16 JANUARY 1932

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News of the Week

The Spectator

THE Lausanne Conference, put off from next Monday to the week after to suit the exigencies of French politics, may have to be still further postponed in conse- quence of the...

Washington, London and Tokyo

The Spectator

There is every reason at this moment why this country should co-operate with the United States wherever pos- sible. There is every reason why all legitimate steps should be...

Dr. Briining's Fight

The Spectator

The political manoeuvres inspired by the coming Presidential election in Germany leave the Chancellor still with the best cards in his hand. His first. plan, to secure the...

Eorronuu. AND PUBLISHING OFFICES 99 Cower Street, London, W.C. 1. — A

The Spectator

Subscription to the SPECTATOR costs Thirty Shillings per annum, including postage, to any part of the world. The SPECTATOR is registered as a Newspaper. The Postage on this...

Economy and Education

The Spectator

The head of a spending department is always at some disadvantage when economy is the order of the day, and the President of t he Board of Education could naturally say no more...

Page 2

The Argentine's Claims

The Spectator

The Argentine Republic is not letting her interests be lost sight of when Dominion. Preferences on its two principal exports, wheat and meat, are in the air. And the Argentine...

Suspense in India

The Spectator

A comparative absence of disturbance in India has followed the measures the Indian Government has found it necessary to take, though uneasiness about the outlook has by no means...

Mr. Graham's Death The Labour Party could have suffered no

The Spectator

heavier loss than it has sustained in the death of Mr. William Graham, at the age of forty-four, for a party that has little prospect of seeing itself in office for some years...

Burma's Next Step

The Spectator

The Prime Minister has closed the Burma Round Table Conference with a speech calculated, for reasons set out on a later page, to leave the more advanced Burmese dissatisfied....

Irrigating Sind

The Spectator

The opening of the great Sukkur Barrage, in Sind on Wednesday serves opportunely to direct attention to one of the most hopeful aspects of this country's associa- tion with...

Subsidized Wheat

The Spectator

Agreement in principle appears to have been reached regarding the quota for home-grown wheat as outcome of conversations in which the Minister of Agriculture, the farmers, the...

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Next Week's " Spectator "

The Spectator

Among the contents of next week's Spectator will be articles by Signor Virginio Gayda, Editor of the Giornale on " Italy and Disarmament," by Miss E. G Somerville on conditions...

Broadcasting the Icing's English The influence of the wireless on

The Spectator

spoken English should be considerable, but has not so far been submitted to a definite test. Now, however, eighty boys in London elementary schools have had gramophone records...

Scandinavian Contacts The Foreign Ministers of the three Scandinavian countries,

The Spectator

who have been meeting in the past week at 'Copenhagen, have had plenty of material for conversation. Reparations hit a great deal more than the country that pays (or fails to...

Firm Rule in Spain The Spanish Premier, Don Manuel Azafia,

The Spectator

has strengthened his position by showing that he means to rule, deferring neither to reactionary generals nor to fanatical Communists. The Civil Guard, that remarkable...

Signs in the Heavens The volume of protest evoked by

The Spectator

the proposal to use the night-sky as a screen for the new luminous advertise- ments devised by Major Savage is remarkable, as the correspondence columns of The Times testify....

Nationalism and Art

The Spectator

The " shut them all out " clamour applies indiscrimi- nately to foreign musicians as to foreign musical-boxes, and the Ministry of Labour is undecided what to do about it. There...

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Are Reparations Dead ?

The Spectator

THE Lausanne Conference on Reparations will go far towards determining the fate of the Disarmament Conference a week later, and the attitude of the British Delegation may go far...

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The Burma Conf erence and After

The Spectator

VITE Prime Minister's speech on Tuesday, to which reference is made in our leading paragraphs, brought the Burma Round-table Conference to an end. Much useful work has been...

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Germany and Disarmament

The Spectator

By Dlr. OTTO HOETZSCH [Dr. Hoetzseh, who is Professor of History in the University of Berlin and a prominent figure in the German National Party, was a member of the Reichstag...

Page 7

Lancashire's Reconstruction Problem

The Spectator

By A. P. VI ADSWORTH THESE are unpromising times in which to attempt to relay industrial foundations and Lancashire is showing some courage in its movements to overcome the...

Page 8

A Policy for the Land III.—The Place of Science Br

The Spectator

SIR JOHN RUSSELL, D.Sc., F.R.S., DIRECTOR OF ROTIIAMSTED EXPERIMENTAL STATION, THE purpose of Science in Agricultural .Policy is to aid in carrying it out, not in framing it....

