22 NOVEMBER 1940

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The Spectator

O F the series of conferences which Herr Hitler and Herr von Ribbentrop are staging almost daily neither the full reasons nor the full results are yet disclosed. One reason no...

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NEWS OF THE WEEK N EARLY four weeks have elapsed since

The Spectator

the Italians launched their sudden attack on Greece from Albania, and they are now everywhere on the defensive or retreating, and threatened with severe reverses. Not even in...

Non-Co-operative India

The Spectator

Events in India, as Mr. Amery's speech in the House of Commons on Wednesday clearly indicated, have taken another unsatisfactory turn. The Congress members of the Legisla- tive...

Exiles from Lorraine

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Gradually even the Petain Government is being forced to realise that Germany intends to treat France in the same spirit as she has treated other conquered . countries. Though M....

Mussolini Explains

The Spectator

It is interesting that Signor Mussolini dates the opening of the struggle which ended in war at November 18th, 1935, when 52 States of the League imposed sanctions on Italy....

Possibilities in Syria

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The importance of Syria is presumably being recognised by the War Cabinet, but some confirmation of the assumption would be reassuring The position in that highly important...

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In the House of Lords a short but interesting debate

The Spectator

took place on the Horder Report. Lords Addison and Samuel and the Bishop of Winchester expressed a general uneasiness on the whole question of health in shelters. The Duke of...

* * * * Sir Edward Grigg has done well

The Spectator

with the Home Guard. His written statement was better than his speech. It is a pity that he spoils an obvious command of his subject by manner- isms in speech. Sir George...

Lord Winterton was at his best on Imperial policy, and

The Spectator

he drew from Mr. Amery a significant statement on the contribu- tion being made to the war effort by India and Burma. The House of Commons is never sufficiently alive to...

Meanwhile the country is fighting for its life and it

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is good that Parliament is now meeting regularly, preserving national unity at the centre while allowing the maximum criticism on all matters of policy. It is a mistake to...

The Neutrality of Eire

The Spectator

Discussion of the difficulties and dangers Involved in the scrupulous neutrality of Eire, carrying with it the refusal to grant to the Royal Navy the use of the Irish ports...

Health in the Shelters

The Spectator

Lord Horder's committee on health in shelters having re- ported in four days, the Ministry of Health has issued its recom- mendations—not its report—after two months. It is...

The Week in l'arliament

The Spectator

Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes: I write on the last day of the most mcmorable session Parliament has ever knowm It is too near to assess the remarkable events which have...

Subscription 305. a year to any part of the world

The Spectator

Postage on this issue: Inland zd., Foreign and Imperial id., Canada id.

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The Spectator

N EVER in this war or any other have the potentialities of air-power been more convincingly demonstrated than in a week which has seen the crippling of the Italian fleet at...

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* * Letters do get through to this country from

The Spectator

unoccupied France. One reached me last Monday—November Ath. I looked to see when it was posted. The date was August ath. jANUS.

With the death of Eric Gill a singularly distinctive figure

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passes from the twentieth-century stage. The long beard, the monkish gown, the biretta, made him that to the outward eye, and the variety of his accomplishments justify the...

While on this matter of reprisals, I perhaps owe some

The Spectator

reply to various persons who denounce my reluctance to see Rome bombed. If I thought bombing Rome would carry us any measurable distance towards winning the war I should have...

* * * The degeneration of the B.B.C. news bulletins

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is progressive and deplorable. That the news service is being deliberately used by the Ministry of Information for disguised propaganda I hesitate to believe. It would be little...

I raised a question last week as to the meaning

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of a state- ment in a letter by Neville Chamberlain to his brother Sir Austen: " I have had my time of scorching humiliation," and suggested that it might refer to the late...


The Spectator

r HE new and extensive changes in the higher commands in the R.A.F. inevitably raise some questions as to whether things are not• a little too static at the Admiralty. Commander...

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The Spectator

By STRATEGICUS A DISTINGUISHED British General has just committed himself to the statement that the disadvantage of being compelled to act on exterior lines is that "whilst the...

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The Spectator

By VERA LADY ELDERTON [COMMUNICATED TO "THE SPECTATOR" BY MAX BEERBOHM] Y ES, I shall be roo years old tomorrow morning—at 4.15, to be exact. And I think it was a very good...

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The Spectator

By ROSE MACAULAY D R. VENN'S magnificent enterprise of recording all Cambridge men down to 1900 goes bravely on through peace and war. The four great volumes of Part I ran from...

