30 JULY 1948

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NEWS OF THE WEEK T HIS week's wave of optimism concerning

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the future of the Berlin question is no more rational than last week's pessimism. Such news as there is is almost entirely good, but it makes very little difference to the...

Congress and Politics

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The special session of Congress now sitting in Washington has often been called an electioneering device of the Democrats. It is. But like many who have gone vote-catching...

Another French Cabinet

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In the days of the Third Republic, at moments when the Chamber found itself in a state of complete deadlock and demoralisation, which was fairly frequently, it would sometimes...

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More Clothes

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Mr. Wilson chose the hottest day of the year to present us with more clothes, but we can wear the gift with fortitude. The new clothes ration concessions are welcome in...

Justices of the Peace

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" The Law," for most people who are unlucky enough to have a brush with it, means a policeman and a bench of voluntary magistrates. Over ninety per cent, of all charges in this...

W.H.O.: First Meeting

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The World Health Organisation has taken two years to come into existence. Its constitution was drawn up in June, 5946 ; but States were slow in paying contributions and...

Emigration Policy

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In the palt few weeks this country has had the pleasure of welcoming both the Australian Prime Minister, Mr. Chifley, and his Minister for External Affairs, Mr. Evatt. It would...

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Fresh Woods

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It is clear from the 28th Annual Report of the Forestry Commis- sioners that the first complete year of the post-war forestry pro- gramme, which ended on September 30th, 1947,...

The Royal Opera House

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Only one thing really matters about the transfer of Covent Garden to the State: will it improve the standard of performance ? Mr. Jay Pomeroy, who was the Government's only...


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T HE last week of the Sitting—it may not be the last week of the Session, since Adjournment and not Prorogation is very properly the order of the day—has been marked by the...

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It is essential to discover at once whether this was a true or false picture of the actual state of affairs in Paris. And it can be said at once that the disturbing account in...

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At a gait too dignified to be called a scurry,

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yet definitely more precipitate than a glide, a large section of Their Majesties' guests at last week's Garden Party began with one accord to make their way to a corner of the...


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A WIDE range of epithets has been used to describe the behaviour of the Russian authorities in Berlin, but if I had to plump for a single word to define its salient...

Three of us landed the other day at a major

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British airport with a few shillings'-worth of unexpended foreign currency in our pockets. The official who changed it for us wanted to know—in order to record on a form—the...

I can't believe that I am the only man in

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the country who finds something mildly nauseating in the Switch Family Robinson, the imaginary family who figure in the Central Electricity Board's latest advertisements. " I...

By the time you read these words the Fourteenth Olympiad

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will have been inaugurated at Wembley, where 6,000 athletes will have paraded before the King, and 7,000 pigeons will have been released by Boy Scouts. (At Berlin in 1936 they...

The man who writes to me from Birmingham gets angrier

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and angrier. " I ask Lords, Dukes and other rich men for money, just for a £r note privately enclosed. But I get exactly nothing ! " he complains. " That Betty Grable crowd in...

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By D. R. GILLIE O NCE again the Fourth Republic is in trouble which can only be attributed to the Fourth Republicans. For the third time the Socialists have brought down on...

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By D. W. • BROGAN HE greatest show on earth." So P. T. Barnum called his circus. And the national conventions of the Republican and Democratic parties suggested the circus...

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By WALTER TAPLIN T HERE is something symbolic -in the act of thinking about coal in a heat-wave. It shows our predicament in a flash. We now have to consider in detail, with...

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By C. M. WOODHOUSE T HE American sport of twisting the lion's tail has long since given way to the more serious business of taking the lion's share. This important change for...

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By WILSON HARRIS, M.P. T HE Criminal Justice Bill is now an Act. As it was introduced in the House of Commons, and got its second reading last November without a division, it...

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By MARTIN COOPER A GREAT deal has already been written about the revolutions of 1848, and it is by no means yet certain that 1948 will not prove a more decisive year in...

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By C. G. CHENEVIX-TRENCH S WIFTLY and irrevocably the States of princely India are passing into the night. The contours of most of them are already obscured ; only the loftiest...

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By HAROLD NICOLSON I AM not among those who contend that the law is a ass ; on the contrary, I revere its majesty, obey its dictates and enjoy its quillets. I agree with Plato...

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THE CINEMA " The World and His Wife." (Empire.) - " Daisy Kenyon." (Leicester Square.) " The Horn Blows at Midnight." (Warner.) The World and His Wife is concerned with...


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FROM end to end of the bright, airy ward, From end to end of each delirious day, The wireless whined or hammered, nagged or roared ; That was the pain no drugs could put away....


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Atli EDITION Here this morning—in North America this afternoon. BY AIR : 52 weeks $14.00—D 10s. Od. 26 weeks $7.00—£1 15s. Od. Subscriptions for U.S.A.. and Canada may be...


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THE Proms. are with us again, familiar and friendly, orchestral music in its most typically English setting. For six weeks the music is the thing, and the brilliance of Signor X...

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Ste, Many readers of The Spectator will have been disturbed by „the story of the abduction of children from Greece into neighbouring countries. Some may have seen the Appeal to...


