23 JULY 1954

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N0. 6 5 7 8 FRIDAY, JULY 23, 1954 PRICE

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PEACE AT A \ HIGH PRICE T 0 SAY, as is being

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said to right and left, that there is no element of ' surrender ' in the Geneva peace terms for Indo-China is a perversion of the truth. Let us be honest. This is a bad peace....

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So Far, So Good'

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That was Senator Flanders's comment when he heard that young Mr. Cohn had gone while the going was good. It will be echoed widely in America, and by all America's friends....

The Programme for M. Mendes—France

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All day and all night, M. Mendes-France has been working at Geneva to meet his own time-table. He has given himself the weekend, and no more, in which to rest before presenting...

Towards Peace in Tunisia ?

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The increasing din of machine-gun fire and explod in grenades from the direction of Tunisia (there were more aL. of terrorism and counter-terrorism over the week-end) has a last...

Preparing for Scarborough

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The resolutions from the Labour Party's annual conference, , coming mainly from the constituency parties in which Bevan. ites and fellow-travellers toil like lonely beavers, all...

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The Balkans and .Trieste

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The diplomatic illness of the Turkish Prime Minister last Week (the lame excuse for postponing the, signing of the Balkan Alliance by the three Foreign Ministers at Bled) let...

Paying for Pensions

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One of the relatively few questions on which there is general agreement in the Labour Party at the moment is that of old age pensions and other National Insurance benefits. In...

AT WESTMINSTER N O one has ever denied Sir Thomas Dugdale's

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courage and fortitude, and though he is the last man to boast Of any such qualities, he showed them both to the House in the manner of his resignation from the office of...

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' T HE dramatic ending of the Crichel Down affair with the resignation of the Minister of Agriculture will help to impress on the national memory this instance of a wrong done...

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Fair Game

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I left the premises, nevertheless, feeling slightly appalled. I sat, as it happened, next to Commander and Mrs. Marten, and I had to tread on Sir Andrew Clark's toes in order to...


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T HE Abominable Snowman is having some difficulty— more difficulty than the Piltdown Man had—in being accepted as a reality by the learned men. Their Scepticism arouses an...

The News - Hawks The State University of Iowa School of Journalism

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recently asked 37 foreign correspondents of American newspapers for a description of the factors which have the most influence in determining the character of your- news...

Cause Cerehre

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I have, to my shame, very rarely sought access to the Strangers' Gallery of the House of Commons. Its benches— Comfortably padded but designed, with a fine sense of tradition,...

The Voice of Experience

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Dave is 77 years old, has a crippled wife, works slowly. methodically and continually on the land and is always cheer- ful. He is a small man; I suspect that his lack of inches...

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The Danube in Flood

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By JENNY NASMYTH AIN. Nobody talked about anything else. The bour- geoisie discussed it at their cocktail parties; the peasants discussed it as they turned the sodden hay and...

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Ruanda —Burundi

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By THOMAS HODGKIN .,, Mr. Hodgkin, who is travelling across Africa, and sending articles to the Spectator as he goes, recently passed the southern (prning-point of his...

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With P E N and Atom

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By WILLIAM COOPER I F you say, ' A is good and B is beautiful,' both parties are satisfied: if you say, 'A is better than B. and B is more beautiful than A,' both are furious....

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Aldous Huxley at Sixty

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By H. M. CHAMPNESS 4 HALL Nanny read you a story, dear ? ' 'I am highly sensible of the kindly intention,' the spectacled, shock-headed mite replies, 'but I do wish You would...

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ART Trends in British Art, 1900-1954. TN his Courtauld Collection Catalogue Mr. Douglas Cooper has drawn a loving picture of the rejection by English taste of the tenets of...


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CHELTENHAM'S programmes during the last few years have slipped into a rut. Although this is largely the fault of the basic formula for the festival as a whole, which for...

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CINEMA Dial M for Murder. (Warner.)—Rendez- vous de &inlet. (Berkeley.)

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SUCCESSFUL on television and on the stage, and now presented as a film, Frederick Knott's Dial M for Murder appears one of those handy subjects adaptable to almost any medium...

