20 JANUARY 1912

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But though this is a possibility we are glad to

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think that it is more likely that the revolutionaries will be able to esta- blish a strong government, or at any rate one stronger and sounder than that which they have...

It is curious to note that those influences and passions

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which we group under the names of chivalry to a person and loyalty to an ides. play no part, or apparently no part, in China. When a European monarchy has fallen, such as ours...

No doubt the unexpected often happens in China, but all

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the omens seem to point to the course of events for the pre- sent being peaceful. If so, China will certainly deserve the reputation for reasonableness which her instructed and...

The first ballots in the General Election for the Reichstag

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took place on Friday week. In 206 of the 397 constituencies members were elected outright, while in the remaining 191 constituencies second ballots will be necessary. Of the...


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T HE news from China published on Friday shows that the abdication of the Manchu dynasty and oligarchy has in fact taken place. Unless, then, some unforeseen event occurs, a...

4 ' 4 ,* The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in any

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We cannot to-day discuss all the possibilities that are latent

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in a Chinese Republic, whether based upon the principle of federation or of unity; but clearly we are going to witness one of the most interesting and far-reaching experiments...

The Times correspondent goes on to describe what the pro-

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cedure is likely to be :—" By an understanding between the two parties it is now being arranged that there shall be two edicts. In the first, which will be issued apparently...

Nam:IE.—With this week's number of the SPHICTATOU" is 455156(1 gratis,

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an Eight-Page Supplement, containing the Half Yearly Index and Title-Page--i.e., from July /a to December 80th, 1911, inclusive.

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An extremely pessimistic article upon the Balkan danger appears in

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Thursday's Times from its correspondent in the Balkan Peninsula. The writer says that since the eve of the war in 1877 the outlook has never been so gloomy and dis- quieting....

The self-effacement of M. Bourgeois in accepting a sub- sidiary

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post is typical of the new Cabinet. As the Paris correspondent of the Times puts it, "the new Ministry is welcomed as showing that men of the first Parliamentary rank with...

Such are some of the results of the German elections

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expressed in statistics. They show that the Socialist& have made very large gains, chiefly from the other parties of the Left. Whether their gains will be proportionately great...

The favourable impression created by the composition of the Ministry

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was strengthened by M. Poincare's statement in the Chamber on Tuesday. The Government's first duty, he declared, was to secure the final ratification of the Franco- German...

The first Turkish Parliament was dissolved on Thursday. The causes

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and the results of the dissolution are admirably stated in an article in the Time's of the same day. The dissolution is the direct outcome of. the growing discontent in the...

The French Ministerial crisis has ended in the formation of

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one of the strongest Cabinets of the Third Republic- a Cabinet which is fully entitled to the name " National " with which it has been endowed. After conferences with M....

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The riots at CuHera., in the province of Valencia, as

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a result of which seven prisoners were sentenced to death, have led to a Ministerial crisis in Spain. The Government recommended the King to reprieve six of the prisoners, but...

A correspondent of the Timm, writing from Tripoli on December

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27th, gives a reassuring account of the quality and temper of the Italian troops. He gives a "blank denial" to the statement that the enthusiasm of the men has evaporated. while...

On Tuesday the Standing Committee of the Ulster Unionist Council

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passed with acclamation a resolution expressing astonishment at the intention of Mr. John Redmond and Mr. Winston Churchill to hold a Home Rule meeting in the Ulster Hall,...

A meeting of protest organized by the Persia Committee was

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held at the London Opera House on Monday night. Sir Thomas Barclay, who presided, repudiated the suggestion that the meeting was anti-Russian unless it was anti-Russian to...

The official figures of the coal strike ballot were declared

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at the Birmingham Conference of the Miners' Federa- tion on Thursday. The number of those who voted for the strike was 445,801, and of those against 115,921. This is a majority...

It seems probable that a temporary settlement in the cotton

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dispute will have been arrived at by the time this is in our readers' hands. On Tuesday night the conferences over which Sir George Askwith has been presiding reached a...

In spite of the sincerity and good intentions of many

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of the speakers the wiser minds of the nation will, we feel sure, continue to support the policy of the Government in regard to Persia and the maintenance of the Anglo-Russian...

The controversy that has arisen over the visit of the

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Parlia- mentary delegation to Russia is much to be regretted. Violent and, in our opinion, wholly unwarranted language has been used by the opponents of the visit on the ground...

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THE REFERENDUM AND THE SUFFRAGE QUESTION. T "proposal that the extension of the Parliamentary suffrage to women shall be referred to the electors of the United Kingdom,...

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T HE formation of the new French Ministry is an event of which the French people have a ri g ht to be proud. Many criticisms have been levelled a g ainst the present regime in...

