26 DECEMBER 1863

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The Spectator

T HE great event of the week to England is the loss of her great satirist Mr. Thackeray, who died early on the 24th of Decem- ber, in the fifty-second year of his age, of...

Mr. Lincoln's third Message to Congress was published in London

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on Wednesday, and will be found analyzed in another place. It is unusually short, and the bulk is concerned with ques- tions of only local interest. The latter portion, however,...

The cloud has all the week been settling down upon

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Poland. In the French Senate speech after speech has been delivered in favour of non-intervention, and M. Dupin in particular has an- nounced that while he " sympathiz% " with...

ROYAL FAMILY ALLIANCES.—Special Supplement to the Srscrsioa.—A Supplement of considerable

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interest will be issued gratis with the Sencerroa on Saturday, January 2ncl, containing a new branch of the subject discussed in January last, "The Crowned Heads of Europe."

The Army of Execution has entered Holstein. The Saxon advance-guard

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entered Altona at 8 a.m. on the 24th, the Danes retiring as they advanced., As the Danish soldiers quitted each street, it was instantly dressed with German flags, and at a...

The trial of Colonel Crawley has ended, as the public

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expected, in a full and honourable acquittal on both counts of the charge. The original offence, the illegal arrest, was not made ground of accusation, and there was no evidence...

Mr. Davis's Message is less spirited than usual, and much

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more angry. He throws the blame of Bragg's defeat on a portion of the army, openly accusing it of cowardice ; he speaks of Lee as having inflicted "severe punishment " on the...

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The personal controversy between Mr. Cobden and Mr. Delane has

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terminated at last without any acknowledgment by the Times of having misrepresented Mr. Cobden's and Mr. Bright's meaning in accusing them of wishing for "spoliation." This is a...

Rumours of negotiations for peace, said to have been commenced

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at Washington, have been flying about Liverpool all the week. They appear to rest upon a motion of Mr. Fernando Wood in the United States Senate, defeated by 98 to 59.

Hungary is said to be suffering under one of the

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most severe of national visitations. The facts leak out very slowly, but it is stated that no rain has fallen there for two years, the crops arc gone, the stock is perishing,...

The Prussian Deputies voted yesterday week by a majority of

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207 to 107 the address prepared by Herr von Sybel advising the King not to enforce, but to break through, the arrangements of 1852, and set up once more a united...

Mr. Chase's figures, so far as they have at present

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reached us, do not seem . very promising. 219,758,636/. was said to be the national debt on 30th June, 1863 (counting 5 dols. to the pound), -and he estimates it for 3rd June,...

The general news of the week from America has been

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of the smallest kind. General Meade has gone into winter quarters, and announced his determination not to attack till he can do so with some prospect of success, and General...

But those gentlemen who so hastily infer from this controversy

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that anonymousness is the root of all misrepresentation should look at the very similar.correspondene,e between Mr. Bright and Lord Hartington. That nobleman made a careless...

The Times has published a curious document. It is an

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official account of the Polish revolt, prepared by the Russians, for the benefit of the Ruthenian peasants, and read in all the churches. It is of excessive length, but its...

The epigram may be about as true in his mouth

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as in his uncle's, but M. Drouyn de Lhuys has been instructed to make a second attempt at a Congress. In a despatch dated the 8th December, that Minister ascribes the failure of...

The French Loan Bill has been adopted by 242 to

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14, M. Thiers and a section of the Opposition voting against it. M. Thiers pro- posed to reduce it to four millions.

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On Saturday last Consols closed at 91/ for money, 911

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1 for account. Thursday's latest quotations were as follows :—For transfer, 911 ; for time, 911 1.

An amusing trial in the Queen's Bench took place last

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week, in which the plaintiff, a Mr. Hoffmaam, asked for and obtained his 'stipulated reward for producing the ghost of. "a portion of a waiter" in the Whitechapel Music Hall....

The Westminster Play seems once more in the ascendant. The

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customary three performances were given last week, the ildelphi being the play selected for the year. They were witnessed, as usual, by numbers of distinguished Old Westminster%...

Advices from Paris state that the stock of bullion in

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the Bank of France has been reduced by 325,0001., or 8,240,000/.

About 500,000/. in bullion has arrived from various quarters, and

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the bulk of the supply, in the absence of any foreign demand, has been disposed of to the Bank.

On Thursday, the Directors of the Bank of England reduced

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their minimum rate of discount to 7 per cent. The stock of bul- lion has further increased by 541,593/., the total supply amounting to 14,217,067/., and the reserve has improved...

The demand for accommodation, both at the Bank of England

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and in the open market, has been trifling ; and the best commer- cial bills are now done at 61 to 61 per cent. The Joint Stock Banks continue to allow 5 per cent. for money at...

An abstract of the financial report of the Smith has

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reached London, but it is not very intelligible. Mr. Memminger says the South owes 292,915,620 dols. of loans, and 701,447,519 dols. of unfunded debt, or say, 200,000,0001....

The last steamer for the East took out 122,589/. chiefly

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in silver

In November, 1862, 448,955 persons were in the cotton district

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receiving relief. This year in the SttM3 month the number was only 170,850. It is still equal to two great armies, but the reduction is 75 per cent. In Bolton union there has...

Serjeant Mahaig seduced Elizabeth Waterer, and on Tuesday might, 3rd

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November, both went to sleep at a publichouse in Cruildford. On Friday, 6th November, their door was broken open, and the girl was found dead, with marks of strangulation, and...

