11 AUGUST 1938

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NEWS OF THE WEEK

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T HE Russo-Japanese affray, after proceeding in the habitual manner of Manchurian frontier affrays, but on a much larger scale, is to be suspended while a joint commission...

Franco's Foreign Forces The military side of the Spanish situation

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and the political are closely associated, and the course the war is taking no doubt accounts for General Franco's changed attitude on the withdrawal of foreign troops, with all...

Fluctuations in Spain The war communiqués of Barcelona and Burgos

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are no more easily reconciled than those of Moscow and Tokyo, and it is extremely difficult to determine the precise position on the Ebro front after the Republicans' attack and...

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Rumania and Her Minorities The new Nationalities Statute issued by

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the Rumanian Government last week is as enlightened as it was unexpected. It is a legacy from the short-lived Goga Government, which disappeared last September, but the details...

The Struggle in Palestine Mr. MacDonald, the Colonial Secretary, did

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a sensible thing in flying quietly to Jerusalem and consulting them with the High Commissioner and the other leading British officials, civil and military. His visit was kept a...

Lord Runciman at Work In his first week in Prague

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Lord Runciman has undeniably made a good impression. There has been 'some discontent on the Czechoslovak side that he has devoted his attention first to the Sudeten Germans, but...

Alien Stocks in Australia The white population of Australia is

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so largely British or Irish by descent, that it is disquieting to think that it may not always be so. But the present tendency is dis- tinctly otherwise. In the year ending on...

A Welcome Condominium The agreement reached between the British and

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American Governments for the joint occupation and use of the Canton and Enderby islands, situated on the Equator in mid-Pacific to the north-east of the Fiji Islands, is not a...

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Vandalism and the Army The sentences passed on the four

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young artillery officers who deliberately drove over to Stonehenge and permanently defaced it seem incomprehensibly light. It was not a simple drunken frolic ; the mischief was...

The Irrepressible ' Queen Mary ' Mr. Corrigan crossed the

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Atlantic by mistake. The ' Queen Mary ' did not do that ; she was not in fact bound for Leningrad ; but as for deliberately breaking a record, her commander and owners seem...

More Factory Accidents It is deplorable that the annual Report

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of the Chief Inspector of Factories should record a substantial increase in the number of industrial accidents. The figures for 1937 are approximately 9 per cent. above those...

The Ending of Slums The year reviewed in the new

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Report of the Ministry of Health happens to be the last in the original five-year plan of slum clearance ; so it is possible now to review the working of the plan as a whole....

Dominions and Foreign Affairs Mr. Menzies, the Australian Attorney-General, gave

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an interesting statement to the Press before quitting Great Britain after a stay of some months on official business. After paying a tribute to the work done during the past zo...

The Air Exercises The large-scale air exercises which took place

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over eastern England last week-end have demonstrated, possibly more than ever before, the extent to which effective air-defence, and still more air-attack, are dependent on...

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A CRITICAL FORTNIGHT

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A NUMBER of circumstances, which it would ' be laborious and unnecessary to enumerate in any completeness, and which may, in fact, be less intrin- sically significant than they...

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THE CLOUD OVER TRADE

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The falling-off in trade has not, this time, been correlated to any sharp fall in prices. On that some figures in the Board of Trade Journal throw an interesting light. A...

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A SPECTATOR'S NOTEBOOK

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W E are so afraid of seeming credulous, most of us, that suspiciousness becomes a necessary ingredient of save& faire. Any obvious explanation of an event must be wrong, and as...

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THE CZECHS AND LORD RUNCIMAN

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FROM A SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT Prague. roaring down the Ringstrasse and bearing round to the right in the direction of the Czechoslovak frontier, for a moment wondered whether...

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WHERE CAN HEINRICH GO ?

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By J. R. GLORNEY BOLTON H EINRICH sits in my room and talks. He has a leonine head and a deep voice. In twenty years' time he will look like Einstein. I saw Heinrich a year...

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WAGES IN PRISON

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By OLIVER KEARSLEY [late redcollar clerk to the Earnings Scheme, H.M. Prison, Dartmoor] T WO things have been responsible for the many ad- ministrative changes in prison-life...

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CASES OF THE YEAR.

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By OUR LEGAL CORRESPONDENT C ASE-LAW plays so large a part in the building up of English jurisprudence that it may be safely said that every year sees some interpretation or...

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A GOOD JOURNALIST

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By WILSON HARRIS I T may well be that this selection from Francis Perrot's writings* will have no extensive sale. It deserves it, but only a few people, probably, will discover...

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SOCIAL SERVANTS : IV. THE J.E.O.

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By R. F. SCOTT T HE essence of the work of a Juvenile Employment Officer is, briefly, to make available to every child, as he or she leaves school, full information concerning...

