27 JANUARY 1933

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Manchuria : the Issue Faced

The Spectator

As the League of Nations Assembly's Committee of Nineteen has been sitting in private, the various schools of opinion - can only be tentatively distinguished on the ' basis-of...

News of the Week

The Spectator

MITE Chancellor of the Exchequer talked sound sense at Leeds on Tuesday regarding the American debt. The general prospect for the coming negotiations is discussed more fully on...

This will not do. Grave as the consequences of a

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clash between the League of Nations and Japan might be, something far more important than the position of any single nation is at stake. It is vital to the League's existence...

OFFICES 99 Gower St., London, W .C.1. Tel. : MusEirm

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1721. Entered as second-class Mail Matter at the New York, N.Y. Post Office, Dec. 23rd, 1896.. Postal subscription 30s. per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on this...

Page 2

The South African Government's Fate The South African situation changes

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weekly, but with the general impression groWing that Mr. Tielman Roos has shot his bolt. The Original proposal was for a coalition between Mr. Roos' followers and the South...

Frances Finances

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The French Government seems doomed to fall on finance, which once more reveals itself as the Achilles' heel of democracy. M. Chown's valiant efforts to balance the budget are...

The Future of the Reichstag

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The German Reichstag is due to meet on Tuesday, but there is still the possibility of a further postponement. What will happen when it does ultimately assemble no man can...

The Law and the Untouchables

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Lord Willingdon has taken the right and obvious course in regard to the various Bills for the relief of the untouch- ables. Two were to be introduced in the Madras Legislature...

The Railway Crisis As was to be expected, the three

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railway unions have refused flatly to follow the railway companies in agreeing to the findings of Sir Harold Morris, the chairman of the National Wages Board. Sir Harold, it...

The Irish Elections Only a few of the earliest of

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the Irish election results are available as we go to Press, and the considerable preliminary advantage they seem to give to Mr. de Valera may or may not be maintained by the...

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The Spectator

The by-election at Liverpool tells no very definite story. As itt the General Election there was a straight fight between a Labour candidate and a Conservative enjoying the...

The Shorter Hours Problem The 40-Hotir Week Conference at Geneva

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has ended with the adoption of a sensible resolution, from which the British Government delegate, alone among repre- sentatives of Governments, saw fit to dissent. Most of the...

A Stable Population

The Spectator

The article on " The Population Trap " in Monday's Times should be read and pondered by everyone concerned with administration. For it points out that the popu- lation of Great...

Lord Beaverbrook and Wage Cuts The broadside from Lord Bcaverbrook

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in the Daily Express, demanding the maintenance, and in due course the improvement, of the present standard of living and the present Wage level, is an interesting portent. A...

Amending the American Constitution An important change in the American

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political system is made by the twentieth amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified this week by the necessary three- fourths of the State legislatures. The interval...

Examinations Quis custodiet ipsos custodes ? Who shall examine the

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examiners ? The Carnegie Corporation and a branch of Columbia University arc gallantly prepared to answer the question. They have set up committees in England, Scotland, France,...

Page 4

Debts and Gold

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D EVELOPMENTS at both Washington and Geneva in the past week justify new hopes of the return of the world to some measure of economic sanity. The possi- bilities opened up—a...

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I s I t C

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ticket ? T HE M.C.C.'s verdict upon the leg-theory tactics of the English cricketers in Australia has won general agreement in this country, and with reason. Reviewing the...

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A Spectator 's Notebook

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IT is hard to suppose that anything can turn up in the domestic sphere comparable in importance .with the immediate problems thit face the Government in the foreign field....

* * *

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When Macaulay's overworked New Zealander comes to sit on the ruins of London Bridge, the odds are he will still fwd Parliament and the L.C.C. wrangling over the Waterloo Bridge...

The funeral of George Moore, at Golders Green on Wednesday,

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was an occasion which, I am sure, could have - been possible only in England, where a strange farewell to an eminent man of letters may. provoke no comment. at all in the daily...

* * * *

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I note from a statement on telephone progress just issued by the Controller of the London Service that there has been considerable advance in the last year in equip- ment, but...

* * * The name of Tahsin Pasha, who has

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died in poverty in Stamboul, means little to the modern generation, and was never generally known even when he was at the height of his power. Yet he more than any other man...

