27 OCTOBER 1900

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We understand that the name of the new capital of

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China officially accepted in this country is Sian, and shall hence- forward use it. We have hitherto called it Segan, on the authority, as we believe, of Professor Douglas, who...

It will be observed that nothing in this Note affects

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the present situation in China, which remains as bad as ever. In the North the German, French, and Anglo-Indian troops have made a successful expedition to Pao-ting-fu, which...

As the result of taking a plebiscite of his constituents,

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Mr. Schreiner has resigned his seat in the Cape Parliament. Under circumstances of great difficulty Mr. Schreiner, however tardily, rendered valuable service to the British...

The most important news from South Africa is that Lord

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Roberts hopes to start for home about November 15th. Desultory fighting still goes on, and considerable activity is shown by marauding commandos in the Orange River Colony, and...

The reception of the agreement in the world is noteworthy.

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The public here approves, but hardly sees how strong an alliance might arise out of the document. The French wait for Russia, but are vexed to see Germany and Great Britain draw...


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T HE event of the week is the publication of an agreement between Great Britain and Germany upon future policy in China. The agreement is intended first of all to secure the...

*** The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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Colonel Picquart, the real hero in the Dreyfus case, for

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Captain Dreyfus was rather its pivot, has at last obtained a small measure of justice. The Tour accused him of having been seen at Carlsruhe in close conversation with Colonel...

It was announced on Wednesday that the Cook Islands had

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been annexed—they have long been under a protectorate —to the British Empire, and will be placed under New Zealand. It is also stated that Suwaroff Island will soon be...

The German Emperor should not forget in his eagerness to

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be popular with his own people that fine courtesy which smooths the way for diplomacy. Speaking at Barmen on Wednesday, he said : "That it has always been my first aim and my...

The Government of India is making another desperate attempt to

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deal with a great evil in India,—the mortgaged condition of the freeholding peasants. They borrow money, usually for their children's marriages, mortgage their little estates,...

We do not like this " honorific " Mission from

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the Dalai Lama to the Russian Court. It may be purely one of cere- monial, but it may also justify a Mission from St. Peters- burg to Lhaesa. The Lamas, looking out on the...

On Tuesday Mr. Haldane gave an excellent address to the

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Glasgow Parliamentary Debating Society on "The Influence of Imperialism in Politics." After declaring that we must not shrink from the responsibilities of Empire, he gave it as...

On Wednesday Sir Michael Hicks-Beach made to the Liver- pool

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Chamber of Commerce a speech which shows him to be possessed of the highest qualities of statesmanship. We have quoted elsewhere the wise and firm words in which he disposed of...

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In Wednesday's Times will be found a longand interesting account

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by a military correspondent of the exhibits of war material at the Paris Exhibition, and in particular those of the French firms of Schneider (whose works are at Creusot) and...

We shall not be able to chronicle till next week

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the march of the C.I.V.'s through London, but it is evident that they will obtain a reception which will be royal in no conventional sense. The smartest regiments in the Army,...

Mr. Chamberlain was entertained at dinner by the Fishmongers' Company

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on Wednesday, and received the honorary freedom of the great Whig corporation. His speech, which was one of great power and eloquence, began by complaining of the gross personal...

The Special Commissioner of the Daily Telegraph gives in Wednesday's

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issue an appreciation of the British soldier which is well worth quoting. "I have never," he says, "heard from any one, soldier or civilian, English, Colonial, or foreigner,...

The nominations for the twenty-eight new Borough Councils, which replace

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the Vestries under the London Government Act of last year, closed at noon on Monday, and a complete list of the candidates will be found in the Times of Tuesday and Wednesday....

Bank Rate, 4 per cent.

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New Consols (21) were on Friday 981.

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THE ANGLO-GERMAN AGREEMENT. NIVE do not see any reason for either minimising or ex- aggerating the "Agreement" which Lord Salisbury has concluded with the German Government. It...


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I T is quite clear that one of the chief preoccupations of the coming Parliament must be finance. Not only has the war cost a great deal more than was expected, but it is...

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W E suppose a hail of telegrams does at last irritate the mental skin, for our people are growing too sensitive to the wind. Why in the world should they worry themselves over...

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MUNICIPAL LONDON. T HE people, like property, has its duties as

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well as its rights, and the duties are very much in evidence this autumn. Yesterday it had to be settled in the polling-booths what men and what tendencies should be dominant in...

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the final steps will be taken in a movement in Scotland which has long claimed the attention of the country. The two leading Presbyterian bodies which stand outside of the...

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THE USES OF PROSPERITY. T HERE is a trace of mediEevalism

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in all that poetry about the "sweet uses of adversity." The idea exists, no doubt, in Christianity itself, for the first object of that creed is to raise man out of subjection...

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? I T has become a commonplace for those returning from Continental galleries to say of our national collection : "Here is at last a great gallery without rubbish." There are...

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Speaking with the practical authority guaranteed by these successes as a breeder of horses of all sizes, the author is con- vinced that for the use of our mounted infantry we...

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JAPANESE AMERICA. [TO THE EDITOR. OF THE "SPECTATOR.") SIR,—An obvious commentary upon the title of this letter might take the form of saying "Anglo-Saxon America, we know,...

