25 MARCH 1899

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I TT w as announced on Wednesday that an agreement had been reached in the momentous negotiations between France and England which have been proceeding ever since the Fashoda...

The Indian Chancellor of the Exchequer, Sir James West- land,

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closes his term of office amidst a blaze of glory. He produced his Budget on March 20th, and showed that while- there was a deficit for 1897.98 amounting to Rx. 5,630;000. there...

This Government lacks nerve in dealing with slavery. Sir R.

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Reid on Wednesday proved conclusively that the , British Government in Zanzibar not only recognises the. status of slavery, but restores slaves to their owners, giving in detail...

The reception of the African agreement in Europe has been

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decidedly favourable. The Russians do not care, their glances being fixed on Asia; the Germane see their way, we fancy, to some sort of compensation, and are delighted that...

M. Lockroy made a remarkable speech on Friday, the 17th

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inst., when introducing his Naval Budget to the Chamber. He showed that France was nine months ago totally unpre- pared for a naval war, lacking material and organisation, but...

lo s e The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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The debate on the London Government Bill was opened on

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Tuesday by air. Herbert Gladstone, in a speech which strikes us as extremely unreasonable. He set up a man of straw which was not the Government Bill, and not even very much...

In the House of Lords on Monday Lord Salisbury made

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an interesting statement as to the position of Major Martyr, who commands a portion of the ill-starred expedition which Major Macdonald was to have led towards the Nile from...

A great hotel in New York, the ' Windsor,' was

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burned to the ground on Friday, the 17th inst., the destruction being accompanied with terrible loss of life. It is not known how the fire originated, but it spread with...

On Monday three Colonial Office questions were raised on the

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vote on account, —the refusal of the Colonial Office to veto the Reid Contract in regard to Newfoundland, the treat- ment of Mr. Le Mesurier in Ceylon, and the treatment of the...

The debate on the Chinese question which was raised later

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in the evening by Mr. Walton, was from many points of view extremely interesting. We cannot deal with the individual speeches, which were numerous and long, but Member after...

Mr. Brodrick had evidently been instructed not to imply that

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the Government were about to give in to the demand for recognising "spheres of interest," but it is clear, we think, from his speech that, though the Government still think that...

On Wednesday Mr. Sidney Holland's Old-Age Pensions Bill was made

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the occasion for an important announcement by Mr. Chamberlain. After Easter a Select Committee will be appointed to consider the problem. Mr. Chamberlain reviewed the whole...

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An unusual but important case was heard at Bow Street

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on Monday. A. Mr. Silberston, of Regent's Place, made a contract for the supply of twenty-five thousand helmets for the Police Force, but when they began to be sent in the cloth...

The debate on the London Bill was continued on Thursday.

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Though Mr. Asquith attacked the Bill with great vehemence, his speech was anything but convincing. Mr. Courtney, on the contrary, made a most useful and impressive speech. He...

Two points in the Church controversy were raised by Lord

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Portsmouth in the House of Lords on Thursday. In the first place, he attacked the proposed hearing by the Archbishops of disputed points in Ritual, and declared that the new...

The influenza pest is raging again in London, the deaths

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having risen to nearly 150 a week, and every paper re- cording fresh lista of well-known persons who have been "laid up," which means knocked down by an attack quite as severe...

The Sirdar's despatch to Lord Cromer, published on Thursday, blows

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into still minuter atoms the already ex- ploded charges of Mr. Bennett in regard to the massacre of the wounded at Omdurman. Lord Kitchener also declares that the action taken...

Judgment was given in the Queen's Bench Division on Monday

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by Mr. Justice Grantham, Mr. Justice Kennedy concurring, in the case of " Burrows v. Rhodes and another." The plaintiff claimed damages for fraudulent misrepresenta- tions, by...

Bank Rate, 3 per cent.

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New Consols (2f) were on Friday,111.

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THE AGREEMENT WITH FRANCE. The completion of this agreement makes it worth while to consider shortly the extent and nature of France's African Empire. The first thing that...

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T HE National Liberal Club gave a dinner on Wednes- day to Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, intended, as they avowed, to signify their entire contentment with their new leader and...


