23 JULY 1898

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The trial of M. Zola and of M. Perreux, of

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the Aurore news- paper, began and ended at Versailles on Monday. Both defendants were sentenced to undergo a year's imprisonment and pay a fine of £120 each for having said that...

The Daily Mail correspondent at Hong-kong gives some most interesting

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gossip as to the positions occupied re- spectively by the American, German, and English naval commanders at Manilla. Admiral Dietrichs, the German, is reported to have...


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S ANTIAGO has been surrendered,—and with it all the troops in Eastern Cuba, of which it is the capital. General Toral, in command since General Linares was so severely wounded,...

The Prince of Wales, we deeply regret to record, met

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on Monday with a very severe accident. His Royal Highness was leaving Waddesdon House, the residence of Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild, in Bucks, when he slipped on the...

The Cuban insurgents are disgusted, as they expected to make

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Santiago their capital, their leaders have gone back to the hills, and there are signs of extreme friction between them and the invaders, who, provoked by their ways, over-...

• ,* The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in

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any case.

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On Monday the Benefices Bill was again discussed in Committee

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by the Lords. After Lord Salisbury had repeated his belief that there was not sufficient discipline in the Church, he moved a very proper clause allowing the Ecclesi- astical...

M. Zola has left France not, his defenders say, to

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avoid imprisonment, but in order to avail himself of certain legal technicalities which will enable him, if he is out of the jurisdiction, to obtain a new trial in October, and...

In the House of Commons on Friday, July 15th, Lord

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Charles Beresford asked the First Lord of the Treasury a question as to the National Bank which has been formed in Egypt, and went on to ask "whether, in view of the establish-...

The Benefices Bill was under discussion in the House of

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Lords on Friday week. Lord Grey desired to add to the reasons why a Bishop might refuse to institute, the fact that he was satisfied that representations made by the church-...

There have been two great debates this week upon the

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Bill for improving the vaccination laws introduced by the Govern- ment. It was generally agreed that cumulative penalties should be abolished, and the discussion really turned...

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London has been much interested this week in a probate

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suit. Mrs. Howard, of Manchester, died, leaving about 290,000, of which she bequeathed £30,000 to her medical attendant, Dr, G. C. Kingsbury, and only 28,000 to her son, with...

On Wednesday, however, Sir W. Foster said the concession -did

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not content him, that he would not leave so much to the Magistrate, and that a declaration on oath ought to be -sufficient. Mr. Balfour agreed to this, but wished words -added...

In the House of Lords on Thursday Lord Ashbourne intro-

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duced the Irish Local Government Bill. Lord Spencer, welcoming the Bill on behalf of the Opposition, managed 'with no little dexterity to "work off" the celebrated quota- tion...

On Wednesday Mr. Doughty addressed a meeting of his constituents

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at Grimsby, and announced that he had applied for the Chiltern Hundreds and would seek re-election. "Men of common sense were asking themselves this question, How long were they...

The Lord Mayor entertained the Speaker of the House of

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Commons at dinner on Monday, and both Mr. Gully and Viscount Peel, his predecessor in office, made noteworthy speeches. Mr. Gully's subject was the continuity of his office,...

The annual meeting of the National Trust for Places of

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Historic Interest or Natural Bear.ty was held at Grosvenor House on Wednesday, the Duke of Westminster presiding. It is very satisfactory to find that the Trust is making steady...

Bank Rate, 4 per cent.

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New Consols (2!) were on Friday, Mi.

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W E prefer, like most civilised persons, peace to war, but some of the arguments just now employed to induce America to make a quick peace with Spain strike us as not only...


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THE ENGLISH IN EGYPT. E greatly regret that when Lord Charles Beresford asked the Government to declare openly that we intended to stop in Egypt they judged it expedient to...

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W E hear a great deal just now about the failures of the Government and of their want of grit and steadiness. In our opinion, there has been a good deal of exaggeration on this...

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W E do not suppose that all the world will read the speeches delivered by Viscount Peel and Mr. Gully on Wednesday at the Mansion House, but yet those speeches greatly concern...

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C rVILISATION, Mr. Balfour has argued, is far* more the outcome of habit and custom than of reason, and there is little doubt that he is right. Let any one think for a few...

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THE DEBATE ON VACCINATION. T HE debate on vaccination on Tuesday

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and Wednesday inspires us with a feeling which is almost dismay. The first argument for government by Parliaments is that it winnows the community which has a right to rule. In...

