26 JANUARY 1934

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The Crisis in Austria Dr. Dollfuss' Note to Germany on

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that country's open intervention in Austria's internal affairs through the open encouragement of the anti-governmental Nazi party in Austria is an event that might easily have...

The task imposed by events on Great Britain is that

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of suggesting again, as in March of last year, a definite scheme which both France and Germany can be expected to accept. It - will no doubt mean asking even more of France than...

News of the Week

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IT is clear that a new development in the disarmament 1 discussions is at hand. The Franco-German conver- sations are getting nowhere, and now the Germans are hinting. broadly,...

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*- The Prime Minister at Leeds .

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The Prime Minister gave a comprehensive survey of the past achievements and future policy of the Govern- ment in the first of the series of meetings at which Ministers will...

Business with France • France's refusal to restore the quotas

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•of British imports to the leVel from which they were recently reduced cannot be acqUiesCed in. If the: - aim of M. Chautemps' Government is to use, the discriminatory • quotas...

The Perils of the Roads The increase in road accident

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figures for 1933 over 1932 is alarming, not because the actual increment is great, but because hope that the situation was gradually improving is thus brusquely dispelled. To...

State and Church in Germany The German Church conflict increases

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both in intensity and in complication, and it may well have repercussions outside the Reich, for example in the Saar with its pre- dominantly Roman Catholic population. While...

A Verdict Against the Police No one welcomes judgements against

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the police, for no one desires the police to be in the wrong. But it is of the first importance that when they are wrong judge- . ment should be unhesitatingly given against...

* * The C 3 Population No one will be

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in the mood to rejoice at the increase of population announced by the Registrar-General, or to be greatly distressed by the prospect Of a decreate a few years hence, when...

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Poison foi the Asking A succession of recent deaths, mostly

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suicidal, conse- quent on overdoses of one or other of the barbituric acid drugs, such as veronal, dial, lumina' and medinal, has pro- voked some anxiety and much talk both in...

The Rights of Testators The strictures passed by Lord Sands,

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in a judgement in the Land Valuation Court on Saturday, on the Scottish Educational Endowments Commission call attention afresh to the extraordinarily wide power this body...

Hitler's First Year : A "Spectator " Enquiry

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Herr Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of the German Reich on January 30th, 1933. He has thus been in control of his country for just a year. What is the general situation in...

* * * * The Unemployed Marchers The unemployed march

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on London now in progress is a peculiarly cruel form of propaganda, for whilst it serves no purpose beyond that of arousing some undis- criminating resentment in the minds of...

A New Departure in Ship-building A striking example of the

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value of persistent and unstinted research in industry, discussed in this journal last week, is afforded by the new vessel built at Sunderland on the Areform system invented by...

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Youth and the Politicians

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P SYCHOLOGY is a Vital factor in politics. Character, fortunately, stands for . a great deal. In this country it perhaps stands, in the long run for more than anything—though...

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. ,

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An Arch b i s h op on Unemployment I . S there any special duty which the Christian communi- ties, by Virtue of their Christianity, - ought to take • upon themselves in regard...

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A Spectator ' s Notebook S TRANGE reflections the birthday of one of

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the living dead inspires. I have often thought of writing an article or two on them—the men who once were something and now arc nothing, stranded, forgotten, living in the flesh...

The departure of the Private Life of Henry VIII film

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from London to the provinces raises again the question of what the cause for the remarkable vogue of drama on the Tudor period is. In the last few weeks we have had in " the...

Details of the bribery of various Paris papers by the

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Russian Govenunent before the War have become -a part of accepted history. During the Peace Conference rival nationalities spent lavishly to get their cause championed morning...

If East Lynne at the Little Theatre does not have

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one of the longest runs in London there is something wrong with London. Read in 1934, Mrs. Henry Wood's immortal novel is a burlesque in itself, and the play based on it,...

I note with interest the statement of the Irish Free

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State Minister for Industry and Commerce that the Free State Government is proposing to .emancipate itself completely from dependence on foreign fuel by producing from its own...