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T "group of able and resolute men who surround, and in some degree control, successive Czars of Russia, and who, we fancy, keep up the continuity of the Administration by what...

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W E cannot profess any very great admiration for the action of the Opposition in regard to the Govern- ment's London Bill. They attack it, apparently, not tor whatis in the Bill...

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on during the discussion last week in the House of Commons on the best means of preventing accidents from the use of mineral oils. The decision as to the proper flash-point for...

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T HERE can be no question that the author of the remarkable article on invasions of England in the Revue des Deux Afondes will see in the Anglo-French agreement in Africa a new...

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W E understand the admiration excited by the idea of Mrs. Ayrton's lecture better than the surprise. That lady delivered a discourse before the Institute of Electrical Engineers...

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D O men learn more from books or from the living voice? Books, said Wordsworth, "are a world, both pure and good," and it may fairly be argued that a good book is, in Milton's...

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II MEETING held last week by representatives of various societies interested in the preservation of outdoor England agreed to take measures jointly for the protection of the...

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system in which appointed persons, in virtue of the powers

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conferred on them at ordination, perform certain functions which no one else can perform, and that those who wish to keep the Prayer-book as it is must accept sacerdotalism. Is...


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SACE RD 0 TALISM. pro THE EDITOR OP THE " SPECTATOR."] SIE,—The abundant use of the word" sacerdotalism " in what bids fair to be a great and protracted conflict makes it very...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.`] Sin,—You print in the Spectator of March 18th an extract which gives the late Lord Selborne's opinion of the English Church Union. Perhaps...


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"srscir.....Tos."3 Srn,—May I point out in regard to the letter of your corre- spondent, Mr. Kuhn, that if the book "Fleurs de l'Histoire," which contains such disgraceful...


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[To THE EDITOR 01 TE2 " lipzersava."1 SIE,—With the main provisions of the new Education Bill, as outlined in the Duke of Devonshire's speech in the House of Lords, the teaching...


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of Brasenose College in the Spectator of March 18th is favourable as regards Mr. Buchan's work, but disparaging as regards the College itself. What would you have? Is every...


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[To Tea EDITOR Or mac "SPECTATOR. " ] Sin,—It is to be hoped that the recent allusions in the Press to the decorations in St. Paul's will induce all lovers of archi- tecture to...

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MR. SELBY'S SERMONS.* IT is not often, in the somewhat barren records of pulpit literature, that such a noble and striking volume of sermons as this by Mr. Selby is given to...

THE world, that had be g un to stir And g litter, lies

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a-cold ; The led g e is lined with frosty far, The mimic drift is rolled. My thrash, full-fed with innocent meat, That had be g un to sin g So strenuous-slow, so careful-sweet,...

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WHEN Dean Colet was providing for the future of the school which he was about to found, he thought it best to entrust its government and the stewardship of its revenues not to...

IDYLLS OF THE SEA.* Multi pertransibunt et augebitur scientia. Nowadays,

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it is not only science, but literature, that makes its profit out of men's coming and going to the ends of the earth. Stevenson and Kipling have made strange scenes familiar to...

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TURKEY IN ASIA.* WE confess that the first impression produced

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on the mind by this interesting and beautiful volume is one of profound sadness. Why should so lovely, so fertile, so famous a land as what is now unhappily Asiatic Turkey be...

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Br way of an American pendant to Miss Mary Findlater's Betty Musgrave—noticed a fortnight back in these columns —in which the heroine is cruelly handicapped by a drunken mother,...

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The Autobio . graphy of a Veteran. By General Enrico Della

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Rocca. Transtated by Janet Ross. (T. Fisher -17nwin. 21e.)— The autobiography of General Enrico Della Rocca, the intimate and devoted friend of Victor Emanuel, reveals so...


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The Life of George Harley, M D., F.H.B. By Mrs. Alec Tweedie , (Scientific Press. 16s.)—The late Dr. George Harley was a London , specialist in large practice, gifted with a...

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One Hundred Fables of Aisop. With Pictures by Percy J.

