2 JUNE 1894

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TheEmperor of Austria appears for the moment to have yielded

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to clerical influence. After long discussions with the Hungarian Premier, he has declined to create Magnates in order to pass the Civil Marriage Bill, and Dr. Wekerle has...


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• I N France, M. Dupuy has again accepted the task of forming a Ministry. He kept General Mercier, who is trusted by the Army ; made M. Poincare, rather a Radical financier,...

M. Stambouloff has fallen like Prince Bismarck, and for the

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same reason. He had become so dictatorial and inde- pendent that Prince Ferdinand could not tolerate him any longer. He was, it is said, impertinent to the Princess of Bulgaria,...

The Budget debate has so far ended to the advantage

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of the Government. On Monday, an effort was made by Mr. Heneage, supported by Mr. Goschen, to omit the expression "principal value" as the basis of the new Estate-duty, thus...

On Friday week, Mr. Rowlands called the attention of the

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House of Commons to the returning officers' charges at elec- tions. At present, these purely official and necessary charges are divided among the candidates. They ought to be...

The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any case.

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With the " SPECTATOR " of Saturday, June 30th, will be issued, gratis, a SPECIAL LITERARY SUPPLEMENT, the outside pages of which will be devoted to Advertisements. To secure...

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Lord Salisbury made an important speech at a banquet given

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by' the Grocers' Company in their restored hall in Princess Street on Tuesday. Referring to the agitation against the House of Lords, he congratulated the Gladstonians on having...

Mr. Chamberlain took the chair this year on Saturday at

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the annual dinner of the Newspaper Press Fund, and made an amusing speech, on part of which we have commented elsewhere. He said that no one now would venture to proclaim...

On the subject of the Graduated Estate-duty which is now.

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proposed, the Duke of Devonshire evidently holds that the Government are endangering that accumulation of wealth in this country by which no class really gains so much as the...

We deeply regret to say that "the Prevention of Cruelty

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to Children Bill" was talked out in the Report stage on Wednesday by the Irish party, who were apparently angry because it stood in the way of the next order of the day, which...

On Thursday, Sir William Harcourt, who moved a motion appropriating

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the whole of the time of the House for Govern- ment business, declared that his action was founded "upon no complaints against any section of the House in the past nor upon any...

Mr. T. W. Russell, in supporting this amendment, chaffed the

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Government unmercifully, and showed how impossible it was for them to show their hand and say which Bills they would drop. Fancy what would happen in Wales if Welsh...

Yesterday week, the Duke of Devonshire addressed a great Unionist

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meeting in the Victoria Skating Rink, Southampton,. and pressed upon his audience the anomalous character of the position in which the Government had placed themselves....

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Mr. Justin McCarthy has made an appeal for funds for

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the support of the Irish Parliamentary party, which no longer receives the large subventions from the United States which had poured in upon it in recent years. But this appeal...

The correspondent of the Times at St. Petersburg forwards an

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Imperial ukase dated May 18th, to which he attaches extreme importance. It deprives all officials, from the Ministers downwards, of their power of giving appointments and...

The Archbishop of Canterbury has issued a very spirited address

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to the clergy against the Welsh Church Disestab- lishment and Disendowment Bill, pointing out how severe -will be its effect in crippling the Welsh Church, how fatal are its...

The French military officials are all in excitement. It is

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stated that M. Turpin, a man of science, who discovered the explosive powers of melinite, has invented an "engine of victory," which will destroy whole divisions, and disgusted...

The Ameer of Afghanistan, according to the Debals, has issued

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a rather remarkable address to his people. He wishes, he says, to pay a visit to London, so that he may speak for all Afghans with the great of the earth and their Viziers; but...

Bank Rate, 2 per cent.

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New Consols (2!) were on Friday, 101i

Men engaged in an election, local editors especially, are a

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good deal too ready to believe that anything may be said of candidates with impunity, and Mr. Walter Morrison, in demanding damages for a libel of the kind, has done a public...

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THE IRRITABILITY OF FRANCE. W E cannot remember in history a relation between two States so singular as that which at the present moment exists between Great Britain and...

