14 JUNE 1930

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It may be said that this is merely a matter

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of language. And so it is. But the way in which things are done may be of decisive importance. We have always taken the view that a Parliamentary Commission to make inquiries in...

Individual opinions come from several leaders of Indian thought. Sir

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Phiroze Sethna, President of the Liberal Federation, declares that reading between the lines he is, inclined to think that the recommendations of the Com-: mission which have...

In the meantime, - the expressions of opinion which Volume

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I has aroused in India follow the anticipated lines. Among the European newspapers the Times of India points out that as the Commission was composed of representatives of all...

-It may be added that the general feeling in America

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is that the . volume is notable for its painstaking fairness. Americans to-day—largely as a result of Miss Mayo's book—take as much interest in India as they formerly took...

News of the Week

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The Indian Report T HE first volume of the Indian Report commands the attention of the world. It is good to know that it is selling freely in this country. It is to be hoped...


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1.—A Subscription to the SPECTATOR costs Thirty Shillings per annum, including postage, to any part of the world. The SPECTATOR is registered as a Newspaper. The Postage on...

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Ministerial Changes In our last issue we mentioned the new

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appointments of Mr. Thomas and Mr. Vernon Hartshorn. The other new Ministerial appointments are Dr. Addison as Minister of Agriculture, Lord De La Warr as Parliamentary...

All the statutes which stood in the way were quickly

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ab olished. Prince Carol was enthroned. Dr. Maniu's Government resigned, apparently only to avoid any appearance of partisan tactics in helping the popular coup. The Peasant...

A Concession on Income Tax The last day in the

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House of Commons before the recess was brightened by a decision which showed that Mr. Philip Snowden can make a concession. Sir L. Worthington-Evans took exception to the...

Wages in Germany The German Minister of Labour on Tuesday

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declared legally binding the arbitrator's award in the wages dispute in the German North-Western iron and steel area. The award involves a reduction of wages, to be accompanied...

The End of the Channel Tunnel Last week the Prime

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Minister announced that the Government had decided against the construction of the Channel Tunnel. The reasons were fully set out in a White Paper issued subsequently. The...

The Malta Conflict Wild scenes took place in the streets

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of Valetta on Whit-Sunday on the occasion of the sermon by Archbishop Caruana, Bishop of Malta, in the Cathedral. Large crowds had assembled for the excitement of again...

King Carol II After all, there has been a restoration

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in Rumania. The exiled Prince Carol has superseded his infant son as King. A year ago anything seemed more likely than that Prince Carol, whose career was judged to be hardly...

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We like the proposal for a guaranteed price of wheat,

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but there are obvious difficulties upon which Mr. Baldwin did not touch. We cannot see any way of making the guaranteed price " firm for a period of years " except by agreement...

Sir Herbert Warren We regret to record the death of

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Sir Herbert Warren at the age of seventy-six. He was President of Magdalen College from 1885 to 1928, and no figure was better known in Oxford. As an undergraduate he was not...

Mr. Baldwin on Agriculture On Monday at Glemham Park, Suffolk,

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Mr. Baldwin made an important party speech on agriculture. Although ruling out a policy of Protection for the present, he said that it was only fair that some of the revenue...

Mr. Baldwin then turned to the importation of bounty- fed

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and dumped oats and proposed that it should be stopped either by prohibition or by a countervailing duty. If any existing Treaties stood in the way those Treaties ought to be...

Bank Rate, 8 per cent., changed from 8k per cent.

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on May 1st, 1930. War Loan (5 per cent.) was on Wednesday 102*; on Wednesday week, 102 ; a year ago, 1011; Funding Loan (4 per cent.) was on Wednesday 89k; on Wednesday week,...

Wolfe and Foch On Thursday, June 5th, in Greenwich Park,

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a statue of General Wolfe, the victor of Quebec, was unveiled by the Marquis de Montcalm, a descendant of Wolfe's great antagonist. The French and English colonists became...

Special Articles The article by Mr. V. S. Srinivasa Sastri

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which we publish on page 972 is very welcome. This is the first of a series designed to give every aspect of responsible Indian opinion an opportunity of being considered by the...

Criminal Statistics for 1928 The criminal statistics for England and

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Wales for 1928 disclose some alarming facts, as well as some reassuring. The increase of indictable offences-88 per cent. since 1910 - 1914 — is the more disquieting since it...

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The Simon Report

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T HE approach of the Statutory Commission to the immense subject of India is characteristically English. As the epithet "'English " is intended to convey a compliment, it is...

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Agriculture and Unemployment I T would be a great help to

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the development of an agricultural policy—of which there has been much talk, but no sure sign as yet—if agriculture could be regarded, as it certainly ought to be, as much...

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The Freedom of the Undergraduate R ECENT unhappy events at Cambridge

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have received sufficient, in fact too much, publicity. With the affair itself we are not here concerned, except to express our sympathy with the relatives of the victims. It is...

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A Land of Promise

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The Work of the Church in South Africa [The writer of this article is Professor of Dogmatic Theology at King's College, London.] IT invitation from the Archbishop and Bishops...