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A. DMIRAL CERVERA probably did not say, as inter- viewers report him to have said, "the guns of the 'Cristobal Colon' are in Italy or in the pockets of the head of- the...

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T HERE is published in the current number of the Roman Catholic journal, the Month, an interesting defence of Father Garnet the Jesuit against the accusations brought against...

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/ N the chief exhibitions of first-class live-stock held during- the last few years the success of lady owners an& breeders has been a marked feature of the shows. That held by...

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Sin,-0 wing to being on the road home during the last week, I have only to-day seen the letter of " Romano " to the Spectator of July 16th,—not replying to mine, but asking or...


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'MR. HERBERT SPENCER ON PRIMITIVE SUPERSTITIONS. [To THE ED/TOR OF THZ " SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Allow me to correct a statement made in the review of Mr. Lang ' s book on "The...

[To THE 17DITO5 OF THE "SPECTATOR."J Sin,—In your interesting article

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on "Old-Age Pensions, " in the Spectator of July 16th, you suggest that, if practicable, 7e. a week for every one would be deliverance out of his present distress. Are you...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR 1 SM.—Your article on " Old-Age Pensions " in the Spectator .of July 16th contains by implication an assumption that if Mr. Booth ' s scheme...

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Sin,—For more than thirty years I have taken notes of con- yersations with friends of all parties as to the changes which they would like to see made in the services of the...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPEciATos."] SIR,—In your remarks on the relation of Great Britain towards the Transvaal you take up a position which must be considered untenable. The...


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[To THE EDITOR Of TER " SPECTATOR:] SIR,—A business friend of mine in your city has sent me a- marked copy of the Spectator of June 25th, containing criticism of the Florida...


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[TO THE EDITOR Of TER " SPECTATOR:] Sin,—" M. L's" " sisters " (see Spectator, July 16th) might. be more grateful for her strictures if they had not heard them so persistently...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."] Si,—May I, through the columns of the Spectator, draw attention to the Fund which is being raised in memory of the late Sir Syed Ahmed,...


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[To TER EDITOR OF TEE " SPECTATOR."] SIR, —In connection with the correspondence on this subject in your columns, will you allow me to point out as briefly as possible the...

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[To TEE EDITOR 07 THE " SPECTAT0R: 2 ] SIE, — In speaking of Jeremy Taylor in your notice of the new volume of "The Dictionary of National Biography," in the Spectator of July...


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& NEW TRANSLATION OF MARCUS AURELIUS.* Tan meditations of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius are unique in the literature of spiritual stimulus, in the respect that they were not...


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MAY AND JUNE. I. Is the month of May Came a lazy loon, Sang of nymph and fay, Sang of stars , and moon. Sang away the morning And the - glowing noon, Then at nightfall ask'd...


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NOT in the shadow of the past, Great though that shadow be, Shalt thou abide, Mother of Men ! Thy sons shall turn to thee, and then, No fate can be too vast For them and...

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IT is thirteen years since Mr. Oman printed his Lothian Essay on " The Art of War," and be has clearly laboured to some purpose during the interval. The earlier work was a...

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A STORY is told in the "Advertisement" to this work of a New York millionaire who wished to give a collection of books on early American history to the library of his native...

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• The Conversion of Arable Land to Pasture. By W.

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J Malden, " Agricul. tnral Series." London : Kegan Paul, Trench. and Co. W. J. Malden. The greater part of the essay ably deals with the different systems of laying down...

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Mn. STEPHEN CRANE grows, and this is no small thing to say of a writer who sprang fall-armed on the public with his first book. When it transpired that The Bed Badge of Courage...

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On the Threshold of Central Africa. By Francois Coillard. Translated

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from the French and edited by his Niece, C. W. Mack- intosh. (Hodder and Stoughton. 15s.)—M. Coillard, who has spent more than thirty years in Africa, is a missionary first and...


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Cider and Perry. By C. W. Radcliffe Cooke, M.P. (Horace Cox.) — Mr. Radcliffe Cooke, by his spirited advocacy of cider and perry as wholesome drinks, has done a real national...

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The Minister of State. By John A. Steuart. (W. Heinemann.)

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—Evan Kinloch rises from being a herd-boy in Arcadia to a. very giddy eminence in Babylon by an unbroken series of suc- cesses. The first part of the story is, to our taste, the...

