12 JUNE 1936

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The Spectator

D EMOCRACY has lately come to be regarded in Europe ' as a static!, e v en a reactionary force, vet no dictator- :hip has shown so intense an activity as the new French...

Signor Mussolini Devolves Signor Mussolini's actions are often difficult to

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and in the appointment and dismissal of Ministers he has often shown a capriciousness which may be regarded as the prerogative of dictators. But it is not customary with him to...

The Palestine Disorders The account Mr. Ormsby-Gore, making his first

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appearance before the House of Commons as Colonial Secretary on Tuesday, was able to give of the situation in Palestine was not reassuring, and there will be general approval of...

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The Republican Convention The Republicans' choice of a candidate to

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oppose Mr. Roosevelt will be made after these pages are in the press. At the Convention at Cleveland Senator Steiwer of Oregon delivered the keynote speech, which con- tained in...

The Budget Leakage and Prosecution The decision of the Attorney-General

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to initiate no prosecutions in regard to the Budget leakage was inevit- able, for the very good reason that a prosecution in the ordinary Courts where the established rules of...

Nanking and Canton The Canton Political Council has not made

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its threatened declaration of war on Japan, but its armies are moving northward into Honan. Despite the anti- Japanese banner under which they march, it seems certain that it is...

Dr. Schuschnigg and Italy The hope that Dr. Schuschnigg would

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try to increase popular support of his Government by a general amnesty, including both Socialists and Nazis, is to have no early realisation. The mass meeting of the Fatherland...

Great Britain and Egypt Such difficulties as have arisen in

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the conversations between Great Britain and Egypt appear to be due to differences in Whitehall, not in Cairo. The question at issue is the degree of military security to be...

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The blunt and uncompromising nature of the Report of the

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Tribunal has placed the Labour Party in an embarrassing position. They had expected when they first raised the issue that all that would result would be a whitewashing enquiry,...

The Finance Bill is having a remarkably easy passage. Even

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on the increase in the Tea Duty, upon which any Opposition Member could produce a diatribe on the iniquity of making the old age pensioner pay for battle- ships, less than half...

The Press and the Law of Libel The draft Bill

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for the amendment of the law of libel prepared by a committee of the Empire Press Union is a document of great importance. That libel laws are needed admits of no dispute. Men...

The Week in Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes : Many

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Members are disposed to agree with The Speclalor in the comments that it made on the - findings of the Budget Tribunal. They are convinced that there is no evidence of a...

Unemployment in May The unemployment figures for May of this

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year are a very satisfactory evidence of industrial prosperity: as compared with previous years. At 1,705,042, the total of unemployed is lower than at any time in the last six...

The Publishers' Congress The International Congress of Publishers which is

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meeting in London for the first time in thirty-five years, is discussing the. difficulties and problems of the trade on the only proper basis for discussing anything to do with...

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CHANGES IN THE LEAGUE L IKE other members of the Cabinet

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Mr. Eden discussed the League of Nations in a week- end speech. On the main issue the Foreign Secretary was decisive. The League of Nations, he admitted, had suffered a...

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IN his declaration to the French Chamber on Monday, M. Blum, as head of the new Govern- ment, promised to introduce immediately one of the most sweeping programmes of social...

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T HE return of Sir Samuel Hoare to the Cabinet sooner or later—preferably sooner rather than later—was a foregone conclusion, but it cannot reasonably bear the construction put...

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By SIR ARTHUR SALTER ,W E must keep the League of Nations in existence." said Mr. Eden last week. " and approach any modifications in its structure with the desire to make that...

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By F. YEATS-BROWN I This is the seventh of a series of articles which Mr. Feats-Brown has been specially commissioned by "The Spectator" to write on contemporary India. The...

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By DR. C. P. SNOW T HERE is a pleasant surprise which conies to most of those professionally engaged in science : that is, the odd, the widespread, the almost reverential...

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What caused these strikes ? Sporadic effervescence which proved contagious ? - Claims for better paid labour in better hygienic conditions ? Economic aims concealing political...

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By ROGER B. LLOYD " I N all our great cities," thundered a speaker in the Church Assembly the other day, " many of the people are just as heathen as people living in the...

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By JAN STRUTHER I T is twenty years, all but a few months, since " Saki " was killed at Beaumont-Hamel. How many people, I wonder, read him now ? Most of his short stories are...

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By BARBARA WORSLEY-GOUGH .1. HAVE before me a photograph of three determined young women making the best Of what must be a remarkably comfortless couch. The counters in the...

