11 MARCH 1905

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The confusion which reigns in the highest quarters of the

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Russian Government has recently received a new illustration. M. Pobiedonostzeff, the head under the Czar of the Russian Church, alarmed by the movement in favour of...

T HE Russian army is in full retreat and the Japanese

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in pursuit. The railway line is broken north of Mukden, and the Japanese have already entered the town, which the Russians are leaving, and where they have already burned large...

The correspondent of the Daily Mail at Kieff, telegraphing to

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Friday's paper, gives an account of a movement of the peasantry of Central Russia which, if confirmed, may prove of the utmost moment. An army of three thousand peasants with...

This astounding proclamation, which they read only in the official

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journal, brought all the Ministers, reactionaries as well as Liberals, to Tsarskoe Selo, resolved to resign if its effects could not be mitigated. They were received by the...

Though, as we have said, it is possible that Kuropatkin

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may escape from the trap which is just closing on him as we write, it is far more likely that great fragments of his army, both on his left and right, may be broken off, and...

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The "inauguration," however, has in no way improved the relations

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between the President and the majority of the Senators, who are determined to retain their constitutional right of control over all foreign affairs. The pivot of the quarrel is...

The German Parliament has treated the demand for additional forces

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as we expected. The proposal to increase both field artillery and heavy artillery was passed, the immense results consequent on the use of that arm in the present war, results...

On Friday afternoon last week Mr. Chamberlain was present at

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a meeting of the Committee of the Tariff Reform League, when Mr. C. A. Pearson resigned the chairmanship, and Lord Ridley was elected in his stead. Mr. Chamberlain afterwards...

It is simply impossible to obtain an accurate account of

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the position of the Russian Treasury. It is stated, however, on good authority, that the French and German financiers are becoming alarmed by its incessant demands, and by the...

President Roosevelt's inauguration took place last Saturday at Washington. The

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Times correspondent describes the for- malities of this Republican coronation, as he calls it, in an interesting despatch,—the meeting of the Senate in the Capitol at which, in...

Mr. Balfour announced in the House on Monday afternoon that

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Mr. Wyndham had resigned office, and that he had reluctantly accepted his resignation. The Prime Minister explained that while Mr. Wyndham was unable at present owing to...

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At the evening sitting on Wednesday Mr. Winston Churchill moved

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: " That, in the opinion of this House, the permanent unity of the British Empire will not be secured through a system of Preferential duties based upon the Protective taxation...

Mr. Balfour, who followed, asserted that the principal attack was

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directed, not against Mr. Chamberlain, but against his own Edinburgh speech, a speech of " unimpeachable lucidity." He did not quarrel with the proposition that we ought not to...

The appointment of four new Bishops has been announced during

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the week. The Rev. Pritchard Hughes is made Bishop of Lla,ndaff ; Dr. Gibson, the Vicar of Leeds, becomes Bishop of Gloucester in succession to Dr. Ellicott, who has resigned ;...

Lord Rosebery made a powerful and useful speech at the

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annual dinner of the City Liberal Club on Thursday night. After dealing with the question of the attitude of the Liberal party to the renewal of the Japanese Alliance almost...

No doubt the Irish extremists will be annoyed by thie

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utterance. No doubt also it can be said, and truly said, that Lord Rosebery now only speaks for himself. This, however, does not render his words less sound or less important....

Mr. Chamberlain, who, like Mr. Lyttelton, complimented Mr. Winston Churchill

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on the ability of his speech, took the line that the debate was gratuitous and useless. It was wasting time to put his views before the House of Commons until be had converted...

Bank Rate, 2i per cent.

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Consols (24 per cent.) were on Friday 914.

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nor your name is not Master Cesario; nor this is

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not my nose neither. Nothing that is so is so."—(Twelfth Night, Act IV., Scene 1.) These are the words that rise to the lips as one reads Mr. Balfour's astonishing speech in the...

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T HIS struggle in the Far East has a fascination for

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Western minds which upon certain important points may possibly impair their clearness of perception. It is not only that the forces engaged have been collected upon a scale of...

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T HE Army, upon which such vital Imperial and national interests

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depend, is drifting aimlessly hither and thither like a derelict ship. It is true that Mr. Arnold- 'Forster is at the helm with his eyes fixed on a distant • horizon, and, with...

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W E must repeat our warning of last week that English-

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men expect events in Russia to move too quickly. The vastness of the Empire is not diminished by its dis- content; the collision of interests within it is not soothed by the...

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of ground which will bear a number of houses has

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certain well-ascertained rules on which to lay it out. The first step is to remove any gravel that he may find there. It will already have done its work in giving an air'of...

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its proverbs," said Bacon ; and surely of no nation

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is this so true as of the Jews. " Hear, 0 Israel, Jehovah the Lord our God is one, But we, Jehovah, His people are dual and so undone." These words of Mr. Zangw ill's contain...

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It is at times of doubt and anxiety such as

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must always be felt when change is impending, and no one knows exactly what the change will be, that the note of criticism of the existing state of things is loudest and most...

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L OOKING for a country house sounds a very pleasant occupation.

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The advertisements of those to let are so plentiful, and the attractions of many are snob, that it might well be thought that the only difficulty would be to give proper...