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LOST MUSIC

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By JAMES HANLEY "AH ! " he said, crossing one leg over the other, " Them days is all finished now. You don't hear no sailor's singing any more. Instead, you hear the machines,...

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MALTA TODAY

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Commonwealth and Foreign By HENRY BAERLEIN [The Colonial Secretary announced in the House of Commons last month the grant of a new Constitution for Malta, and has this week...

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The Malvern Festival

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STAGE AND SCREEN THE THEATRE IN retrospect the first week of the feast of drama at Malvern is now a six days' wonder. It was a little too much for everybody. A thunderous...

THE CINEMA

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" Little Tough Guy." At the Leicester Square—" Gold is Where You Find It." At the Odeon— 'Liszt Rhapsody." At Studio One DON'T be put off by the absurd title. Little Tough Guy...

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RETRAITES PARLEMENTAIRES

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[D'un correspondant parlsien] Nos deputes ont appris avec une certaine mesure de satisfaction qu'on parle en Angleterre de fonder uric caisse de retraite pour membres du...

CRICKET

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Games v. GAMES CRICKET, strictly speaking, is not one game but two. There is that played by village, club and county, and there is Test Cricket. No danger of confusion arises,...

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COUNTRY LIFE

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Harvest and Quality One facet of this year's harvest well illustrates the addition to production due to increased knowledge. The barleys all along the East Coast are of quite...

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Sia,—The valuable and timely article -by. Richard Veagh has a

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general as well as a " public school " application,. Youth, [To (he Editor of THE SPECTATOR] . when it has passed the " romancing-age " of boyhood, is always intellectually...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR] SIR,—Will Mr. Veagh please

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name two non-Roman Catholic Public Schools where, in 1938 (a) There is " a taboo on the discussion of religious pro- blems," where a boy " who has doubts about religion " is...

THE PEOPLE'S EDUCATION

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR] Sm,—The question of examinations in connexion with both primary and secondary schools seems to be a matter of ceaseless controversy. After all,...

PUBLIC SCHOOL RELIGION

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LETTERS TO THE EDITOR [Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our ` ..6 News of the...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR]

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Snt,—The article in your last issue on Public School religion is of interest. One hears so many contradictory reports as to what exactly is the condition of religion in our...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR, — Dr. Coulton lays himself

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open to a charge of sophistry in evading the question at issue. He admits that the Refor- mation was a struggle for power, but adds the astonishing qualification that this power...

RELIGION AND THE REFORMATION [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR]

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Sta,—It is usual for exponents of the materialist conception of history to lose patience with critics and abuse them as ignorant, muddle-headed and blinded by prejudice. I am...

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DOWN AND OUTS [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR]

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Sta,—Mr. Benney in his recent articles on " down-and-outs " does not give us any constructive solution. Has he any suggestion to offer, for instance, on the better co-ordination...

THE KING AND HIS CAMP [To the Editor of THE

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SPECTATOR] Sia,—May I make a comment on your admirable article on the " King and his Camp " ? You say that the inspiration came 77 years ago when the then Duke of York watched...

SAFETY IN MINES [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR]

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Sta,—In your issue of July 29th, treating of the subject of Safety in Mines, you state : " This country has the worst accident record in Europe." Fortunately, your assertion is...

ABORTION AND MEDICAL PRACTICE [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR]

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SIR,—With all respect to Lord Horder I find it extremely difficult to follow the reasoning of his article on the recent case of Dr. Bourne. If it is to be assumed to be the law...

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PUBLIC LIBRARY

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Luca men looking for jobs, the fingers turn the pages, The eyes stumble on a word, a phrase, • • ' • The eyes are like damp sticks in a high wind, But the eyes light up, and...

ROADS AND STREETS

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[To the Editor of TIIE SPECTATOR] Sw,—Admiration for Janus on world affiirs must not blind one to his failings. He is unsound on the subject of roads. Formerly he dismissed all...

MONMOUTH AT SEDGEMOOR

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR] SIR,—In his review of Miss D'Oyley's excellent book, James, Duke of Monmouth, Professor Dobree says that " the Sedge- moor operations were...

PROPERTY AND POLITICS

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR] SIR,—Mr. Ross-Lewin asks what the " class interest of a small minority " has to do with the Spanish problem. My question associated that...

GREECE AND THE ALLIES

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR] Sm,—Your Special Correspondent in his article on the " Greek Dictatorship " writes " Had Greece intervened, effectively and in time, on the...

EMPIRE MIGRATION

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR] SIR,—The admirable article by Mr. Hodson on Empire Migration in your issue of August 5th brings out the fact that the United Kingdom has now...

