14 FEBRUARY 1936

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NEWS OF THE WEEK T HE first stage of the debate

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in the French Chamber on the ratification of the Franco-Soviet Pact was Notable for a striking speech in defence of the treaty by the chairman of the Foreign Affairs Commission,...

The Pact and the Covenant All that is superficially plausible—but

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no more. It is no use pretending that the League Covenant confers security today. It would if League States determined that it should, but they have shown no sign of that yet....

The 011 Sanctions Report The report of the League of

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Nations' committee of experts on Oil Sanctions is a strictly objective document, as it was intended to be. But from it certain conclusions emerge clearly. If an oil embargo is...

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Washington. and . Tokyo Senator Pittman's denunciation of Japanese policy

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is unexpected in its vehemence and it, of course, gains considerable . force .from. the fact that Mr, Pittman is Chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee of the Senate....

T6tption in Germany Life in Germany is. becoming increasingly intolerable.

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A new attack on the Roman Catholic Church is bein ; .! launched ; steps quite inconsistent with the terms of th, Concordat are being taken against the Catholic youth movement ;...

Colonies and Claimants The Colonial Secretary stated in the House

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of Commons on Wednesday, in response to a group of rather disturbed M.P.'s, that " the Government had not considered and were not considering the handing over of any of the...

Paris and Central Europe The visit of M. Milan llodza,

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the Czechoslovakian Prime Minister to Paris, must be related both to the chance gathering of Eastern European statesmen in the French capital last week, and to the recent visit...

Ross and Cromarty Mr. Malcolm MacDonald, a Scottish .victory behind

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him, will join his father in the House once more, and few will grudge him his success. He has laid the foundations of a promising political career, and it would be a great...

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The debate on Maintenance Allowances on Wednesday was a dullish

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affair. But the proceedings were enlivened by a closely reasoned and cogent maiden speech by Mr. Strauss, the new Conservative Member for Norwich, who made as good a debating...

The Minister for Agriculture recovered something of his old debating

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powers in introducing the 13111 for the reorgan- isation of the sugar industry, though some of his argu- ments for it, especially his claim that the sugar subsidy had been an...

The " Crowner's Quest " The report of the Departmental

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Committee, presided over by the Master of the RAS, on Coroners'Courts contains drastic recommendations. And so it should. The office of coroner is ancient and there is no good...

Members are not a little shocked by the terms of

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Mr. A. P. Herbert's Bill to amend the laws concerning public refreshment. The main clause - is to the effect that " the laws of England concerning the provision of public...

The Week in Parlianient Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes : Mr.

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Walter Elliot had to face a severe cross-examination on Monday afternoon on his action in withholding for two months the Report _ of the Royal Commission on Tithe Rent- charge....

Neglected Science Today we are always calling ourselves, or being

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called, scientific, but Professor - Julian Huxley in a lecture on Tuesday raised serious doubts whether we deserve the name. Just as we have bread and burn it, so we have...

Fourteen or Fifteen ?

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The Government's Education Bill has come under hot fire during the last week at the hands both of the National Union of Teachers and of the Association of Education Committees....

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N O infortned• person can ignore the menace of the European' outlook. It is a gathering, not an immediately iMpending, storm. There may have been moments last year when Italy...

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M EN have always been aware of a hostility between town and country, and poets have ( xpressed . it by contrasting urban vice with rural virtue, the simplicity of the country...

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T HE result of the restricted plebiscite which the Daily Ea pre.ss has been conducting on two or three per- tinent public questions is interesting. Regarding the most important...

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By DR. EDGAR STERN-RITBARTH T HE colony question has become an international problem. Sir Samuel Hoare's recognition of the necessity of an international examination of the...

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By H. G. WELLS M AN, when Steele writes it with a capital letter, means not the aggregation but the quintessence of life. Art, literature, scientific work, achievement of every...

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beginning of the present century football com- petitkins run by newspapers and based on the forecasting of certain results, were common. Then the bookmakers took over the idea...

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By SIEGFRIED SASSOON W E have been putting our heads together again, my Aunt Eudora and I. The results were, of course, in no way remarkable ; but I have decided to put them on...

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By ALEXANDER BLOCK T HE house is the old-established habit of this country. Some people think it is a bad habit. The late Minister of Health was so convinced of the superiority...

