2 JUNE 1961

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- Portrait of the Week— UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA became

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a republic and left the Commonwealth : the three-day strike by non-whites, planned as a protest, was moderately successful in Johannesburg, but fizzled out else- Where. The...

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No. 11, 936 Established FRIDAY, JUNE 2, l821:1 1961


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T HE sudden surge of interest in Britain's future in Eurdpe is most welcome. There were gentle intimations of mounting enthusiasm for the cause of a united Europe in 1949, but...

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King Hussein Plays a Cool Hand

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From MICHAEL ADAMS AMMAN N ow that The Wedding is over, it is plain to all that King Hussein has pulled it off again, and in the teeth this time of more powerful and concerted...

Under the Umbrella

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T IIE American President's journey to meet Mr. Khrushchev, President de Gaulle and Mr. Macmillan comes after a series of setbacks for American foreign policy, not the least...

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All Those in Favour

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By BERNARD LEVIN With which cautious attitude I went to the Charing Cross Hotel at the beginning of this week for the launching of 'Appeal for Amnesty, 1961,' and I may say that...

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St. Helena Prisoners

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THANKS to the generous response of Spectator readers, sufficient funds have now been collected to make it possible for fresh legal proceedings to be started on behalf of the...

The State of the Federation

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I. Northern Rhodesia* By T. R. M. CREIGHTON T HE lack of much headline news from the Central African Federation since the last bout of constitutional conferences at the end...

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The Zurich Speech

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Among the many fallacies about Churchill two of the most popular are that he has always been a dedicated European and always a devout believer in the Atlantic alliance. The...


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I N November, 1944, Winston Churchill visited By LORD ALTRINCHAM France and had long private discussions with Charles de Gaulle, whose lonely moral leader- ship of 1940 had been...

The Treaty of Rome

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The Treaty of Rome was signed on March 25, 1957. Its effect was to bring into being the Euro- pean Economic Community (EEC), for which the European Coal and Steel Community...

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Bogus Excuses: Faulty Arguments

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Our history books have encouraged us to think of ourselves as weather-beaten explorers, with poetic eyes fixed on far horizons, and of the people of continental Europe as...

Political Implications of Membership

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It must be obvious, from the brief outline I have just given of the Community's aims and in- stitutions, that membership of it involves a substantial immediate sacrifice of...

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The Newness of European Unity

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When Churchill spoke of the need `to re-create the European Family' he was alluding to an ima- ginative fantasy, not an historical fact. Europe, as a political unit or `family,'...

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Parliament Must Decide

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That we shall decide to go in I am virtually sure. Indeed, I am fairly sure that the Govern- ment has already decided. But has the decision been arrived at for the right...

The Churches

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Going Fishing By MONICA FURLONG A T a provincial university I visited recently keen young Christian Unionists were organ- ising coach trips to Billy Graham's meetings at...

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The Debate on the Sixth H. D. P. Lee ir

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We Cared F. L. Allan. Tyrrell Burgess Look—This is You Sheila M. B rooks. Arthur Blackwell A Liberal Education Peter Dean Agonising Misappraisal R. E. Peierls The Other Exodus...

Sm,—In your leading article last week you say that for

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the general state of education 'the political parties must take some of the blame: Labour in particular.' You then quoted a recent phrase or two of mine as if in support of...

3. LOOK—THIS IS YOU SIR,—Mr. Charles Brand is not only

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smug and parochial; he is impertinent. In his second article he quotes from my previous letter to the Spectator in order deliberately to misunderstand me. I only linked new cars...


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SIR,—There is a small point of fact to which I should just like to draw your attention. You mention, by implication though not by actual title, the National Association of Head...

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SIR,--Mr. Charles Brand's first article angered me and I accused

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him of arrogance. His second article saddens me, but now I find him wrong-headed and Misguided. As an untrained graduate, I do not share Mr. Brand's low opinion of professional...

Sta.--1 fear that Mr. Cline, in his article on the

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Courts and prostitution, has misunderstood their approach to this subject. True, they may be jumpy, for in Shaw v. D.P.P. it was stated that they had to recognise prostitution...

Sia,—Since Mr. Cooke has somewhat gratuitously, and none too accurately,

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dragged me into this dis- cussion, may I bring it back to earth again? For, unlike Mr. Childers or Mr. Cooke, I was present at most of the decisive phases of the 'Exodus' of the...