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I N the masculine and impressive speech which the Duke of Devonshire delivered yesterday week to the Unionist meeting at Southampton, he drew attention to a point in the...

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at least one side of it," said Lord Salisbury on Tuesday night at the Grocers' Company, "consists of groups and these groups have particular objects of desire. They wish to see...

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THE DEBATE ON GRADUATION. T HERE is very little instruction and

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no satisfaction to be got out of the debate on the Budget. The very speaking is not good. What are we to say to a Radical Chancellor of the Exchequer who, when introducing a...


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M R. AKED'S paper in the Contemporary Review is a terrible indictment against the Southern half of the United States, and incidentally against the Northern States as well....

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T HERE seems to be no longer any question among the experts as to the bullet-proofness of Herr Dowe's cuirass. In other words, a material has been produced which cannot be...

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p OLITICIANS should not make speeches about the Press. They are so afraid of its criticisms, and so entirely convinced of its influence—exaggerating that influence, as we...

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M R. Rini - YARD KIPLING has, as every one knows, a singular genius for the delineation of human charac- ter. There we have at least some means of verifying what he tells us. We...

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O UR American friends, who, in common with ourselves, derive so much satisfaction from the finished chapters of Washington Irving's " Bracebridge Hall," may perhaps ask how it...

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I T must be within the experience of almost all men to look back in utter astonishment at the quaint, not to say idiotic, mistakes they made as children in misunderstanding...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Is not the belief in man's immortality involved in the- assumption of God's existence ? If God be, He must love, otherwise He is not...


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THE ROMAN CATHOLIC VIEW OF INSPIRATION. [To ms EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIn,—Some notes, please, on letter and article in the- Spectator of May 19th :—(1.) The...

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NAVY DEPARTMENT, WASHINGTON, October 5th, 1859. Sra, — I have received your

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No. 3G, dated July 4th, 1859, relating principally to the action between the Chinese forces and the allied squadrons of England and France at the mouth of the River Peiho on the...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR:1 Sin,—While in Rome a few months ago, I read a decree or order, then recently issued by the Pope, relative to bull-fights. The two chief...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—In your article on the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, in the Spectator of May 26th (than which Society none could...


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[To THE EDITOR OP THE " SPEOTLTOR...] am convinced that town-residents are very far from realising what an evil day it would be for the working classes in the rural districts...


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" SPECTATOR:] SIR,—Here is the text of the laconic and thoroughly English reply made by the Navy Department to the report of the American Captain who, at Peiho Fort, acted on...


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ITo TES EDITOR or THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—While reading your interesting article on this subject, in the Spectator of May 19th, and Lord Dysart's comments thereon in the...

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CALM upon the broad Atlantic, tossed by billows fierce and frantic, Pallid passengers inordinately crave, As the angry ocean surges and the sire of Boanerges Cataclysmically...


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[TO THZ EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR,") Sut,—Under the heading of "Current Literature," in the Spectator of May 26th, your reviewer, in dealing with Mrs. Bryson's book, "The...


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THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—You were so good as to insert my little account of the politeness of a parrot in the Spectator, will you now allow me also to bear witness to the...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR." ] SIR —My grandfather was present in the theatre at Dor- chester when the London manager came down to see Edmund Kean act, and engaged him...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR.") SIR,—I have to thank you for a kind notice of my novel "A Soldier of Fortune," which appeared in your issue of May 26th. There is one...


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To THE EDITOR OF THE "SrearsT0p.."1 SIR,—I have for very many years taken a deep interest in elementary education. I met with the following experience this afternoon ; it is...

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TWO TR ANSLATIONS OF IBSEN'S " BRAND."t IT seems a presumptuous thing for a writer who knows no Norwegian to review these two brilliant efforts at the trans- lation of Ibsen's...

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THE record of Sir John Astley's life is hardly one that would have recommended itself to the attention of Dr. Smiles. In- deed, one can imagine many stern moralists holding up...

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IT is interesting to note how through centuries of essentially active progress and social evolution, the dreamers and seers of visions leave their indelible impressions on the...

