31 JANUARY 1931

Page 1

In some sense the question is, of course, an academic

The Spectator

one for everybody, for if all the wage-earners in the country decided to strike simultaneously, no law how;- ever strict could cope with them.- That consideration however, does...

The debate on the Bill in the House of Commons

The Spectator

began on Thursday, January 22nd. The Attorney- General explained that he proposed mere ly to restore to Trade Unions rights which had been , nurtured from 1871 onwards but were...

He reduced the main consequences of his Bill to four

The Spectator

: revolutionary and political strikes would be illegal but sympathetic industrial strikes would not ; no one would be charged with intimidation if he had acted legally ; every...

News of the Week

The Spectator

The Trade Disputes Bill THE Government have survived the first crisis of the 4 1 ; Trade Disputes Bill with a majority of 27 in the division on the second reading debate in the...


The Spectator

1.—A Subscription to the SPECTATOR costs Thirty Shillings per annum, including postage, to any part of the world. The SrEarAton is registered as a Newspaper. The Postage on this...

Nobody can foresee how long the High Court would take

The Spectator

to reach a decision. And the promised injunctions would be of little use. The Court could not possibly - lend itself to whatever might be the interpretation of the , strike by...

Page 2

Mr. Gandhi told newspaper correspondents that the Government were making

The Spectator

a great mistake if they thought that the manufacture of salt and the boycott of foreign cloth and of liquor were temporary political arguments. Indian Nationalists intended that...

The debate was continued on Tuesday when the chief event

The Spectator

was the shattering attack on the Bill by Sir John Simon in what many listeners thought was about the best speech lie has ever made. He quoted with neatly designed effect from...

The New French Government M. Laval succeeds M. Steeg as

The Spectator

French 'Prime Minister. He had confidently hoped to form a Ministry which would reflect the most stable voting power in the Chamber, but although he relied upon the...

Mr. Baldwin quietly asked for any instances of injustice under

The Spectator

the Act of 1927. The Government spokesmen could not, or at least did not, produce any. It has been said that there have been nine hundred trade disputes since the Act of 1927...

The Liberals and Unemployment One explanation of the marked indulgence

The Spectator

of the Liberals towards the Government is that they have noir hopes of getting the Government to grant a large loan for development works on Liberal lines. A few days ago it was...

India We have discussed in a leading article the very

The Spectator

satis- factory Indian debate in the House of Commons on Monday and need say no more about it here. The main subject of anxiety now is the reaction of the Congress Party in India...

The most interesting point in the continued debate on Wednesday

The Spectator

was the quite unexpected statement of the Solicitor-General, Sir Stafford Cripps, that under the Bill the strike of 1926 would have been illegal. The Labour Members were stunned...

Page 3

Mme. Pavlova Every lover of the art of Pavlova is

The Spectator

sorrowful at the thought that he will never see her again ; yet he may be conscious of some consoling pride in having seen one of the greatest dancers of all time and in having...

Lord Justice Scrutton has decided against the appeal of the

The Spectator

London County Council. He ruled that the Council could not grant a dispensation for the Sunday opening of cinemas on conditions invented by itself. A law which was in existence...

The Cotton Lock-out The Prime Minister considers the cotton dispute

The Spectator

serious enough for his intervention, and representatives of the employers' organizations and of the Weavers' Amalgamation are due to see him as we go to press. The employers...

The Haig Statue The sculptor of the Haig statue is

The Spectator

very accommodating. His first model was a piece of interpretation in the Renaissance manner. The bulk of the horse, not at all like an Army charger, and the figure on the horse,...

The Schneider Trophy The Prime Minister has done an entirely

The Spectator

popular thing in bringing his colleagues round to the belief that Great Britain ought, after all, to compete for the Schneider Trophy. It is known that he personally is...

The " New Statesman and Nation " The amalgamation of

The Spectator

two distinguished weekly papers is announced. The New Statesman and the Nation are to become the New Statesman and Nation. Appar- ently the name Athenaeum, which is the...

Bank Rate, 3 per cent., changed from 31 per cent.

The Spectator

on May 1st, 1930: War Loan (5 per cent.) was on Wednesday 10311 ; on Wednesday week, 1031; a year ago, 100f1.. Funding Loan (4 per cent.) .was on Wednesday 951 ; on Wednesday...

Page 4

Saving and Spending

The Spectator

I S it better in these depressed times to save or to spend ? That is the question which rival economists have posed for us. It is not a question which can be regarded as of...

