18 NOVEMBER 1922

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There could be no more dramatic proof of the collapse

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of Mr. Lloyd George's political army than the defeat of Mr. Churchill. He has always been the most restless element among Mr. Lloyd George's followers. He and the late Prime...

Only very timid or very anxiously-minded people will be alarmed

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or depressed by the considerable number of seats gained by the Labour Party. For ourselves, we not only accept with loyalty the decision of the voters in the various places...


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T HE General Election has come and gone, with results which seem to us highly satisfactory. Though the returns are not complete as we go to press, the general situation is not...

Under the working of the Party System a man of

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Mr. Bonar Law's moderate, reasonable and unspectacular personality is at . his strongest without too large a majority. It will enable him to do the spade work of retrench- ment...

We note that an appreciable number of Labour scats were

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gained owing to the fact that the anti-Labour vote was split. In a good many constituencies the Labour vote, that is the vote which carried the day, was several thousands...

In this context, however, we do desire to point nu

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t that the time has arrived, or, at any rate, is approaching very rapidly, when we ought to make our Constitution safe for Democracy. The way to do that is to make the Poll of...

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To show that we are not suffering from bad dreams,

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we may quote a remarkable item of news contributed by the Sofia correspondent of the Jewish Chronicle. He learns from Constantinople that the Angora Government has made a...

The complete returns in the American Congressional elections show that

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the new Congress will be constituted as follows :— Republicans .. • • • • • • • • 58 Democrats .. • • • • • • • • 42 Farmer Labour • • • • • • • • 1 Republican...

The dissolution Honours were published last Saturday. Lord Birkenhead and

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Lord Farquhar become Earls and Lord Lee and Lord Leverhulme Viscounts. We should be more pleased if Lord Birkenhead had 'received an earldom for the legal work he has done as...

At a time like the present, when the country's mind

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is set on moderation and the Left-Centre or Whig ten- dency prevails, there is no one who represents the nation better than Lord Grey of Fallodon. Proof of what we say is to be...

We have noticed elsewhere certain aspects of the condition of

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Ireland to-day, but may mention here the manifesto put forth on their return to Northern Ireland by the " Ulster Association for Peace with Honour." It is in the following...

We sincerely hope that the British Government will not follow

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the advice which is sure to be given to them by the worldly-wise--to beware of offending International Jewry. In the first place, a large part of International and• also British...

The policy of evacuating Palestine, and that as soon as

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possible, has found strong support during the Elections. If the Government had any doubt as to the feeling of the country on the subject, they can have none now. In ordinary...

In that event we might receive a demand from the

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Angora Government—whieh, remember, is always anxious to pose as the guardian of Mohammedanism throughout the world—that would expose us, as we have said, to humiliation and...

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A strange attempt to kill Sir William Horwood, the Commissioner

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of Police, by means of poisoned sweets, was made on Thursday, November 9th. Sir William Horwood was preparing to go to the Lord Mayor's Banquet when a box of chocolates arrived,...

Bank Rate, 3 per cent., changed from 3i per cent.

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July 13, 1922 ; 5 per cent. War Loan was on Thursday, 99 Thursday week, 98f ; s. year ago. 88.

The Times of Friday, November 10th, published from its agricultural

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correspondent a fascinating account of an English venture in fur-farming on Dartmoor. There are similar enterprises in Northumberland and Ross- shire, but there is no other so...

A " fog expert," Dr. J. S. Owens, writing in

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the Daily Express of Wednesday, stated that the fog which has been with us for almost a week, though by no means one of the worst, had already cost London more than £500,000 in...

Just before midnight on Friday, November 10th, there was a

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violent earthquake in Chile, which affected the whole country between Antofagasta and Valdivia, a distance from north to south of more than a thousand miles. The shock was much...

Mr. Stanley Baldwin, the new Chancellor of the Ex- chequer,

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speaking at Newcastle last Saturday, was distinctly encouraging. He said that he was " quietly confident " of the future and was certain that the Government would be able to cut...

Another interesting point is that Colonel Chute, the manager of

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the farm, hopes by Mendelian principles to remove all white from the fur of the skunks. The correspondent points out in effect that the skunk is a most labour-saving animal. It...

The Ninety-second Quarterly Report of the General Federation of Trade

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Unions states that the decline in the number of members is still causing anxiety, though possibly the defections are more apparent than real. Mr. W. A. Appleton, the wise and...

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By EVELYN WRENCH. / 1HE extraordinary interest which the American public takes in British affairs. nowadays. is illustrated by the amount of news about the British Election...

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• THE BRITISH PEOPLE HAVE SPOKEN. T HE British people have spoken, with a result which we believe will prove for the welfare of the nation and Empire. The Government of the...