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Commonwealth and Foreign By B. K. LONG' T HE arrival, this week, of Mr. Pirow, Minister of Defence in the South African Government, is a reminder that Abyssinia is not the...

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The Cinema

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"The Country Doctor." At the Tivoli—" The Ex-Mrs. Bradford." At the Carlton—"Thirteen Hours by Air." At the Plaza The Country Doctor is an honest film. The picture of the small...

Opera .

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STAGE AND SCREEN OpCra-comique at Covent Garden " OPERA-COMIQUE ultimately differs from ' Grand Opera' only in the nature of the subject, ' romantic' rather than ' heroic,'...

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Art Picasso l'icAsso is g enerally said 'to be the most

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inventive livin g artist, and this statement is true if it is taken to mean that he has inau g urated or helped to inau g urate more styles than any other artist. But it can...

DIE Jahrhundert feier der Teelutisthett 11°Hr:elde in Darm- stadt hat

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Freunde and Schuler aus der ganzen Welt. in der hessischen Metropole vereinigt. Es ist die beste Zeit. ma Feste zu feicrn. Denn das Land Hessen and seine Haupt.- stadt prangen...

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Unproductive Summer June-like days were a very long time in coming ; and the coldnesses of May had some unhappy results. A number of birds of all sorts deserted their nests ;...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] S►a,--The Duke of Montrose has added to his error regarding Lord Selborne's views, which I corrected in your issue of May 22nd, a much more...


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LETTERS TO THE EDITOR [Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our "Nails of the Week"...

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SIII,—The Budget Inquiry Tribunal has found that Mr. Thomas disclosed inforMation as to new taxes to Mr. Bates and Sir Alfred Butt before their proper announcement by the...

SIR,—Your correspondent, Mr. I. Nakhleh, still writes about " the

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dangers threatening the Arabs of Palestine as a result Of Jewish immigration," although he does not and cannot disprove the following facts : (a) that since the beginning of the...


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accept the correction of " Your Parliamentary Correspondent " and tender apologies for misreading him ; but he does not come to grips with the main point of my letter. Pacifists...

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ANGLO-AMERICAN RELATIONS [To the Editor of THE SmiycTxroa.d Slit,--An article

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in your last week's issue drew attention to the desirability of a more definite effort on the part of this country to cultivate the friendship of the United States. A great deal...


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Sin.—The Press here, and its correspondents abroad, have certainly been generous in their news regarding the Palestinian situation. Unfortunately, however, they have presented...

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SIR, —In your last issue you say that it is

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most important at the present moment that the aims of the L.N.U. should be understood by the public. Would you inform your readers what particular aims and teaching of the...

Sin—The latest of Mr. Jenkins' illusionary essays almost makes one

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despair. India's need is not additional arma- ments—not even the imaginary enemy Mr. Jenkins fears but modestly does not name—but simply rapid reforms in the matter of extended...


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SIR,—It was not my intention to cause any misconception about the curriculum of sociological studies in Oxford ; indeed, the main point of the criticism that I made was directed...


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Sin,—I have read with interest the paragraph in A Spec- tator's Notebook " in your issue of June 5th, concerning the Battle of Jutland. Why does no one ever point out the fart...

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The Die-Hard's Dilemma BOOKS OF THE DAY

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By E. H. CARR Mu. WYNDHAM LEWIS is a whale of a publicist. It is therefore small wonder that he is ill at ease in the muddy little duck-pond of international. affairs and that,...

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The Reign of Elizabeth

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Tins is the third Volume in the new Oxford History of England, in which Professor G. N. Clark's The Later Stuarts and Mr. R. C. K. Ensor's England 1870--1914 have already...

European Civilisation in Africa

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Jan Van Riebeeck. By C. Louis Leipoldt. (Longman. Its. 6(1.). How Britain Rules Africa. By G. Padmore. (Wishart. Its. tkl.) Africa Answers Back. By Akiki K. Nyabongo....

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The Divorce Law Defended

The Spectator

Marriage and Divorce. By the Rt. Hon. Lord Merrivale, F.C. (Allen and Unwin. • 2s. 6d.) -- • " " LORD MERRIVALE'S book merits attention as the first published defence of the...

Masaryk's' Boswell

The Spectator

Defender of Democracy : Masaryk Speaks. liy Emil Ludwig. (Ivor Nicholson and Watson. 15s. • MANY pens have been busy with the career and character of the veteran ex-President of...

