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nit time0 appears e iltpr t, the terms of the Anglo- American loan twelve weeks of har The sum involved are availabl will Dagalkobe' .* published, and the results of and...

Nationalisation in France

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The French Bill for the nationalisation of credit, which was passed by the Assembly on Sunday, is considerably more radical than the comparable British measure nationalising the...

The Yugoslav Republic

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The declaration by the Yugoslav Constituent Assembly that Yugo- slavia is henceforward a federal democratic Republic and that the Karageorgevitch dynasty is deprived of all its...

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The Government and India

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The statement on India read in the two Houses on Tuesday leaves the situation substantially as it was. That is satisfactory, in that it indicates to all concerned (and to some...

The Veil of Ignorance

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In a speech in Moscow this week M. Kalinin, President of the Supreme Council of the Soviet Union, drew attention to the ignorance that prevails in his country of conditions of...

Centralisation of Gas

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The Government will be greatly assisted, in answering critics of its nationalisation policies, by the report of a Committee of Inquiry into the gas industry, which was appointed...

The Advancement of Science

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Last week the House of Commons showed itself at its best in a most stimulating discussion on the means of encouraging and developing scientific work in this country. There was a...

Federation and U.N.O.

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Mr. Eden's observations in the foreign affairs debate last week on the need for some abatement of national sovereignties has had a rather alarmingly stimulating effect on Mr....

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B Y the time these words are read the two-day censure debate in the House of Commons will have run its course and ended in a division which will mean precisely nothing. A...

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Oxford has always had rather an advantage over the sister

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university in the matter of detective-stories—no mean consideration in these days. There is Miss Dorothy Sayers' Gaudy Night and Mr. Masterman's An Oxford Tragedy—those, at...

It had been generally supposed that the appointment of Sir

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John Boyd Orr to the Directorship of the Food and Agricultve Organ- isation would involve his resignation of his seat as one of the Members for the Scottish Universities. The...

Lord Stansgate is acting wisely in ordering an immediate enquiry

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into the indefensible attempt of some local Air Force commander to get possession of the original of a letter written by an aircraftsman to The Grantham Journal. In view of the...


The Spectator

W ITH the sudden death of Lord Lang of Lambeth a great figure passes from public life. Scholarship, eloquence, sincerity, breadth of mind—all these and many other qualities were...

Someone complained in the House of Commons the other day

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that while the Hous f. contained some seventy lawyers, it included not one scientist. That sounds on the face of it a little anomaldus, but I am not very sure, all the same,...

What record of the Nuremberg trial—perhaps the greatest legal process

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in the history of the world—is to be left to posterity? I doubt if anyone has begun to think much about that yet, but it is quite time someone did. Already verbatim reports of...

Some remarkable figures were given by the Colonial Secretary in

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the House of Commons on Wednesday. Asked how many Jews had emigrated from Great Britain to Palestine in the period 1920-1945, Mr. Hall gave the total for the years 1922-1944,...

In discussing the proposed Parliamentary delegation to India in the

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House of Commons on Tuesday, Mr. Evelyn Wallcden asked that the delegation should contain a strong trade union element to establish contact with Indian trade unionists. The...

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By MICHAEL HARRIS I F we are to understand even a very small part of the very com- plicated situation at the moment in that vast area of East Asia known as China, we should try...

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By KENNETH WILLIAMS W HEN the Soviet-Persian Treaty of 1921 was signed, Izvestia remarked : "Persia is no longer the old Persia, on whose territory were roving foreign troops...

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By ELIZABETH WISKEMANN yr was natural and probably inevitable that in Italy as elsewhere people on the Left made more sacrifices in the resistance offered to the Germans...

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By C. S. LEWIS N O doubt priggery is a horrid thing, and the more moral the horrider. To avoid a man's society because he is poor or ugly or stupid may be bad ; but to avoid it...

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By HELEN McGREGOR I F you're naughty, I shan't take you to the Bioscope on Friday." Thirty-five years ago, that threat of mother's had the desired effect of immediately...

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This province has often exercised a disturbing, and at times

The Spectator

a decisive, influence upon the fortunes of the Persian Empire. Zoroaster, or Zarathustra, was himself born in the vicinity of Lake Ururnieh ; it was on Azerbaijan that Tamerlane...