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Trade and the Empire

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T HERE was a time, two and three generations ago, when the British people hardly understood the greatness of its own mission. The burdens of Empire were emphasized ; the...

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What Is Right With England

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4.—Moving London [This is the fourth of a series of articles in which Major Yeats- Brown sets out to give some account of those activities on which the England of to-day may...

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Some Notes on Spanish- American Verse

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[This is the first of a number of articles which we propose to publish from time to time on contemporary foreign literature.—En. Spectator.] D URING a skirmish in one of the...

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The Theatre

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[`` HAMLET." IN GERMAN, AT THE GLOBE THEATRE. Ix ENGLISH, AT TilE QUEEN'S THEATRE.] LET me call attention to the International Season which Mr. Charles B. Cochran and Mr....

The Report of the Judges in the Capital Punishment Essay

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Competition will be found on page 979. Extreme pressure on our space obliges us to hold over A Letter from Manchester " and `..` Some Books."

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Great Britain and India

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" Leave India To Her Fate ! " The purpose of this page is to ventilate that moderate Indian opinion which, recognizing all the di f ficulties, yet believes in the continued...

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On Examinations IT seems a forbidding subject ; and perhaps it ought to be confessed that it actually is forbidding. None the less, and at the same time, it is a subject of...

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It is surprising, considering the vast number of new varieties of garden flowers, how little the hybridizers have done for farm crops. Though we still receive new flowers...


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Rather rashly, perhaps, Lord Desborough wrote the other day to the Times about his sanctuary of Whiteslea, where the fishhawk is a not uncommon visitor. He recorded the sad fact...

This summer for the first time a sufficient quantity of

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seed of the Brotex plant will be available for growing crops of sufficient acreage to provide cotton on a manufacturing, not only a laboratory scale. The small total of...


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On the Suffolk estates of two well-known landowners—and in other-places—is being grown a plant, given the rather silly name of Erbifex. It is a discovery for which an...


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The great success of the new Alpine Garden Society (Hole Sec., 11, Montagu Gardens, Wallington, Surrey) is an expres- sion of the increased vitality of this form of gardening,...


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We are experiencing a season of unusual exuberance in every sort of direction. It is marvellously floriferous. The flowers have now set into fruit that promises many bumper...

On another Suffolk estate, and on a very much larger

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scale in many counties, is being grown a very different plant, of which even more optimistic prophecies are abroad. This is called Brotex, and it has been given the publicity...

Romantic tales have been told of the accidental finding of

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cotton fibre in the nests of humming birds in South America. This may or may not be the pretty origin of the discovery ; but with regard to Erbifex, it is a created plant : it...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sm,—In his book, How to Abolish the Slums, Mr. E. D. Simon points out that the London slum problem is admittedly far more difficult of...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sm,—May I congratulate the

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Spectator on publishing Dr. Rabindranath Tagore's eloquent appeal to idealism as the only basis - on which British-Indian relations can be put on a satisfactory footing I do...

Letters to the Editor

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INDIA [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—Your remarkable article, " The Indian Tragedy," has, of course, " surprised " and " depressed " our faint-hearts. Upon reading...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Is it actual fagging

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that is under discussion in these pages, or is it bullying ? No system is perfect and no doubt .many fag-masters are tyrants ; but on the whole it would appear as though an...


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a reader of the Spectator of thirty years' standing, will you allow me to say how disappointed I am in the attitude you adopted with regard to any form of assistance being given...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR, —How comes this curious

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belief in the power of tariffs to cure unemployment ? You can see how a milldam can do harm below, even if it serves the millowner ; and surely at best they can but direct work...

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Sni,—The appearance in your columns last week of letters pleading for the humane slaughter of animals, and the pro- hibition of the export of worn-out horses encourages me to...

FREE VERSUS CAGED BIRDS • [To the Editor of the

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SPECTATOR.] Sm,—When I first heard that Sir Esme Howard had written an article for you on -" Psittacosis and the Starlings," I - feared that the bird might have been put down...


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the SPECTATOR.] had intended to take no further part in this corres- pondence,. but I feel obliged to say something in .reply to Mr. A. IL T. Clarke's very unfair (unleis I have...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sm,—Having had some quite

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friendly correspondence with Mr. Pollard I should like, as a layman, to make my position a little clearer, though Mr. Sydney Carter has replied to him in your current issue much...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—As a friend, not only of Mr. Malcolm Thomson, but also of the truth, I must protest against the misstatement on the part of one of your...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—A letter from Mr. George Baylis, that appeared in the Spectator of May 24 has just been brought to my notice. It would have been...


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It would save disappointment to book lovers if libraries would give a clear definition of what books they supply for their " guaranteed or de luxe subscription " as advertised....


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Ste,—On looking, somewhat belatedly, through the book news in my copy of the Spectator for May 17th, I noticed a para- graph referring to...

A Hundred Years Ago

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THE " SPECTATOR," JUNE 12TH, 1830. • FATAL FIGHT. Byrne, the slayer of M•Kay, in pugilistic conflict, has been arrested. We trust that he will be sent to exhibit his powers...