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of her thirteenth Reichstag still subject to revision at the second ballots is already discussing a fourteenth. Already several Berlin newspapers proclaim as impending the...

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rrHE gathering of members of the Spectator Experi- mental Company which took place last Tuesday at the headquarters of the Queen's Westminsters, kindly lent by that...

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A MENTAL DIETARY. "N OWADAYS we do not lead a natural

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life," conse- quently we must diet and physic ourselves. This is what the doctors tell us when we complain that we are ill at ease. " Nowadays " is a vague period of time, and...

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A NALOGIES. — III. GIE S.— III. Tan Dom. A LMOST everything happens on

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one side or other of a door; even the most out of door things, such as battles, are born as certainly as babies behind a closed door, and often a locked one. A. nation which has...

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I N the address delivered on December 7th, 1911, to the Society of Antiquaries, Sir Schonberg McDonnell made a, suggestion as to the preservation of ancient monuments which,...

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THE GATHERING OF THE "SPECTATOR"' EXPERIMENTAL COMPANY. [To rs EDIT011 OP THE " & POTATO& "] SIR,—Nearly six years have elapsed since the late Sir Howard Vincent placed the...

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LEGISLATION UNDER THE PARLIAMENT ACT, [To ens EDITOR or 71Is "8FECTATOR.1 you permit me, before Parliament meets, to call attention to some important facts in connexion with the...

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I To TRH EDITOR OP T8& " EPROTATOR."1 Sin.,—Dr. Walsh, the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Dublin, has come to the relief of Mr. Redmond and Mr. Dillon in a two-column letter to...

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[To THE EDITOR Or THE "SPECTATOR."] SIB,—Before the storm and stress of the Home Rule and Disestablishment Bills are upon us, and while interest is still directed to India, I...


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LTO TRH EDITOR 07 TRH "SPECTATOR."' Sin.,—It requires some courage to argue the point with the Spectator, but dare I suggest that your interesting article on the above...

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[To TUX EDITOR OP TIM "SPECTATOR. "] Sin, — From the comments on my letter of December 30th, including your own article, I am to take it that we must regard the present...


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Sia,—Upon reference to Anstey's dictionary of "Nautical Terms," your correspondent, M. T. P.," would find that the phrase "under way " implies an " impetus " or " momentum." "...


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[TO THE EDITOR OP TIIX " EPECTATOP....] Sin, — In "A Sea Grammar," written by Captain John Smith, the famous "Governor of Virginia and Admiral of New England," and published...


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[TO THE EDITOR Or TRH "SrEorkrowc."] Stn,—In the extremely interesting article, " The Problem of Greater China," in your issue of January 13th, Tibet is men- tioned as...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE osrservron.n Sin,—Is it not a shame for Britain that her children have never made a likeness of her, the mother of the multitudes who for centuries have...


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[To TIM EDITOR Or TEE "SPECTATOR."] Stn,—In last week's Spectator, in the notice of Mr. Halifax's novel, "A Whistling Woman," reference is made to "weird snatches of song"...


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correspondent, writing in your issue of last week, protests against the spelling of words like "paralyse," "analyse," with " z " instead of " s," pointing out that this spelling...


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Sin,—Regarding the phrase " under way " the following extracts from "The Sailor's Word Book," by the late Admiral W. H. Smyth, revised by Vice-Admiral Sir E. Belcher, 1867,...

[To TEE EDITOR OP TUE "SPECTATOR. "] SIE, — It would be impossible

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to explain briefly the accidental error contained in my letter printed in last week's issue. Will you generously permit me to be the first to correct my own mistake and to...

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THE RULE OF KING GOMBEEN. 0 DEVLIN dear, an' did ye hear the news that's gain' round ? The farmers are resolved to bring the Party to the ground. They're burstin' up intirely...


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' [To THE EDITOR OF TEE "SPECTATOR."] SIR, Will you allow• me to thank those who have already sent subscriptions towards the memorial tablet on No. 32 Craven Street. and to...

NOTICE.—When "Correspondence" or Articles are signed with the writer's name

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or initials, or with a pseudonym, or are marked " Communicated," the Editor must not necessarily le held to be in agreement with the views therein expressed or with the mode of...


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[To THE EDITOR OP TES "SPECTATOR."1 Sta,—The Spectator has always been so heartily in sympathy with all efforts to - bring intellectual pleasure into rural life that I ven-...


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SIR,—The Press affords conclusive evidence that the British Con- stitution Association is fulfilling the purpose for which it was founded in November 1905. That an...