From the ruins of his citadel at Alamut the ghost

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of the Old Man of the Mountains, the Sheikh-el-Jabal, can look down upon the tawny plain of Kasvin and contemplate our present difficulties. It was here, in a hidden valley of...

In the Treaty entered into in January, 1942, between Russia,

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Great Britain and Persia, the territorial integrity of the latter country was expressly guaranteed. At the Tehran Conference of December, 1943, it was stipulated that all...


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By HAROLD NICOLSON T HERE was a man at my private school who taught us geography. In order to beguile our lassitude, or to oil the sticky machinery of our minds, he would draw...

What is surprising is that this centrifugal tendency should have

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assumed the form of a popular uprising. The peasants of Azerbaijan, the artificers of Tabriz, are not politically conscious. It is difficult to understand how the Tudeh, or...

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Bartok's Violin Concerto No one who heard Mr. Yehudi Menuhin's moving tribute to Bela Bartok, broadcast on a recent Sunday morning, can have failed to resolve that, whatever his...


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The Birth of a Nation. New London Film Society.—Wonder Man. Leicester Square Theatre.—Plnk String and Sealing Wax. Tivoli and Marble Arch Pavilion. THE New London Film...


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Principal Acquisitions of the National Art Collections Fund. At the National Gallery.—Watercolours and Drawings by Cecil Collins and Watercolours by Katherine Church. At the...

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YOUTH AND THE CHURCHES SIR,—Surely there is no need for speculating as to the reasons why " Youth" (and not Youth only) deserts the churches, and makes no response to...

Sts,—Sir Henry Bashford in his letter "Youth and the Churches"

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gave a personal and simple belief in the last sentence. Mr. Allen Whitworth describes it as "very attractive," and the Rev. Norman H. Clarke writes, "I do not speak for myself...


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SIR,—In an age when there is more talk than action about Church unity, it may interest your readers to know of an effort which has been launched in Bromley. In the blitz of...

O'CASEY v. ER VINE SIR,—Mr. Ervine says my use of

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the word " elegant " is "a synonym for unmentionable crimes." Not common crimes, but unmentionable ones. He's certainly giving meaning to an English word. How he drags it down...

SIR,—At the end of his letter in your issue of

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November 30th Mr. Clarke writes: "The Apostles' Creed is not 'one of the Church of England's creeds' ; it is the symbol of the whole Church of Christ." The last part of this...

SIR,—As one of the rising generation, I am deeply interested

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in what your correspondents have been saying about "Youth and the Churches." I think it is essential that the Church should understand youth's point of view if it is going to...

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sm,—It is surely time that the whole question of peace-time conscription. as well as its effect upon students, should be thoroughly aired and examined. It is now a full six...

SIR,—As Bishop Stephen Neill is not clear as to what

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ought to be done about the co-operation of psychologist and priest, it will be profitable to remember efforts in this direction which have been made, some having failed and some...


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Sm,—The Rev. Stephen Neill raises in his article a most interesting and novel subject which, I feel sure, will be hotly debated in the future ; I mean the respective roles of...


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Su,—Mr. Emrys Roberts, M.P., in his article of November 30th entitled " Yugoslav Reflections" draws attention to the desperate situation regard- ing clothing in the mountainous...

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have read with great interest your articles "Back to the Colleges" and "Army to Oxford." Now, at the risk of running this topic to death, I offer what is, I hope, a fair...


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SIR,—It is delightful to learn from " Janus " that some people get a really delectable lunch—roast venison and plum tart, forsooth!—for is. 6d. No wonder there is never an empty...


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Sta,—I would not for one moment dispute the conclusion of your leading article on British Foreign Policy: the next step must be to launch the United Nations prosperously on its...

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Flourishing Aliens The absence of game-preservation, or at any rate

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of artificial rearing, has indicated more certainly than ever before which birds are by nature, if not historically, native. Above the rest, pheasants have flourished alto-...

SIR,—Permit me to inform Mr. L. McN. Shelford that as

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far back as 1880 houses were being erected at Folkestone by the score fitted with bathrooms and electric bells. Similar conditions prevailed at Bourne- mouth, Eastbourne, and...