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Reports Upon Competitions

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The Essays on Capital Punishment THREE hundred and forty-two essays were received, including several from Canada, the United States and foreign countries in Europe. After...

The Five Best Brains The results of the voting in

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this competition are as follows :- G. B. Shaw, 214 ; Sir Oliver Lodge, 183 ; Lord Birkenhead, 162 ; Winston Churchill, 95 ; Dean Inge, 91 ' • H. G. Wells, 86 ; Lord Melchett,...

A New Competition WHENEVER the question of betting is made

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prominent— very often in relation to the Budget—someone is almost sure to bring up the suggestion of a National Lottery, such as is the common practice of Spain and several...

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An Early Modernist

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The Essays and Hymns of Synesius of Cyrene. Translated into English, with Introduction and Notes, by Augustine Fitzgerald. 2 Vols. (Oxford University Press. 42s.) THAT unusual...

The Veto of the American Senate

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The Treaty Veto of the American Senate. By Denna Frank Fleming, Ph.D. (Putnam. 9s.) THERE is nowhere else in the world such a political power over treaty-making as is vested in...

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Three War Books

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MR. C. Y. HARRISON is unlucky, in that Generals Die in Bed has to share its " portmanteau " with two very remarkable books. It will fare better, however, than another volume...

Green Pastures

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The Green Pastures. A fable, suggested by Roark Bradford's Southern Sketches, " 01' Man Adam and his chillun." By Marc Connelly. (Victor Gollancz. 6s.) Ox the wrapper of the...

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The Scottish Borderers in the War

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The K.O.S.B. in the Great War. By Captain Stair Gillon. (Nelson. 21s.) REGIMENTAL and Divisional chronicles are the raw material out of which a general history of the War must...

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Beginnings A Time to Kill. By Alec Brown. (Cape. 7s. 6d.) Guerra. By Alfred Neumann. (Knopf. 8s. 6d.) Anna Perenna. By Alan Sims. (Chatto and Windus. 7s. 6c1.) A NOVELIST may...

Resurgent Spain

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Spain. By S. de Madariaga. Modern World Series. (Benxi. 21s.) IN everything that he writes the author of Englishmen : French- men Spaniards has a message of peculiar importance...

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HIS MASTER'S VOICE. By Ivy Low. (Heinemann. .7s. 6d.)—A detective

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story about present-day Russia is something out of the ordinary. Ivy Low, who in her private life is the wife of Litvinoff, the Foreign Secretary of the U.S.S.R., has succeeded...

Some Books of the Week

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A- FRENCH essayist in the tradition of Montaigne and Pascal-. this phenomenon in itself is a potent source of attraction. But Alain (whose real name is Chartier) is important,...


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6d.)—Judith, the heroine of Mrs. Lea's book, is rather an exasperating person. While her father lives she is bullied by him, and after his death she is tyrannized over by her...

In the new addition to the To-day and To-morrow Series,

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Eleutheros, or the Future of the Public Schools (Kegan Paul. 2s. 6d.), Mr. J. F. Roxburgh does not carry the discussion very much further. He makes the familiar assumption that...

With India so much in the foreground of affairs to-day,

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The Political Philosophy of Rabindranath, by Mr. Sochin Sen (Asker and Co., Calcutta, Rs. 2.8), might profitably be studied, for the poet laureate of Bengal is frank in his...

The great Scipio who conquered Hannibal had long awaited an

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English biographer until Captain Liddell Hart, two or three years ago, eulogized him in the brilliant study entitled A Greater than Napoleon. There now appears an elaborate...

General Knowledge Questions

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Oun weekly prize of one guinea for the best thirteen Questions submitted is awarded this week to Miss Mary E. E. Kirwan, 4 Rotherfield Avenue, Bexhill-on-Sea, for the following...

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[We publish on this page articles and notes which may help our readers in making their plans for travel at home and abroad. They are written by correspondents who have visited...

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Financial Notes

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UNSETTLED MARKETS. THREE main causes have been responsible for unsettled conditions in the Stock Markets during the last few days. High-class investment stocks have been...

Answers to Questions on Queens 1. Zenobia, Queen of Palmyra.-2.

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Balkis, Queen of Sheba.- 3. Mary, Queen of Scots, who wore white in mourning forherhusband. —4. Elizabeth Stuart, daughter of James I.-5. Queen Anne, said to be fond of...

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The profits of the Venezuelan Oil Concessions for the past year were naturally affected by lower prices of oil, and the total profit for the year of £1,085,666 compares with...

The annual meeting of the Royal Mail Steam Packet Company,

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which takes place on the 18th instant, will be awaited with more than usual interest, for the depreciation which has taken place in the securities of the company and those of...

ROYAL Duren.

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The annual report of the Royal Dutch Company is also a good one, and although petroleum products commanded low prices there was a large increase in the dividends received from...


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The annual report of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company is an excellent one, the profits for the year of £5,206,762 con- stituting a record in the company's history. Moreover, this...