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The Spectator

By LORD DAVID CECIL ITERARY persons in these last disturbed years have spent 1.1 a lot of their time arguing as to whether they 'should or should not write about politics. "The...

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The Spectator

By A MILITARY CORRESPONDENT I T is more than dangerous to indulge in prophecy, but it 1. seems at least probable that next spring will see the crisis of the war. How operations...

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The Spectator

By RANJEE G. SHAHANI A LITTLE before the present war broke out—to be more A exact, in August, 1939—I had occasion to go to Cannes for the day. I had boarded the train quickly,...

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The Spectator

By W. B. SELBIE T HERE lies before me the old Liddell and Scott which I used as a boy at school more than sixty years ago. It is dirty, thumbed, dog-eared, and the binding is...

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The Spectator

(oh. 30 X. 40.) By V. SACKVILLE-WEST T ALWAYS thought of her as a sturdy pony. The tragedy 1 to us, her friends, is that the pony was not so sturdy as w e thought! It trudged,...


The Spectator

Birds and Raids My attention is constantly being drawn to the fact that "the birds hate the air-raids." But oddly enough, though I must by now have watched some hundreds of...

More Vegetables, More Imagination More sweat than imagination seems to

The Spectator

have gone into the campaign for the increased production of vegetables, which appears generally to have been based on the Continental gibe that the English eat nothing but...

The Onion Problem More than five years ago, when no

The Spectator

one could possibly have dreamed that onions would sell for a shilling a pound (a price of nearly £6 per cwt., as compared with 6s. per cwt. for potatoes), a note in this column...

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The Spectator

BALLET Anglo-Polish THE Ballet, which we habitually think of as Russian, owes a great deal to Polish dancers. ICrzesinska, Nijinsky and his sister, Idzikovsky and Woizikovsky...


The Spectator

"Waterloo Bridge" and "An Unrecorded Victory." At th e Empire.-" The March of Time (On Foreign News Fronts), ONE sometimes wonders whether there is a special depot in Hollywood,...


The Spectator

FROM these now passive, quiet, corrected hands Flow massive rivers, roll the molten lands; There is so much pulsing universe released By this heart's abdication, the annulment...

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MR. CHAMBERLAIN SIR,—Unwilling as I am to bring up anew

The Spectator

that subject of bitter controversy that is Neville Chamberlain's handling of our foreign policy, there are one or two points in Mr. Wilson Harris's otherwise fair and...


The Spectator

Sut,—Why should Rome be spared lest antiquities and art treasures might suffer? The destruction of such things is of no military value. But our airmen have shown themselves...


The Spectator

Sut,—With reference to the article "Air Raid Wardens' Claims" by Lady Violet Bonham Carter, in your November 8th issue, I would like to say that if she is dissatisfied with the...

Sist,—You remark in your account of Mr. Chamberlain's foreign policy

The Spectator

that one potent explanation of the deal at Munich was that Great Britain was at that time in no condition to fight. The inference appears to be that, when eleven months later...

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR [In view of the paper shortage

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it is essential that letters on these pages should be brief. We are anxious not to reduce the number of letters, but unless they are shorter they must be fewer. Writers are...

SIR, —The publication of the vitriolic criticism of Mr. Chamberlain in

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The Spectator within a few days of his death has filled the many of us here who take this journal regularly with a nauseating disgust, which will be shared, I should think, by...

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The Spectator

SIR,—Recent pronouncements in regard to the Home Guard deal with a number of matters not of the first importance : real issues have been touched upon lightly, and some among us...

SIR,—I have for years subscribed to your paper, admirineits inde-

The Spectator

pendence of thought and stimulating views. I am moved, however, vehemently to protest at the ill-considered observation of " Janus " recently when discussing the impropriety of...

SIR,—The logic of " Janus " is deplorable, and I

The Spectator

wish to protest most vigorously against his remarks in your issue of November 8th about reasons for not bombing Rome. He is best answered by the news that 13 Italian planes have...


The Spectator

SIR,—Writing of the appointment of a Minister of Works and Building in your issue of October 18th Mr. Clough Williams-Ellis says: "Is effective, positive town-planning possible...


The Spectator

Sul,—Like Mr. Stonebridge, I regret the eclipse of the Liberal Party —but eclipsed it seems to be. Hence, to say that the Liberal is the only party fit to tackle unemployment is...