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THE ROYAL Sta,—Mr. Walston's reflections on the Royal Show at York seem to do less than justice to the organisers and exhibitors. If it were true as he suggests that the...


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Sta,—My husband returned to Germany last autumn, after spending the war years in England, and I joined him in June, and I can assure Mrs. Davies that if her letter came from the...

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Snt,—Conditions in the army are very well and truly stated

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by " Gunner " in The Spectator of - July 16th. They apply equally to the infantry. After a roll-call parade of -fi a.m. interminable days are put in between visits to the...


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SIR, —It may be news to Colonel Woodhouse that long before 1942 Greece and Turkey fostered the idea of a Balkan Federation. In 1935 the Greek Premier, A. Papanastasiou, and...


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SIR,—In The Spectator of July 23rd you make some remarks about doctors in the new Health Service to which I must take exception. You state that for a doctor to give a warning...


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StR,—Your correspondent, Mr. Frank Ward, has no knowledge whatever of the working conditions of bank employees. As a bank accountant of many years' standing I can assure you...


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Snt,—I may have been lucky with my postings while serving my conscript time in the army, but I enjoyed that time and regard it as an invaluable experience. I am convinced that a...

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SIR, —After considering the question for many years the Methodist Con- ference in Bristol decided by a substantial majority against the admission of women to the ministry. The...

A Fair Island

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Politics have brought Newfoundland, our oldest colony, into the lime- light ; and I find myself objecting strongly to some accounts of the country and its people that the crisis...

In the Garden

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At a recent show of the R.H.S., some special emphasis was set on Clive Greaves. This scabious is, of course, a useful enough garden flower of no peculiar salience, but it has...


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SIR, —In The Spectator of July 23rd both the letters from Mr. McNeile and Mr. Crossman (on Women in the Priesthood) as well as the review by Canon Smyth (on Anglicans and...

Neglected Creatures

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You would have thought that, in an island so thick with naturalists as this, every sort of subject would have been well treated in literature, but it is one of the first...


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Snt,—Captain Russell Grenfell's letter deserves serious attention. The date of the change in the regulations is significant. Under para. 443, Chapter XIV, Manual of Military...

Postage on this issue : Inland, lid.; Overseas, ld.

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Sut,—Your correspondent who refers to the roaring of blowing whales is, I'm afraid, a little off the track. When we were coming up from the Horn towards the Channel for orders...


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HARVEST has begun, and though nothing is sure till the grain is threshed— on the field or off—the yield is likely to be bumper. Since Sir John Boyd Orr with other specialists...


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LET US POST A COPY OF THE SPECTATOR TO YOUR HOLIDAY ADDRESS. Send instructions with a remittance—Md. for each issue—to THE SALES DEPARTMENT. THE SPECTATOR, 99 Gower Street,...

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Evolution and the Group

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AT eighty the Nestor of British anatomists expounds with his accus- tomed lucidity and grace what he terms the " group theory " of evolution. It restates in simple terms the...


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The Last Romantic IN the days of my yOuth I read with much delight all the novels of Bulwer-Lytton. I found them, elegantly bound, in the large library of a country house, and...

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New Light on Racine ?

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A New View of the Plays of Racine. By Vera Orgel. (Macmillan. 16s.) DR. ORGEL begins her bock on Racine with a number of magisterial statements that whet one's appetite for what...


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IF Holmes had not been quite such an intellectual snob and Watson had not been quite such an ass we should undoubtedly know the solution to one of cricket's most tantalising...

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North and South

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HERE is a pretty mixed bag of polar books to while away some of our Arctic evenings! Bradley Robinson's biography is the story of Matthew Henson, Peary's negro servant, who was...

War Commentary

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The Second World War, 1939-1945. By Major-General J. F. C. Fuller. (Eyre and Spottiswoode. 25s.) GENERAL - FULLER'S book appears soon after that of Professor Falls, which was...

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Short Stories

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WE must thank two excellent translators, Messrs. Ching Ti and Robert Payne, for giving to the English reading public this collection of short stories by a Chinese writer famous...

Prisoners of War

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ALTHOUGH most of us are probably aware by now of the chief characteristics of life in Japanese prison camps, yet because these characteristics are so singularly and grotesquely...

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THE Ides have it. Cassius, the pivot of Mr. Brendel's story—I cannot call him the hero, for he has hardly any character—imagines that, like the legendary typhoid-carrier...

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[A Book Token for one guinea will be awarded to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword to be opened after noon on Tuesday week August 10th. Envelopes...


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WNW? HHOUR M 0 RM MOMERBOO unman nun . ammo 'A lc cc io R o plarumumn L A Uadmilmlan0 H 0 0 N S A 'airlin pn s mem Onern WO amain e =mem R R A■0 E ORR [IMMO 0 L t...

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By CUSTOS HOLIDAY influences are now superimposing themselves on the already powerful restraints on stock market activity. Turnover is lower than for a year or more and it says...

Shorter Notice

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IN his Bampton lectures Dr. Micklem elaborates the Christian con-. ception of the relations that should subsist between the realms of the secular and the sacred. The secularist...