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Gordon ; The Visionary Hero

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BY H. W. NEVINSON. O N the centenary of Charles Gordon's birth our thoughts turn naturally to the career of that remarkable man ; for in the great Victorian Age, so rich in...

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Training in Citizenship

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By JOHN BELL (High M I WILL begin with an attempt to define the meaning of citizenship, though this can only be 'done roughly and imperfectly in a short article. I would suggest...

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The Government of Colonies -

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BY C. DELISLE BURNS. roLomAL government is alien despotism. The ,despot may be benevolent ; and in accordance With the principles of the Mandate Systeni, we have agreed that...

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George Moore

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BY E. F. BENSON. I T is strange that a man who for fifty years devoted himself to the writing of English prose, and excluded from his mind all other intellectual pursuits,...

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Fen Runners

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BY JOHN PULLEN. T ILE fen country is not to everybody's liking. It is indeed something of an acquired taste. For what is called " impressive " scenery, for Nature in her more...

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The Spectator

The Average American and the Debts (Though the situation has in some respects changed since this letter was written, it presents a point of view which demands consideration.)...

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The Theatre

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" The Winter's Tale." By William Shakespeare. At the Old Vic. Tux jealousy of Leontes is without motive; Bohemia has no coastline. Delphos is not an island ; nobody keeps...


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The End SOON, when the Sun despairs in heaven, And space and time go blind, War and wisdom, love and folly, Shall drop from humankind. No heat to rouse their dead desire, No...

A Hundred Years Ago

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" THE Sreeraxon," JANUARY 28m, 1833. The Committee of Delegates of the united parishes of Westminster met on Tuesday evenin g , at the British Co ff eehouse in Cockspur re...


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The fluctuations of the week, though extensive, have not been so tions of Stock are • as some we have recently had to record. Almost all descrip- tions now at higher prices...

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The Spectator

It has been explained why the black-headed gulls came to London. They were driven by the unusually hard winter of 1895 and so acquired the habit. Doubtless the explanation is...


The Spectator

It is the engaging habit of some countrymen to keep a census of the birds that visit their garden and of those that nest there. Among such records as I have heard or seen lately...

There are many signs that the local and the co-operative

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markets are corning into their own. Roadside marketing has established itself in all the more intensive areas of cultivation, such as Pershore and the fruit areas of Kent. That...

Country Life

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A COLLECTIVE COUNTRY MARKET. About midsummer an experiment in both production and marketing was started in East Grinstead on the lines of an earlier trial trip. Its success and...

Such an organization as this, which gives the smallest pro-

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ducer the benefit of as good a market as anyone else, provides opportunity for all sorts of practical technical instruction, in grading, jam-making, scientific cultivation or...

What precisely is this Collective Country Market ? The market

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has been held on Saturdays only. Stalls are taken for a small fee by individuals or co-operative groups—of small holders, allotment-holders, Women's Institutes or whoever may...


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The idea of the market, which owes much to Mrs. Musgrave, who has had experience of such movements in the United States, springs from a perception of the immense amount of food...


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How widespread is the habit of ringing birds for the sake of discovering their migrations we know by an increasing number of examples ; but the flourish can be put on the study...

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Letters to the Editor

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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week" paragraphs.—Ed. Tux...


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SUL—I read with considerable interest the article, " Business and the Schools," by Sir Francis Goodenough, appearing in your issue of January 18th. I agree with the general...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sta,-The article in your

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issue of January 13th on "The Scandal of the Slums " is opportune, for there is a real danger that our representatives in Parliament may fail to see that the Government Bill,...

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The Spectator

[To the Editor of Tan SPECTATOR.] Siss,—While in general agreement with your article, " The Doom of the Tote," there is one aspect to which I feel you did not attach sufficient...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE Seacraron.] S1R,—No doubt many of your readers followed the " Hamp- stead Nursery School " case, when on January 19th an injunction was granted to restrain...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of TEE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—There has been lately in England a considerable amount of loose talk on the subject of Ireland leaving the Empire. What is meant by "...

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[ To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR, —It was suggested in a recent issue of The Spectator that the Parliament of Northern Ireland had confined itself too largely to taking...