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The United States and Manchuria

The Spectator

Be PROFESSOR ALFRED ZIMMERN, Professor of Inter. national Relations at Oxford. D URING the last three months the tendency in this country has been to look at the Manchurian...

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Our Thanks to the Readers of the " Spectator "

The Spectator

O N December 12th we published an article entitled " Brynmawr —A Derelict Town and a New Life," in which we appealed to our readers to contribute the sum of £2,000 for the use...

Page 11

William Cowper, An Englishman

The Spectator

By E. M. FORSTER. THE bicentenary of Cowper's birth was celebrated last November with befitting mildness. Perhaps there have been too many anniversaries lately, perhaps the...

Page 12

A Spectator's Notebook

The Spectator

T HE tragedy of William Graham's premature death is not so much that of unfulfilled promise ; rather we deplore the loss to the commonwealth of a public servant of proved...

Page 13


The Spectator

A Letter from Moscow [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Stn,—Unlike the rest of the world the Soviet Union looks forward to 1932 with undiminished optimism, one might say with...

Page 14


The Spectator

Flare OUT of our bonfire on the snow were hurled Fantastic yellow flames on Alpine cra g s, For all distorted was our twili g ht world ; And antlers of ten thousand demon sta...

Street Scene: At the Regal.

The Spectator

On the sta g es of London and New York Mr. Elmer Rice's play, Street Scene, presented two days in the life of half a dozen families a g ainst the back g round of their place of...

The Cinema Wcstfront 1918: At the Academy Cinema.

The Spectator

FOR the past year or two it has been customary, and not inaccurate, to hail each of a lon g succession of war-films as an " indictment of war." The fact that by this time there...

The Theatre

The Spectator

"1066 and All That ": A Historical Entertainment in Two Parts. Adapted by Michael Watts; from the book by R. C. Sellar and R. J. Yeatman. At the Arts Theatre Club. Or all...

Page 15

Country Life

The Spectator

MACIDNE-MADE CAREMRS. Mr. Orwin, the chief of our agricultural economists, who continues to consider the machine itself as a surer solution than the dews ex machine, has found...

There is some reason to fear that the snaring of

The Spectator

wild birds is increasing rather than, as one had hoped, diminishing. I know of one particular soarer whose activities are a serious subtraction from the happiness of his...

The counties are, I think, taking more pride in their

The Spectator

individuality or, at any rate, in its expression. The coin. munity council is partly responsible for the Somerset scheme, and though these councils have not been altogether a...

The point at the moment is not only the excess

The Spectator

of the taxation : there is the additional difficulty of interpreting the law. Why should the owner be taxed twice over on different schedules ? And why should the amounts be...

Why land is so low may in fact be explained

The Spectator

by the com- plicated burdens of taxation. A small example has been brought to my notice. A man bought 11 acres of very rough grass that had never been used for cultivation. It...

On the subject of " the Oslo breakfast," I have

The Spectator

obtained from Sweden, thanks to a Swedish friend, a recipe for which several correspondents have asked. Since so much whey, an invaluable food, is wasted in England it may be of...

Somerset, has just started a new marketing scheme of its

The Spectator

own. It has always been the home of rural crafts- men, especially of basket makers, but, like other village workers, they have sold only or chiefly to stray individuals Who...

A certain number of land-owners are afforesting a good part

The Spectator

of their property, partly to escape the cost of landowner. ship ; and prObably they are doing good national service. Lord Lovat, a forester of ,fame and a patriot of sense, has...

Page 16


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] . . May I say, for the sake of precision, that the oath is com- pulsory only-for teachers in those Universities that are owned, managed and...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Su,—Now that your appeal on*behalf of the work here is closing, may I once again thank your readers for the woaderhil help which has been given...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sut,—In your interesting article " Drink and the Nation," in , last- weeks issue; you say : . . - - " It is intensely satisfactory to find...

Letters to the Editor

The Spectator

tin view of the length of many of the letters which we receive, we would remind correspondents that we often cannot give space for long letters and that short ones are gaierally...

Page 17


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the firsciwroa.] Sm,—The Archbishop of Canterbury's pastoral leiter - on " Christian Marriage " contains much excellent advice. Tlin Archbishop, however,...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.1 Sra,—Your tribute to Calverley must have given universal pleasure to your public ; his centenary, if I nmy say so, has evoked no appreciation...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Colonel Hutchison does well to stress the importance of travel as a corrective to parochial insularity. It is surely a paradox that a...

