14 MAY 1881

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Lord Salisbury's election to the leadership of the Oppo- sition

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iu the House of Lords was ratified on Monday by the Tory Peers, but it was in some quarters evidently ac- quiesced in as a necessity rather than welcomed as a boon. Lord Cairns...

On Monday, Lord Granville moved an address to the Queen,

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praying her to give directions for a monument in Westminster Abbey to the late Earl of Beaconsfield, with an inscription ex- pressive of the high sense entertained by Parliament...

Lord Salisbury was not happy. Whatever the contents of his

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speech, which is differently reported in different papers, he wrested the meaning of the address so as to imply to common ears the high appreciation of Parliament of Mr....

The terms of the articles may be deduced from a

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long .circular which M. St. Hilaire has issued to the French Envoys abroad, in which he recapitulates the wrongs suffered by Algeria from the Kronmirs and other tribes, and from...

An incident has occurred in Bulgaria the meaning of which

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is not yet clearly understood. On May 9th, the reigning Prince, Alexander, issued a proclamation declaring that " the Princi- pality was disorganised at home and discredited...


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T HE French have•conquered Tunis. Their advanced columns on Thursday occupied • a railway station within six miles of the capital; and it was expected that the city would -be...

*** The Editors cannot 'undertake t o return Manuscript in

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any ease.

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In consequence of this check to the Oaths Bill, Mr.

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Bradlaugh presented himself at the table on Tuesday night to take the oath, and was ordered to be removed by the Serjeant-at-Arms, Sir Stafford Northcote carrying a motion that...

Alexander III. still hesitates to sign the decree calling a

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Consultative Parliament, and remains buried at Gatschina, listening alternately to the advocates of Liberalism and Re- pression. He has, however, readily sanctioned. a very...

In the House of Commons, Mr. Gladstone made a very

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striking and eloquent, as well as a strictly honest, speech on his great antagonist. He just alluded to some of the bitter criticism on himself, as regards what had been done...

We do not understand what is meant by the statement

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which appeared in yesterday's Times, that, "owing, it is said, to Mr. Forster's declarations at Bradford against ameudmeuts to the Irish Laud Bill, Mr. Parnell has been informed...

The Irish Land debate of the week has been rather

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dreary. On Monday, Sir John Holker made an able English lawyer's speech on a country and a law of which he knows almost nothing. Mr. Bright with great elo quence defended the...

Mr. Forster made a very good and effective speech at

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Bradford on Wednesday, chiefly in defence of his Irish policy, pointing out how certain it was that he should be placed between the two fires of those who objected to his...

The Archbishop of Canterbury has issued a letter to his

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fellow-Churchmen, lay and clerical, explaining what the Libera- tion Society are proposing to do in relation to Disestablish- ment, and calling upon them to organise themselves...

On Monday night, after the debate on the Irish Land

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Bill had been adjourned, there was a sharp skirmish between the Government and the Opposition, on the question of holding a morning sitting on Tuesday, for the consideration of...

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We must notice, what may prove one of the great

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events of the year, the opening on Thursday of Mr. Siemens's " electric railway," from Berlin to the Cadettenhaus, about six miles off. The track is a tramway rather than a...

The papers have been full of accounts of the marriage,

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solemnised on the 10th inst., of the-Archduke Rudolph, the heir of the Austrian monarchy, with the Princess Stephanie of Belgium, heiress of a large share of her grandfather's...

Mr. Collins, the Conservative, has been returned for Knares- borough

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by a majority of 41,—the numbers being 374 for Mr. Collins, and 333 for the Liberal candidate, Mr. Milnes Gaskell. At the general election, Sir Henry M. Thompson, the Liberal...

Lord Carnarvon on Tuesday raised the question of the Trans-

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vaal on what, we think, was in part a false issue. He is .offended that Mr. Gladstone, in writing to Mr. Tomkinson, the late candidate for West Cheshire, should have said that...

