26 OCTOBER 1907

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Baron von Holstein, the late head of the permanent staff

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of the German Foreign Office, has broken the silence he has maintained since his resignation in April, 1906. Baron von Holstein, who is very truly described by the Times as "...

The papers of Tuesday contain a summary from Reuter of

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a review of the British official " History of the War in South Africa" which appeared in the German official military organ, the Militiir-Wochenblatt. The work of the British...


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1 HE financial crisis which was threatened in New York last week became a reality on Tuesday, when there was a run, amid scenes of extraordinary excitement, on the offices of...

The articles published between November, 1906, and April of this

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year in the Zukunft, the weekly paper edited by Herr Maximilian Harden, bringing grave charges against Prince Philip Eulenburg and other officers in the Court entourage, have...

The Daily Chronicle of Monday publishes an interesting interview with

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Mr. Abe Bailey, the well-known South African capitalist. On the whole, Mr. Bailey is distinctly optimistic. Much useful work has already been done by the new Parlia- ment, he...

The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any case.

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Lord Claud Hamilton, the chairman of the Great Eastern Railway,

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who presided at the recent Conference of the heads of the great railway companies, has issued a manifesto on behalf of his own company which puts the directors' case very...

Lord Rosebery made three speeches in Glasgow on Wednes- day.

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In the first, at the luncheon given to the delegates attending the Annual Conference of the Scottish Chamber of Agriculture, be delivered, as the honorary president of the...

Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman addressed a public meeting at Dunfermline on

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Tuesday evening in defence of the Govern- ment. No anti-Socialist could possibly object to the Prime Minister's statement that the true Imperial policy was to give strength,...

Mr. Asquith addressed a Liberal meeting at Ladybank on Saturday

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last, and dealt at length with " the relation, actual or supposed, between Liberalism and Socialism." The Tory papers, said Mr. Asquith, suggested that the only course open to...

On Monday Mr. Morley made an important speech on Indian

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affairs at Arbroath. He defended himself against the charge that be had abandoned his Liberal principles, and declared that, in spite of all criticism by his friends, he held...

We cannot see what is the objection to recognising the

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Union for what it is worth. Why is it necessary to assume that recognition must mean alldwing the Union officials to speak for those who do not belong to their Society, or...

Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman next proceeded to defend his attitude towards

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the House of Lords, and indignantly repudiated the notion that the Liberal Party proposed to abolish the Second Chamber. " We leave the Second Chamber to its truest functions...

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The Archbishop of Canterbury has issued a letter to the

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clergy and laity of his diocese upon the Deceased Wife's Sister Act. The effect of the letter is to redeem his pledge not to impede the working of the Act so far as this is com-...

At the meeting of the London County Connell on Tuesday

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the Finance Committee presented their Report containing a series of recommendations for increasing control over the expenditure of the Council. That the Report contains the best...

The inquest on the victims of the Shrewsbury accident was

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concluded on Wednesday, when the jury returned a verdict of " Accidental death," adding that they were unanimously of opinion that the brake-power of the train was insufficient....

Mr. Selwyn appears to have received a very complete apology

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from the Assistant-Commissioner. From the public point of view, we are bound to point out, however, that such apologies cannot be regarded as a satisfactory termination of these...

We understand that the bank which has acquired the site

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of Crosby Hall has named October 29th as the day by which the Preservation Committee must show a reasonable certainty of being able to raise the money to buy and save the hall....

The Daily Mail of Wednesday gives an account of a

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"police blunder" which, if it can be substantiated, adds another to the list, already too long, of arbitrary and un- justifiable actions by the police towards persons under...

Bank Rate, 41 per cent., changed from 4 per cent.

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Aug. 15th. Consols (2f) were on Friday 83i—on Friday week 82k.

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THE WAR AGAINST SOCIALISM. W E note with no small satisfaction that a very con- siderable number of Unionists seem willing to adopt the suggestion first made in the Times, and...

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MR: MORLEY ON INDIA. E VERY speech made by Mr. Morley

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about the affairs of his own Department adds to his political reputation. When he was selected for the Indian Secretaryship—that is, in fact, to be the ultimate ruler of three...