Page 18


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] S1R,—The article entitled " The Future of Hitlerism," in your issue of January 2nd, by Herr Georg Bernhard, closes with the words, "The world...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] fine — I propose to ask the Editor of the Spectator one or two questions which he ought to have asked himself before allowing the article " The...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—It is admittedly difficult to be as sorry for foreigners as one ought ; and in the case of inhabitants of the Eastern Hemisphere (or...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SvEcTivron.] Sia,—Under the above title appeared an article in your issue dated December 26th, 1931. The smug complacency of this article is exasperating....

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THE B.B.C. AND NOVELS [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.]

The Spectator

Sin,—Mr. Edward Mousley's letter under this heading, in your issue of January 9th, appears to me to contain several statements which can be accepted only in the light of their...

The Brynmaw r Appeal List

The Spectator

Total acknowledged in the Spectator of January 9111 was £1,145 12s. 8d. C. M. G., Miss Helen Sains- bury, " Ottanto.quattro," Bishop Foss, F. W. W., Mist E. N. Piesse, Miss...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—NOW that Eros, bowstring and all, will soon be pirouetting --we hope for good—over the nave of our world, could not a determined effort to...

A Hundred Years Ago

The Spectator

Tne " Seec-rAzoa," JANUARY 14ra, 1832. PRESENTS TO PUBLIC SERVANTS. Presents to public servants seem to be getting into fashion. 'rho band of the Dublin theatre have presented...


The Spectator

SIR,—I have been amazed by the letter which appears in the correspondence columns of your last number above the name of the M.P. for East Dorset. The Spectator is informed that...

Page 20

"Spectator" Competitions

The Spectator

RULES AND CONDITIONS Entries must bo typed or very clearly written on one aide of the paper only. The name and address, or pseudonym, of the competitor must be on each entry...

CHRISTMAS COMPETITION THE Editor of the Spectator offers a first

The Spectator

prize of L to sox and a second prize of L5 5s. for a short story of not mote than 1,5oo words, written in English. Entrim should be typed or legibly written on one side of the...

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The Far Eastern World

The Spectator

An English Lady in Chinese Turkestan. By Lady Macartney. (Beim. 10s. fid.) British Far Eastern Policy. By B. Stanley MeCordock, Ph.D. (New York : Columbia - University Press....

Life in the Golden Age

The Spectator

Far Away and Long Ago: By W. H. Hudson: With wood engrav- ings by. Erie Fitch Ds.glish and as introduction by B. Cunningham Graham. (Dent. 10s. 8d.) Tins new edition of...

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The Proper Study of Mankind

The Spectator

Psycho-Analysis and Neuroses. By Dr. Hans Von Hattingberg. (Daniel. 7s. ad.) Da. HAAS Vox IIVITINGBERG'S book contains much that is exceedingly valuable, but it is rendered...

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The Alpine Spirit

The Spectator

"Tres time is come," wrote St. Peter, "that judgment must begin at the house of God." Though the Prince of the Apostles is hardly an authority to whom Mr. Douglas Fawcett would...

Soldier of Fortune

The Spectator

Memoirs of a Soldier of Fortune. By General Rafael de Nogales. (Wright and Brown. 21s.) COWBOY, cattle-rustler, miner, explorer, soldier of fortune, guerilla chief in the...

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Jeremy Bentham

The Spectator

JEREMY BENTHAM was born in 1748 and died in 1832. Perhaps the best personal account of him is given by Leslie Stephen in The English Utilitarians ; Mr. Ogden concerns himself...

Privateers and Others

The Spectator

Wolves of the Channel. By W. Branch Johnson. (Wishart. 18s.) Private Men of War. By C. Wye Kendall. (Philip Allan. 15s.) Lauterbach of the China Sea. By Lowell Thomas....

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The Spectator

Faith and Fanatics God in the Straw Pen. By John Fort. (Hamilton. 7s. 6d.) TEE three novels listed above are studies, in widely differing environments, of the influence of...

Page 26

IN COURT. By Fred Andreas. (Bles. 7s. 6d.)—Kaska the singer

The Spectator

was accused of the murder of Professor Drau, an equivocal gentleman whose character was an odd blend of erudition and eroticism. The key to the situation appeared to be Jessie...

THEIR FATHER'S GOD. By 0. E. Rolvaag. (Harper. 7s. 6d.)—A

The Spectator

Norwegian-Irish marriage on American soil is the subject of this study in racial and religious incom- patibilities. The characters are drawn with broad, powerful strokes, which...

THE JADE OF DESTINY. (Sampson Low. 7s. 6d.)— Master Jeffery

The Spectator

Farnol telleth of Captain Jocelyn Dinwiddie Lis adventures, how he wooeth the comely. No, there is only one Mr. Farnol, and we commend his latest romance to his faithful...


The Spectator

The life story of Puccini is the story of the rose and the thorn. He came from a family who for five generations had been professional musicians, and accordingly compara- tively...


