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The Eastern Pact .

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Germany's decision to decline all association with the so-called Eastern' Locarno pact creates a new and unfortunate situation. The aim of the agreement was to increase the...

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The Nazi Congress The Nazi Conference at Nuremberg has been

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an impressive affair, involving an expenditure rather sur- prising in view of Germany's impoverished state. Nothing particular has come out of it except the warning to the four...


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T HE Lcague of Nations Assembly has opened unsen- sationally, but . there are sensations and potential sensations enough in the world to rob statesmen of any particular desire...

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* * * Maine's Finger-Post Everyone with the least knowledge

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of United States politics is aware of the traditional relationship of the State of Maine to American elections. Maine elects its Governor, Senators, and Congressmen about two...

A Great Churchman The retirement of Dr. Inge from. the

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Deanery of St. Paul's, which he has held since 1911, must be regarded as virtually an accomplished fact with the delivery of his farewell sermon last Sunday. A notable figure...

The Burned Liner Cruising on luxury liners is so popular

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a recreation to- day that a great many people must have felt personal uneasiness over the burning of the 'Morro Castle.' Com- ment on its details is best suspended, while each...

Dr. Schacht's New Trade Shackles A Government which allows merchants

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to buy goods abroad in the ordinary course of trade, and then forbids payment to be made for them, is obviously breaking those common rules of morality without which no human...

Arms Traffic Accusations The British protest against the mention of

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King George's name in the evidence given before the Senate inquiry into the arms traffic was in the natural order of things, and the State Department has expressed suitable...

Tests for Drivers The decision of the Minister of Transport

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to institute a driving test for motorists will at any rate 'silence that Section of his critics who emphasize with superficial logic the folly of allowing any person, male or...

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Licences for Shops The Trades Union Congress very wisely decided

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to reflect a little longer before adopting a resolution calling for the licensing of all shops, on the ground that the country is overcrowded with shops today. On the figures...

The Hyde Park Demonstrators Lord Trenchard and the London pc

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ice authorities are heartily to be congratulated upon the peaceful issue of the Fascist and Communist demonstrations in Hyde Park last Sunday. Their management was skilful and...

A Rural Water Policy The British Association has for two

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years had a com- mittee on Inland Water Supply, and it seems a great pity that its policy, endorsed by the Institute of Civil Engin- eers, has not hitherto received more serious...

Taxes on Art The exemption of the Old Vie and

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Sadler's Wells theatres from entertainment duty ought to be universally approved. Their peculiarities are many. They are con- trolled by a Charity Commission scheme ; their...

The Decline of Emigration Mr. Malcolm MacDonald's Inter-Departmental Com- mittee

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on Migration has found depressing facts to chron- icle and few remedies to suggest. The tide of migration • within the British Commonwealth has turned in recent years, and...

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R EFERENCE to arms traffic scandals has -long been common on the lips 'of advocates of disarmament in this country or elsewhere, but apart from one or two notorious episodes...

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T HE growing interest in agricultural revival, which Mr. Walter Elliot's activities have helped to stimulate, has been reflected, this year, at the British Association's...

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Putting it mildly. " If the Liberal Party were placed

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in power with an overwhelming majority at the next election (which is not generally regarded as a probable event) . . . " —Mr. Ramsay Muir, in The Liberal Way. JANUS.


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T HE' Morro Castle ' fire, coming after the ' Atlantique ' and ` Georges Philippar ' disasters, throws the record of British liners into favourable relief. How long it is since...

I am not among the detractors of the public-school system,

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and a good many thousand new boys who will be making their first plunge in the next few days or so into the chill waters of their first boarding-school will find themselves...

The service in Cornish last Sunday at Towednack Church is

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a feather in the cap of " Tyr Tavas," the Young Cornish society. They managed a full trans- lation of the Anglican evensong, with lessons and sermon ; and four readers besides...

The death of the Rev. Frank Lenwood on the Alps

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is an immense loss to the Free Churches. Though a little marooned at Plaistow Lenwood very definitely influenced life and thought not only in his own congre- gational Church,...

The Rev. H. R. L. Sheppard, unconsciously I think, set

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his broadcast hearers on Sunday night a hard problem. The .first words he spoke were an announcement that the opening hymn had been 'changed, and in order to mark their unity in...

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By• SIR ARCHIBALD HURD T HE peace of the world depends more than on any other factor on the co-operation of all the English- speaking peoples in the arts of civilization. Is...

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INGRAM T HE two articles on this subject which have already appeared in these columns raise two interesting questions. Is there more promiscuous sexual intercourse among young...

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By SIR ARTHUR QUILLER-COUCH AM shy of writing 'under this title, not without reason; I having been taken to task, some years ago, over a series of Cambridge lectures (" On...