Lord Granville presented the various diplomas and certifi- cates obtained

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iu the University of London during the past year on Wednesday last, and in his speech on the occasion referred to the final admission of women to degrees, which he said would,...

A little debate occurred in the Lords on Thursday on

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a Bill brought in by the Lord Chancellor to amend the Charitable Trusts Act, which may hereafter prove of importance. The Bill enables the Charity Commissioners to deal with all...

Mr. Hutchiusou's new Libel Bill, which passed its second. reading

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on Wednesday, was formally accepted by the Attorney. General, and seems likely to pass. It extends the defence of privilege to all reports of public meetings, forbids a criminal...

Upon the other point, the nature of the terms, Lord

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Car- narvon, on. his .assumption, is right. If, as he says, we cannot Make peace without abandoning the "loyalists," i.o., the Dutch who stood by us, and the English resideuts...

Consols were on Friday 101; to 102,

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THE POLICY OF " BLOCKING." I T is difficult for any one who watches the present position of affairs to doubt that the Tories are pursuing a policy of " blocking." Their leaders...

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W E have deprecated the choice made by the Conservative party in the Lords, because we do not think that Conservatism, in the best sense, will ever be fitly represented by Lord...

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- IT is difficult for Liberals who are heartily friendly to the II French Republic to keep their tempers, in presences of its recent proceedings. The conquest of Tunis will, as...


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ORD SALISBURY, as his custom has too often been, 4 must have interpreted the words of Lord Granville with an almost unscrupulous disregard of the significant reserve which Lord...

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T HOSE who seem to think that the House of Commons is protecting its own honour and character by its obstinate refusal to permit Mr. Bradlaugh to take the oath, have a most...

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W E are not going to dispute Prince Bismarck's greatness, for that can only be done, if it is over done, by those who can apportion the merit of his work between himself, his...

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I N the House of Lords last week, Lord Monteagle originated a discussion on the present system of educating young Naval Officers, by putting to the First Lord of the Admiralty a...

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T HE letters we print to-day on the question of the recent vote in the Convocation of York seem to call for some comment. They display, in a very high degree, that illogical...

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A SERMON on Forgiveness, preached by the Bishop of Peterborough before the University of Oxford on October 24th last, and published last January, not by himself, but by a...

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I T would be difficult to illustrate the difference between the Irish and English, the Catholic and the Protestant, way of looking at things more perfectly than by the scene in...

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L ORD BEACONSFIELD tells us in "Endymion" that "life is always interesting, when you have a purpose and live in its fulfilment ;" and with this sentiment we thoroughly agree,...

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(To THH EDITOR OF TIM SFROTATOR.1 Sin, — Will you allow me, without repeating here what I have said elsewhere, to take occasion, from a passing allusion in your columns to my...


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THE HOUSE OF COMMONS AND THE OATH. [TO TIN EDITOR. OF THU "SPECTATOR."] 8113, — The illegality of the recent proceedings of the House of 'Commons in the Bradlaugh case is, in...


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(To THE EDITOR OF THU "SPECTATOR. "] Sin, — You say, with reference to what I must call the most un- happy attempt to enforce Theism or Deism as a necessary con- dition for the...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE n SPECTATOR:1 Sra,—Permit me to take exception to some of the positions of your- leading article on the voting at York on Bishop Fraser's proposa to...

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[TO TLIBI EDITOR OF TRH " SPECTATOR."1 am afraid that Mr. Courtenay has somewhat misuuder- stood the spirit in which I wrote my letter to the Times. The hard words which I...


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complain of the action of the Lower House of the Northern Convocation, in rejecting the proposal of the Bishop of Manchester to substitute a clear and definite Rubric for one...


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[To THE EDITOR OP THE " SPECTATOR."] SIR, — Last Christmas there was a discussion in your columns about killing turkeys, and all that. Thinking it was a little overdone, I...

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Sin,—It may reasonably be doubted whether Lord Beaconsfield was indebted for the phrase " Peace with honour," either to Mr. Swinburne or to any one else ; it is certain that he...