The United British Fascist Press Propaganda document published by the

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News-Chronicle last Saturday as follow- up to Lord Rothermerc's Fascist campaign is the best bit of copy to appear in any paper for some time. The Daily Mail article to which I...

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A Tyneside Pilgrimage

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By Sir ARNOLD WILSON, M.P. T IIE clash of interests between South and North is as old as civilization in this and every other country, though the underlying causes differ from...

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Sterilization and Society

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From a MEDICAL CORRESPONDENT F ROM time to time, the idea of improving racial quality by selective breeding stirs the imagination of those to whbm sociological abstractions are...

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Spiritualism Challenged : A Rejoinder

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By C. E. M. JOAD A RE spiritualistic manifestations genuine or fraudu-' lent ? A very definite answer to that - was given by Colonel Elliot in last week's Spectator. He asserted...

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Horses for Butchery

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By LT.-COL. THE HON. ARTHUR MURRAY T HERE is an impression generally prevalent that the export trade in old horses is at an end. Unfor- tunately, that is not so. It ought to...

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The Taste for the Highlands By JANET ADAM SMITH "

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W E came out to endure, and to be gratified with scenery." Brown's summing-up of his tour in Scotland with Keats is almost the whole explanation of the Englishman's Scotland....

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Shrimping in London

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By AVICE TREVELYAN N ORTH of the river, on the easterly edge of the County of London, where the Lea meanders into the Thames, you will find a little island. An island at least...

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Fleurs de France

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[D'UN CORRESPONDANT PARISIEN.] P AR ces temps de frimas, ott un vent glacial souffle en ternpete, soulevant en montagnes d'ecume blanche les Hots verts de Tocean, cependant que...

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"Design for Living." At the Plaza.

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NOEL COWARD wrote Design for Living as a play for himself and his two friends, Lynn Fontanne and Alfred Lunt. They acted it in New York, where it did very well. No one has tried...

" The Rivals." . By R. B. Sherid.4n. Ambassadors Theatre

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The. Rivals affords a double pleasure. The comedy itself is effective throughout, masterly sometimes. But behind the comedy there is an - echo of mockery. Very gently—almost...

The Cinema

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At the "The Constant Nymph." At the New Gallery. FIRST a novel, then a play, then a silent film, now a talkie that is the record of Miss Margaret Kennedy's famous novel. No...


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I Lived With I'm—Ivor Novello in version of - his own play about exiled Russian Prince who goes to live with English suburban family. A fairy-tale, but- skilfully produced and...

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The Berlin Philharmonic NOT the least impressive feature of the- Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra's concert at the Queen's Hall last Monday was the acclamation which Furtwiingler...


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English Landscape ALMOST every revolutionary movement in the history of the arts has taken as its motto, " Back to Nature." But it does not follow from this that all...

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Elizabethan Birds Kites always nested in Wales, a great land

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for the hawks. Did not Elizabethan hawkers stipulate for peregrines from St. David's Head? The R.S.P.B. has an interesting note on the kite's history : " The bird was one of the...

A Flock of Wagtails One of the curiosities of natural

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history observed in recent years was the discovery of a flock of wagtails roosting together in the heart of Dublin. The following account of a little congregation of these birds...

* * * * A Sussex Fish A quaint point

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or two in ichthyology—or architectural ichthyology—is discussed in the wholly admirable Sussex County Magazine, issued monthly from 4 Pevensey Road, Eastbourne. The weathercock...

Scottish Fish We still await in southern and easterly England

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the rising of the wells and the re-emergence of the valley springs. No sign is yet vouchsafed of recovery from the longest drought in the chronicles. Some of the streams that...

* * * * Local Art In older days the

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Rnglish village came very near the Aristotelian ideal of self-sufficiency. It could thatch its own stacks or houses, find its own water and dig its own wells, make many of its...