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By A SHIPPING CORRESPONDENT T HE destruction of the American passenger ship ' Morro Castle' last Saturday took place in exceptional circumstances and was, owing to a com-...

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By E. L. WOODWARD T HE shortest way to publicity appears to be at this .moment--when Europe is agog with trouble —not in the appeal " England, awake," but in an effort to...

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[D'UN CORRESPONDANT FRANcIAIS] O N sait que Paris, jadis entoure d'une ceinture serree de fortifications, s'est vu progressivement, au cours des dernieres annees, delivre de...

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Seed and Fruit

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GRAVELY and silently he nodded At the narration of the tale. Young, with an old man's wisdom, He stooped, eyes heavy-lidded, Gazing at hands death-pale. Bravely, half a...

The Coach

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Bony and Heart, two horses driven in tandem, Draw love's precarious coach. The driver, Mind, Flicks his deft whip behind And boasts, but for his skill, they'd run at random. He...


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Recent Irish Developments [To the Editor of TILE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—During the past few weeks our political stage has been occupied by General O'Duffy and Sir Dawson Bates,...

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" Crime Without Passion." At the Plaza Tuts grimly efficient piece

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is the work of Ben Hecht and Charles MacArthur, two leading American scenario writers. Tired, apparently of Hollywood methods, they went to New York and started production...

The Cinema

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" The Private Life of Don Juan." At the London Pae iii c ALEXANDER KORDA'S new film has many attractive qualities —decorative settings, witty dialogue, a cast exceptionally...


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"The Shining Hour." By Keith Wintei. At the St. James' Theatre MR. WINTER has a fine natural gift for writing dialogue. This was first evidenced in his two novels, the second of...

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A Broadcasting Calendar

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FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 1 4th 3.00 Programme of Gramophon e Records : Lionel Tertis (viola), Marie Olszewska (contralto). Sonata in F (Handel), Sonata in A (Mozart), Brahms and...


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Roger Fry ROGER Fay described himself as an artist, and most of all he would have liked to be remembered as a painter. But already during his lifetime the public, which often...

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The Motor Sportsman

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A very disagreeable form of shooting has begun to grew common in sonic districts ; at least such is my experience. The sportsman, so called, goes forth in his car at night,...

A Garden Pioneer

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An event in the early life of Mr. Davidson, who died full of years and honour in his craft last month, may be taken as the foundation of the modern cult of gardening. He made up...

* - Plant Degeneration The poet • Vergil was not at all

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in my mind when I wrote recently about the quick degeneration of plants when the specialist relaxes his labours ; bat a very close classical parallel is quoted to me by W. J. H....

The Meaning of a Tale

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A commentator's point, discussed some while ago in this place, is delightfully illustrated in the latest issue of the Sussex Magazine. What exactly did Milton mean when he wrote...

Rare Birds

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We begin to see in very definite form the return of the birds to England in response to protection and the more spacious sanctuary. An outstanding instance, of which nothing has...


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Mummy Wheat . A rarely bountiful wheat harvest, over a wider wheat area than we have seen of recent years, has revived the trade in pure breeds and in new or newly regenerated...

A Tryst in Snowdonia

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A nature lovers' conference " has been organized by two quaintly yet admirably associated bodies. It is summoned for the week beginning September 22nd by Mr. Patrick...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.]

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PUBLIC SCHOOLS AND BUSINESS am obliged by your good offices in forwarding the large number of replies to my letters of August 17th and 8Ist, and trust I may be forgiven for not...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—In the article appearing

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under the above title in your issue of August 31st, Mr. Graham Lipstone says : " The question is whether . . . old standards are being replaced by new and lower standards or...


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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week" paragraphs. Signed...

[To the Editor of TITE Srec - r_vroa.] Sin,—It is sad to

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reflect that the much-vaunted experience of old age so often entails the loss of flexibility of mind. In the sphere of morals, how valUable would be the - accumulated ,Wisdom of...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—Mahatma Gandhi, the Congress " Dictator," and his party, are now engaged in a great campaign to " capture " the Indian Legislative...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I have just read with surprise and some indignation the article, " Hiking and Politics," in The Spectator of August 17th. On behalf of...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The increase of clubs has resulted from the closing-down of public-houses ; their popularity largely from the restrictions imposed on...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Canon Lyttelton and I are so far apart from each other in our conception of the meaning and effects of " the indi- vidualism of...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—With reference to Mr. Alec Waugh's review of this book, and Mr. Arthur E. E. Reade's letter on the personality of its author, may I...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—As a result of the political upheaval in Austria of Feb. ruary last, more than two hundred university students from working - class...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—I should like to reply to your correspondents who have commented on my article " Anxiety and Output : a Factory Experiment." I am...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] S1R,—I should. like to take this opportunity of supporting Miss Kidd's statement as to the good work done by the retiring Secretary of the...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—As one of your most ardent admirers and interested readers of your popular publication, will you permit me to make the following...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—As the Chairman of the Hospital Saturday Fund. I ask your readers to make a generous response to our Annual Appeal on behalf of the...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—During August, more than a thousand delegates of the Women's World Conuiaittee against War and Fascism, representing all shades of...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—It is almost certain that during the next twelve months some 350,000 houses of various kinds will be built. This figure gives some...