Con tinuit y in India B RITISH POLICY in India was

The Spectator

carried a stage further on Monday, when the participation of the Unionist Party in the Government's general plan became assured. We have often expressed our concern at the...

Page 5

The Challenge To Religious Orthodoxy

The Spectator

[In thL3 sz,ries men and women presenting the outlook of the younger generation have been invited to express their criticism of organized religion in order that their views may...

Page 7

The Bank for International Settlements BY C. H. KIscu, C.B.

The Spectator

T HE nationalism that found its disastrous vent in the Great War created an urgent need for a reaction towards internationalism. In the political sphere this impulse found...

The Week in Parliament

The Spectator

S OMETHING will have to be done about the length of front-bench speeches in the House of Commons. During the past week they have broken all previous records. The...

Page 8


The Spectator

IS NOW READY. One Shilling (or 25 cents) for each copy should be enclosed with instructions, and addressed to • INDEX DEPT., Tax "SPECTATOR," LTD.,. 99 Gowan STREET, LONDON,...

Page 9

The Exhibition at Buenos Aires— And Afterwards

The Spectator

BY MRS. STEUART ERSKINE. fIN March 14th, 1981, the British Empire will have V the opportunity of " listening-in " to the speech with which the Prince of Wales will open the...

Cancer and Diet

The Spectator

. BY J. ELLIS BARKER. [Mr. Ellis Barker's views on cancer have been endorsed by many incdical men. He does not himself claim any credit for the cures he has effected through...

Page 10

Personal Problems in America

The Spectator

BY ALAN PORTER. I T has always been my training to see similarities ; perhaps even to overlook differences. One man is the same sort of being as another man, and, even where...

Page 12

" Max

The Spectator

By E. F. BENSON. O NE sunny morning :rn May, many years ago, one of our most eminent politicians was strolling from the office in Whitehall, where he had been transacting...

Page 13

A Wild Goose Chase By JAN STRUTHER.

The Spectator

66 T AM quite completely and utterly happy," said A. She had taken the cartridges out of her gun and was lying on her back among the reeds, looking up at the sky and stretching...

Page 14

The Theatre

The Spectator

[" TANTIVY TOWERS." By A. P. HERBERT AND THOMAS F. DUNHILL. AT THE LYRIC, HAMMERSMITH.] SUDDENLY, at the Lyric, Hammersmith, after years of the eighteenth-century...


The Spectator

League News [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—There are enthusiastic supporters of the League of Nations who feel that no reference should be made to it in any but...

Page 15

Gramophone Notes

The Spectator

A YEAR ago I published a list of twelve discs which could boast classical music, a good tune, and first-class repro- duction. Each disc contained either a single movement of a...

Page 16


The Spectator

Persia THE passes are blocked by snow. No word comes through, no message, and no letter. Only the eagles plane above the snow, And wolves come down upon the villages. The...

A Hundred Years Ago

The Spectator

THE " SPECTATOR," JANUARY 29TH, 1831. on a The French journals have supplied a document, which may be termed " the groans of the Poles." It is the manifesto (of which last...

Next IFeek

The Spectator


Page 17

What was and in Ulster. remains an art has become

The Spectator

also a science. Just as in the new glasshouses at Rothamsted the climate of any part of the world may be imitated, at any rate in respect of warmth and moisture, and, indbed,...


The Spectator

It is of peculiar interest to those who have had any concern with the crop to know that the King is to grow a certain number of acres of flax on his Norfolk estates. The crop is...


The Spectator

A question reaches me as to the best screening trees or shrubs. One of the trees that has most surely established itself in favour, with gardeners at any rate, though not with...

Country Life

The Spectator

ANOTHER " DE1JS EX MAOITINA. What may be called the Oxford Campaign for the Mechanized Farm advances apace in regard to propaganda. The Ministry gave a special grant for...

Mr. Hosier's success in Wiltshire, a county very heavily depressed,

The Spectator

has been notable ; and, as in all good farming, he has been improving the quality of the ground at the same time that he has made his annual profit. It is difficult to believe...

One of the difficulties of co-operation between advertisers and preservers

The Spectator

of beauty is that the withdrawal of an advertisement held to be objectionable may do no good ; may even do harm. For example : there is one very beautiful tree beside a popular...


The Spectator

It may be taken as a great though unintended compliment to the Scapa Society and to the C.P.R.E. that a counter propaganda to their campaign for aesthetic posters has been...