Old Crafts Anyone who desires to absorb the tradition of

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the local craft will find Mr. Hennell's well-stored book an invaluable aid. Sometimes he strays pleasantly outside his strict thesis. There is a little diseursus, for example,...

Country Life

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Horse and Scythe Days A revived interest in rural crafts is -very evident, and is very well directed by the Bureau of Rural industries, who issue an admirable and very modest...

Watch the Kite.

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A special plea—and a very persuasive coloured picture— has been sent out by the Royal Society for the Preservation of Birds to ask landowners and others to take particular care...

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Letters to the Editor

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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our !` News of the Week " paragraphs. Signed...


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. Sin,—Your suggestion that the contention of Bowater's Paper Mills, Ltd., regarding the coal quota having caused them inconvenience, should be impartially examined, will...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Air Commodore Chamier states

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that " armament means discipline." Does he really mean to suggest that the present international chaos and consequent national arma- ments can be described as discipline ? The...


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[To the Editor of INIE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In your issue of January 12th, you say that Mr. Jayakar was justified in complaining of the delay in carrying the reform proposals...

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SIR, —In a letter published in your last number, Mr. Munn writes of sub-conscious mental processes, and suggests that what seems to a man a revelation may be the result of such...


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afraid Mr. Briscoe would find that little general benefit would accrue from his policy of increasing the output of inexpensive luxuries until something has been done to bridge...


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SPECTATOR.] Sin,—In your issue of .January 12th is an article by Mr. Lewis Einstein, former American Minister to Czechoslovakia, in which he gives a clear and interesting...

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[To the Editor of TUE Sisee.yron.] f;itt,---- Your correspondent, Janus, haS made history in the long life of The Spectator by a paragraph in Iasi week's issue. lie endeavours...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I wonder why Mr. Hamilton Fyfe thinks the purchase of the Codex Sinaiticus " intellectual snobbery." The word " snobbery " is an...


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.[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—The protest against political of of motion pictures is one of the greatest-in most of our so-called civilized 'countries, and I thought...


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- [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.} SIIL—May I offer a 'short appendix to Mr. I. M. Parsons' review of Mr. John Sparrow's Sense and Poetry? A list of the misquotations in Mr....

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.1 SIR,—Sir: Harold Bellman's "

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vivid reminder "- of " Uncle Dick's philosophy " supplies an instructive . example of the distortions common in the " columns of the stunt press," from whoSe rich pastures his...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,-My attention haS. been .drawn to a statement under the above heading in your issue of January-?.9th. According to the learned reviewer,...


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[To the Editor of Tan SPECTATOR.] SIR,--With the sad and much regretted fate of the Week-End Rerfew in mind; it is indeed good reading to see in the current issue that The...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,-Would you very kindly allow me through your colunms to ask any of your readers, who may have records of public interest concerning Sadhu...


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Editor of THE SPECTATOR.1 SIR,-Willi reference to the articlepublishedin January 12th`s issue of The Spectator iu*ler the title of " Official News," we are glad to take this...


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[To the Editor of THE Spac-rAtond Fin,.--In you? issue of January 19th appears a thoughtful article - . from: Afr. Riidney . Collin on " Hitlerism as a Sex= . Probleui." Doctor....

A Broadcasting Calendar

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.FRIDAY, JANUARY 26th 7.3o The-Colonial Empire--Ccylon : John Still- .. N. 9, Concert of Contemporary Music-/II : Okhestra (Section D) cond. Malko, with Parry: Jones - • .. ....

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Government of Tomorrow

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ZIMMERN By A. E. Tins compact and dearly written volume* of 240 pages has only one serious fault—and it is a fault on the right side. There is too much meat in it for a single...

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Hitler and Hitlerism

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Hitler : Whence and Whither. By Wickham Steed. (Nisbet. 3s. 6d.) .Ma. Wiciattm STEED is quite clear about the answers to the questions implied in the title of this brief sketch...