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THE ALLIES AND CONSTANTINOPLE. T HE nation, we hope, is observing

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and being duly thankful for the manner in which Mr. Bonar Law's Government is handling the Turkish question. How different it all is from the hectic days of Mr. Lloyd George !...

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A S the Election is over we shall not worry our readers with summaries of speeches made before the Poll. There is, however, a passage in a speech made by Mr. Churchill last...

HYDE PARK LAW. D EEP and general satisfaction has been expressed

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at Sir Almeric FitzRoy's success in defending himself against an odious accusation, and we offer him our congratulations, not only because he has been tri- umphantly acquitted,...

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A CORRESPONDENT, on whose knowledge of the facts we can rely, and whose judgment is un- warped by any Party, Pacifist, or anti-Imperial feeling, sends us the following...

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VAGARIES OF THE VIPER. R EADERS of the Spectator may have

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noticed a correspondence which recently appeared in the daily Press between a West-Country naturalist and a certain critic who would persist in asserting that the common viper...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Siza, — May I say a word on the further letter of Sir Harry Reichel on this subject in your issue of November 4th? He quotes a story of a young...


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ALLEGATIONS AGAINST THE IRISH FREE STATE. [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Six,—There has just come to my notice an article in the Irish World (New York) for October 21st, by...

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" In Ireland to-day the pen is more dangerous than the sword. It has led to the sudden death of its user far too often to make it a comfortable means for conveying personal...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Enclosed account of the

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adventures of a lady travelling lately from Dublin to Clonmcl is an instance of difficulties encountered continually by unfortunate passengers who arc obliged to travel by rail...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—As a subscriber and an appreciative reader of your splendid paper, I trust you will pardon me when I express my dismay in reading the...

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• [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The Coalition was torpedoed by the Independent Con- servative Party, commonly known as the " Diehards." As soon as the smoke and turmoil...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—In your article "

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A Victim of the Law " you advise your readers to read Dr. Charles's book The Teaching of the New Testament on Divorce. May I suggest that they should also study the reply by Dr....


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] read with special interest the leading article which appeared under the above heading in your issue of November 4th, and heartily agree that in...


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SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I have read with pleasure the correspondence on the need for Economic teaching. It is clear that the country is awakening to the need of some understanding of...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The writer of the article " A Political Estimate," in your issue of November 4th, asks : " Did not every Greek Admiral in the Council...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I shall be much obliged if you will allow me to point out that the statement in your issue of November 11th that " Dr. Weizmann and his...


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Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—May I support the letter in your issue of to-day asking that greater magnanimity be shown in your treatment of Mr. Lloyd George. You use in...


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of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—One of the most contagious of all the diseases of mankind has once more made its appearance in England and in the heart of London. But while our anxiety...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In reading the article on " A Capital Levy in your issue of November 11th, I see, as everyone must, the difficulty of the valuation and...

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of the SPECTATOR.] Snt,—In a most interesting note on Empire settlement by Mr. Evelyn Wrench, in your last issue, he speaks with unmixed enthusiasm of removing " tens of...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—After reading the admirable notice in your Supplement of November 11th of Gaya as Portrait Painter, I think it may be only fair to the...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATikI.] SM,—Will you allow me to appeal through your columns for support for the oldest orphanage for boys and girls in the United Kingdom, the Orphan...

TREES TO BEAUTIFY THE ROADS. [To the Editor of the

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SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In the reconstruction and forming of new roads it is to be hoped that in all the cities and towns, where it is possible, trees will be planted on each side of...

NOTICE.—When " Correspondence" or Articles are signed with the writer's

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name or initials, or with a pseudonym, or are marked " Communicated," the Editor must not necessarily be held to be in agreement with the views therein expressed or with the...

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OLD AGE. ExPEcr, when night falls, to have my house full of visitors ; The ghosts of past days, foul and fair. And I am prepared to salute all alike, courteously, ,To thank...


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ONE time when the cold, red winter sun Like a Punch-and-Judy show shrilled in fun, And scattered down its green perfume Like the dust that drifts from the green lime-bloom, I...


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1` THE CENCI : A TRAGEDY IN FIVE ACTS," BY PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY, AT THE NEW THEATRE. 1VE are all deeply indebted to Miss Sybil Thorndike and to Mr. Lewis Casson for their...

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TWO BOOKS ON THE JACOBITES.* TN these days of Wrath and shifting values it is consolatory to note that the tale heroic, like Keats's " Nightingale," is not born for Death, and...


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IT is a familiar criticism of the American people that they know little of foreign affairs. As some of the best Americans have made a practice of reproaching their countrymen...