BALLET The Festival Ballet. (Royal Festival Hall.)

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EVER since the premiere of La 'Esmeralda a week ago, I have been wondering what prompted Anton Dolin to make this particular choice. Was his reason the only legitimate one for a...


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MR. IAIN MACCORMICK'S television play The Small Victory, about a Catholic mission and a small group of variegated Western refugees in the hands of Chinese Communists, was not a...

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SIR, --Concerning the connection between the use of tobacco and the

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incidence of cancer of the lung, I have been interested to see no mention of certain research carried out in the 1930s by Dr. Ian Orr, working at the Negyoor Mission Hospital,...

SIR, —There must be many of my coevals who felt astonishment

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mingled with com- miseration on reading the letter of C. M. Hussey, who would Prefer to die at 55 rather than at 65, and thinks that the modern world is no place for anyone over...

On reading them as-printed I felt that there was something

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out of gear, so I took down my Calverley and found that it was so and that the names of Jones and Smith were un- fortunately transposed, which Calverley would not have regarded...


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SIR.--I was charmed to 'see last week how enthusiastically your correspondent D. K. Ullman misinterpreted John Arlott's article on road safety. Probably the majority of Mr....

SIR,—Although I fully agree with the main theme of J.

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M. Cameron's most interesting article, there is one difficulty which further examination. May I illustrate it frem it recent experience ? A member of my church went into a nu -...

Sta,—I was interested in your correspondent's remarks about the difficulty

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of causing disease in animals by the use of tobacco. This is a subject on which I have been working for some time. Part of the trouble lies in the fact that few animals really...

Letters to the Editor

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TRUTH AND THE DYING SIR,—How singular—and indeed how utterly unprofessional—are the arguments with which Catholic philosophers try to fortify the conclusions of their...

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R,-1 wish to make a few observations on ra. 6 of Mr. John Fox's letter on coal uly 9). Let me take it point by point. (1) How many domestic consumers can ord consideration of...


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Sus,—May I respectfully congratulate Mr. John Betjeman upon his letter in the Spectator of July 16, re The Grange ' ? I was also present at the inquiry on the 13th inst. I was...

k — If I drive for a period of twenty-five thirty years

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at speeds varying from one to ighty miles per hour, and, if during that Period no other road user takes any special otice of me, then I would say, ' I am a good iver.'—Yours...


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SIR, — The President of the Association of HM Inspectors of Taxes, in his letter in your issue of July 9, makes certain statements which, to one of the creative minority of...


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SIR, - 4 wonder if the comparative failure of the Fleming scheme is such a pity as James Nowell thinks '? From the point of view of the survival of the public schools, no doubt...

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have only just received a copy of your issue of June 18 and the report of your Competition No. 224 headed Rabble Burns Transmogrified '—and very amusing and instructive the...

SNAKES ALIVE was much interested in Sir Compton Mackenzie's account.

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of natural wonders which he had seen, in the issue of June 11, particularly the last one about the adder either swallowing her young or at least pick- ing them up in her mouth...

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Gossips and Gardeners

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Competitors were asked to imagine that a newspaper editor had reshuffled his staff and to submit an extract front the gossip column written by the gardening expert or the...

Country Life

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ONE could almost make a record of the course of summer weather by putting down the growth of the lawn and the privet hedge. Although we had rain in the period following Whitsun....

Layering Layering carnations is a simple business and should be

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done now by slitting the stem beneath a node and firming the portion to he layered in the soil. The new plant will he ready to be severed from the parent in about a month to six...

Young Cuckoo An interesting story of the devotion shown

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to a young cuckoo by its loster-parcnts was sent to me from a correspondent living in Hampshire, who describes how her daughter discovered their terrier watching something at...

An Old Saying

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Surely, says one reader, the point about spring kittens is that they can be house-trained more cosily when the soil is dug in the garden, and another writes that it is •a...

--'Conw into the garden; I want my roses to see

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you.' Could a more graceful compliment be paid to anyone? A prize of£5, which may be divided, is offered for the most charming cympliment submitted, which may be either quoted...