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A Hidden Power

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BENSON By E. F. No two politicians whose feet were solidly marching along the road of their public and official careers can ever have refused between them so many appointments,...

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The Soviets Through Soviet Eyes

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The Soviet Theatre. By P. A. Ilarkoti. (Gollancz. 5s.) IN countries like Germany, Italy and the Soviet Union, where the boundary line between news and propaganda has been...

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The Wild Irish Girl THE Countess Markievicz (Constance Gore-Booth) of

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the' Irish Rising of 1916, the first woman to be elected to the House of Commons, accomplished no task of either intellectual or practical importance, nor was she a woman of...

Revolution or Reform

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THE controversy between Coinmunism and Socialism, on the " Left;" is similar to that between Fascism and Conser- vatism, on the " Right." It is a question of method, at least...

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The Mad Tea-Party Mn. FRY, in his Hiller's Wonderland, takes

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his chapter • headings from Alice in Wonderland. Mr. Fry himself some- times writes in Mr. Carroll's manner—with the important difference that he is attempting to be really...

An Eighteenth-Century Tourist

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The Torrington Diaries : Containing the tours through England and Wales of the Hon. John Byng. Edited by C. Bruyn Andrews. Vol. I. (Eyre and Spottiswoode. 18s.) THE eighties and...

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Contemporary China

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Understand the Chinese. By William Martin. (Methuen. 7sAd.) THE late M. Martin, Foreign Editor of the international Journal de Genhy, presents the most lucid and scholarly...

Gandhi in Brief

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Aurnotrcm the career and personality of M. K. Gandhi are fully set forth in the Autobiography, which was condensed by Mr. C. F. Andrews for English readers, there was room for a...

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By WILLIAM PLOMER Salvation. By Sholem Asch. Translated by Willa and Edwin Earmarked for Hell. ByRamonJ,_Sender., Triaslated by James A Handful of Dust. By - Evelyn Waugh:...

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By R. H. KIERNAN It is strange that the air forces in the War, with their powers of destruction more devastating and more cruel than any of the offensive arms, yet retained the...

Current Literature

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ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL ASPECTS OF CRIME IN INDIA By Bejoy Shanker Haikerwal A fascinating book, skilfully arranged. It deals with problems that have become acute only in recent...


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By X. Marcel Boulestin During our holidays, meals assume a greater importance, and one of the pleasures of foreign travel is the discovery of local dishes and wines. In hia new...

At the instance of her New York publishers Miss Delafield

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went to America last autumn, and as: her readers knew in advance, the temptation to call in the Provincial Lady was not to be resisted. To her,' of course, the Atlantic liner...

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Advice on Buying Cars IT is with some misgiving that I refer again to my rash promise to advise readers of The Spectator in the choice of a new . car. Letters have reached me...

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Finance :Debtor and Creditor •

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Amoxo the many , unhappy' legacies.. of _the Great War there is none -perhaps • which has pro- to:be more trying - and perplexing.. than . that _ represented by the title of...

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Financial Notes

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CHEMICAL INTERIM DIVIDEND. Although at first the market expressed some disappoint. meat that the. interim dividend of Imperial Chemical Indus. tries Limited remained at 2t per...

When, a few days ago, the Triplex Safety Glass Company

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announced the maintenance of a dividend for the past year at the rate of 25 per cent., there was a slight set-back in the price of the shares. It is not surprising, however,...

At the General Meeting of shareholders of the Yokohama Specie

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Bank held last Monday an excellent statement of accounts was presented for the 109th Half-Year ended June 30th last. The statement showed that the net profit for the Half-Year,...


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Undoubtedly one of the influences responsible for the continued strength of industrial shares is to be found in the fact that every now and then there is evidence of some of the...

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"The Spectator" Crossword No. 103

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BY ZENO [A prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked " Crossword...


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LI El r i 1 AI co, LA , Plat Ar-cr,10IN A NI_111 C ul pi AI spqi Ell L OM U RI AI GI RI AI RI I I AIN 14120 EI,01 RI GI AI I GI L Ul E 1SIA SI Iti G RINI T E SI LIUrrt...