31 JANUARY 1936

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The Spectator

T HE message from Queen Mary to the nation, expressing the Queen's gratitude for the sympathy manifested towards her and commending her son to the loyalty of his subjects, is a...

What this country has broadly to decide is whether a

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friendly Egypt is not more valuable from a military as well as a political point of view than an unfriendly one hedged about with military restrictions and precautions. At the...

Mr. Eden and Egypt Mr. Eden has no more urgent

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problem before him than that of Egypt, and it is to be hoped that he will lose no time in pushing forWard the prOmised renewal of negotiations for a Treaty. The Egyptian General...

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- A Doomed Conference The Naval Conference resumed its sittings

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on Wednesday, without Japan. The prospect is increasingly depressing. Japan's attitude has ruled out all possibility of limiting the total tonnages of fleets—unless, indeed,...

General Graziani has shown again, as he did earlier ■:1

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the campaign after the taking of Gorahai, that his mobil(' columns are capable of amazingly quick movement. A`' the crow flies,.Wadara, where his patrols are now reported. is...

Geneva and Danzig The League of Nations Council has reason

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to be satisfied with the results achieved in its dispute with the Danzig Senate. Herr Greiser, President of the 8enite, who favoured the Council with a Hitler salute, at first...

Railway Assessments The complicated, prolonged and costly litigation over the

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assessment for rates of the railway companies has at length been decided by the House of Lords judgement reducing the assessment of the Southern Railway from £2,180,000 to...

From Laval to Sarraut It is not much to the

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.purpose to discuss the prospects of the new French Cabinet at length here, since M. Sarraut will have met the Chamber before these lines appear, and to judge from present...

The Veterans' Bonus

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On Monday Congress overrode, by crushing majorities, President Roosevelt's veto, and the Veterans' Bonus Bill became law. The President has asked for an appropria- tion of...

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The Tembien battle remains for the moment a paper victory

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for both sides. • The facts, as nearly as they can he discovered, are that an attempt by the Italians to fore- stall a blow at their right flank north-west of Makalle led to a...

* * * * As to the constitution, it is

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generally agreed that there will be no innovations. The new King is known to be under no temptation to exercise any personal power and will accept in letter and in spirit the...

* * * * There was much speculation, when the

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House met last week to vote the address of condolence and to swear fealty to King Edward VIII, as to what' changes, if any, would be made in court procedure or the forms of the...

The Aftermath of Stavisky The French jurymen who have just

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emerged from the interminable trial of Stavisky's alleged accomplices (many of whom, including his widow, they acquitted) haVe followed up their verdicts with a remarkable...

Unpaid Fines The Act designed to secure that delinquents failing

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to pay fines shall not be imprisoned without special inquiry into their means to pay, is now in force, and magistrates up and down the country are holding special sittings to...

Parliament and the Funeral Our Political Correspondent writes ; Many

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Members as they streamed away from the memorial service at St. Margaret's on Tuesday were expressing surprise that, in the great funeral procession from Westminster Hall to...

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The Spectator

T HE nation has taken leave of King George. With majestic and moving ceremony his body has made its last journey through the city that is the heart and centre of his Empire and...

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The Spectator

A MONG the topics of news which national mourning has inevitably thrust into the background, few are of more direct importance to Great Britain than the 'settlement in the coal...

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The Spectator

L IKE many other people I know, I have been a good deal exercised in the past week regarding methods of showing respect for King George. Of the depth of feeling that has...

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By H. C. WELLS H AVING launched his thesis—and one must admit, made a very plausible case for it—that any conscious animal whose intelligence rises to the level of apprehending...

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By WILLARD PRICE P OLITE but frank suspicion marks the often repeated request of the League of Nations Mandates Com- mission that Japan should explain more fully what she is...

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By PROFESSOR N. de M. BENTWICH T HERE.is a palpable feeling of freedom as one embarks at Warnemiinde on the Danish ferry steamer which carries the train from Hamburg to...