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By RALPH MORTON I N the Far East it is a calculable asset to travel with children. In place of the suspicious glances and in- drawn skirts, of the growls and far-outstretched...

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By MONICA REDLICH P ERMIT me to tell you the story of the modest nudist and the Alps. It is true; I only wish I could claim to have made it up. On the ate d'Azur, in two...

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"Storm in a Teacup." Adapted by James Bridie from the

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Comedy by Bruno Frank. At the Royalty Theatre. Ma. Baum: is not afflicted with that craven fear of being great which keeps Mr. Coward from being consequential. He is an honest...

"Modern Times." At the Tivoli

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The Cinema I AM WO much an admirer of Mr. Chaplin to believe that the most important thing about his new film is that for a few minutes we are allowed to hear his agreeable and...


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"Follow the Sun." At the Adelphi - Theatre Mn. COCHRAN'S new revue concentrates its attack on the senses and ignores the wits. The scenery which Professor Ernst Stern has...

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[D'un correspondant frangais] C'HsT nae reflexion deventte banale que de souligner les habitudes francaises de eentralislit ion. Mats t miles les branches de ractivite...

Music The Man Who Knew Too Much

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Ix a discussion of the recent performance of Dr. Vaughan Williams's Symphony in P minor one writer commented upon the clumsiness of the scoring. It had certainly not been 'a...

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The Elusive Otter Although I lived the first twenty-five years of my life between two rivers, mooching about their banks on every possible occasion throughout the year, and...

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Gilbert-Lodge has now batted twice. May I be permitted to have my second innings, and thereby, I hope, finish the match ? I shall endeavour to follow your instruc- tions as...


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LETTERS TO THE EDITOR [Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable ., length is that of one of our " News of the...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.]

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Sm,—Bishops profess to believe that Jesus was God, Yet one of them (St. Edmundsbury and Ipswich) wrote in your issue of February 7th, replying to the statement that " most of...

. [To the Editor of TILE ScEet,vroa.]

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SIR,—There are some statements in the second letter signed Patricia Gilbert-Lodge which do not seem to me altogether accurate. (1) The writer says in regard to - Christianity...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In spite of Miss

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Gilbert-Lodge's frankness and readiness to admit herself in the wrong I believe she is still guilty of inconsistency. It is not reasoning power but simply belief which...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—While agreeing with much of Professor Bentwich's brief analysis in your issue of January 31st, I suggest that he claims too much for...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR, --It seems sensible to offer you my reactions to Mr. Sassoon's article of January 31st. against various recent poets, as I am one of the...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—In your issue of January 31st a letter appears under the signature of Mr. G. H. Crichton, a one-time member of this Institute. As the...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sat,--Your article on this subject in your issue of February 7th, asks the question " Could any voter have supposed that the raising would not...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—It is lamentable to find The Spectator joining the ranks of busybodyism and Sabbatarianism, and adding yet another voice to those who...


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Sra, — It seems strangely anomalous that those who are maimed by the industrial machine are, so far as compensation is concerned, far worse off than those who are injured on...


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[To the Editor of Tux StEcra.roa.] Sia,—I am sorry if a - rather careless wording in my letter of January 24th has given anyone a wrong impression as to the ownership of Hymns...

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SIR,-14ke you, I am somewhat surprised at the number of human bites treated at the Pasteur Institutes. I should' say that these are mostly inflicted by alleged criminals, or by...


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SPECTATOR.] SIR, — I think Sir Philip Hartog does not quite apprehend my objection to his numerical grades. Their use surely implies, that all his examiners meant the same thing...

SIR,—Professor Webster in his review of my book in your

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last issue takes me to task for making some incidental criticisms, or, as I would rather put it, retrospective judgements; on the voluntary societies working for peace and the...


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[To the Editor of TIIE SPECrATOR.] SIR,--One of your correspondents suggests that to speak of. " the King of England " is to show discourtesy to Edward I do not think he would...

Stn,—It was curious to read the somewhat belated review (if

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review it was supposed to be) of my last book but one, We Hare Been Warned, by Mr. John Sparrow, whom I remem ber as a charming hid at Winchester. Mr. Sparrow has a peculiar...

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Miss Sitwell's Victoria BOOKS OF THE DAY

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By JOHN SPARROW IT is not difficult to forecast the line which will be taken by those who wish to denigrate Miss Sitwell's latest book : she will be taken to task because,...