Page 18

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Mr. Bossom's articles on

The Spectator

slum clearance in your recent issues have been something to be thankful for. There arc those especially, perhaps, amongst unfortunates who are subjected to the now almost...

Letters to the Editor

The Spectator

CLEARING THE SLUMS [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] have read Mr. Alfred C. Bossom's article upon " Clearing the Slums " with considerable interest. This problem is such a...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Stn,--I have read with

The Spectator

great interest the two recent articles in your paper dealing with slum clearance in London, by Mr. A. C. Bossom. Having some acquaintance with this subject, I should be glad if...

Page 19


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Mr. John Strachey's article in your last issue demands a little analysis. It is published under the title of " The Challenge to Religious...

Page 20

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The letter by Mr.

The Spectator

Jethro Sable in your last week's issue contains a truth but not the whole truth. He complains that for six years no clergyman has manifested any interest in him or his...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—Mr. Sable is not

The Spectator

alone in his experience. I, too, live in Westminster. Two years ago, being a well-known resident, I changed my house to one near a church in a square. The vicar lives there too....

THE CALL OF THE CHURCH [To the Editor of the

The Spectator

SPECTATOR.] Sin,—I think the letter of Mr. Jethro Sable in your issue of January 24th raises a vital point, and explains the reason why the Church of England is losing...


The Spectator

the interesting article on " The University Fran- chise " in last week's Spectator, I venture to think that there is one point which you and the Burgesses of the Universities of...


The Spectator

SIR,—Knowing your interest in promoting international understanding and the work you have already done in helping to bridge the gulfs between the races, I should like to bring...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Six,—May I be permitted to indicate to your readers, who may have been puzzled by the correspondence published in your issue of January 17th,...

Page 21


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPEcrleron.] SIR, — On July 14th, 1928, you were kind enough to print our appeal for £32,000 to acquire the Pulford Street Site in West- minster for...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sta,—Lord Lonsdale writes a very plausible defence of the Circus with its performing animals, but I do not see that he has made out a good...


The Spectator

THE AGE OF TREES. With reference to the age of trees, mentioned in Sir W. Beach Thomas' " Country Life " article, the " Big Trees " of California attain a much greater age than...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIRS I read with

The Spectator

interest a letter in your issue of the 24th inst. from the Secretary of the Performing Animal Defence League, in which he referred to Lord Lonsdale's refusal to resign either...

Page 22

Whistler's Letters

The Spectator

ALL who are interested in Whistler, not only as an artist but as a social phenomenon, must be grateful to Mr. and Mrs. Pennell for the immense labour and devotion which went to...

Otto on Bhakti

The Spectator

India's Religion of Grace and Christianity compared and contrasted. By Rudolf Otto. Translated by F. H. Foster, D.D. (Student Christian Movement. 6s.) TEE thousands who have...

Page 23

South America

The Spectator

A History of the Argentine Republic. By F. A. Kirkpatrick. (Cambridge University Press. 158.) ENGLISH interest, commercial and diplomatic, in the South American Republics has...

Love-letters of Princess Johanna von Bismarck

The Spectator

THE present volume fills a gap, for the literature concerning Bismarck, the man, although already considerable, was incomplete without it. The love-letters of his wife, nee...

Page 24

By Air to the South Pole

The Spectator

Little America. By R. E. Byrd, Rear-Admiral, U.S.N. (Putnam. 21s.) EVERY great nation of the world and many of the smaller peoples have shared in the glories and in the perils...

Page 25

Sea Warfare

The Spectator

By Guess—and by God. - By William Guy Carr. Preface by Admiral S. S. Hall. (Hutchinson. 10s. 6d) Ma. CARR could not have had a better story to tell than the . history . of the...

The Grand Masters

The Spectator

HERE is an excellent story excellently told. It is misnamed : the Temple, headquarters of the Order of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem in France, is less its theme than the...

Page 26


The Spectator

History Rewritten Love - Girl. By May Edginton. (Collins. 7s. 6d.) HISTORICAL novels, like history itself, must be rewritten for every generation. We are now interested less in...


The Spectator

English Education, 1789-1902. By John William Adamson. (Cambridge University Press. 21s.) English Education, 1789-1902. By John William Adamson. (Cambridge University Press....

Christina Rossetti

The Spectator

Christina Rossetti. By Dorothy Stuart. (Macmillan. 5s.) THE centenary of Christina Rossetti's birth has naturally inspired many fresh studies of a poet whose perfection of...