The Spectator

.[To the Editor of TIIE SPECTATOR.] Sur,—Might I, as a member of the Church of Ireland, and, in so being, a Catholic, protest against the way in which Canon C. E. Raven (Regius...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of Tam Sracrazoa.1 venture to comment on two letters in The Spectator of January 13th and 20th. On January 18th, Mr. Coppersmith writes " There is a dishonest...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of Tax SPECTATOR.] Sm,—The letters which have appeared under the above heading in connexion with the Interim Report issued by the Ministry of Agriculture,...

[To the Editor of Tim Sracrecoa] Sm,—Reading my own letter

The Spectator

in last week's Spectator, I realize that I seem to have referred to the existence of " dis- honest benches." That is an unfortunate phrase, for I have certainly not come across...

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The Spectator

far as I am concerned, I probably do, .in the general terms of Dr. Glover's letter, " recognize them all.", , That episcopacy is not regarded as essential to the existence of a...


The Spectator

• [To the Editot•ofTdu SPECTATOR.].' Sin,—May I ask that in your "Radio Review " drasr attention to the utterly disPrOpOrtionateamciunt of time given to dance music in the...


The Spectator

Sm, — Mr. Paul . Seheffer's article,:" Is Ritleriam Mootaal ?" in:your issue Of January:89th; is an example of the complete misjudgement of National Sobialisth so Often to.be...


The Spectator

SIR, — As the former owner of WexcOmbe, perhaps a few lines from me will wit be without interest in this controversy. I purchased the property (1,700 acres) in 1908, and much of...


The Spectator

[To the Editorof THE SPECTATOR.] , Sin,--The word Britisher is quite abominable and its elimi- nation from your. columns will set a much-needed example. It is to be regretted...

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The Founder of Christian Science

The Spectator

Mary Baker Eddy : The Truth and the Tradition. By E. S. Bates and V. Dittemore. (Routledge. 16s.) TrIrruS often grow quickly round religious, leaders, but Mrs. Eddy was, a...

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The Pocket Baedeker to Modem Thought Guide to Modem Thought.

The Spectator

By C. E. M. Joad. (Faber and Faber. 6s.) GUIDE-800s to the countries of the mind are not so easy to obtain as those to other countries, which may be one of the reasons why the...

Indian History and Politics

The Spectator

THE new volume of The Cambridge History of India is written almost solidly by members of the Indian Services, all but six being I.C.S., and presents an official view of what Mr....

Page 21

Russia—Then and Now

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Rural Russia Under the Old Regime. By Geroid Tanquary Robinson. (Allen and Unwin. its.) Low's Russian Sketchbook. Drawings by Low. Text by Kingsley Martin. (Gollancz. 8s. 6d.)...

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Frederick The Great

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Superman. By Nathaniel Ausubel. (Rontledge. 18s.) IT is strange that in a civilization which makes a point of dividing conduct into the good and the bad, the honourable and the...

Mr. Wells's New Novel

The Spectator

The Bulpington of Blup. By H. G. Wells. (Hutchinson. 8s. M.) WHEN Mr. Wells's new novel came into my hands, I went to an old trunk and took from it a fat brown exercise book. It...

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An Italian on Contemporary Music

The Spectator

Modern Composers. By Guido Pannain, translated by Michael R. Bonavia. (Dont. 10s. fid.) This interesting book includes studies of twelve composers of our time, including Richard...

An Anthology of Sport

The Spectator

The Lonsdale Anthology of Sporting Prose and Verse. Com- piled by Eric Parker. (Seeley, Service and Co. 10s. 13d.) ANTHOLOGIES are very much in the vogue at the present moment....

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What is Revelation ?

The Spectator

Religion and Revelation : being the Paddock Lectures for 1931. By A. L. Lilley, Canon Residontiary, Chancellor and Praelector of Hereford. (S.P.C.K. 9s. 6d.) CANON LILLEY'S...

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The Diligent Traveller

The Spectator

A Frenchman in England, 1784. By Frangois de is Rochefoucauld. (Cambridge. 8s. lid.) Tan Mélanges sur l'Angleterre of Francois de la Rochefoucauld, which have now been edited...

. Education : A Survey

The Spectator

The Year Book of Education, 1933. Edited by Lord Eustace Percy. (Evans. 35s.) Tans volume, with its predecessor, places in the hands of the public all the information at...