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The Spectator

By THE DEAN OF CHICHESTER (The Very Rev. A. S. Duncan-Jones) T HE professional man occupies a position in the social structure different from that of the man of business. In the...

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The Spectator

By A CANADIAN CORRESPONDENT Toronto, January. T HE dealings of Canada with sanctions, the departure • of Dr. Riddell from Geneva, the British repudiation of the Hoare-Laval...

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The Spectator

By SIEGFRIED SASSOON O N New Year's Day I went to see my Aunt Eudora. In spite of having been born on the day of the outbreak of the Crimean War, she was looking remarkably...

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By ROSE MACAULAY W ITH our passion for dividing history into arbitrary periods, such as centuries and reigns, we are already speculating on what the reign of Edward VIII will...


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We understand that Lord de Clifford takes exception to certain references to him in " Marginal Comments," by Rose Macaulay in The Spectator of January 17th. The article was...

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The Spectator

The English Masque WHEN Dr. Vaughan Williams gave to Job the sub-title of " A. Masque for Dancing," he wished to indicate that here was something different from what we usually...

" The Case of the Lucky At the Regal. "Charlie

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The Cinema Cfian . in Shanghai. , ' At the NeNV Gallery. , ---" The `Aniateur Gentleman" At the London Pavilion IT is curious how little the cinema has done for the detective...

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Jours de deuil

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[D'un correspondant parisien] LoasQuE les ondes sillonnereni le del, apportant jusqu' aux regions les plus reculees la brutale annonce de is mort du roi Georges V, la vie du...


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An Impure Impressionist THOSE who like to be as exact as possible in their application of terms generally agree that the word Impressionist can be applied with the greatest...

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The Spectator

Bitter Weather January has lived up to a bitter reputation. In both 1684 and 1740 the Thames was frozen in January. In 1768 Gilbert White records that the year " begins with a...

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[To the Editor of THE SexersToa.1 Srit,—Will you permit me

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to ask your correspondent, signing herself Patricia Gilbert-Lodge, the following questions with reference to her letter in last week's Spectator ? 1. Why does she suppose that...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—Your correspondent, Patricia Gilbert-Lodge,

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is, like most of us, partly right and partly wrong. She is right in holding that " it is organised religion itself, not its working, which is wrong." She is wrong in her...


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(Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week" paragraphs. Signed...

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[To the Editor of TILE SrEcraToal

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SIG,—Will not Miss Gilbert-Lodge, as a materialist (who cannot, as a materialist, admit the reality of spiritual values) tell us what she means by " higher and better self " ?...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—As your Naval Correspondent had the advantage of stating his case after reading my article on " Battleships and Bombs,". I hope you will...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The present diplomatic lull provides an opportunity to consider ways and means by which the Italo-Abyssinian con- flict could be brought...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.]

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SIR,—It is not surprising that a Parsi would be affronted if he were regarded, as Mr. Dover asserts he should be, as a West Indian. Parsis stand in no need of " attempts to...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—At a time when the demands on your space must be exceedingly heavy, I feel it would be inconsiderate to burden you with a long letter on...

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[To the Editor of Tux SPECTATOR.] SI11,—My experience as a Justice of the Peace leads me to conclusions similar to those indicated by Miss Craven. There is, however, one change...


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[To the Editor of THE` SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The address of which a repOrt is given below, translated from an Italian newspaper, was recently delivered in Italy by a British...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sint,—In your issue of January 24th Mr. Lionel James appeaser (we hope), his anger with a spate of cynicism : perhaps he had a bad sermon as...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of Tun SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Janus, surely somewhat ingenuously, enquires last week, `, 1 What did Mr. Masefield mean . . . by . . And when the War was ended, when...

[To the Editor of THE Sencrsroa.] SIR,—As I am myself

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collecting material for a dictionary of British Artists, it was with particular interest that I read " C. D.'s " letter in your last issue. I agree with hint that in research...


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[To the Editor of Tun SPECTATOR.] SHI,—The very pertinent letter of " C. D.," in your issue of January 24th, draws attention to a serious lack in our national culture. We have...