The Spectator

The time has come for a new estimate of the work of Matthew Arnold, and we opened Mr. C. H. Harvey's Matthew Arnold (Clarke and Co. 6s.) hoping to find the poet and critic who...

New Novels

The Spectator

THE KINGDOM THAT WAS. By John Lambourne. (Murray. 7s. 6d.)—This novel is a fantasy, describing how an explorer in Africa, losing not only his. way but his reason, is...

Current Literature

The Spectator

WATER DIVINERS AND THEIR METHODS By Henri Mager GREAT interest, as our correspondence columns recently showed, is taken in the mysterious ability of the dowser to find...

ROBIN AND ROBINA. By Lesley Storm. (Cassell. 7s. 6d.) —A

The Spectator

modern idyll of two bright young people who marry first and then set out to earn their living. The vein of light humour is distinctly pleasant ; but towards the end heavy...

DEAD MAN'S WATCH. By G. D. H. and M. Cole.

The Spectator

(W. Collins for The Crime Club. 7s. 6d.)—An involved and rather con- ventional story of murder, centred in the likeness between two brothers. Well written, with a welcome...

THE FIRST LADY BRENDON. By Robert Hichens. (Cassell. 7s. 6d.)—Mr.

The Spectator

Hichens' facile pen moves with the times_ He clings to the problem novel, but the problem is no longer moral, but scientific. Can the bad Lord Brendon, in defiance of the laws...

Detective Fiction -

The Spectator

BASTARD VERDICT. By Winifred Duke. (Jarrold. 7s. 6d.)--Village gossip points the finger of suspicion at • Mr. Fieldend as the probable murderer of his wife. He is tried for the...

TRAGEDY AT TWELVETREES. By Arthur Rees. (The Bodley Head. 7s.

The Spectator

6d.)—A famous film actress is found shot, presumably murdered by a young man who is brought to trial but acquitted before the truth is finally disclosed. A clever piece of work,...

MURDER GAME. By John Stephen Strange. (W. Collins for The

The Spectator

Crane Club. 7s. 6d.)—An American football coach is shot during a match : no one hears the shot, and the solution of the mystery therefore presents not unnatural difficulties....

THE SWEEPSTAKE MURDERS. By J. J. Connington. (Hodder and Stoughton.

The Spectator

7s. 6d.)—Four members of a syndicate die mysteriously after they have jointly drawn a winning ticket in the Irish Sweepstake. Certain inci- dents point to the identity of the...

THE. MESSENGER OF THE SNOWS. By F. Goetel. (Elkin Marrot

The Spectator

and Mathews. 7s. 6d.)—The Polish author of From Day to Day gives us another story, moving in its simplicity, of Bolshevism in Central Asia. The individual human element recedes...

Page 28

FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE By Miss Irene Cooper Willis

The Spectator

A new life of Florence Nightingale (George Allen and Unwin, 7S. Bd.) was hardly needed. Miss Irene Cooper Willis, though she makes a good plain tale of the Crimean horrors,...


The Spectator

Of all the reference books that we know Whitaker's Almanack (6s. and 3s.) is the most compact, comprehensive and accurate, and it - is a pleasure to commend it once again in its...


The Spectator

In our Natural History Museum, which is_ iu the world; are a great many specimens provide by Captain Pitman, who .has exhibited a genius for research into the ways of wild...

Finance—Public & Private

The Spectator

The General Outlook AFTER an absence from the City of some weeks' duration, I am glad to note on my return some slight improve- ment in the feeling there. The general...


The Spectator

A certain swaggering cynicism about Essad Bey's telling of l'ietive Secrets of the Caucasus (Nash and Grayson, 15s.) seems true to. type : the author has the Georgian tempera-...


The Spectator

By Professor Julian Huxley Everything which Professor Julian Huxley writes has distinction and interest. As a vivid scientific journalist who never descends to cheapness, he is...


The Spectator

The current issue of the Dublin Magazine contains the second part of Mr. W. B. Yeats's article ": The Words upon , the Window Pane," in which he deals with various 'subjects...

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Financial Notes

The Spectator

STEADY MUSKETS. MAKING all allowance for the optimism which usually characterizes the Stock Markets during the first few weeks of the New Year, I consider that the general...


The Spectator

When allowance is made for the abnormal conditions prevailing in Australia, and especially in New South Wales, the Report of the Bank of New South Wales must be regarded as...

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The Spectator

The Directors of Michael Nairn and Greenwich, Ltd., the holding company controlling the Greenwich Inlaid Linoleum Company and Michael Nairn and Company, may be con- gratulated...