir James Merchant which is, in our opinion, likely to lead to Misapprehension on the part of school teachers...

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your last issue you point out that the Report on Currency of the Committee on Monetary and Financial Questions discourages the idea that wholesale prices of commodities can...

ROAD AND RAIL [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sm,—In

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the Report of railway managers and representatives of road services to the Ministry of Transport where do the interests or rights of the majority of the nation come in—the...


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Huxley, in his extremely stimulating review of The Making of Europe in the last issue of the Spectator, points out—and I think rightly—that Mr. Christopher Dawson's conclusions...


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Sin,—As many of your readers will know, a committee has been set up by local authorities at the request of the Chancellor of the Exchequer to investigate the possibilities of...

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readers of the Spectator must regret that you favour what may be termed the reactionary view with regard to Greek and Latin pronunciation. Mr. Servante is mistaken in thinking...

national aspirations, in favour of a general world-wide well- being.

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To deal with his contentions : I quite agree with him as to the value of allies on occasions ; in fact, our Prussian allies at Waterloo, with Blucher at their head, had more to...


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admirable and able article by Professor McFadyen on " Suffering in the Old Testament " appears to me to be, however, defective in one respect. He does not take sufficient...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—No one could take exception to the tone of the dutiful message sent from the Imperial Conference to His Majesty last Saturday. But who...


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Snt,—If the word be taken in its original meaning, there can be no doubt that Carlyle was, as your correspondent suggests, a "great prophet," but if any power, real or...

[Sir William Beach Thomas is now away on holiday. His

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weekly contributions will recommence in our issue of September 3rd.—Ed. SPECTATOR.]


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[To the Editor of the SrEmeToR.] SIR,—I see that Mr. Charles Eason, in your issue of August 13th, considers my statement that depositors get 24 per cent. by using the Home Safe...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The cause of the perpetual recrudescence of dissension in the mining industry is like all other ills of the body industrial —economic....

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Bergson and Myst i c i sm Henri Bergson " Les Deux Sources de

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la Morale et de la Religion." (Felix Mean. Paris. 30 fr.) SOME years ago Bergson affirmed that " his philosophy led to the idea of a free and creative God." And more recently :...

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Post Office Reform

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Post Office Reform : Its Importance and Practicability. By Viscount Wolmer, M.P. (Ivor Nicholson and Watson. Os.) As counsel for the prosecution of the Post Office, Lord Wolmer...

East and West

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The Future of East aril West. By Sir Frelerick Whyte. (Sidgwick and Jackson. 3s. Eld.) Dirs is a compact and timely statement, in a valuable series, of some of the - forces...

DIRECT subscribers who arc changing their addresses are asked to

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notify the SPECTATOR office BEFORE MIDDAY on MONDAY OF EACH WEEK. The previous address to which the paper has been sent and receipt ,reference number should be quoted.

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The Mood of America

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In America To - day. By Mary Agnes Hamilton. (Hamish Hamil- ton. 3s. 6d. ) America : World Leader or World Led ? By Ernest Minor • Patterson. (Sidgwick and Jackson. 3s. 6d.)...

The English Table

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Good Things in England. A Book of Real English Cookery, By Florence White. (Cape. 6s.) "ENGLAND," says Miss Florence White, " does not know her wealth." This, to our shame,...

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The Great Church Towers of England

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The Great Church Towers of England. By Frank J. Allen, M.A., M.D.(Cantab.). (Cambridge University Press. 45s.) GOTHIC architecture is unfashionable now. It is as un- fashionable...

The Wild Bird's Nest

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The Wild Bird's Nest : Poems from the Irish. By Frank O'Connor. With an Essay on the Character in Irish Literature by 2E. (Cuala Press, Dublin. 10s. 6d.) AT the conclusion of "...

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Song and Its Fountains THERE have been two remarkable books

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this year upon the genesis of poetry—one by " iE," the second the work under notice. Both are far removed from the common. They owe as much to insight as to scholarship, though...

England and Abroad

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Venice. By Arnold Lunn. (Harrap. 5s.) THERE is a class of travel book " something more than a guide " which, with photographs and potted sketches, acts as a kind of tempting...

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BY L. A. G. STRONG. The Fortress. By Hugh Walpole. (Macmillan. 10s. 6d.) Blackcock's Feather. By Maurice Walsh. (Chambers. 7s. 6d.) Tut three novels to be considered this week...

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Modem German Catholicism has a quality of its own

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There is a breadth and sobriety in its , best writers, an absence of sentimentalism, a firm hold on reality, which specially commend them to the English mind. Professor Karl...


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[We publish on this page articles and notes which may help our readers in making their plans for travel. They are written by C or - respondents who have visited the places...


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Studies in Northern Nigeria, by C. K. Meek (Kegan Paul, 25s.), is not a book for the general reader, but should prove invaluable to the administrators responsible for the fifty...

Current Literature

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MONEY By Lord Desborough, K.G. One small book on money is much like another. There is the name superficial comprehensiveness, the same timidity (varied occasionally by wild...

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And to some extent I think that this lack of compre- hension arises from the tendency of the modern 'newspaper to make a kind of stunt of every passing development, so that the...

Finance—Public & Private

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A Necessary Retrospect THE threatened labour trouble in the cotton industry, to say nothing of the talk of a strike among the 'bus men, at a moment when industrial depression...


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Now, I am far from suggesting that, thanks very largely to the efforts made by the new National Government, there has not been an improvement . in the national finances while...