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The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Stu,—In your issue of January 24th " Janus," in " A Spectator's Notebook," takes the Poet Laureate to task for speaking about " England "...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—You say that if the very low birth-rate persists " the youth of the decades after next will be burdened with a pensionable age-group out...

The Silent Man

The Spectator

TEN years agone, a winter's night, My husband shut his mouth for spite, Never gave me half a word Nor half a sign to show he heard. Went his sulky, mumping way Till a week ago...

SIR,—You are not quite correct in saying that Edward VIII

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] is the first king since Charles II to succeed to the throne without a consort. George III was not married until eleven months after his...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The columns of The Spectator usually provide its sub- scribers with such good and informing reading that your article, " The King we...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] , Sza,—As it has taken Mr. Verschoyle three months to come to the business of reviewing my book, World Without Faith, I should have imagined...

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Gilbert Murray

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BOOKS OF THE DAY By E. E. KELLETT ONE cannot better introduce these volumes than in the words of the Greek epigram which Mr. Bowra has set at the beginning of the more...

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Australia's Defence

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Australia and War Today. By W. M. Hughes, Pk., K.C., M.P. (Sydney : Angus and Robertson. ()s.) Japan and Defence of Australia. • By "Albatross." (Melbourne: Robertson and...

The Argument of Callicles

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The Coming American Fascism. By Lawrence Dennis. (Harper. 10s. 6d.) Mn. -DEN sas has, from the propagandist point of view, put his best wine last. The first -half of his book is...

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Moscow Nights

The Spectator

Film Acting. By V. I. Pudovkin. Translated by Ivor Montagu. (George Nownes. is. 6d.) THIS book is a reprint of a course of lectures delivered to the State Institute of...

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Georgian Letters

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John Freeman's Letters. Edited by Gertrude Freeman and Sir John Squire. With an Introduction by Walter de in Mare. (Macmillan. 8s. 6d.) SMALL reputations, however honestly won,...

A Forgotten Elizabethan

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Helena, Marchioness of Northampton. By C. A. Bradford. (Allen and linwin. 7s. 6d.) Tins is a biography of that lady whose chief appearance upon the stage of history was as...

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The Brighter Side of Vagrancy

The Spectator

TOE history of vagrancy is as often as not the negative plate of the history of poor law. The development of a public provision for destitution reacted on the frequency of...

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The Spectator

By WILLIAM PLOMER Michael and his Angels. By Lewis Gibbs. (Dent. 7s. 6d.) Edna his Wife. By Margaret Ayer Barnes. (Cape. 'Ss. 8d.) Life with Father. By Clarence Day. (Chatto...

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The Spectator

Augus Holden has written a chatty little book (Allen and Unwin, 7s. 6d.) about nineteenth-century fashions which displays a remarkable memory for anecdote rather than any...

This is an always agreeable and occasionally shrewd account (Dent,

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6s.) of America as seen by a young _German girl. The fictional thread is rather thin, but the types, if almost all " nice people," are not too stiff to be plausible. The clash...


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Cufrent Literature Fk a re-issue or a work (Longmans, 12s: ad.) remarkable nectrintinifilin Of detailed facts and for its fin- partiality than for any particular literary...

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Motoring The New Stock Coachwork N OT the least of

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the many improvements in the latest cars is the bodywork. This has reached a degree of excellence which anyone who remembers what we had to tolerate only a few years ago must...

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Banking Centenaries

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Finance- - Midland Bank Meeting SPECIAL interest attaches to the annual meetings this year of the ,Midland, Bank and the Westminster . Rank by reason of the fact that both of...

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Financial Notes

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FAVOURABLE MARKETS. THE Stock Markets during the past week have been under the shadow of the national mourning and on Tuesday, the House was closed and business was practically...

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"The Spectator" Crossword No. 175

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BY ZENO [A prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked " Crossword...


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SOLUTION NEXT WEEK The winner of Crossword No. 174 is Miss Harris, 45 Fairfield Lane, Barrow-in-Furness.