The Spectator

IS NOW HEADY. One Shilling (or 25 cents) for each copy should be endamd with instructions, and addressed to :— INDEX DEPT., " THE SPECTATOR," LTD., 99 Cowan STREET, LONDON,...

Page 26


The Spectator

BY L A. G. Smotsa. 7s. 6d.) As a collection, the stories in The Lovely Lady imperfectly represent their author. The book will not stand beside England, -My England, or The....

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LE CONSULAT ET L'EMPIRE, 1799-1809 Par Louis Madelin M. Madelin,

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after a long interval, has followed up his : brilliant account of the French Revolution. with a volume on Napoleon's first ten years of power, Le Consitlat el l'Empire '(Paris,-...


The Spectator

Mrs. Edgar Dugdale, the late- Lord Balfour's literary executor, reveals in = the Quarterly the parts played by Mr. Balfour; as he then was, and Mr. (afterwards Sir Hobert)...

Current Literature

The Spectator

THE LIFE AND LETTERS OF H.R.H. CHARLOTTE STUART, DUCHESS OF ALBANY By Francis John Angus Skeet After only a minute's reflection, readers will identify " Charles III, King of...


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To be a poetess (as distinct from a poet), the friend of Mrs. Hemans and of Wordsworth, and , the recipient of the original poem about the Stuffed Owl, would not seem the best...

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Occasionally the listener experiences that rare - coincidence of the mood and

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the moment and the music which makes for perfect enjoyment. Such enjoyment I have recently experi- enced twice in a single week. One occasion was the Sunday afternoon...

Saiurday night tally broadcasts' have a reputation all their. own.

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They include, - for instance, such memorable series of lively, uneducative talks as " Escapes," "Hazards," Idle Thoughts " and "Consider the Verdict." The most recent addition...

I wish it were even better. It was altogether an

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excellent idea-but so far the idea has been rather spoiled in the pre- sentation. It was clear from the very begianing of Mr. J. B. Trend's informative talk that he was...

"The Spectator" Crossword No. IS

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By X.ANTHIPPE. [A prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's cross-word puzzle to be opened. ' Envelopes should be marked "...

The Radio Review

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l'aom the tone of his first two broadcasts, I cannot help suspecting that " Argus," the new and anonymous broadcast film critic, is rather at a loss to know to whom he should...


The Spectator

Sunday : Peter liawson-4Ong Recital (Daventry National, 5.30) ; Orchestral Concert conducted by Frank Bridge (London Regional, 9.5)2 Monday : Rev. N. Micklem-" Luther "...


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mmummmmemmmman mem muma MOMMDOM MOMS= 3 M 111.0 M ,3 mmommeimmmn 0 M30 MMOOMM.00 00M00 003000M00 amamemamc mmamm m 21m m - m m m =lam 300M000030 mdm0000 1100M CM00M0M 3 000...

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Finance—Public & Private

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Trade Outlook and the War Debts JUDGING from the cables from Washington and New York, the speech of Mr. Goodenough, of Barclays Bank, concerning War Debts, to which I made an...

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The Spectator

Frankly it is becoming very difficult to advise the genuine investor as to whether British Funds and other gilt-edged securities are or are not too high at the present level of...


The Spectator

The Britannic Assurance Company announces that new business in their Ordinary Branch amounted last year to over 16,100 policies, assuring a net sum of £2,518,300. This figure is...


The Spectator

A further circumstance tending to impart a hesitant tone to the investment markets and to British Funds in par- ticular is the uncertainty with regard to the outcome of the...


The Spectator

On the other hand, I know that the view is held in many quarters that the leading central banks of the world are likely to combine in a united effort to keep money rates...


The Spectator

The Directors of the London Life Association and its associated offices have announced " with great regret, the retirement, after the next general meeting, of Mr. Ii. M....


The Spectator

A feature of the speech recently delivered by Mr. Colin F. Campbell to shareholders of Alexanders Discount Company was his survey of developments in the Money Market last year....

Financial Notes

The Spectator

HESITANT MARKETS. A IIESIT.ANT tone continues to characterize the stock markets, and for the most part price movements during the past week have been small and of an irregular...