16 APRIL 1942

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most pregnant comment on India's rejection of the British plan for Indian self-government comes from Indians them- Mr. Rajagopalachari, a moderate among Congress leaders, that...

Slave France and Free France

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Short of a serious disaster on some war-front, the return of M. Pierre Laval to power in Vichy France is about as bad news as could come to hand. The triumph of that despicable...

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The Crown and Compensation

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The statement by the Lord Chancellor in the House of Lo regarding the Government's responsibility for loss caused to civil through accidents in which Government vehicles are...

Post-war Education

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Addressing the National Union of Teachers last week, the President of the Board of Education rightly emphasised the need for making plans now for the progressive reorganisation...

Honours and Merit

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In an interesting letter in another column, Sir Robert Greig (whose own knighthood was awarded to him as a distinguished civil servant) puts strongly the case for the abolition...

Controlled Industry After the War

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There is a clearness of vision in Mr. Samuel Courtauld's c bution to the latest number of the Economic Purnal which should like to think was shared by all leaders of industry in...

A Combined General Staff

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The article which Sir Edward Grigg contributed to The Times last Saturday, and the Lords' debate on the subject on Wednesday, have directed attention to the urgent need for a...

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a country now accustomed to the conception of " total " it needs no explaining that finance occupies a key position main front. It is both a sign and a determinant of the use...

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A friend of mine sent a friend of mine to

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prison on Tuesda rather untoward state of affairs. The first friend is a Bow S magistrate, the second (more accurately an acquaintance) Mr. —, why immortalise his name in this...

The old lady who had been blitzed applied urgently to

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relevant local authority for a bedstead. She was sympatheti received and assured that the committee would grant her one due course. "But I want it now," she protested. "I've got...

English culture is being administered to Greece through r surprising

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agencies. I take this paragraph from an unofficial B Council survey of English reading in South Eastern Europe: A generally unrealised fact is that in Greece the four most...

Having commented some months ago on the amount of time

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expended collectively by persons who assemble in large numbers to listen to miscellaneous oratory at public luncheons, I am glad to see that the Government is officially...


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I T is stated that Sir Horace Wilson will shortly be retiring from his position as Permanent Secretary to the Treasury, which carries with it the titular post of Head of the...

So minorities in Britain are oppressed after all. Two W

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farmers, it appears, cited recently before a court of s jurisdiction in Carmarthenshire for non-compliance with cultiva orders, were not only fined for the offence but required...

Dr. Julian Huxley, after waiting in America seven weeks for

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a seat on a Clipper (can Britain and America, with a joint aeroplane- output more than twice Germany's, not produce enough Clippers for a proper transatlantic service?) has got...

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" Qui S'Excuse . . Professor Guglielmo Ferrero, the eminent Italian historian, w at present living in Switzerland, was surprised to get a letter rec from a firm of publishers...

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AIRCRAFT IN BATTLE By STFtATEGICUS would be insincere to pretend

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that any explanation of the s i n king of the cruisers Dorsetshire ' and ' Cornwall ' and the -carrier 'Hermes' has yet appeared which will satisfy one's gs. The incident bears...

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By A NAVAL CORRESPONDENT A FTER two and a-half years of intensive sea warfare, a fresh area of conflict has opened in the Indian Ocean. So far as can be ascertained, the...

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By SIR STANLEY REED, M.P. N an experience of nearly half a century I have not known the British people so intensely interested in the affairs of India. On I sides, and from all...

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By ROSE MACAULAY N OVELISTS are, it is well known, fantastic liars. Not for them to photograph life ; their function (it is all they can do, within the limits of their own more...

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By H. J. MASSINGHAM HAD not seen my chair-maker for two years. Along the lanes on my way to him the hazels had shaken out a riot of flags. received me as festively. He told me...

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Yet in spite of this I am no extremist in

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the matter of warm carriages. There comes a point when even I feel that the train is overheated, when even I begin to gasp for air. I recall a January journey from New Orleans...


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By HAROLD NICOLSON "iir HY is it," an American asked me, "that you Britishers always wear your overcoats in trains? " This habit of my countrymen has irritated me for years,...

He had the painter's view of Style, and even in,that

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he was set what eccentric. He believed above all in smoothness, or what would call "surface." He used to expound the fantastic theory I the true artist could be distinguished...

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WHEN the adventures of Melbourne Jones Were first reported in the Press the narrative already displayed most of the attributes of a first-rate film-scenario. Pitted against the...


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'tehan Follies." At the Whitehall Theatre , a few years ago, the intimate review was revived by Norman ll and Herbert Farjeon, we welcomed the absence of a large, 'on-drilled...


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The Sadler's Wells Company greatest disaster in the musicalworld caused by the war is the spersal of the Sadler's Wells Opera Company and the severance of hat remains of it...

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Sla,—In a recent interchange of "news-matter," I was graced with

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dilapidated and much-handled Spectator. Deprived of news of h peopleain the Old Country were thinking, it is invigorating to know t the generations of W. M. Crook and "Private"...


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MUNICIPAL REVOLT SIR, —A letter in your issue of April 3rd warmly supports the protests against regional organisation which are being made by the civic heads of many large...