The Next Decade

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The Next Ten Years. " Spectator Booklets " No. 2. (Methuen. ls.) loM3ors's largest Daily thought it had a " scoop " the other day. A life-sentence man was just out. It was not...

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The Legend of Swift

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Swift or The Egotist. By Mario M. Rossi and J. M. Hone. (Gollancz. 16s.) Swam has always attracted critics, but the numerous books about him which have recently appeared do not...

Theology for Everyman Essays in Construction. W. R. Matthews, D.D.,

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Dean of Exeter. (Nisbet. 7s. 6d.) THE word Construction is easily mistaken by the careless for the name of .something necessarily good in itself. But a drive past the...

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Nature Poetry

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THESE three poets are, in a sense, old-fashioned : their tech- nique, like their thought and their feeling, has not been affected by those influences which cause many of their...

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Botanizing Hazlitt

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The Aesthetics of William Hazlitt. By Elizabeth Schneider. .(University of Pennsylvania Press and Humphrey Milford. 8.4. 6d.) WITH two more volumes of the fine Centenary Edition...

Spies and Criminals THERE is, for even the most timid

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of civilians, a fascination about the whole subject of spying. From his safe armchair the reader follows the exploits of the spy with mingled envy for his (or her) coolness and...

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The Death Ship. By B. Traven. (Cbetto and Windus. 7a. 6d.) To have half an eye, to use a nautical term, is to be a sharp- sighted fellow. Mr. Traven has more than half an eye. I...

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By BONAMY DOBREE THE danger of writing a social satire, such as Mr. Horgan has attempted in The Fault of Angels, is that outside your own social milieu you may be misunderstood...

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By W. R. Inge With three reprints since its first appearance in 1926, Dean Inge's England (Bean, 18s.) must be considered well estab- lished. But time passes, and though the...

Current Literature

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ANTHONY ADVERSE By Hervey Allen Anthony Adverse (Gollanez, 10s. 6d.) is the story of a man's life, from his conception to his death: His childhood and his youth are spent in...


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By John Gibbons Is we remember that he is an " outsider " and very largely in the hands of interpreters, Mr. Gibbons' picture of the Legion, The Truth About the Legion...


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By Yone Noguchi Those of us in the West who find the art of the Far East difficult to understand will always listen with respect -and interest when an _Oriental speaks about...


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By Louis Berg, M.D. A jacket covered with catch-penny questions is hardly a fair index to a book's contents, and the judicious may -well ignore it. Possibly the English...

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The Rally in Trade I'MUST admit a particular liking for the speeches which are delivered from time to time by Mr. A. A. Paton, the Chairman of Martins Bank. They are usually...

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Financial Notes

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QUIET MARKETS. ALTIIOUGII the general tone of the Stock Markets remains hopeful, business during the past week has been somewhat restricted owing to the uncertainty which has...

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Increasing interest seems to be taken in the process of industrial investments along the lines of Fixed Trusts. I have before me at the moment the brochures both of the British...


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It is always gratifying to be able to comment upon the steady maintenance of a large dividend by an industrial company, and the fact that Michael Nairn & Greenwich, Ltd., has...

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I referred last week to the interesting address delivered by Mr. F. C. Goodenough at the annual meeting of Barclays Bank. That meeting was immediately followed by the meeting of...


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The accounts of the Sun Life Assurance Society for the past year showed great activity. New Policies were issued to the amount of £15,139,417, and the whole of the business was...

* * * *

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LEYLAND MOTORS. The annual meeting of Leyland Motors will be awaited this year with exceptional interest as the Chairman will, pre- sumably, then give some explanation of the...

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The Spectator" Crossword No. 70

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BY XANTHIPPE. [A prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword pu=le to be opened. Envelopes should be marked "...


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itionl 71 VI - 11 AINI Al TIWI El L 11 El El 1 I RI TI AIR/ EIMI I I C II EINITIBIOITh...1 RI Al SI A F. ; RI 11 II Al r.9 L4 tH Al SIMI I\ Al SI . 1!Aci r ri I cITI R10II 17...