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1 1.11E, FUTURE OF SOUTH AFRICA. [To THE EDITOR OP THE " seam:roe."] Sin,—Can the Spectator spare room for the following memoranda on the future government of South Africa?...

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"SPECTATOR."] Sin,—Your correspondent "H." in his letter, "Can the Dutch be Absorbed ? " in the Spectator of September 22nd, asks with doubt if any Dutch, as distinct from...


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rro THE EDITOR OF THE "SpzorATOs.1 SIR, — The Spectator of October 6th says that Mr. Gladstone addressed the inhabitants of the Ionian Islands in Greek. (Quare, Modern Greek...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR"] SIR,—The question whether Gaelic, meaning by that term Scottish Gaelic, will live is so important that I venture to lay before your readers...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SID,—In the curious poem rendered from the Norwegian by Herman Merivale, and published in the Spectator of October 20th, there is a very...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SrE,—Will you allow me to protest against your endorsement, in the Spectator of October 20th, of an act of questionable international...

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DR. CONAN DOYLE ON THE WAR.* THE conditions under which Dr. Conan Doyle's animated and valuable record was written, while excluding the qualities of fin-dity or absolute...


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"MEN, NOT WALLS, MAKE A CITY." LONDON Town, hear a ditty, While we crown our comrades true! "Men, not walls, make a city " ; Ill befals when men are few,— Ill indeed when...

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THE ELOQUENCE OF DICKENS.* Ir is always delightful to have

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a good excuse for re-reading the classics of fiction. Messrs. Chapman and Hall in their "Authentic Edition" have provided us with an irre- sistible reason for reopening our...

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TETE part played by Mr. Chamberlain in the public history of the last twenty years has been so conspicuous, and the personal element has had so prominent a share in the con-...

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IF the present age is not distinguished for the cult of letters, it is at least remarkable for the cult of the literary man,— literataritis, as it has been called by a...


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Mn. BIILLEN, as most people know, is an able writer whose boyhood and early manhood were spent at sea, first as a fore- mast hand, then as a ship's officer. Much of his work has...

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The November Cornhill offers as its chief feature of interest

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a most entertaining paper of reminiscences entitled "In the Early Forties," from the pen of the veteran publisher, Mr. George M. Smith, the friend and publisher of Thackeray,...


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tunder this heading we notice such Books of the week as have not been reserved for review tu other forms.] Picture of the Celebration of Her Majesty's Diamond Jubilee. (W. Doig...


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THE QUARTERLIES. The Anglo - Saxon Review. (John Lane. 21s.)—The print, binding, and illustrations of this magnificent quarterly are as good as ever, and continue to reflect...

Alfred the Great. By Jesse Page. (Partridge and Co. 2s.)—

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Mr. Page has written, in anticipation of the approaching mil- lenary, what will be found a useful account of the great English King. He has, we think, made a mistake in...

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The Unpublished and Uncollected Poems of William Cowper. Edited by

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Thomas Wright. (T. Fisher Unwin.) —Mr. W. H. Collingridge signalised the centenary of Cowper's death by pre- senting his house at Olney to the "Town and Nation," and with it...

Church Folks. By Ian Maclaren. (Hodder and Stoughton. 3s. 6d.)—There

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is sound sense in every chapter of this book. Dr. Watson gives his ideas about preaching—" Give to your congregation your very beat" is a golden rule — about the management...

The Church and the London Government Act, 1899. By Montague

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Barlow. (W. Gordon. 6d.)—We must be content with directing the attention of such of our readers as may be interested in the matter to this pamphlet. The Act that is about to...

Reflected Lights from the "Face of the Deep." Selected and

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arranged by W. M. L. Jay. (S.P.C.K. 2s. 6d.)—Miss Christina Rossetti wrote a book about the Apocalypse which will be familiar to some of our readers. From this Miss Jay has...

The Prolongation of Life. By B. E. Dudgeon, M.D. (Chatto

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and Windus. 35. 6d.)—We have read not a few books on this subject, one of the first being by Mr. Mortimer Collins, who, un- happily, did not add example to precept. As one of...

Antoine Vdrard. By John Macfarlane. (The Chiswick Press.) —A. Verard

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was a Paris publisher who was at work during the last years of the fifteenth century and the first of the six- teenth. The earliest book that Mr. Macfarlane has been n able to...

An Old Man's Holidays. By the Amateur Angler. (Sampson Low,

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Marston, and Co. 2s. net.)—We are always glad to hear from the a' Amateur Angler." We remember making acquaintance with him for the first time in Dovedale, if our memory...

In the " Pestalozzi Series" (0. Newmann and Co.), Miss

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Mary Senior Clark and Miss Gaynor Simpson have collaborated, as authors of the words and music respectively, in a capital collection of Original Songs, Movement Plays, and...

International Law in Africa. By T. Baty. (Stevens and Haynes.

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5s.)—Mr. Baty's book—the publication of lectures delivered at Oxford—may be profitably read by persons not specially interested in the study of international law. Mr. Baty...

The Extra - Parliamentary Hansard. Vol. I. (Wyman and Son.)—This

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volume is intended to supplement the Parlia- mentary record of politics. We cannot do better than quote the description given on the title-page. It contains, then, a "Selection...