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SIR, —The late Duke of Atholl, whose recent death we mourn, was the holder of eighteen titles. His brother, now the Duke, is reported to be unwilling to assume the major title,...

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–I am very thankful for the publication of your correspondents' in your issues of March 13th and 20th. I would like to point out I was not concerned about my own intellectual...


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SIR, —When I read Mr. Harold Nicolson's account of how, when a boy at a County Wicklow garden party, his grandmother, pointing at a lady, said, "That's Kitty O'Shea who killed...

SIR,—There is a general hope for the future outbreak of

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a revolution in Germany, and one can understand this train of thought. But revolution in Germany could conceal a danger for the good cause: if the momentary effervescence of a...

THE GERMAN PEOPLE Snt,—Your articles, reviews and letters constantly sound

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the question: Are the German people guilty? This emphasis on peoples seems mis- pla,ced today—it seems a relic of 1914—when we are fighting a war not of nations but of beliefs....

–"Private Soldier's," letter on "Entertaining the Army," with which wholeheartedly

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agree, comes very opportunely at a moment when we to face in a sober spirit the question of why our Army has so far to fulfil the hopes which the nation had put in it. – To...

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A SPECIAL inquiry has been set afoot, not without encouragement f the Ministry of Agriculture, on the subject of wood-pigeons ; and of the results of it up to date is the...

In the Garden Gardening commentators, under the kind patronage of

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the B.B representative, seem to have decided unanimously that the swede is good a garden as a field vegetable. I have learnt this week two n virtues in the swede (which I have...

A Tall Tale The following story comes straight from an

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agricultural labourer w vouched for its truth ; but I must confess to some incredulity. On floor of a rough barn where the farmyard hens frequently laid their eg he watched a...

Postage on this issue : Inland and Overseas, id.

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Sta,—Professor Namier's admirable advice on the writing of English prose contains no reference to one most important point—the correct use of punctuation. One particularly...

Snt,—Professor Namier does not do justice to a very great

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Englishman when he says that the prose of the Authorised Version of the Bible was the work of six committees revised by a general committee. To select only two of the many...


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S1R,—The Council of the National Union of Students at a recent meeting had brought before it by student representatives from many parts of the country the unsatisfactory...


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SIR,—In the issue of April loth, page 354, " Janus " writes. " . . then clearly editors, of all people, must not be conscripted for the army." I prescript a Dubeldam (see page...

County Names It is alleged (in the excellent journal of

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the Women's Institutes) every county in the old days gave its name to a particular food prod and of course a good many local, if not county, names leap to memory, surviving even...

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Poet of Democracy Walt Whitman. By Hugh I'Anson Fausset. (Cape. 125. 6d.) Tins useful biographical and critical study does not add a great deal to our knowledge of the familiar...

America's Leading Critic

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EDMUND WILSON has the reputation of being the foremost liter critic in the United States of America writing today. It is e doubtful if we have in this country at present anyone...

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Central Europe

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Federation in Central Europe, Reflections and Reminiscences. By Dr. Milan Hodza. (Jarrolds. I8s.) WHAI gives this book its special value is that Dr. Hodza writes about matters...

The President

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Roosevelt. By Gerald W. Johnson. (Hamish Hamilton. ios. 64.) IN quiet times the Presidents of the United States exercise no power. They are hedged about with safeguards designed...

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Laugh at Polonius. By Jack Hilton. (Jonathan Cape. 7s. 6d.) IN The Sword and the Sickle, Mr. Mulk Raj Anand pursues s further the growth. in self-consciousness and social...

History and Hypothesis

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Night Over Europe ; the Diplomacy of Nemgsis, 1939-1940. By Frederick L. Schuman. (Hale. t8s.) THE gravity of the present war-crisis may seem to make the writing of the history...

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THE SPECTATOR" CROSSWORD No. 162 Book Token for one guinea

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will be awarded to the sender of the first correct o f this week's crossword to be opened after noon on Tuesday week. doper should be received not later than first post that day...


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' c A '05 L S;A •1 !1't u L 111 s a a I I 7- C I ii ft IE :r4 i 15 Fla A NB N Nal Jets E piA . a SI z eiFl•Riu;L:Ell• 14! A. 1 ) - MI fo . im , IL E AN .R. NOR UT C TI4...

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MISS CLAY has been working for some years investigating the

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career of this Anglo-Swiss painter who, born in Burgdorf near Berne in 1733, after a stay in France from 1765 to 1768 proceeded to England, where he spent the rest of his life....

Shorter Notices

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LONG years of newspaper work in Yugoslavia have made Mr. Harrison familiar with its scenery and its politics. His book, which is exceptionally well illustrated with photographs,...


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By CUSTOS THOSE of us who had been prepared for a further modest dose direct taxation have been relieved by Sir Kingsley Wood's Budg While I do not share the Chancellor's...

The Modern Short Story. By H. E. Bates. (Nelson. 7s.

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6d.) THIS is an excellent little book, which describes the development of the English short story from Poe down to the present day, with chapters on the foreign writers--Gogol,...

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HALIFAX BUILDING SOCIETY -GEN. SDI EDWARD N. WHITLEY, speaking at the eighty-ninth annual al meeting of members, held in Halifax on April 13th, 1942, said: t accounts which are...