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SIR, —May I be allowed a brief reply to Dr. Herman Kahn's comments on my review of his book? I do not disagree with his fundamental motives, nor did I intend to attack them in...

Sla,—Champions of the secondary modern and Propagandists of literary education

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are not these days scarce: they have achieved plenty of space in recent months. All the more surprising, therefore, to read the views of Mr. Dowling in last week's issue. One...

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Trails of the Unconscious By HUGH GRAHAM WHATEVER his ultimate position in the history of painting, Jackson Pollock now enjoys sufficient fame and influence to be treated as a...

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Op er a

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Welcome Intruder By DAVID CAIRNS I CAME back from Glynde- bourne last Wednesday with my belief in Signor Zeffirelli as a producer of opera as restored by what went on inside...

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Playing the Devil By BAMBER GASCOIGNE Richard HI. (Stratford-upon- Avon.)—The Triple Alliance. (Royal Court.) IN recent years no great role has been associated so exclu- sively...

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Confusion of Interests By ISABEL QUIGLY Macbeth. (Academy.) — The Secret Partner. (Ritz.) George Schaefer's Macbeth ('U' certificate), made for American television with a...

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Prophet in a Hair Shirt B Y JOHN MORTIMER A wous HUXLEY lamented the Reformation, when the monks, who up to then had been safely locked up, were pushed out into the world and...

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The Addiction 0 insulin is meeting you .1s life injected

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under skin. I shudder at the process, though, I loathe the needle when it's in. Love's diabetic (do you claim) Who needs my strong supply, To keep his heart at work and warm...

Statesman at Work

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Mr. Secretary Peel. By Norman Gash. (Longmans, 70s.) FOR many years after his death Peel had 'a bad press' among historians. Indeed, as long as any flicker remained of the...

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The Dashing Whig

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WHEN Captain Elphinstone of the Seventh Hussars was captured in the skirmish at Genappe, the day before Waterloo, and brought before Napoleon, he was asked, 'Who commands the...

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A Hook for Leviathan

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Nimrod Smith. By Alan Wykes. (Hamish Hamil- ton, 21s.) LIKE an animal-hunting book to have something eccentric about it, a point of view that is peculiar. Shark for Sale has...

Moscow Confidential

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Power and Polley in the USSR. By Robert Conquest. (Macmillan, 35S.) NEVER since 1917 has there been any lack of books on Russia. But until the end of the 1940s they were mostly...

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Man Burrowing

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Lanterns and Lances. By James Thurber. (Hamish Hamilton, 18s.) Lanterns and Lances. By James Thurber. (Hamish Hamilton, 18s.) EVERY culture has a characteristic social discip-...

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Verdicts of Guilty

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The Father's Comedy. By Roy Fuller. (Andre Deutsch, 13s. 6d.) One Foot in the Clouds. By J. Gathorne-Hardy. (Hamish Hamilton, 15.s.) The Worm and the Ring. By Anthony Burgess....

Pity a Human Face

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Refugee World. By Robert Kee. (0.U.P., 15s.) WHAT should we do about pity, that flow of selflessness, that desire to help and comfort round which several names cluster bin...

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A Treasury Obsession?

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By NICHOLAS DAVENPORT When the £ gets into trouble you can imagine how agitated and nervous the heads of the Treasury become, especially when some irreverent economists from...

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Trade Fair

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From MICHAEL GLENNIE MOSCOW Faith in what? Have British businessmen sud- denly gone starry-eyed over the USSR as a market? Before trying to suggest an answer, a distinction...

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Investment Notes

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By CUSTOS B EFORE he left the Treasury for the new Ministry of Technical Aid Sir Edward Boyle Might well have given some technical aid to the gilt-edged market. Instead, he...

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Company Notes

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M R. G. E. LIARDET, chairman and managing director of Simms Motor and Electronics, gives a full report with the accounts for 1960 which are detailed, and are accompanied by...

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Snap-Happy By KATHARINE WHITEHORN There were several new toys on display. One, demonstrated by a young man so keen be kept knocking bits of it off in his excitement, is a small...

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Consuming Interest

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Kippers By LESLIE ADRIAN Fillets come in three guises. Frozen (needing at least two hours to thaw out), defrosted (saltier and more perishable, but ready for use), and sealed...

Postscript . .

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THE 'Exhibition of British Journalism' at the Bethnal Green Museum may well fascinate those who read newspapers, but it sadly deflates those who write them. For this is an...