Hoyle's Games Modernised. Edited by Professor Hoffmann. (George Routledge and

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Sons.)—Edmund Hoyle published his "Short Treatise on the Games of Whist" in 1742. (He was then seventy years of age, and lived twenty-seven years longer.) Fourteen editions,...

History of Cambridgeshire. By the Rev. E. Conybeare.

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Stock. 7s.6d.)—Mr. Conybeare does his subject full justice, both in respect of the industry with which he has prosecuted research and of the vigour with which he presents its...

The Variorum Aids to the Bible Student. With Illustrations. Selected

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and described by Rev. C. J. Ball, M.A. (Eyre and Spottis woode.)—These "Students' Aids" naturally increase in bulk and become more definite and generally available as time goes...

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3s.)—This somewhat cumbrous title (could not something more euphonious have

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been contrived ?) means the succession of parochial incumbents in all the parishes of the diocese of London. Mr. Hennesay,has taken a vast amount of pains with his work,...

Paradise Lost With an Introduction and Notes by Sohn A.

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Himes. (Harper and Brothers.)—In his interesting introduction Mr. Himes gives i curious diagram of Milton's Universe, and Satan's course from Hell, at the extreme left, through...

Lyrical Ballads. By William Wordsworth and S. T. Coleridge, Reprinted

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from the edition of 1778, with an Introduction by T. Hutchinson. (Duckworth.)—Mr. Hutchinson gives an interesting account of the origin of the book and of its reception by the...

• A Philosovher's Romance. By John Berwick. (Macmillan and Co.)—Mr.

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Berwick's " Philosopher " is not after the model of Socrates, Plato, or Epictetus. He is an Anglo-Italian who has run through his fortune, and earns a livelihood in an Italian...

Whitaker's Naval and Military Directory, 1898. (Whitaker and Sons.)—This is

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a new publication, which may be briefly described as a very handy "Army List" and " Navy List" in one. Mr. Laird Clowes has written an historical account of the Navy, and the...

Comfort and Cleanliness. By Mrs. C. M. Buckton. (Longmans and

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Co.)—This is a little book of practical advice to house- mothers about their work of superintending the daily routine of work, and the special , occasions of "spring cleaning"...

Poets' Walk : an Introduction to English Poetry. Chosen and

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Arranged by Mowbray Morris. New and Revised Edition. (Macmillan and Co.)—This volume dedicated to Eton boys and also, as Mr. Morris says in the preface, to "children of a larger...

On London Stones. By Catherine March. (Clarke and Co.)— Ninon

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Varondie's father is a leading member in a secret political society, and she is a young woman of a very strong will and decided character. How she contrives to love so very...

A Slight Romance. By Edith Leverett Dalton. (Damrell and Upham,

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Boston, U.S.)—" Slight" this little study of first love certainly is, but it is well thought out and well written. Graci/is has nothing to do with " graceful " (though one's...

Other Peoples' Lives. By Rosa Nouchette Carey. (Hodder and Stoughton.)—Whatever

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Miss Carey writes is sure to be good, but of these stories—distinct in a way, but with a certain con- nection—some are in her best manner. The "Two Mothers," for instance, with...

Boyhood. By Ennis Richmond. (Longmans and Co.)—Mrs. Richmond calls her

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book "a plea for continuity in education," meaning education and higher sense of spiritual and moral training. There is much excellent counsel in it, which parents will do well...

Sunlight and Limelight. By Francis Gribble. (A. D Banes and

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Co.)—" Sunlight" stands for real life and "Limelight" for life on the stage. This story is a study of how the t -- .213 things are combined in the experiences of Angela Clifton....

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Cheques, and (Post-Office Orders 369 Strand) payable to Baker."

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Hrrrosr—Horrow —At All Saints Church, West Heslerton, by the Rev. G. A. Grenside. Rector of Thorpe Bassett, Rural Dean, assisted by the Rev. G. M. Hutton, Rector of Thormanby,...

To ensure insertion, Advertisements should reach the Publishing Office not

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later than the first post on Friday.


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Andrews (W.), Literary Byway!, Svo (Andrews) 7/6 Andom (R.), Martha and I, cr Svo (Jerrold) 3/6 Aspleen (L. 0.), A Thousand Years of Church History, cr flyo (Bell) 4/0 Baynes...

NOTICE.—The INDEX to the SPECTATOR is published half- yearly, from

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January to June, and from July to December, on the third Saturday in January and July. Cloth Cases for the Half- yearly Volumes may be obtained through any Bookseller or...