The Spectator

THERE is perhaps no bit of water in the South, not even the Tring reservoirs, which is so well and fondly known as the Frensham Pond, the eighty acres of it. Early in the war it...

High Fliers The wild birds, shot in sucli great numbers

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almost up to the confines of Greater London, have one point of inferiority to the artificially bred birds. They are less willing fliers. Few species of bird are so fond of...

NEXT TO 'GODLINESS Snt,—In each of the several bathrooms in

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this house there is an effigy of the Duke of Wellington—patron saint of the tub. I have always understood that the Duke it was who introduced from India the fashion of the daily...


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Sta,—It shows the length of assumption to which those have to go who maintain that the Jews are a nation that Mr. Israel Cohen has to ascribe the racial differences between the...

In My Garden

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An eminent plant-breeder (interested in certain English "creations ") writes to suggest that Britain should imitate his country of Holland in protecting plant-breeders' rights....

Postage on this issue: Inland, ild.; Overseas, id.

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The Spectator

Pace and Prejudice MR. W. L. WHITE'S " Report on the Russians" has already made some stir through publication in the Readers' Digest, and the pub- lishers claim that it is "the...

Mr. Cochran and the Theatre

The Spectator

Showman Looks on. By Charles B. Cochran. (Dent. I85.) The Romance of the English Theatre. By Donald Brook. (Rockliff. I 5s.; " I DO not agree with those writers upon theatrical...

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A Sea-Diary

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Lower Deck. By Lieutenant John Davies, R.N.V.R. (Macmillan. 7s. 6d.) THIS is a transition period in war literature. Books written during the war are still appearing, but the...

Church and State

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The Orb and the Cross. By Alec. R. Vidler. B.D. 12s. 64.) MR. VIDLER describes his book as "a normative - study in the relations of Church and State with reference to...

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Too Much Analysis

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POETRY may mean more than it states. Among the falling words other meanings may hang like rainbow arcs in fountains, and we should not fail to notice them. That is the main...

The Art of Governing

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SIR ERNEST BARKER needs no commendation from scholars ; but this volume of essays, his own estimation of the best of his recent shorter writings, will equally delight the...

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Luther and Hitler

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Martin Luther : Hitler's Cause—or Cure. In reply to Peter F. Wiener. By Gordon Rupp. (Lutterworth Press. 3s. 6d.) EARLY this year the firm of Hutchinson published a small propa-...


The Spectator

THE meat of an ordinary adventure story is the plot. The characters exist only to unfold it, and even the love of hero and heroine is something stuck on—like parsley, a...

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Shorter Notices

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A Miniature History of European Art. By R. H. Wilenski. (Oxford Unix ersity Press. 6s.) A Miniature History of European Art. By R. H. Wilenski. (Oxford Unix ersity Press. 6s.)...

Young People in Trouble. By Sir Robert Mayer. (Gollancz. 2s.

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6d. THIS is a very short survey or guide-book to the machinery dealing with juvenile delinquency in England. Its object is to give the psychiatrist, scout master, club leader or...

A Psychology of Gesture. By Charlotte Wolff. Translated by Ann

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Tennant. Illustrated. (Methuen. 16s.) THE thesis that A Psychology of Gesture sets out somewha Laboriously to prove can be summed up in the everyday obserra tion that "Nervy...

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[A Doak Taken for one guinea will be awarded to

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she sender of the first' correct solution of this week's crossword to be opened after noon on Tuesday week. December 18th. Envelopes must be received not later than first post...


The Spectator

E c AL t TiOID!i L A T 'e A - r. ' cI4e 2111G1115 R tvt.IFIN V 1:1IROM OTE R C.E4. 0T0 O R M 1L54 ciE B R T E tt Li vIE:12 Allt2WENE. YES Fit tis , we !Fe E r_ 4 1111111k_...

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The Spectator

INADEQUATE PRICES THE forty-sixth ordinary general meeting of the Associated Portland Cement Manufacturers, Limited, will be held on December 12th in London. The following is...


The Spectator

By CUSTOS MAniars, as I write, are still awaiting official news of a loan agree- ment from Washington. Forecasts of the general terms of the financial arrangements under...