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AN ADVANCEMENT OF LEARNING.* THERE is an awful gloom which

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inevitably settles down upon the Free Mind whenever it is moved to contemplate education, whether in the home or in the school. We are first depressed by the barbarousness of it...

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P OPULATION.* THOSE people who have learned by labour and

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devotion the joy that is to be harvested from historical reading will be glad to hear of this new book by Mr. Carr-Saunders. It is a work of monumental proportions, profound in...

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EMOTIONAL PHILOSOPHY.t IT is some thirty years since M. Mirbeau

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informed the readers of the Figaro that the beauties of M. Maeterlinck's first drama were superior to those of Shakespeare, and rather less than ten years afterwards M. Mauclair...


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MODERN AMERICAN POETS.* IT was with lively hopes that most of those in England who care for American poetry took up Mr. Conrad Aiken's new anthology. The anthologist is a man of...

HOW TO BECOME AN ARCHITECT.* 1 Pnouon Mr. Yerbury is not

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himself an architect, no one could better the practical advice to intending architectural students contained in his little handbook, his long experience as secretary to the...

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THE OPTIMIST IT is an acknowledged fact that the post-War world is strictly divided into two classes. There are those fortunate people known as "Moderns," who are most of them...

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( Notice in this column does not necessarily preclude subsequent review.) Let not the reader be headed off by Princess Bibesco's introduction, which displays Napoleon worship...

THE RIGOUR OF THE GAME. By Christopher Stone. (Martin Seeker.

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7s. 6d. net.)—The elusive personality of Mr. Stone's heroine is the most intriguing feature of his new book. She is the least convincing, but, paradoxically, the most natural,...

THE LADY IN FURS. By Florence Warden. (Ward, Lock and

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Co. 7s. net.)—Who committed the murder in this story ? The reader will think that he knows until he finds out his mistake at the end of the book. Then, if he has patience to...


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THE OXFORD CIRCUS. By H. Miles and R. Mortimer. (John Lane. 7s. 6d. net.)—This is a parody of the last three or four books which have begun with Balliol and Mr. Urquhart, and...

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7s. 6d.) Admirers of the Master will rejoice in this admirable translation of the Propos d'Anatole France. And who, indeed, are not admirers of Anatole France ? In this book...

THE LIFE OF CORNELL& CONNELLY. With a Preface by Cardinal

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Gasquet. (Longmans. 21s. net.) This anonymous biography of the foundress of the Society of the Holy Child Jesus is a well-merited tribute to a life spent entirely in...

THE CAT AND FIDDLE BOOK. By Lady Bell and Mrs.

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Herbert Richmond. (Longmans, Green and Co. 2s. 6d.) This book contains eight dramatized nursery rhymes for performance by children, the scenery being adapted from the furniture...

CONTEMPORARY AMERICAN NOVELISTS, 1900-1920. By Casl Van Doren. (Macmillan. 7s.

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net.) In this book, Dr. Van Doren has brought his study of the American novel up to date. His categories are slightly academic, but when taken in connexion with Waldo Frank's...

Messrs. De La Rue are considerably reducing the prices of

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their diaries. The bindings are, as usual, serviceable and attractive, and the thin but opaque paper makes these diaries surprisingly compact. For instance, a diary about five...

In its tenth tract the Society for Pure English reports

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an American invitation to help in organizing an international society that shall attempt " to maintain the traditions and foster the development of our common tongue." Mr. IL W....

PLAYS OF EDMOND ROSTAND. Translated by Henderson Daingerfield Norman. (Cecil

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Palmer. 2 vols. £2 2s.) This is a very good translation of these well-known plays, and in this edition it is elaborately, though not well published. The paper is good but the...


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SOME PLAYS WORTH SEEING. NEW TREATRE.-Medea Nov. 25th 29th [The only Creek Tragedy running in London.] STIAFTESDURY.-The Cat and the Canary [Go and hear the shrieks of horror...

MUSIC WORTH HEARING. November 20t11.-QuEEN's HALL.-London Symphony

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Orchestra • - • • • • 8.0 [Ertickner's Romantic Symphony and much Wagner, disposed of by Mr. Coates.] November 22nd.-Wre3ronE HAI.L.-Chamber Concert 8.15 [Mr. Harold Bauer...


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GROSVENOR GALLERIES, 51A NEW BOND STREET. [Winter Exhibition. Mediocrity, with occasional heights and depths.) ROYAL SOCIETY Ob' PAINTERS IN WATER-COLOURS, 5A PALL MALL EAST....

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[To. the Editor of . the SPECTATOR.] Sis,—To say anything helpful with - regard to ...the financial outlook on the morning of the General Election might seem to be to attempt...

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Although as compared with a year ago the October Trade Returns showed a small increase in Imports and a contraction in Exports, the figures were not unsatis- factory having...