The Spectator

Snt,—Miss Lesley Lawrence is not the first of your recent corre- spondents who has repeated the old story that Wren's plan for rebuilding the City was lost "by the pigheadedness...

SIR,—N0, I think we - should need very clear evidence of

The Spectator

its military value before we allowed a single shell to explode in Rome. Allow me to support our friend " Janus " in his plea for departed greatness and to urge its claim as a...

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The Spectator

Slit,—In the midst of our thanksgivings for the home harvest, let . hold in grateful remembrance this year the bounty of the EmPli crop. For Canada alone the official estimate...

Snt,—May I give a vote, or as many votes as

The Spectator

I can, in favour of Miss Rose Macaulay's suggestions in your issue of November a5th, of "starting a propaganda campaign for sleeping in bed "? May I say that I am strongly in...


The Spectator

Sta,—I cordially support Miss Rose Macaulay's letter. I have slept on the first floor of my house in St. John's Wood ever since the war began and intend to continue doing so. At...


The Spectator

Sin,—Balbus murum oedificavit—so my first Latin Primer informed me, but tantalisingly gave no further information about that ancient Roman. Now a new Balbus appears, in the...


The Spectator

SIR, —The Government have made tentative moves to rationalise the retail distribution of milk, but there is unfortunately a small, though active, body of retailers who...


The Spectator

Srit,—Will you be kind enough to allow me to say with regard to the Memorial Stone to King Charles the Martyr, at Bath, that it was never the intention of Mr. O'Horan or those...


The Spectator

Sta,—With the -general lines of the review of Mr Murry's book, The Betrayal of Christ by the Cl-urches, which appears in your issue of November ith I find myself in agreement....


The Spectator

SIR, —Your Parliamentary Correspondent wrote in The Spectator of November r5th that the time has come for the Board of Education and the Ministry of Information to define the...

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Books of the Day

The Spectator

A Bacteriologist Remembers . . . As I Remember Him. By Hans Zinsser. (Macmillan. r2s. 6d.) DR- HANS ZINSSER, the eminent American bacteriologist, died this autumn. This book...

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For Poland

The Spectator

Memoirs of Madame Pilsudski. (Hurst and Blacken. ios. 6d.) THOUGH the enslavement of Poland by Hitlerism was the imme- diate occasion of the present war, few English people have...

More Light on Wordsworth The Poetical Works of William Wordsworth

The Spectator

: Poems Written in Youth ; Poems Referring to the Period of Childhood. Edited by E. De Selincourt. (Oxford : Clarendon Press. zrs. Tms volume represents the first instalment...

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A Liberal's War Aims

The Spectator

What is at Stake, and Why Not Say So? By C. E. M. Joa (Gollancz, 2s. 6d.) What is at Stake, and Why Not Say So? By C. E. M. Joa (Gollancz, 2s. 6d.) HERE is a little volume which...


The Spectator

Armies of Freemen. By Tom Wintringham. (Routledge. 58.) AT this moment in our history it is our duty to think clearly and realistically about our military policy, and anything...

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The Case Against Mr. de Valera

The Spectator

The Irish Free State and its Senate. By Donal O'Sullivan. (Faber. 25S.) THE Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1924 so widely acclaimed at the time, has been a failure. In his well-written,...

Don in Mexico

The Spectator

THIS is an account by a Cambridge Professor of two trips to the tourist resorts of Mexico, but it pretends to be rather more. The professor is a Spanish scholar—and that should...

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A Pocket Plato

The Spectator

Plato : Selected Passages. Chosen and edited by Sir R. W. Living- stone. (World's Classics : Oxford University Press. 28. 6d.) IT needed an unusual measure both of audacity and...

The China Seas

The Spectator

British Admirals and Chinese Pirates. By Grace Fox. (Kegan Paul. 125. 6d.) THREE great services, bringing benefit to the whole word, were performed by the Royal Navy during the...

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Good-bye to Kilvert

The Spectator

Kilvert's Diary, Vol. 3. Edited by William Plomer. (Cape. 12S. 6d.) Tuts vapouring and sentimental, though sensitive and observant, clergyman was a novelty when he appeared in...

Evangelicalism and Churchmanship

The Spectator

Simeon and Church Order. The Birkbeck Lectures for 1937-8. By Charles Smyth. (Cambridge University Press. t6s.) . MANY years ago a very young man visiting Cambridge referred,...

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Parish Pride.

