4 OCTOBER 1935

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No one can expect the path of the League of

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Nations to he smooth. Its members are called on to take stern decisions, and some of them may well shrink from the burden it will lay on them. But this country has given an...

NEWS OF THE WEEK W HETHER the Italian troop movements on

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Wednesday constitute a deliberate invasion of Abyssinia, and mark the first step in the long-heralded Invasion of that country, is, as we write, still uncertain. But whether the...

Ourrcrs 99 G owe r St,, London, W.C. 1. Tel. : MUSEUM

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1721. Entered as second-class Mail Matter at the New York, N.Y. Post Office, bec, 23 r d, 1896, Postal subscription 30s, per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on this...

Labour and Sanctions The vote on the " sanctions "

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resolution at the Labour Party Conference at Brighton, on Tuesday-2,168,000 to 102,000—was remarkable. The decision followed after a discussion which maintained a consistently...

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A Church Dictator in Germany The crisis in the relations

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between the State and the Protestant Confessional Synod in Germany foreshadowed in these columns last week has developed as expected, but news reaching this country is still...

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Mr. Chamberlain on Finance In his speech at the Mansion House on Tuesday the Chancellor of the Exchequer was able to say cheering words about revenue. The improvement in trade...

pr. Spahlinger's Success It is to be hoped that Mr.

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Walter Elliot will decide-on official tests of the Spahlinger cattle vaccine in view of the success announced by the Northern Ireland Ministry of Agriculture. Of 18 calves 11...

Diplomacy and Sport Diplomatic shooting-parties have been prominent in Germany

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in the past week, and General Combos, the Hungarian Prime Minister, is said to have added to his primary activities the slaughter of a stag. General GOinbkis reached Berlin...

The Memel Elections It is too soon to assume that

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the danger at Memel is over. The elections on Sunday were got through not without incident, and not without a last-moment extension of the polling through the whole of Monday,...

The Chancellor took the opportunity of welcoming the speech recently

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made by M. Bonnet to the second committee of the League Assembly, and the resolution subsequently adopted in favour of fewer trade restrictions and bilateral trade agreements...

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Marriage at Gretna Green Marriage at Gretna Green as the

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.sequel to adventurous elopements has romantic possibilities of which many lovers . of fiction may regret to be deprived. But it has its drawbacks, serious drawbacks, to which...

Empire Migration Since the Newcastle conference on migration there has

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been discussion in many parts of the Empire of the Possibilities of settling migrants on undeveloped land. The Premier of New Zealand says that his country cannot welcome...

Lord Tweedsmuir on Empire Lord Tweedsmuir was given a farewell

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luncheon by the Royal Empire Society last week in view of his approaching departure for Canada to take up the Covernor-Generalship. He spoke of the various phases through which...

Planning the Seaside The Health Resorts Association, which has been

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holding its annual . meeting at Margate, is doing useful Ivork in two . respects— . --in showing that British health resorts . are Worth visiting, and how they may be made More...

Impressions at Brighton .

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One remarkable field-day, on Sanctions and the League, was enjoyed by the Labour Party conference (a cor- respondent who was present writes). Probably no Labour assembly has...

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T HE crisis in the Abyssinian dispute is at hand. The rains have stopped in the campaigning region, and with Italy continuing to pour troops into Eritrea and Somaliland for the...

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• NY ITH the holding of the . annual conferences of the . Labour Party and the Conservative Party, organised party politics steps for a moment Into • a picture otherwise filled...

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It is comforting to be so often in agreement with

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Mr. Garvin. Last week we found common. ground on dogs ; this week we are at one on men. For there can be no two opinions about the youth of Mr. Eden. " When young Mr. Eden,"...

The large gathering of personal friends who attended the memorial

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service to Winifred Holtby at 'St. Martin's Church last Tuesday, representative as it was of strangely diverse social groups, testified to the extra- ordinary range of her...

The Italian order that all commercial vehicles shall by 1937

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be run on home-produced fuel, primarily charcoal, will surprise no one familiar with the results achieved by charcoal-driven cars and lorries in certain countries. I say in...

The ballot which the .Daily Mail has suddenly sprung on

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its readers on the question of League action if Italy attacks Abyssinia can, so far as I can see, mean nothing at all, unless a substantial proportion of votes is cast against...


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T HERE is an astonishing pasSage in a message published by The Times on Monday from its Geneva correspondent—astonishing though it only confirms what was 'authoritatively...