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SOUTH AFRICA. I. SIR HOWARD VINCENT TO MR. ARNOLD-FORSTER. House of Commons, St. David's Day, March 1st, 1905. MY DEAR ARNOLD-FORSTER, (1) Your observations in the House of...

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Srn,—Speaking in the House of Commons on February 23rd, Mr. Arnold-Forster said :— " I must at the same time call attention to one view of the Volunteer Force, with regard to...

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SIR,—There is no greater proof of the lack of knowledge

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of Russian affairs in this country than your own correspondence columns. The Spectator has never to my knowledge written on anything of so vast importance as the present...

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mo 7ADDVOR os Till"13PICTRAZOR.") SID,—May I ask . you to

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notice the aspect of this question. which is here presented P The countries which largely. employ- cheap coloured labour to perform, often in hot climates, work 'which white men...


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of the desire to establish in Ireland a Romish ascendency, may I point out a few thiDgs P- (1) The Catholic Association is-discredited and disavowed. It exists in Belfast...


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Sin,—There are facts concerning the Catholic University question which you will perhaps permit me to lay before your readers. The first is that the Irish Parliament originally...

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THE seas of England are our old delight,

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Let the green billows of the shingled shore, Like wild birds in her gardens, evermore Sing sweet to her ships that lofty loom in sight. The grey sea-nettle be our fortitude,...


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I understand Bishop Mylne's letter to you in the Spectator of March 4th in defence of Dr. Moberly, he confuses two things,--belief that God works in the world, and belief that...

THE subscriptions received to the funds of the Cheap Cottages

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Exhibition up to March 9th amount to X860. Among those who have recently consented to become patrons of the Exhibition are Lord Monk Bretton, Lord Amherst of Hackney, Sir George...

THE terminology of music, depending largely as it does upon

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loans from the other arts, is inevitably lacking in precision and clearness. Especially is this the case in this country, where it extends even to matters of business...

[To THE EDITOR 07 THE " SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—In his criticism of

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Mr. Wall's work on the " Shrines of the British Saints " in the Spectator of February 25th your reviewer falls into some strange errors. In regard to the term " martyrology," it...

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THE unveiling of the last of the hidden civilisations of

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the world has found a worthy chronicler. The Tibetan Expedition was fortunate to have with it a writer so competent to do justice to its romance, so sympathetic towards Tibetan...

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MR. TEMPERLEY'S Life of Canning is the best biography we

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have of one of our most distinguished statesmen. But it owes its supremacy as much to a lack of competitors as to its own inherent merits. In style and arrangement it might have...

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THE fame of Virgil is established by the common verdict of almost twenty centuries. In every age and country men of the most varied taste, temper, and capacity have given him...

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" Tax shadow of the Roman Empire," writes Professor Ramsay

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in the beginning of his ninth chapter, "rests over the whole of the Apocalypse." This indicates the point of view from which he regards his subject. He cannot be said to belong...

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THE most interesting of the speculative articles in the new

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Nineteenth Century is Mr. John Morley's review of Mr. Hobhouse's recently published essay on " Democracy and Reaction," with special reference to the growth of the Imperial...

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THE author of The Blazed Trail has once more turned

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his remarkable and intimate knowledge of British North America to admirable account. The date of the story can be fixed by internal evidence,—the mention of the Winchester rifle...

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Before the Crisis. By F. B. Mott. (John Lane. 68.)—This

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book deals (as its title suggests) with America before the out- break of the Civil War, and during the campaign of John Brown and his sons. It will probably be news to most...

Julia. By Katharine Tynan. (Smith, Elder, and Co. 6a.)— This

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is a most delightful little story in which the wistful charm of "John Bull's Other Island " is very fully brought out. The character of old Mrs. O'Havanagh (who is the real...


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Fiscal Ballads. By Harry Graham. (E. Arnold. ls. net.)— These ballads, which originally appeared, for the most part, in the Westminster Gazette, are very good. Indeed, we cannot...

Cut Laurels. By M. Hamilton. (W. Heinemann. 6s.)—Cut Laurels is

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also an Irish story, but of a very different type from the novel noticed above. Miss Hamilton's novel might have its scene laid in any part of the British Islands ; "Julia" is...

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Holy Himalaya. By E. Sherman Oakley. (Oliphant, Ander- son, and

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Ferrier. 5s. net.)—Mr. Oakley has worked for some time as a missionary (for the London Missionary Society) in the hill provinces of Kumaon and Garwhal, near the Nepal border of...

The Newspaper Press Directory (C. Mitchell and Co., 2s.) has

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reached this year its "Diamond Jubilee." We notice among the attractions of this issue an excellent map of the United Kingdom, in which the character of various regions is...

Church Work. By the Rev. Bernard Reynolds. (Longmans and Co.

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5s.)—Mr. Reynolds makes in this volume a valuable contribution to the " Oxford Library of Practical Theology." " Practical " it is in an eminent degree ; it goes to the heart of...

Stories of Authors' Loves. By Clara E. Laughlin. (Isbister and

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Co. 6s.)—These stories are twenty-two in number, all of them, when we have excepted Dante and Michael Angelo, belonging to the nineteenth century. Some of them have not been...

Creatures that Once were Men. By Maxim Gorky. Translated from

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the Russian by J. K. M. Shirazi. With Introduction by G. K. Chesterton. (Alston Rivers. ls. 6d. net.)—Mr. Chesterton finds, as one might expect, an admirable opportunity for his...