The Spectator

The Book of Hartland. By R. Pearse Chope. (The Devonshire Press, Torquay. 5s.) THERE are two schools of thought about Devon : those who prefer North, and those who prefer South...

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A Good Antiquarian

The Spectator

Tins is a chatty book about old churches. Unlike many chatty writers, Miss Anderson is accurate and, unlike many accurate writers, she is readable. She is at heart an...

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A Fight for Identity Pack My Bag. By Henry Green.

The Spectator

(Hogarth Press. 7s. 6d.) THE author calls this book a self-portrait, and is thereby probably more candid than he intended to be. For the revelation of his infancy in a rich...

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Before the Play

The Spectator

Rare Prologues and Epilogues. 1642-1700. Edited by Autrey Nell Wiley. (Allen and Unwin. Iss.) THIS finely edited selection of prologues and epilogues more or less inaccessible...

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Turn of the Tide

The Spectator

Selected Poems. By Henry Newbolt. (Nelson Classics. 2s.) THE literary tide has turned since the days when we laughed at "Clifton Chapel" and " Vitai Lampada,' and it is Mr....

The Clockmaker's Art

The Spectator

Masterpieces of English Furniture and Clocks. By R. W. Symonds. (Batsford. 2 gns.) THERE are few trades in which, technologically speaking, the nineteenth and twentieth...

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How Children Think of Death

The Spectator

The Child's Discovery of Death. By Sylvia Anthony. (Kegan Paul. Its. 6d.) THIS study will interest people who are not psychologists, though its main reference is to...

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The Tower Crumbles

The Spectator

A Kind of Insolence. By Margaret Steen. (Collins. 75. 6d.) ALTHOUGH you will hear it said that the new writers cannot write, that the new writing lacks the human touch, and is,...

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Fresh Bloods

The Spectator

One, Two, Buckle My Shoe. By Agatha Christie. (Crime Club. Death of a Cad. By John Bude. (Robert Hale. 7s. 6d.) IF Sherlock Holmes were alive, he would undoubtedly write 'a...

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Shorter Notices

The Spectator

Canadian Occasions. Addresses by Lord Tweedsmuir. (Hodder and Stoughton. 8s. 6d.) THIS collection of Lord Tweedsmuir's speeches in Canada is an impressive display of the wide...


The Spectator

8s.) (Michael Joseph. 8s. 6d.) Mn. OTAOLAIN'S work has all the vividness of the practised writer's, the sharp definition of character, the sway of the emotions, the sense that...

Seven Pillars of Wisdom. By T. E. Lawrence. (Cape. zos.

The Spectator

6d.) THIS first complete and unabridged edition of the Seven Pillars is one of the most welcome books of the autumn. Whatever our opinion of the author's personality, expressed...

The Definitive Edition of Rudyard Kipling 's Verse. (Hodder

The Spectator

and Stoughton. _25s.) - Trus--surely rather expe_nsive--collected edition of Rudyard Kipling's verse has made a "positively last appearance." The excuse is a batch of two...

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English Wits. Edited by Leonard Russell. (Hutchinson. 8s. 6d.) Ir

The Spectator

would be interesting to trace the course of the change in meaning of the word " wit " from the days when it meant intel- ect (or one who had it) to its modern sense of amusing...

A Key to Victory : Spain. By Charles Duff. (Gollancz.

The Spectator

25. 6d. DOES all this seem fantastic and impossible?" asks the writer of this foolish and mischievous little book, after a hundred pages advocating the fomenting by Great...

Ten Great Mountains. By R. L. G. Irving. (Dent. 12s.

The Spectator

6d.) NIL IRVING is well known as a sound mountaineer and one who has given many young climbers their introduction to the Alps. He is the author of an admirable history of...

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IMPORTANT NOTICE Readers are again reminded of the necessity ordering

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"The Spectator" regularly, since newsagell can no longer be supplied on sale-or-return terms.


The Spectator

By CUSTOS AFTER the recent rise one cannot be surprised that markets are pausing. President Roosevelt's re-election, the victory at Taranto, these and other external factors...

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The Spectator

L R The winner of Crossword No. 87 is Miss E. W. airdne. 7, Inverleith Terrace, Edinburgh, 4. IN REGULATIONS

"THE SPECTATOR" CROSSWORD NO. 89 [A prize of a Book

The Spectator

Token for one guinea will be given to the of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle b e opened. Envelopes should be marked with the words "Cros:d Puzzle" and...