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.MR. MARTIN HARVEY, HERR IbEINHARDT, PRO- FESSOR MURRAY, AND SOPHOCLES AT COVENT GARDEN. Tits order in which we have written the names at the head of this article is ....


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34Y the breath of summer fans A. tired earth with quickening strength. Though you are far my longing spans The distance, reaching you at length. You bid me wait–salt l no...

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FACING THE FACTS.* " A SERIOUS inquiry into the conditions of religious belief and practice in contemporary England," consisting of a number of papers by different authorities,...

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AFRICA AND ITS PEOPLES.* MR. Manlius EVANS was a member

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of the Natal Native Commission of 1906-7, whose report is one of the most candid and enlightening documents yet issued on the subject. He has continued his inquiries and...

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THE BRAZEN LYRE.* THE standard of technique in light verse

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has been raised immensely in the last twenty or thirty years. Mr. E. V. Knox —whose volume reveals him as the "Evoe " who weekly delights the readers of Punch with his...

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IN spite of the reawakening of interest in Roman art which, as Mr. Walters justly remarks in his preface, has been one of the most noteworthy features in the progress of...

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To the long list of books, written about the health resorts of Switzerland, has been added this winter yet one more, namely, Where the World Ends, by A. A. H. About thirty years...


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MR. FRANKLIN gives a most modest account of the way in which his book came into being. Ho has been in the- habit, it seems, of giving lectures to tourist .parties in Palestine,...

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MR. WYCHERLY'S WARDS.* STUDENTS of the tendencies of modern fiction cannot have failed to notice the revival—we might almost call it the revolt—of the sentimentalists. One...


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IT was a happy idea to publish a series of volumes on " Governing Families" which should not be family histories in the ordinary sense of the term, but narratives of the part...

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In the Shadow of Islam. By Demetra Vkica (Mrs. Kenneth-

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Brown) (Constable and Co. 8s.)—This is a fine novel, and it is something more, nothing less, than a contribution to world polities, in which race characteristics must of...

The Catholic Directory (Burns and Oates, la (3d. net) appears

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for the seventy-fifth time, thus dating back to a little after Emancipation. It gives information, ecclesiastical and civil, about the Roman Catholic Communion. The peers number...


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frintier nix heading tro notice ouch Boob of the week as have not but TI1011:04 for review in other forme.1 Turkestan: "the Heart of Asia." By W. E. Curtis. (London t Hodder and...

READABLE NOVELS.—lather Iffettrnits. By Adolph llnusrath. (J. M. Dont and

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Sons. 13s.)— father Matornus is a German monk who, like Lather, goes to Et no early in the sixteenth century and leaves it with much the stale impressions.—no Love That...

Surface Relief Model of England and Wales. (Sifton, Praod and

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Co., Ltd. 21s.)—This map is a very excellent piece of modelling and shows clearly the hills and river valleys of England and Wales. Our only regret is that the size is not...

A Touch of Fantasy. By A. H. Adams. (John Lane.

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68.)— It is very seldom that the scope of a book is so completely indi- cated by its title. There is more than " a touch of fantasy " and mystery in this novel, for the hero...

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Egypt and How to See it (Ballantyno and Co., 2s.

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Gd. net) is a most convenient little volume, with useful details about things which the traveller ought to know, and excellently illustrated by Mr. G. 0. Lamplough.

Sweet Songs of Many Voices, Compiled by Kate A. Wright.

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(G. Harrap and Co. 8s. Gd. net.)—This is yet another anthology, the pieces put together being mostly taken from recent authors. Eitensive permission has been given to make use...

Property is Book III. in the " Digest of English

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Civil Law," edited by Edward Jenks (Butterworth and Co., 5s. net), and is the work of the Editor. It deals with a part only of the subject, a table being given on pp. iv and v...

.Hazcli's Annual (Hazoll, Watson and Viney. Be. Gd. net) is

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a very useful combination of directory, history, and gazetteer. We get in it a summary of the events, political, social, and literary, of the year, usual details about statesmen...

Scenes from Dickens. Adapted by Guy Pertwee. Edited by Ernest

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Pertwoo. (G. Routledgo and Sons. Bs. Gd.)—Here we have thirteen stoiies or scenes (four of them from Pickwick) adapted for reading in public or private.

Garden Design. (By Madeline Agar. Sidgwick and Jackson. 'Ts. Gd.

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net.)—This book does not toll us how to work a garden. "I have purposely omitted everything of a purely horticultural nature," says the author in her Preface, "but how to...

The Advertiser's A B C (T. B. Browne. 10s. Gd.

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not.)—Sections I. and II. are devoted to what we may describe as the art of adver- tising ; Section III. will be found of much general interest, as it gives an account of the...