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The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money. By John

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Maynard Keynes. (Macmillan. 5s.) Mr. Keynes's Attack on Economists Ma. KEYNES'S new book presents the reviewer with an almost insoluble problem. It is avowedly a technical...

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Adventure with Calipers

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Ethiopian Realities; By Major Poison Newman. (Allen and Unwin. 3s. 6d.) , • WHILE Mr. Coon, an Anieriean anthropologiSt, was preparing for an expedition to Abyssinia he fell in...

Danton Again

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READERS of books on the French Revolution know only too well that historians of the subject tend to fall into two classes, Dantonists and Robespierrists. This division is due...

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Rousseau to Proust

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IT is not far short of fifty years since Mr. Havelock Ellis published his first book. Few critics could point to a finer consistency and continuity in their ideas over half a...

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Bolivian Reminiscences

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MRS. OVERBECK, tut American contributor to Harper's and other magazines, set off to make a home for her husband—a geologist—and children in a mining camp 13,000 feet up in the...

Keats' Lettets

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The Letters of John Keats. Edited by Maurice Buxton Forman. Second Edition. (Oxford University Press. 12s. 6d.) IT is five years since the first issue of this admirable edition....

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Chaucer ' s Schooling THE title of Mr. Plimpton's book rather misleadingly

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suggests that it is an account -of the formal education that Chaucer enjoyed. Instead it is a cursory survey of the educational conventions of his time, of which it is lar g ely...

The Transit of Culture

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Ideas in Motion. By Dixon Ryan Fox. (Appleton. 5s.) Tins little volume consists .of four essays by President F o x, linked by their general subject, the existence of " lawS " in...

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Up the Garden Path

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The A.R.C. Murders. By Agatha Christie. (Crime Club. 7s. 6cL) Murder isn't Easy. By Richard Hull. (Faber and Faber. 7s. 6d.) Scandal at School. By G. D. H. and M. Cole. (Crime...

He Lisped in Numbers

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This interesting book takes a rigidly statistical view of language, ending with an account of the real " in practice " as what has been .believed by most people, and an average...

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By WILLIAM PLOMER The Virgin of Skalholt. By Cudmundur Kamban. Translated by Evelyn Ramsden. (Nicholson and Watson. Ss.' 6d.) The Son of Marietta. By Johan Fabricius. Translated...

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For thirty years and more Mr. E. V. Lucas' Highways

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and Byways in Sussex has been a classic guide, historian and friend to every traveller in that county, and no one would want to see it changed if the scenes and sites it treats...


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By Margaret Mead The aim of this-book (Routledge, 10s. 6d.) is laudable and ori g inal. From her e xpedition to New Guinea in 1931-3, Dr. Mead has tried to discover what...

PRIMITIVES AND THE SUPERNATURAL By Lucien Levy -Bruhl Current Literature --

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This translatibrr( i Allen and thor5n;:.,18s.) adds another to the series of addles of pririikVe mentality bka;,_ . , well-known French anthropologist. Or. Levy-Brulir„...

The title of work (Macmillan, 5s-..) is somewhat misleading, because

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it does not deal with those fascinating developments in the philosophy of language that have arisen within the last few years. On the contrary, it is the pure bones of...


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By Hudson Strode From their discovery by Juan de Bermudez in 1510 until the arrival Of the first boat-load of American tourists at the end of last century the BermudaS (there...

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Two 1936 cars were sent to me lately for review

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in The Spectator, the new 9-h.p. Singer ,and the 24-h.p. Talbot. In themselves and in their individual classes worth more than usual attention, the two, driven one immediately...

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The National Accounts FROM What foilsiirs in this article it must not be. inferred, - that the. City lr in diSatreepagit With the' 4 Government • with regard to : the large...

Financial Notes

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STEADY MARKETS. ALTHOUGH business on the Stock Exchange has not been quite so brisk during the last week, the tone of most markets has kept very firm. As regards gilt-edged...

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SOLUTION NEXT WEEK The Winner of Crossword No. 176 is

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Miss A. M. Stoneman, 18 Calais Gate, S.E. 5.

"The Spectator" Crossword No. 177

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BY ZENO f A prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked " Crossword...