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"WE know of no spectacle so ridiculous as the British public in one of its periodical fits of morality," said Lord Macaulay. We do not agree. Even more ridiculous is the...

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THE DICTIONARY1OF NATIONAL BIOGRAPHY.* THE recent volumes of the;Dietionary of

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National Biography show no falling-off from the uniformity of excellence which has so long characterised it. There are very few articles that fall below that high level of good...

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THE principal poem in the Duke of Argyll's volume is unfortunately the least pleasing. A very clear and able thinker, gifted, too, with no inconsiderable powers of expres-...

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TEE editor of the Contemporary gives the place of honour to a rather screamy paper entitled " Halt !" Its writer has, however, a clear idea in his or her head. It is that the...

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Fra Paolo Sarpi : the Greatest of the Venetians. By the Rev. A. Robertson. (Sampson Low and Co.)—Mr. Robertson certainly deserves our best thanks for his very able and...

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Tales of a Nomad ; or, Sport and Strife. By

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Charles Montague. (Longmans and Co.)—A big-game hunter relates for our benefit his most interesting hunts, and his most exciting encounters with natives in Africa. Of its...

The Daughter of the Nes Perces. By Arthur Paterson. 2

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vols. (Bentley and Son.)—There are some things in this volume which take us back to old times.—to the romantic Indians whose acquaintance we made in the pages of Fennimore...

All the Year with Nature. By F. Anderson Graham. (Smith,

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Elder, and Co.)—These eight-and-twenty papers, collected from various newspapers and magazines, describe the life in the woods and fields during the four seasons, sketch some...

Not Angels Quite. By Nathan Haskell Dole. (Gay and Bird.)

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—There is a curious mixture of materials in this tale. Love is the chief ingredient. We have two engaged couples whose engagements are broken off. Happily hearts are not...

Letters and Memoir of Hugh Hastings Romilly. (David Nutt.)— The

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late Mr. H. H. Romilly, who died young, bad a short, but energetic and useful, career in the Western Pacific, first on the staff of the then Sir Arthur Gordon, and afterwards as...

About Orchids. By Frederick Boyle. (Chapman and Hall.)— Horticulture owes

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a debt to the thorough manner in which Mr. Boyle dissipates the exaggerated ideas most people have as to the price of orchids. Mr. Boyle grows them most successfully him-...

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Not in the Belting. By Sir Randal H. Roberts, Bart.

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(F. V. White and Co.)—This is a story of a well-known type. The scene is laid in a county which it is not difficult to identify with Leicestershire. The incidents and language...

If the "Local Government Act," commonly called "the Parish Councils

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Act," is not understood, it will not be for want of help. We have now before us two more manuals devoted to the explanation of its provisions. The more elaborate of the two, in-...

In the Track of the Sun. By Frederick Diodati Thompson.

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(W. Heinemann.)—Mr. Thompson left New York for Chicago on October 14th, 1891, and returned to that city on May 18th in the following year. This handsome volume records by pen...

The Experiences of Loveday Brooke. By C. L. Pirkis. (Hutchin-

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son and Co.)—Loveday Brooke is a "Lady Detective," and tells various stories in which her ingenuity is shown to great advan- tage in comparison with the clumsier wit of her...

The English Historical Review: April. (Longmans.) — Mr. J. H. Round in

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a long article— it extends to more than fifty pages— replies to two opponents, Mr. Archer and Miss Norgate, on the question whether the army of Harold at the battle of...

Two books which visitors to London, not to speak of

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Londoners themselves, will certainly find useful, are London of To - Day, by Charles Eyre Pascoe (Simpkin, Marshall, and Co.) ; and London in 1894, originally compiled by...

Humourous Plays. By Francis H. Moore. (Dean and Son.)— These

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short plays and duologues are written for amateurs, and involve, as the author says," a very limited number of characters, and no exceptional amount of dramatic experience." A...

Tom Sawyer Abroad. By Mark Twain. (Chatto and Windus.)— This

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extravaganza is amusing, but not, in our judgment, so amusing, by a long way, as Tom Sawyer's adventures on the Mis- sissippi. He, with his faithful companion, who plays Pylades...