31 AUGUST 1878

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The German Anti-Socialist Bill has been altered, probably rather for

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the worse. It now provides that the police autho- rities of the various States, and not the central federal authorities, shall be competent to prohibit Socialist asso- ciations....

A still more important victory was gained on Tuesday in

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Argyleshire, when Lord Colin Campbell was returned, by a majority of 355, over the Conservative candidate, Mr. Malcolm, who, at first at least, was so confident of success that...

The Liberals have gained a seat at Newcastle-under-Lyme, where Sir

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E. Buckley's resignation has led to the election of a Liberal, Mr. S. R. Edge, a local barrister. So unprepared were the Liberals, that as late as Saturday week,—just a week...

** The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in any

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Russia has put off the entry into Batoum until September

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12th, but the dismantling of the forts by the Turks has began, and the regular troops are preparing to leave. The Lazis, on the other hand, have not withdrawn their threats of...

Mr. Mundella attended a huge meeting in Paradise Square, Shef-

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field, on Monday, to give his constituents an account of his conduct during the Session. From 10,000 to 12,000 persons were present. The walls of the town had been covered with...

The news of the week from Bosnia is that while

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in the neigh- bourhood of Serajevo, the Austrian army of occupation seems to have cleared the country of its opponents, General Szapary, at Doboi, is still in a very critical...


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T HE great event of the week is the announcement of the Khedive's purpose to give up all his private estates to the Financial Commission, so as to reserve nothing from the...

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The Report of the Rhodope Commission was signed -on Sunday

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at Buynkdere, by the British, French, Italian, and Turkish dele- gates. The Russian and the German delegates declined to sign it, while the Austrian was absent from illness. Of...

Sir William Edmonstone (M.P. for Stirlingshire) spoke yester- day week,

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at the annual dinner to his tenants on the Kilsyth estates, and took occasion to panegyrise the Eastern policy of the Government. He said that Lord Beaconsfield and Lord Salis-...

The delegates attending the autumn meeting-of the Associated Chambers of

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Commerce at Sheffield hUver been desperately snubbed by Mr. Roebuck, who told them that the House of Commons would be ready to hear their recommendations, directly they were...

The Turkish Circular, bearing date August 12th, rejecting the recommendations

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of the Congress with respect to the rectifi- cation of the boundary of Greece, was transferred from the German papers, which had got hold of it first, to the English journals,...

Sir 'Wilfrid Lawson, at an agricultural dinner in..Cumberland last week,

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in referring to the Cattle Bill, said-he should be-glad if the farmers got anything that did them real good, for they had had a series of depressing years. Nevertheless, they...

We learmby telegraph from Melbourne that Mr. Berry's-Bill for the

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reform of the Victorian Upper House has passed, or is passing, the-Legislative Assembly by unexpectedly large majori- ties. Its rejection by the Upper House is, nevertheless, we...

In- another part of the Circular . tke same in effect

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is said. of Crete, though the Congress did not even propose to sever poor Crete from the sway with which it is so profoundly content. The Sultan is convinced, says Safvet Pasha,...

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In a Bonapartist demonstration at Bassac, near Cognac, on Sunday,

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M. Paul de Cassagnac made a remarkable admission. He said :—" The Republic of to-day has nothing very terrible about it. It deludes honest men and sufficiently restrains the...

The Society for the Protection of Animals Liable to Vivisection

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bag altered its basis, and its Committee have determined to appeal to public opinion "in favour of the total prohibition of Vivisec- tion." The way in which this change of basis...

A German (Herr Otto Frankenau) has invented a-purse con- taining

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a revolver in one of its divisions, so situated that it can be fired with great readiness, while you 'appear only to be opening your purse to hand over its contents to the...

A frightful fire occurred in Birmingham on Monday night, which

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was fatal to four persons, none of whom need have perished if the crowd had shown more judgment and good-sense. The fire broke out on the premises of Mr. Denison, a...

Mr. Romanes, who read the interesting paper on "Animal intelligence"

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before the British Association in Dublin to which we referred last week, has addressed a letter to Wednesday's Tinier, to declare his- "matured opinion" that there is no real...

The faller story received this week of the strange Italian

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fanatic who perished last Sunday week (August 18th), in a mad attemi4 to assert his Messiahship.against the Italian police, seems to illustrate how deep at the present moment is...

Consols were on Friday 941- to 94I.

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MR. GLADSTONE ON ENGLAND'S WORK. 'VI M GLADSTONE has been represented as reiterating, in his new paper in the Nineteenth Century for September, little but the old indictment...