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Bil- linghurst, and an Introduction by Kenneth Grahame. (John Lane. 6a.)—" This classic is here given forth in the brave old seventeenth-century version of Sir Roger...

Eleanor Leslie : a Memoir. By J. M. Stone. (Art

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and Book Company. 7s. 6d.)—The Life of Eleanor Leslie is a book which has little interest for any but Catholic readers. Mrs. Leslie was a devout lady, apparently of much...

A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Books of Samuel.

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By Henry Preserved Smith. (T. and T. Clark. 12a)—Thia is a volume of the " International Critical Commentary." Professor Smith applies the higher criticism with much ingenuity...


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[Under this Heading we notice such Books of the aisle es hays not been reserved for review in other forms.] Banners of the Christian Faith. By the Bishop of Stepney. (Wells...

Early Italian Love Stories. Taken from the Originals by Una

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Taylor. Illustrated by Henry J. Ford. (Longman and Co. 15s.)—These stories range from Boccaccio in the fourteenth century to Matteo Bandello in the sixteenth. The difficult work...

Sketches from Memory. By G. A. Storey, A.R.A. With 93

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Illustrations by the Author. (Chatto and Windus. 12s. 6d.) —This book is so full of good stories and pleasant talk that it is difficult to know which part to call our readers'...

The Church and its Accusers. By Joseph Hammond, LL.B. (Skeffington

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and Sons.)—This volume contains six addresses, which have for their object to "-defend the Christian Church against the aspersions of the Nonconformists." Canon Hammond's tone...

Messrs. Dent and Co. are bringing out a series of

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"Illustrated English Poems " (3s. 6d.), edited by Mr. Ernest Rhys. Of the four sent for review, The Songs of Shakespeare, illustrated by Mr. Paul Woodroffe, is the best. He has...

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Cambridge Compositions, Greek and Latin. Edited by R. D. Archer-Hind,

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MA., and R. D. Hicks, M.A. (Cambridge Uni- versity Press 12s.)—Here we have something less than five_ hundred pages of translations, as equally divided as may be between prose...

Comrades AU. By Walter J. Mathams. (Chatto and Winans. 2e.)—This

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is a volume of addresses—we suppose that they have been spoken to audiences—full of genuine sympathy with the soldier, and of appreciation of his wants. Each is headed by some...

MrscattAxsous.—Historic New York. Edited by Maud Wilder Goodwin, Alice Carrington

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& yce, Ruth Patn,m, and Eva Palmer Brownell. (G. P. Putnam's Sons. 1294 — This volume contains " monographs on localities and institutions of Old New York." Mr. Williams, for...

In the series of "Heroes of the Reformation" (G. P.

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Putnam's Sons, 6s.), we have Philip Melanchthon, by James William Richard, D.D. Philip Schwartserd (a name Grecised into " hfelanchthon," or, as the Reformer himself preferred...

Cameos from English History : the Eighteenth Century. By the

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Author of "The Heir of Itedclyffe." (Macmillan and Co. 5x.)— In tills ninth series of her " Cameos," as in its predecessors, Mimi Yonge gives a liberal interpretation to...

An Outline of the Ili3tory of Educational Theories in England.

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By H. T. Mark. (Swan Sonnenschein and Co. 3s.) — This is an int.rest ing little book. The matter is. for the most part, familiar to students of the subject, but is well...

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res the series of a liediteval Towns 0 . (J. M.

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Dent and Co.) we liave The Story of Rouen; by Andrea Cook (4s. 6d. net). Rouen has probably been a seat of human habitation from far beyond the dawn of history, but its...

We have received The Clergy Directory and Parish Guide (J.

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E. Phillips, 4s. 6d.), the twenty-ninth annual issue. (For Publications of the Week, see next page.)

REPRINTS AND New EDITIONS. —The Poems of Thomas Carew. Edited by

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Arthur Vincent. (Lawrence and Bullen.)—In the "Temple Edition of the Waverley Novels" (J. M. Dent and Co.), St. Ronan's Well, 2 vole.—Iu the "Temple Classics" (same publishers,...