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TO ALL TOPOGRAPHERS

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BOOKS OF THE DAY By GRAHAM GREENE RALPH THORFSBY, the topographer of Leeds, traced—rather dubiously—his family back to the reign of Canute ; and certainly he could not have...

Page 24

EZEKIEL AND THE RAILWAYS

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The Brunels, Father and Son. By Celia Brunel Noble. (Cobden. , ' Sanderson. 15s.) _ . • • WE do not really appreciate yet the astonishing, if rather phoney, grandeur there was...

IRISH STUDIES

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Irish Holiday. By Dorothy Hartley. (Lindsay Drummond. 7s. 6d.) I Follow Saint Patrick. By 0. St. j. Gogarty. (Itch and Cowan. i6s.) In Praise of Ulster. By Richard Hayward....

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Britain and the Independence of Latin America, 1812-30. Edited by

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C. K. Webster. Two vols. (Oxford University Press. 5 0s.) GREAT BRITAIN AND LATIN AMERICA Britain and the Independence of Latin America, 1812-30. Edited by C. K. Webster. Two...

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FULL CIRCLE ?

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Slump and Recovery. By H. V. Hodson. (Oxford University Press. tos. 6d.) DRAWING on the material accumulated during his work as economic contributor to the Survey of...

An American Testament. A Narrative of Rebels and Roman- tics.

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By Joseph Freeman. (Gollancz. 16s.) • " IN ITS WILL IS OUR PEACE " IT was in Berlin, after a year in Russia and after some experience of the. German Communist Party, that Mr....

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Cromwell's Understudy: The Life and Times of General Lambert. By

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W. H. Dawson. (Hodge. 15s.) GENERAL LAMBERT THE history of the Cromwellian period needs re-writing, and every new book emphasises the insufficiency of the orthodox...

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THE REBEL AND HIS VOID

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Heinrich Heine. By Louis Untermeyer. (Cape. 15s.) THERE have been a good many books on this subject of late years, and the reason is not far to seek. The political parallels...

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FICTION

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By KATE O'BRIEN Out of This Nettle. By Norah Lofts. (Gollancz. 8s. 6d.) Long Haul. By A. T. Bezzerides. (Cape. 5s.) The Thought-Reading Machine. By Andre Maurois. Translated by...

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HELL ON ICE By Commander Edward Ellsberg

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Sponsored by the New York Herald, the ' Jeannette ' expedi- tion sailed from San Francisco in 1879 on an attempt to reach the North Pole by the Behring Sea. At n° North the '...

- MADELEINE DE SCUDERY By Dorothy McDougall

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Mlle. de Scudery (1607-1701) is rioted in the text-books as the author of very long-winded romances, Le Grand Cyrus and Clelie, for which her brother Georges, the dramatist,...

African Mirage (Batsford, I2S. 6d.) is in all respects a

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photo- grapher's book. The text which accompanies the 126 photo- graphs never pretends to be anything but a record of the author's visual experiences, and quite often the reader...

CURRENT LITERATURE

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The late Professor Elliot Smith (1871-1937) was known in his profession as a • brilliant anatomist and to the public as the expositor of an engaging theory of the diffusion of...

THE HARGRAVE CORRESPONDENCE, 1821-1843 Edited by G. P. de T.

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Glazebrook This new volume of the publications of the Champlain Society of Toronto, as usual printed and edited with exceptional care, lacks the adventurous element so...

Daughter of the Eagle (Blackie, 7s. 6d.) is the autobiography

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of an Albanian girl. The author is now twenty-two, and represents the generation that is coming under Western influence and breaking away from the Moslem traditions that still...

The author and her husband were both geologists, but when

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he was sent to the Gold Coast Mrs. Fowler-Lunn was not allowed to accompany him. Partly, one sospects, to show that a woman could work under the same tropical conditions as a...

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MOTORING

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The Toll of the Roads The usual holiday-time appeals to the motoring public, broadcast or in print, to take every possible care of themselves and other people on the crowded...

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FINANCE AND INVESTMENT-

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FEW people have expected investment markets to make much headway during this holiday season, but those inverted Micawbers who have been just waiting for something to turn down...

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FINANCIAL NOTES

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ROAN ANTELOPE RESULTS THE first of the preliminary results of the big Rhodesian copper mining groups - that of Rhokana Corporation-was discussed here a 'fortnight ago. It...

" THE SPECTATOR " CROSSWORD No. 307

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BY ZENO [A prize of a Book Token for one guir a will be given to the sender of the first corre;r solution of this week's crossword puzs.le to be opened. Envela.es should be...

SOLUTION NEXT WEEK The winner of Crossword No. 306 is

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Miss Mary D. H. Macmillan, 3o Ashley Avenue, Belfast.