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T HE newspapers during the past week have been full of telegrams and articles on the American financial panic, partly because money always interests the general public, and...

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to the Hague Conference have returned to their countries, and the world has had leisure to review the varied and rather bewildering Conventions and vceux which they have . left...

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WINCHESTER CATHEDRAL. T HAT the mediaeval builders were excellent workmen sometimes

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turns out to be only half a truth. They were very great artists, and where the object was to create a thing of beauty they were quick in answering to the call. But when the...

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"TH E BODY OF THIS DEATH." A VERY remarkable article appears in

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the current number of the Hibbert Journal entitled " What and Where is the Soul ? " by Mr. Hugh MacColl. The paper is written in answer to a statement by Professor Haeckel that...

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F O R a generation the French Ministry of War has intermittently threatened the drum,-.—the pride, the symbol of glory, the solace, and the epitome of the French Army....

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The beginning of knowledge of a field. is the feel of the actual earth,—the solid soil of it underfoot. You cannot come to real terms with earth in a flower-garden, though you...

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AN IMPORTANT PROBLEM OF POLITICAL ECONOMY. ITo TIER EDITOR OR TOM " SPICOTATOR."1 SIR,-M. Yves Guyot, who is one of the most prolific as well as one of the most thoughtful and...

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SIR,—I am convinced that the Spectator is right in harking back at the present juncture to Lord Goschen's advice that the internal rift in the Unionist Party on the subject of...


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A ROYAL COMMISSION ON FREE-TRADE AND PROTECTION. [To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR." J SIR,—In last week's Spectator reference is made to a review of the political situation in...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."' SIR,—Sir H. Campbell-Bannerman is reported as taxing the Lords with " arrogance " in rejecting or amending his legisla- tion. Has he...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Althougb no sensible person can suppose that the clauses referring to Persia in the recently concluded Anglo- Russian Agreement are...

pro THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."' rejoice to see that

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the suggestion of a Royal Com- mission on Free-trade versus Fiscal Reform to be agreed to by both sections of the Unionist Party has the support of the Spectator. What we sorely...


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[To THE EDITOR Or TEE " SPECTATOR:9 SIR,—" Why," asked Bacon, "should the civil state be purged and restored by good and wholesome laws made every three years in Parliament...

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LTO THI EDITOR OP TUN •, seserATon.“) Six, — Your article in last

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week ' s Spectator on " Socialism and Sex Relations " suggests that the opinions you quote are peculiar to the Socialist school. The following words in Mr. Lecky ' s " European...

LTO THE EDITOR Ole THE "SPECTATOR. "] SIR, — Many will thank you

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for your courageous article on this subject in last week ' s Spectator ; it is painful to read it ; it must have been ten times more painful to write; but the truth had to be...


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Six,—My attention has been called to your article on "Socialism and Sex Relations " in your issue of October 19th, in which you say :— " For example, we find Mr. Wells in his...

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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE " SPECTATOR."1 Sin,—Mr. Asquith, having a legali3 trained mind, suggests the desirability of defining what we mean by " Socialism." At present this...


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[To rim EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR "] SIE,—It is an axiom, and on the whole a true one, that we rule India more by the force of moral justice than by the force of arms. This being...

[TO THE EDITOR OF THE"SPECTATOR."] SIR,—In connexion with the above

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correspondence, the follow- ing sayings of Jewish Rabbis may interest your readers. They are taken from the " Ethics of the Fathers," a collection of moral precepts whioh were...


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[TO THE EDITOR OP TUB "SPECTATOR."] SlIti—I13 it not a fact that one of the chief causes, if not the sole cause, of the present tendency amongst earnest Christian people to...

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[To THE EDLTOri OP THE " SPECTATOR."] Sin,—Surely a possible explanation of Mr. Rider Haggard's coincidence (Spectator, October 19th) is that he had in reality heard about the...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPHOTATOR.1 SIR,—Most of us have by this time made up our minds that the London County Council, the City Corporation, the Livery Companies, the historical...