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T HE flat refusal of Turkey—for so it must be deemed—to have anything to say to the recommendations of the Towers in relation to the extension of the boundary of Greece,...

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T HOUGH the Liberal party has really gained two seats in the week,—for the Marquis of Lorne, though elected as a Liberal, has long voted as a Conservative,—the seat for...

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I S Rowdyism ever justifiable ? There may be some difference of opinion as to the right answer to this question. If we say that it can never be justifiable, we may be supposed...

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O UR philo-Turk critics are hard to please. They have been lecturing the Spectator for the last three years for the alleged offence of excessive "humanitarianism." Now they...

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IN referring last week to the papers read by Sir John Lubbock and Mr. Romance before the British Association in Dublin, we suggested a doubt whether some even of the ablest of...

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odd thing to observe that it was not the delicate feelings of women which interfered, first, with our having women doctors, and then, with our giving them the full advan- tages...

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NOTES BY THE WAY ON BEATEN TRACKS.—IL LFROM A CORHESFONDENT.] Darmstadt, August 17th, 1878. TIIE line of the "Grand Central" from Antwerp to Aix-la- Chapelle by Maastricht was...

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GENERAL FOX ON GENIUS AND EVOLUTION. [To THE EDITOR OF TED " SPECTATOR:1 SIR,—In your article on "Grooves of Habit in Men and Ants," you did me the honour of noticing Professor...

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(TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIH,—The remark by one of your correspondents, whose letter you published on the 17th inst., that the doctors in America were now sending...


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TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—In Shelley's " Alastor " occurs the following passage :— " Calm he still pursued The stream that with a larger volume now Rolled...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Your remarks on the Inspection of Middle-Class Schools are not likely to do serious harm ; we are accustomed to regard the dogmatism of...

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THE SONGS OF BERANGER IN ENGLISH.* THE reader who is least disposed to acknowledge Mr. Young's sucecas in translating Beranger's Songs will not deny him the quality of courage,...

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THE ANNALS OF ENGLAND.* Tits School Edition of the Annals

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of England has been prepared, the compiler tells us, to suit the present system of teaching history in periods, the object being to give in the fewest possible words distinct...

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Mn. ANTHONY TROLLOPE rarely writes a bad book, and almost as rarely now writes one which may be distinctively called good. We take his more recent novels very much as we take...

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Asy one who takes up Mr. Seguin's book under the impression that it is a sort of "Murray's Guide" to Algiers, will soon find out his mistake. It is, no doubt, an exhaustive...

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ye and Me CarMayinfaas.

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CARTHAGE AND THE CARTHAGINIANS.* EVERY school-boy, we may truly say, is pretty well acquainted with the tragic and thrilling story of the fortunes of Carthage and its final...

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The Life of Madame de Rochefoucauld, Duchess., de Doudeaurille, Foundress of the Society of Nazareth. Translated from the French by Mrs. Cashel Hoey. (Burns and Oates.)—We...

Science Primers—Political Economy. By Stanley Jevons, LL.D., M.A., F.R.S. (Macmillan.)—This

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little manual is admirably clear and terse. Here and there we do not entirely agree with Professor Jevons, as for instance, in parts of the in general very excellent and •...

Economical and Financial Science. By W. M. Halbert. (Remington

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and Co.)—This is an odd little hook. One is surprised to find chapters on meteorology and on suu-spots in such a connection. Wo must ex- plain, or try to explain. The study of...

POETRY.—Swallow-Flighis. By Louise Chandler Moulton. (Mac-

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millan.)—This is a volume of remarkably graceful and tender verso. It contains some sixty short poems, which, if they scarcely afford a sufficient proof of genius, yet certainly...

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Vanity Fair Album. January-June, 1878. (Vanity Fair Office.)— It should

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be noted that the mode of publishing the Album has been changed. It is in future to appear in half-yearly, not yearly, volumes. Of the volume before us there is little to say....

We have to notice the Proceedings of the Royal Colonial

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Institute, Vol. IX., 1877-8. (Sampson Low and Co.)—The papers in this volume are of varied and interesting character. "Indian Famines, and how to Modify the Causes that lead to...

Avondale of Avondale. By Utter° Barre. 3 vols. (Remington.)— We

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cannot disguise our opinion that this is a yen; tedious book. To give with fictitious names, which very thinly veil the real personages for whom they are intended, a rechatiffe•...

Vanessa Faire. A Novel. By George Joseph. (S. Tinsley.)—We frequently

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find ourselves in very high company in this story, but the great folks are, generally speaking, either so very odd, or so very bad, that we have been unable to find even one...