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THE GROSVENOR GALLERY. [FIRST NOTICE.] No one can help feeling that this year's show at the Grosvenor Gallery is in several ways a great improvement upon the farmer...


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(TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR.") Stn,—In the speech of Burke, on moving his resolutions for conciliation with the Ameripau Colonies, these words occur :- " I mean to give...


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THE HISTORICAL GEOGRAPHY OF EUROPE.* Tins may not be the greatest of Mr. Freeman's works—the place of honour must always be reserved for the History of the Norman Conquest—but...

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THE LUTANISTE OF ST. JACOBI'S.* "Mont: than two hundred years

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ago, a letter was written at Konigsberg by the Professor of Poetry at the University, Simon Dach, to a friend and former disciple, George Neumarck, a musician at Hamburg." The...

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MAJOR PINTO had formed, in 1869, a part of the Portuguese column which, in the Lower Zambesi, sustained many conflicts with the natives of Massangano, and was at that time led...

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IT was with true pleasure that we welcomed the new edition of Mary Howitt's Poems, published last Christmas by Messrs. Nelson and Sons. In 1871 they gave us our old favourites...

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Tits author of the much-admired Wreck of the '.(itrosvenor' has written another book. This is a series of sea-fights, ending with a fire at sea, and enliveuend by a ball and a...

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important contribution which has yet been made to Messrs. Macmillan's excellent " Classical Series for Colleges and Schools." Not only will it be con- summately helpful to the...

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Lectures on German Thought. By Karl Hillobrand. (Longmans and Co.)—Theso

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lectures, which were delivered at the Royal Institu- tion in 1879, will have much interest for all of us who have any sort of acquaintance with the great German thinkers of tho...


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"THOMAS CARLYLE. " Sirius has ceased from out our firmament Of that proud star bereft, we grope our wait Through darker nights and dawns more dull and grey. Mentor and master!...

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Arimas. By H. Peckwater, A.M. (Simpkin, Marshall, and Co.) —After

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reading a few pages of Arimas, it struck us that the author had been happily inspired. Here, wo thought, is the Pocahontas and Captain John Smith's romance transferred to the...

We have to thank Messrs. Rivingtou for an excellent little

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edition of the text of The Bucolics, Georgics, and 2Eneid of Vergil. Portions are published separately, at very low prices (twopence or threepence each), and the whole also in...

The Neu: Truth and the Old Faith. By a Scientific

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Layman. (C. Kegan Paul and Co.)—It may be doubted whether this book will please the more vehement advocates of the two causes which are compared, rather than contrasted, in its...

The Practical Fisherman. By J. II. Keene. (The Bazaar Office.)—

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To speak of this book as far as we have been able to test it by our own practical experience, we think that Mr. Keene shows a genuine know- ledge of his subject. Ho combines the...

In the Ardennes. By Katharine S. Macquoid. (Chatto and Marius.) ,

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—Mrs. Macquoid with her pen, and Mr. Macquoid with his pencil, have given us a very charming volume. Of its merits as a guide- book wo cannot speak. Mrs. Macquoid has already,...

Old Drury Lane : Fifty Years' Recollection of Author, Actor,

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and Manager, 2 vols. By Edward Stirling. (Chatto and Windus.)—It is very clear that Mr. Stirling has been more of an actor and manager than of an author. Order, arrangement, and...

Ciceronis De Orators, Libor I. By A. S. Wilkins. (Clarendon

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Press, Oxford.)—Mr. Wilkins's notes are for the most part excellent, and students of Cicero will only wish he had been rather more liberal with thorn. Cicero's famous treatise...

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The City of London Directory. (Collingridge.)—This is the eleventh annual

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issue of a useful business directory, and it is, as usual, cor- rected up to date. In the present volume considerable additiona have been made to the list of names of individual...

From Poverty to Wealth. By W. T. Hickman. 3 vols.

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(Chapman and Hall.)—Fluid narrative, formless style, and common-place moralising are, happily for author and reader, partly redeemed by humour and some grasp of character. The...