Page 27

THE OTHER BULLET. By Nancy Barr Marity. (The Crime Club.

The Spectator

7s. 6d.)—Peter Piper, reporter of the Herald, is the young detective hero of the story. Although Mrs. Everett admits that she fired twice at Mortison, the manager of her...

NIGHT IN THE HOTEL. By Eliot Crawshay-Williams. (Gollancz. 7s. 6d.)—Mr.

The Spectator

Crawshay-Williams has thought of an excellent idea. In his prologue he gives an objective sketch of the characters at luncheon in an inexpensive Riviera hotel. He then takes the...

THE GENTLE LIBERTINE. By Colette. (Gollancz. 7s. 6d.)—The delicate art

The Spectator

of Colette finds adequate expression in this story of the girl Minnie, whose ambition it is to become Queen Minnie, Queen of the Paris apaches. In adolescence, Minnie lives in a...

THE SQUARE CIRCLE. By Denis Maekail. (Hodder and Stoughton, 7s.

The Spectator

6d.)—In a previous novel Mr. Denis Mackail took the roofs off various houses in Greenery Street and allowed us intimate glimpses of their inhabitants. In his latest, longest,...

Page 28

A notable addition to the " Broadway Travellers " series

The Spectator

is The First Englishmen in India, edited by Mr. J. Courtenay Locke (Routledge, 10s. 6d.). Here are conveniently brought together, with maps, old prints and full notes, the...

A useful account of recent archaeological work in Palestine is

The Spectator

given in Digging Up Biblical History (S.P.C.K., 12s. 6d.) by Mr. J. Garrow Duncan, who has had practical experience in Palestine, Iraq and Egypt and brings together in an...

Some Books of the Week • NON-norms' : The Personal

The Spectator

Papers of Lord Bendel, edited- by F. E. Hamer ; Missing, by Talbot Baines Bruce ; The Inky Way, by Alice M. Williamson ; By Guess and by God, by William Guy Carr ; The Methods...

A prolonged controversy, of vital importance to London, is discussed

The Spectator

with patient care in Charing. Cross Bridge, by Mr. Arthur Keen, the chairman of the Thames Bridges Conference (Berm, 21s.). His exposition of the problem is illustrated with...

• Greybeards at Play, by G. K. Chesterton (Sheed and

The Spectator

Ward. 3s. 6d.), was first published thirty years ago. Its wit and humour, however, do not "date," and the illustra- tions, by the author, are of a kind which even improve with...

Dr. Nansen, long to be remembered alike as traveller, author,

The Spectator

scientist and statesman, was happily inspired in his last book, Through the Caucasus to the Volga, which has been translated with care by Mr. G. C. Wheeler (Allen and Unwin,...

One feature of Mr. Robert Blatchford's autobiography, My Eighty Years

The Spectator

(Cassell, 10s. 6d.), that will surprise many readers is the amount of space and fond recollection he gives to his term of service in the Army. It is upon his soldiering days...

Page 30

Finance—Public 6c Private

The Spectator

The City and Industrial Depression INDUSTRIAL depression continues, but it has been some relief during the past fortnight to get away from some of the complex theories of our...

Probably few who talk easily of Cardinal Newman's literary or

The Spectator

religious greatness could pass an examination in his principal works ; and even of those who know and value the Apologia and Grammar of Assent, not many are familiar with the...

General Knowledge Questions

The Spectator

faun weekly prize of one guinea for the best thirteen Questions submitted is awarded this week to Alan F. Mackenzie, 25 Windsor Place, Cardiff, for the following :— Questions...

A Realist Looks at Democracy, by Alderton Pink (Item, 10s.

The Spectator

6d.) is something more than a mere symptom of our dis- contents. Mr. Pink is indeed dissatisfied with our present machinery of government, but he goes beyond this and questions...

Page 34

Financial Notes

The Spectator

BRITISH FUNDS LOWER. THE Stock Markets during this week have been under influences of a conflicting character. At one time Industrials and the more speculative markets were...


The Spectator

At the meeting held this week of the Anglo-French Banking Corporation, the Chairman, Mr. F. A. Szarvasy, was able to congratulate shareholders upon the year's results and the...

Page 36


The Spectator

The first report of J. Darnell & Son, Ltd., which has just been published, is a thoroughly satisfactory one in the sense that it shows that in spite of trade depression the...