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Philosophy and Marxism

The Spectator

Froin Hegel to Marx. By Sidney Hook. (Gollariel. 10s. 6d.) IN a well-known sentence Friedrich Engels, Karl Marx's great friend and collaborator, said that " the German working-...

Mr. Mottram Returns

The Spectator

TilE north-east corner of France and the western lands of Belgium have never been irresistibly attractive to the English traveller ; and yet they include a great deal which is...

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The Proper Study

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Mesopotamia. By Seton Lloyd. (Lovat Dickson. 6s.) Ancient Rome. By A. W. Van Buren. (Lovat Dickson. 68.) Mexico. By Thomas Gann. (Lovat Dickson. 6s.) Tim publishers have chosen...

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Baudelaire Improved

The Spectator

Flowers of Evil. Translated from the French of Charles Baud,,. lair,, by George Dillon and Edna St. Vincent Millay. (Ramis!' Hamilton. 10s. 6d.) BAUDELAIRE saw evil as a...

Inner Light

The Spectator

EVERYBODY has heard of Joanna Southeott, but it is doubtful whether she is more than a name-to most people, and few of us have any detailed knowledge of Jamei Nayler, " the...

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The Garden of Memories

The Spectator

Boys in the Making. By T. Pellaft. (Methuen. 10s. 6d.) Revolt on the Clyde. By William Gallacher, M.P. (Lawrence and Wishart. 10s. 6d.) The Unmentioned. By Georg Kruezmann....

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Extermination and Preservation

The Spectator

Odyssey of the Islands. By Carl N. Taylor. (Scribner. 12s. 6d. Voyage to Galapagos. By William Albert Robinson. (Cape. 8s. 6d.) Can the Doctor Come By Einar Wallquist. (Hodder...

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Crime for the Holidays

The Spectator

Murder by Experts. By Anthony Gilbert. (Crime Club. 7s. 6d.) Dora Beddoe. By Winifred Blazey. (Michael Joseph. 7s. 6d.) A.B.C.'s Test Case. By • " Ephesian " (Bechofer...

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The Spectator

By V. S. PRITCHETT Interval Ashore. By Horton Giddy. (Jonathan Cape. 7s. Gd.) The Camel. By Lord Beiners. (Constable. Gs.) A Feather in Her Cap. By Barbara Worsley . - Gough....

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SONG FOR SIXPENCE • By Geoffrey Pollett . Here is the

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pedlar's road-book (Longmans, $s. geod reading for all who take the road. At - the - police station in Hay ward's Heath, on a certain Monday in July, Mi. Pollen - obtained " a...


The Spectator

By Guy K. Austin In an earlier book Mr. Austin described how he went to the United States in search of work and adventure. In the present volume (Bles, 8s. 6d.) he continues the...

FIGHTER . ' PILOT - By. '-`-'1VLcSeoteh " The - author of this book,(Faitleage,

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10s. 6d.) R.F.C. pilot during the War, attached _to the famous 40 Squadron. 'These are his remirdseences'and 'make an excellent account of the War - on the Wei;tern Front from...

Current Literature

The Spectator

HUGH OLDHAM 1452-1519 By A. A. Mumford :ugh Oldham, Bishop of Exeter 1504-1519, was a figure of some consequence in the English Renaissance. Not by any gifts of mind - or...

" Here in the library, of a rampant night like

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this, it is com- fortable to know that the granite walls about me are eight feet thick and four hundred years old." This opening sentence of Sir Hector Duff's book . (Nelson,...


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- By J. R. A. Hockin - • - Mr. Hockin is the author of a previous book; On Foot in Berkshire, in Maclehose's deservedly well-known series. ..,He gives his reason, which will be...

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" Tin: Irish people," wrote a lonely English spinster many

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yqirs ago, " cling to their own natural inclinations, and thus their unwritten laws are more - binding to them than any made by Government." That shrewd remark underlines one of...

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. .. Future of the- Franc

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Finance READERS - .of these coluirini will have noticed that, among the iiiffuehees restraining netiVitY tri. the Stock Markets, I have freqUently referred to the anxiety with...

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Financial Notes.

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MARKETS RATHER BETTER. ALTHOUGH business in the Stook Markets continues to be restricted, the new fortnightly account which commenced on Monday showed a rather better tendency...

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The Spectator

The winner of Crossword No. 193 is Mrs. C. R. A. Howden, Mayne, Elgin, Scotland.

"The Spectator" Crossword No. 194

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Mt ZENO pri:r of one guinea will be given to the sender of the field correct solution of this 'reek's crossw]rd puck to be opened. Envelopes should be marked Crossword Puzzle....