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I T is an open secret that G. L., as everyone calls him, friends and opponents alike—enemies he has none— Was, months ago, talking about giving up the leadership of the...

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By EDWARD SEYMOUR T HE average Englishman greatly oversimplifies the German situation. He makes up his mind for or against Hitler in accordance with his own views on dictators...

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By R. A. J. WALLING [An article on "Sentimental Justice," by a Barrister-Magistrate, appeared in last week's SPECTATOR., T HERE is a tendency in some quarters today to put the...

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By the VENERABLE ARCHDEACON DALDY ',FHB ,decision of Convocation to revive the Church Congress, after an interval of five years, was a wise one.. At first it was thought by many...

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By J. S. COLLIS f i NLY when a great fire breaks out in the Docks kJ are Londoners reminded of the existence of that portion of the Thames which provides the onlooker at any...


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By ALFRED FELLOWS THE . ruling by Sir Herbert Wilberforce last week that it is illegal to play any game of cards for money on premises mainly used for that purpose appears to...

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" October .6 : Summer Time Ends "

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" SUMMER Time Ends." You need but turn a leaf In this small book, whose brief Laconic notes make up A skeleton map Of the year's delight and grief, To see in black and white...


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By SALLY GRAVES T WO or three days ago, many or us who were taking a night walk through London streets noticed the palpable signs of seasonal ,change.• The wind, fresh and...

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What France is Saying [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,---As I tried to indicate in my letters from Geneva, I was always a little uneasy about the attitude of France if,...

A Hundred Years Ago

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" LIE SPECTATOR'," OCTOBER 3RD, 1835. WITHIN the memory of the present generation a journey to the Holy Land was in reality a pilgrimage to be accomplished with nearly as much...

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The Cinema

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" Song of Ceylon " and "Musik im Blur." At the Curzon. --" The Dark Angel." At the Leicester Square Doc, I suppose, ought not to cat dog, otherwise. I should be inclined to cast...


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"Boris Godunof." At Sadler's Wells Without the aid of any secret de polichinelk about "mystery" singers or any of those scenic breakdowns and consequent " scenes " that make for...

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[Von eineni Deutschen Korrespondenter] Dan grosse Mfinchner Jahrmarkt, der auf der Theresienwick all-jahrlich im Herbste stattfindet, ist unter dem Namen Oktoberfest in der...


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Brussels Exhibitions ENGLISH visitors to Brussels at the• present time are likely to receive a series of aesthetic surprises when they visit the international exhibition. First,...

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Migrant Butterflies The season's enquiry (by the South-Eastern Union of

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Scientific Societies) into the queer and unexplained migrations of butterflies and moths has not been especially remarkable as to Britain itself ; but some of the parallel...

The Frenchman

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Sportsmen on a shoot in the south-east Midlands were astonished last week to discover that their bag, which was big, consisted very largely of the French partridge. The numbers...

Standard Roses

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Such comparative cheapness has doubtless helped to the spread of such desirable novelties as the Poulsen polyantha, now to be found in every other garden. It has not perhaps...

Garden Catalogues On the subject of gardens—the improvement of garden

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catalogues is one of the features of this year. The Suttons and the Carters and " such great names as these " have always produced coloured books that make a pleasing form of...


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Back to the Land A pamphlet, very well argued and carefully documented, has been published by the Agricultural Economic Research Institute of Oxford University. It is in...

Allotment or Farm ?

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The land—or so it seems to me—resembles fire : it is a good servant, a very good servant ; but often a bad master. It is good for everyone to have some traffic with land ;...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sta,---Whatever the shortcomings of the sanctionists, . they have the Peace movement in general at heart and will regret the tone of General...


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[Correspondents arc requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week " paragraphs. Signed...

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[To the Editor of Tim Sancralsaa.] Sm,—In your footnote to my letter of September 27th, you challenge my statements (1) that the Committee of Five recommend the foreign "...


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[To the Editor of Tun 'SPECTATOR.] Sum,—The article entitled " Sentimental Justice " by a Barrister-Magistrate that you published last week contains so many n inaccuracies of...

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years ago the Norwegian Government appointed a Commission of eight persons, to report on the reform of their Abortion Law.' The Commission has now reported, as follows : Six...


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[To the Editor of TIIE SPECTATOR.] Sin;--bread with interest Sir Winkler. Beach Thomas's article in your issue of September 20th, stating that my father said that he had shot...


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[To the Editor of TRE SPECTATOR.] Codrington's letter surely indicates the fallacy in Sir Norman Angell's argument. , To .compare, even indirectly, the advantages to be gained...