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Coin pton Mackenzie T HE almost total eclipse of the sun was a failure as an entertainment. It was asking too much of the public to be impressed by an hour of eclipse by tile...

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Three Musketeers By IAN CRICHTON T HE white-haired old gentleman sat calmly waiting his turn beside me in front of Target No. 20, which was two hundred yards away. As he stared...

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Dearest Miss Mitford By REX WARNER T HE more I read about Elizabeth Barrett, the more I admire and wonder at Robert Browning. ' Has not Dr. Scully said to me - again and...

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Clio and Marx

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Capitalism and the Historians. Edited by F. A. Hayek. (Routledge & Kegan Paul. 10s. 6d.) ONE of the most potent forces in politics is the belief that at a certain period of past...

An American View of Proust

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The Proustian Vision. By Milton Hindus. (Cumberlege. 32s.) PROFESSOR HINDUS'S book is not, as the title suggests, a specialised study of a single aspect Of Proust's work. It...

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The China Seas and Japan : Narrative of the American

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Expedition under the Command of Commodore M. C. Perry, U.S.N. Edited by S. Wallach. (Macdonald. 25s.) THIS book reprints a substantial part of volume one of the official record,...

Irish Travellers

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The Stranger in Ireland. By Constantia Maxwell. (Cape. 25s.) 'THE Irish are fond of strangers,' M. de La Boullaye-le-Gouz decided in 1653; and later travellers have usually...

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Stephen Crane

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Rwry years ago most of the major works of the American writer Stephen Crane (1871-1900) were in print in this country. A later generation of readers knows him only as the author...

Cantos to 1954

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The Cantos of Ezra Pound. (Faber & Faber. 25s.) EZRA Pound's Cantos (now published together for the first time in a volume of 576 pages) raise in an acute form the problem. of...

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The Tangled Fire of William Faulkner. By William Van O'Connor. (Geoffrey Cumberlege. 32s.) So much work is being done on William Faulkner—novelist, Nobel prizewinner and chief...

New Novels

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T seems almost impossible to read, or at least to review, Mr. Gwyn omas without the word 'poetic' coming up at some stage. To bject that verse alone can' properly' be called...

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The Twentieth Century. (July, 1954. 3s.)

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THE Twentieth Century, founded in 1877 as the Nineteenth Century, is currently the youngest-seeming monthly. Lively, en- quiring, controversial yet responsible, it has recently...


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Islam. By Alfred Guillaume. (Pelican. 2s.) THIS brief introduction to the study of Islam andits institutions will serve both the student and the general reader, since Professor...

The Heron. By Frank A. Lowe. (Collins. 18s.)

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FEW birds are studied by the casual observer with more interest than the. heron, and Frank A. Lowe's monograph should be enthusiastically received. He is well qualified for the...

A Biographical Dictionary of English Archi- tects, 1600 - 1840. By Howard

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Colvin. (John Murray. 70s.) THERE is no longer any excuse for the reckless ascription of all interesting buildings to one or other of the great quartet: Inigo Jones, Wren,...

The Standard Book of Shakespeare Quota- tions. Compiled and arranged

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by Burton Stevenson. (Mayflower 42s.) SIIAKESPEARE, the old crack says, is full of quotations. Well, here are 600 pages of them listed under subjects, which range...

MR. ARGENTI has added another to the long list of

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scholarly studies which have come from him for over twenty years on his native island of Chios. A perfectionist par excellence, he• laments the 'defects and lacunae' of his...

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Company Notes

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By CUSTOS THERE was a sigh of relief in the City when the stock markets at the end of the fortnightly account had quite a 'shake-out.' There is no doubt that the fortnightly...


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By NICHOLAS DAVENPORT THE Lonion 'convertibility' conference of Members of the OEEC, which was on Ministerial level, ended with a greater tneasure of agreement than had been...

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sreoss: 1 Comfit. 4 Drubbine . . IS Tassels. 11 Declare. 12 Onus. 13 S'entricies. 16 Darius, 17 Arcanum. 20 Adagios. 21 Moos:. 21 Distressed. 25 Vera. 27 Blue gum. 29 Prinked....