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pro THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOP.." . 1 Stn,—The nuisance caused to many inoffensive citizens by the intrusion of undesired correspondents is becoming almost intolerable. Many...


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[TO THE EDITOR OE THE "SrEccamon:"1 SIR,—Several of our missionaries who are living in isolated stations would be glad to receive copies of your paper, and it occurs to me that...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPELT...TOE:] Snt,—It may interest your readers to know that naval airships were prophesied at the end of the eighteenth century, but more as a joke...


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A ROUNDHEAD'S RALLYING SONG. How beautiful is the battle, How splendid are the spears, When our banner is the sky And our watchword Liberty, And our kingdom lifted high above...

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THE LETTERS OF QUEEN VICTORIA.—I.* IT is difficult to find a phrase which will shortly and accurately express the nature of this most remarkable book. It records with singular...

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ENGLISHMEN have always loved Moliere. He is one of the very few French writers whom we can explore without the uneasy feeling of being in a foreign country ; we are at home with...

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MOUNTAINEERS have long been familiar with the Italian original of Guido Rey's great monograph on the Matterhorn, and it was a happy thought to present it in an English version....

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IN his preface to this book of reminiscences Captain Mahan tells us how, as a boy, be used to pore over back numbers of Colburn's United Service Magazine, and bow his fancy was...

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Ferriby. By Mrs. Vere Campbell. (Methuen and Co. 6s.)— This

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is the story of an old family which has gone down in the world while keeping its ancestral house, Ferriby Grange. The personages of the drama are some of them rather brutally...

St. Jude's. By "Ian Maclaren." (R.T.S. 8s.)—Here we have a

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number of sketches or studies illustrating the spiritual life of a Free Church congregation. They are all good, as one might expect them to be from the pen to which we owe them....


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THE QUARTERLIES. English politics are represented in the Edinburgh by "A Last Word on the Peelites." The interest is, of course, primarily historical, but touches closely on...


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ALL MOONSHINE.* IT has been said that anonymous journalism is the grave of literary ambition. If this is the rule, at any rate Mr. Richard Whiteing furnishes us with a very...

Exempla" Novm.s.—Judy and the Philosophers. By Tom Gallon. (Hutchinson and

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Co. 6s.)—A sufficiently good story, with a very strong Dickens flavour about it. We are reminded especially of Scrooge.—A Shepherd of Kensington. By Margaret Baillie-Saunders....

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[Under this heading we notice such Books of the week as hare not bun reserved for review in other forms.1 The Hibbert Journal. Edited by L. P. Jacks, M.A., and G. Dawes Hicks,...

The Autobiography of Elizabeth M. Sewell. Edited by her Niece,

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Eleanor L. Sewell. (Longmans and Co. 4s. 6d. net.)— Elizabeth Sewell was the youngest sister of William Sewell, whom Oxford men of sixty years ago who may still survive, ran...

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Pitman's Where to Look. (Sir Isaac Pitman and Sons. is.

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net.) —"The object of this," we read in the preface, "is to provide an index to the more familiar annual books of reference and a few specified standard works." First comes a...

The Cambridge Calendar, 1907 - 1908. (Deighton, Bell, and Co., Cambridge. 7s.

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6d. net.)—As this is the last Calendar which will give the name of a Senior Wrangler, it will be interesting to record a few of the changes which time has brought about in the...

The Poets on Christmas. Selected and Edited by William Knight.

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(S.P.C.K. 25. 6d.)—Dr. Knight begins his collection with Milton's great Christmas poem, "It was the winter wild," and a nobler beginning could hardly be. He does not bind...

In the Oxford English Dictionary, Edited by.Dr. James A. H.

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Murray (Clarendon Press), we have the concluding part of " N " (" Niche—Nywe "), by W. A. Craigie, M.A. (5s.) The entries amount to four thousand three hundred and twenty-three....

Lessons in Practical Hygiene. By Alice Ravenhill. (E. J. Arnold

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and Sons, Leeds and Glasgow. 5s. net.)—Miss Ravenhill, who can draw on a very large experience in dealing with her subject, uses an eminently practical method. She begins with...