Ring and Heenan have been hauled up before the magistrates

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.of Mark Cross, Kent, for a breach of the peace. The prosecutor was also a magistrate, Mr. George Campion Courthope, who, how- -ever, himself went to the fight, but did not call...

The election of the Speaker in the American House of

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Represen- tatives on Saturday demonstrates how completely the defeat of the Government in last year's elections was a vote of dissatisfaction with an unsuccessful conduct of the...

The total shipments of specie to the East by the

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Penin- sular and Oriental Company during the present year have been 16,308,474/. From Marseilles, the exports have rather exceeded 5,300,000/. The former is about the same...

The Bishop of Natal's trial at the Cape had begun

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when the last mails left, and it was then going on. The Bishop had adopted the wisest course by simply putting in a protest against the juris- diction of the Court, from which,...

Increased firmness has been apparent in the various departments of

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the Stock Exchange this week, and an almost general advance has taken place in the quotations. Consols were at their highest point for the week immediately after the...

Subjoined is a comparison of the closing prices of Foreign

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Securities on Thursday last, with the latest quotations of Friday week :— 0Fricl ay, Dec. It). Thum, D 6. 24.. 24 19 371 , 84 13 69 71 47 Thursday's closing prices of the...

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THE NORTHERN MESSAGE. P OWER is teaching Mr. Lincoln those reticent forms under which, in English opinion, a statesman's work should be done. His Message this year is marred by...

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T HERE is always a singular sense of literary pleasure in passing from even the ablest of the genuine repub- lican documents to the most spiritless of the commanding statesman's...

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M OST men have, probably, at some time of their lives, taken part in a game of football. At the commence- ment of the match the ball was plump, round, and buoyant, and the most...

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N A.POLEON the First tried to subjugate Russia, and failed ; consequently, any attempt of Napoleon the Third to save Poland from being subjugated by Russia must also fail. Such...

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,, T M.", in another column, puts the popular argument against eJ the land laws in a very popular way. He obviously believes in the petite culture, and even quotes the examples...

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S INCE John Henry Newman's voice has been silent in St. Mary's, probably no sermon ever produced so profound an effect on the motley Church audiences at Oxford—audiences com-...

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THE Fitzgerald divorce suit, finished last Saturday, besides 1 amusing the town for a week, has done a substantial service. It has revealed to the public a defect in English...

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+THAT profound ignorance of their own history which dis- tinguishes the English above every Continental people has given the Montagus a position which, with many other merits,...

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[FROM OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT.] New York, December 5t1, 1863. Han I been at the battle of Chattanooga I should now attempt a more detailed description of it than I gave in my...

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FREE TRADE IN LAND Belfast, 19th Dec.; 1863.

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SIR,—it is with sincere regret I have seen such an article in an English Liberal journal as yours on "The future of the farm labourer." Your proposition is, that we dare not...

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The Spectator

HARD CASH.* READING Mr. Reade's story is very like examining the contents of a heap of pearl oysters. There is a good deal of time to be lost, a great deal of surplusage to be...

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CHRISTIAN MYTHOLOGY.* Ix is a great pity that some one

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versed in legendary lore does not undertake to give us the early- and mediteval myths con- nected with the history of Christ. The fathers and schoohnen abound in scattered...

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takes up these lectures can fail to read them with something more than usual interest. They are the work of professional scholars, whose names, indeed, for the most part, are...

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BESIDES possessing features of considerable interest to the general reader, this book appeals especially to a large and well defined class of Englishmen. Between the few...

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The Spectator

Mu. RIMINI is one of the few writers who have successfully mastered the difficulty of writing in a language which • vismuo ; oe, Betaken Boas. By Juba MAW. /anemia= and co,...

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The Cotton Trade in the Confederate States. By G. McHenry.

The Spectator

(Saun- ders, Otley, and Co.)—In ill-arranged, ill-writton book, of which the name is misleading. We find in it a justification of secession, a jus- tification of slavery, and of...

An English Grammar. By Alexander Bain, M.A., Professor of Logic

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in the University of Aberdeen. (Longman and Co.)—An admirable little book, intended by the author for his own class of students of English composition, but well worth perusal by...

Elements of Arithmetic. By M. C. Briot. Translated by J.

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Spear, Esq. (with the author's permission). (London : Robert Hardwicke.)— An admirable book ; on the whole very well translated. It WAS a great mistake, we think, to translate...

Nautical Dictionary. By Arthur Young, assisted in tho nautical department

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by James Brisbane. (Longman and Co.)—A second edition of this valuable work, which is mainly confined to definition, but by no means shirks the duty of giving general...

Report of Proceedings at the Seventh Annual Congress of the

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National Association for the Promotion of Social Science, held in Edinburgh, October, 1863. (W. P. Nimmo.)—A reprint from the Scots man news- paper of the addresses of the...


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ful and characteristic letters in their English dress (already reviewed in our columns in the original German). The translation seems to be very faithful alld conscientious. A...

Thc English at Home. Third series. By Alphonse Esquires. Translated

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by Sir Lascelles Wraxall. (Chapman and Hall.)—Another instalment of these pleasant, gossiping, superficial sketches, which are, perhaps, hardly equal to the two preceding. And...

(Boston, John L. Shorey.)—A temperate legal treatise on this subject

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by an accomplished Massachnssets lawyer. The most striking part to an English lawyer, is that in which he states that a judgment of the Supreme Court on the true construction of...

Choir d'Opuscules, Philosophigues, Historigues, Politigues, et Litaraires, de Sylvain van

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de Weyer. Premiere sdrie. (Triibner and Co.)—It would not be easy to over-praise this charming little volume. The Belgian Ambassador is the gentlest, most polished, and...