[To the Editor of TILE SPECTATOR.] ' Sin,—The article "

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Sentimental Justice in your last issue calls for a reply. The writer appears to regard imprisonment and the birch suitable if not indeed desirable punishments for young...

[To, the Editor of TIIE SPECTATOR.] Sin,----The two articles by

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Sir Norman Angell and Mr. D. W. Brogan on the advantages .of colonial possessions to the great industrial Powers, make no mention of the part played in colonial development by...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] - Sla,—I agree with Mr. Herbert Read inlainenting the I egag neglect of Kierkega ard in this country, but hardly think . • he is correct in ....


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sut,—I read with interest and sorrow Mr. Wright's letter in yOur issue of September 20th, about the number of sea-birds on the 'Coast of...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sra,—In your issue of September 20th, Janus asks whether the " fact " that in the Irish Free State almost every car with a priest in it is a...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,--May I draw your attention to a printer's error AViliebi occurred in my letter on the Assyrians published in your last, issue ? . With...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—Who is this preposterous fellow, signing himself " ex-editor of the Cherwell " who prates of " most consistent contributors rewarded with...


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WITH reference to the letter published in our . issue pr August 80th ,last over the signature of " C. Mathews " of 103 Falls Road, Belfast, we are informed by Mr. Charks...

San,—In the review of Kierkegaard appeariag in your issue of

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September 27th last, if is 'stated that Dr. Allen's' " is the first book on Kierkegaard to be publiShed in this 'country." In justice attention should be called' to Francis W....

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Mr. Duff Cooper's Haig

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By PROFESSOR .HAROLD TEMPERLEY TEE silent , orie has spoken at last. As all know, Haig had '1 ant to remain dumb for a longer time. But, as always today, one revelation...

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The Poet in Life

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Tins new, and definitive, edition of the Wordsworth 00ITC- sparklence, by the 'greatest living authority on the subject, forms one of the Most important works of scholarship of...

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To write with knowledge of Abyssinia, the Government, the inhabitants, their manners, customs and outlook on life, is a task that can only be undertaken by one who has lived and...

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The New Conception of Housing

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Modern Housing. By Catherine Bauer. (Allen and Unwin. 20s.) To one who has found too many technical and semi-technical books (particularly from across the Atlantic) over-wide...

Hippo Neville

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PUBLISHERS are commonly supposed only to become enthusi- astic about books when they have committed themselves to publishing them. Up to that point, so plaintive authors from...

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Mr. Justice Avory

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FEW Judges of recent times have been so much talked and written about as the late Mr. Justice Avory. His reputation was due partly to his longevity, partly to his supposed...

Mr. MacNeice's Poems

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Poems. By Louis Mac.Noice. (Faber and Faber. Cs.) Tuoucu Mr. MacNeice's name is already familiar to those who watch developments in contemporary poetry with any close...

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" And Gives to Airy Nothings— Janus. By George Barker.

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(Faber. is. 6d.) Jr would be easy to ridicule both the substance and the language of the two stories included in this book. The prose is stilted and remote front ordinary...

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• By SEAN OTAOLAIN The Royal Way. By Andre Malraux. Translated by Stuart Gilbert. (Methuen. 78. Bd.) Events in the Early Life of Anthony Price. By Philip Henderson....

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Current Travel News

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Winter Sunshine Mosr of ,us . have seen , books written to prove how Europe can be explored at the cost of a proverbial ten-pound note or a round-the-world voyage on an equally...

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Cruising in the Arctic We have won our laurels after all ! We have landed in .Spitsbergen almost at its most northern extremity, and the little Pocim has sailed to within 630...

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The Half-Year's Revenue , ONE half of the current fiscal year of the nation Ibis passed and the National Accounts for that period.givp ground for' considerable eneoliragclaciit...

The October Periodicals

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TUE Nineleenth Century gives prominence to a well-informed article on "The Memel Problem ".by Sir Alexander Lawrence, who maintains that ,the Lithuanian Government has treated...

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Some disappointment was occasioned to the market in Dunlop shares by the announcement last week that there' would be no interim distribution on the Ordinary stock. As a...


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Electric and Musical Industries has again presented a • good Report for the past year showing a profit of £451,000 Against £420,000 a year ago. Consequently the Directors are...

Financial Notes

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WAITING ON ABYSSINIA. THE Stock .Markets during the past week have been com- pletely dominated by the Abyssinian crisis, and while realisations of securities by real holders...